"Moscow enjoys the reputation of a generous and hospitable city as well as a city of energetic and practical people. The acquaintance with the Russian capital would be incomplete without a visit to the Tretyakov Gallery, the first gallery of national art opened in 1856. Preserved in this treasury of art, together with the works of famous Russian painters and sculptors, is the spirit of its early history and the traditions established by its founder Pavel Tretyakov, a merchant and philanthropist, who was an outstanding art connoisseur yet very modest man. The gallery which will celebrate its 150th anniversary in 2006 has the vitality of youth and goes on developing through time and in space. When Pavel Tretyakov presented his collection to the city of Moscow in 1892, it numbered about 2,000 paintings, sculptures and graphic works. Today, the gallery holds more than 130,000 items. Its exhibition area has been extended several times. The main building is located in quiet Lavrushinsky Lane in Zamoskvorechye, Moscow's historical centre, where it used to be in Tretyakov's lifetime, while the exhibition of 20th-century art is mounted in a new building on Krymsky Val, next to the Central House (Club) of Artists where contemporary artistic life is concentrated. Several branches of the gallery have been opened, these are the Museum Church of St Nicholas in Tolmachi, the house-museum of the painter Pavel Korin, the memorial studio of the sculptor Anna Golubkina, the house-museum of Victor Vasnetsov and the memorial flat of Apollinary Vasnetsov. The Tretyakov Gallery has always been democratic. Adhering to the best traditions of the past, it was, nevertheless, opened for innovations. Responsive to the love of the public, the gallery made its treasures available to the broad masses of the people. Its policy remains quite the same nowadays. In 1977 Georgy Kostaki's collection of Russian avant-garde art that had not been rehabilitated yet was donated to the museum, in 2001 the gallery received a collection representing the latest artistic trends and movements and in the spring of 2000 it was the first to open an exposition covering the evolution of 20th-century art which had hardly become history. As the gallery director, I am proud of the past and present of our remarkable museum and happy to welcome everybody who comes to visit this great and somewhat "sacred" place". Valentin Rodionov, Director General of the State Tretyakov Gallery
Russia and the Arts: The Age of Tolstoy and Tchaikovsky explores the history of Russian portraiture between 1867 and 1914, a time of great cultural vibrancy in the country and a golden age of the Russian portrait. While Tolstoy and Dostoevsky were publishing masterpieces such as Anna Karenina and The Brothers Karamazov and Mussorgsky, Tchaikovsky and Rimsky-Korsakov were taking Russian music to new heights, Russian art was developing a new self-confidence. The penetrating Realism of the 1870s and 1880s was later complemented by the brighter hues of Russian Impressionism and the bold forms of Symbolist painting; these styles were applied to portraits of prominent thinkers, writers, scientists, artists, actors, composers and musicians by the most outstanding painters of the day. This volume traces the period’s developments in Russian art through the collection of the Moscow State Tretyakov Gallery, founded in 1856, itself a product of this same moment of cultural flourishing. Portraiture was a major part of the collection’s mission from the late 1860s, when founder Pavel Tretyakov began to commission and acquire portraits guided by two principal values: the historical role of the sitter and the artistic value of the portrait. Beautifully illustrated with key works from the State Tretyakov Gallery, Russia and the Arts highlights some of the extraordinary developments that took place in the arts in Russia in the years before World War I.
Turkey had experienced a process of regeneration along Western lines as early as the beginning of the 19th century. Despite the supporters of the process, there has been a considerable opposition to the westernization efforts on behalf of modernism in both the Ottoman and republican state. As an intellectual member of an elite and conservative circle, Samiha Ayverdi witnessed the period from the last years of the Ottoman Empire to the recent decades of the Turkish Republican state and produced productive analyzes and significant discourses in her fifty-five year writing life. This study examines the distinct approach of a specific Turkish thinker to the most frequently discussed issues like Islam, modernism and nationalism in Turkey. It basically addresses the following question: How does Ayverdi approach to the modernization progress in the Ottoman period and the secularizing policies in the new republican state?
The book looks at the evolution of early-childhood education in Mexico throughout the twentieth century, from the presidency of Porfirio Diaz up to the most recent major educational reform in 2002. It describes the growth in conviction that it is a necessary part both of the fulfilment of children and of civic improvement and economic success. It looks at the people and the many experiments in legislation and schooling projects that brought this about. It also attempts to put all this in an international perspective.
Spanish and Portuguese 16th Century Books in the Department of Graphic Arts – A Description of an Exhibition and a Bibliographical Catalogue
Третьяковская галерея является одним из крупнейших в России хранилищ отечественного изобразительного искусства. Начало ей положила блестящая коллекция русской живописи, собранная московским купцом и промышленником Павлом Михайловичем Третьяковым и в 1892 году переданная им в дар городу Москве. Задуманная своим основателем как музей, позволяющий «иметь понятие обо всех русских художниках», Третьяковская галерея представляет посетителям уникальное собрание древнерусской иконописи, шедевры отечественного изобразительного искусства XVIII–XIX веков, а также наиболее выдающиеся достижения русского и советского искусства XX века. Сегодня Государственная Третьяковская галерея – это большой музейный комплекс. Ее основная экспозиция располагается на своем первоначальном месте в исторической части Москвы, в Лаврушинском переулке. В здании на Крымском валу представлены лучшие произведения искусства XX века.
Artistic Treasures From Museums Of Moscow The video film presents the art collection of major Moscow museums, specimens of interior decoration, jewelry, armoury and other applied arts from the Kremlin and Ostankino museums and Western European art and sculpture from the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts and Tretyakov Gallery. Architectural Monuments Of Ancient MoscowArchitectural monuments of XIV - XX centuries in Moscow - the ensemble of the Moscow Kremlin, Bolshoi Theater, St.Daniil, Don and Novodevichy monasteries, churches of Ascention at Kolomenskoye, St.Trinity at Nikitniki, The Veil at Fili, estate palaces in Kuskovo, Ostankino, houses of Art Nouveau.
20th Century Fictional Characterizations of Christ attempts to study the picturisation of Jesus Christ that has emerged in European and American literary and visual art forms in the last century. The focus of attention is on works that feature Christ as a major character. The portrayal of Christ that come under the ambit of this study, differs drastically and at times radically from the Gospel-proclaimed life history of Jesus Christ, which is at the core of institutionalized Christianity and which forms the fundamental religious belief of practicing Christians across the world. The author explores the differences in characteristics of the Christ found in literature/films and the Christ of the Bible, through a delineation of themes like the birth and early life of Christ, his sexuality and crucifixion.
Negara – the Theatre State in 19Th Century Bali (Paper)