The aim of Free Primary Education programme in Kenya is to provide opportunities, especially for the individuals from low economic background. However, this goal is achievable if the funds sourced and disbursed to public primary schools are effectively utilized. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors influencing the utilization of Free Primary Education funds in public primary schools within Nakuru Municipality. The findings show that all head teachers, had undertaken some form of financial training to enable them effectively utilize Free Primary Education funds. However, the level of Free Primary Education funds utilization in public primary schools was inadequate. The main factors affecting the utilization of Free Primary Education funds were: insufficient funding, delay in disbursements, high pupil enrolment levels, high cost of materials, inadequate teaching materials, lack of teacher motivation, inadequate teaching staff, and illiteracy of some committee members. The study recommends that the Government of Kenya, through established structures in the Ministry of Education, should mobilize resources to mitigate administrative factors arising from this study.
Kenya is on track to achieving some of the Millennium Development Goals by 2015. The Government of Kenya has provided Free Primary Education and increased resource allocation to enhance its delivery. The trend in school enrollment has been impressive since 2003, but with various funds management concerns. This book is about a study that examined the factors influencing the management of Free Primary Education funds in Nakuru Municipality, Kenya. The study was carried out in schools within Nakuru Municipality amongst the Head Teachers, School Management Committee and School Instructional Material Selection Committee. The study objectives were: to establish whether the institutional innovations at school levels influence management of Free Primary Education funds; to examine the Knowledge levels of financial managers in the management of Free Primary Education funds, to establish challenges facing Fund Managers in managing Free Primary Education funds, to assess measures that have been put in place to overcome the factors affecting management of Free Primary Education funds in Nakuru Municipality. The study adopted the descriptive survey design.
Education plays an integral role in the socio- economic development of any country and primary education is one of its foundations. Good performance at all levels of the education system is therefore integral in the development of society, human nature and one''s potential. Despite this crucial role played by education in a country''s socio-economic development and in the welfare of individuals, there are a myriad of challenges facing the education sector. This book has been produced purposely for use as a guide by professionals charged with managing the education sector. Its production was inspired by the everyday challenges faced by teachers in their ever increasing responsibilities.
The research project report was prepared as a result of an empirical study carried out in Mutiti Division of Kitui District, Kenya in the year 2006. The Author of the report was a student from University of Nairobi doing Master of Education degree in curriculum studies. The author, who is from Mutiti Division where the study was carried out, had been influenced to carry out the study after realizing that the academic performance in the primary schools in the area was poor. Therefore she conducted the study to find out why the primary school pupils were performing poorly. The findings of the study were that the poor performance was a combination of several factors such as famine, early marriage, child labor,the ignorance of the parents,negative attitude towards education and schools being very far such that pupils found difficult to go to school because of the distance.
The study examined factors influencing teachers’ attitudes toward inclusive education in primary schools in Nyeri Central District. Objectives included examination of effect of teacher-training in special needs education on attitudes and to examine if teacher gender influenced attitude toward inclusive education among others. Study used descriptive survey design. Target population was teachers in charge of special units from 38 public primary schools. Simple random sampling was used to select 10 schools; while stratified random sampling was used to select 8 teachers per school. Instruments for data collection for both qualitative and quantitative were questionnaires. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics; which included; frequency counts, percentages, means, ANOVA, and t-test. Study found out that teacher training had effect on teachers’ attitudes towards inclusive education. Teachers were ill equipped with requisite skills to deal with children with disabilities. It also emerged that male teachers had more positive attitude towards inclusive education than females. The study recommended teachers be trained in handling children with disabilities.
The use of ICT in teaching has become necessary in Education System with the growing demand for ICT knowledge and skills in the society. The ICT-blended teaching has been mandated in the Bhutanese Education System but there is very little or no academic literature on factors influencing the teachers’ use of ICT in teaching. This book, therefore, provides established factors, such as, personal, social and behavioral that determine the teachers’ use of ICT in teaching and recommends the strategies to motivate and inspire teachers to effectively integrate ICT. The findings should be useful for educationist, curriculum designers, and information and communication professionals, and should benefit local researchers, or anyone else who wish to learn about Bhutan’s Education System.
Although the debate on the safety and women's right of choice to a home delivery vs. hospital delivery continues accross the developing countries.This study was undertaken to find out the current status of use of maternal health service, the existing care seeking practices, and the various factors influence women?s choice of and use of home and clinic delivery in rural areas of Bangladesh. This cross- sectional study was done in a rural Sub-district of Dinajpur district in Bangladesh. Multi-parity, five ANC visits, place of previous delivery, expenses of delivery, role of decision maker, and obstetrical complications in delivery were statistically significantly associated with prevalence of place of delivery. Poor socio-economic status, ages of mother, religious status, low education, occupation, and distances of clinic were not statistically significantly associated with choosing the place of delivery. The results suggested that mothers, who were in the low-socio-economic scale, delivered at home more frequently.
The principle purpose of this book is to fill the significant gap in knowledge concerning Women and ICT adoption in women managed Enterprises in sub-Saharan AFRICA. Little if any has been researched on factors influencing adoption of ICT in Women managed Enterprises. In another approach from gender perspective. Ideally the factors discussed can be conceptualized as social-economic, demographic and attitudinal in nature. Indeed they can as well seen as constraints. Literacy levels in ICT use is major barrier to ICT adoption. In addition access to resources of funds in form of credit. Of interest too is the fact that majority of women fear using the internet in their SMes due to fear of fraud and related online crimes. To some extent age of the entrepreneur had significant influence. Majority of women managing enterprises relies on a simple mobile that is not internet enabled due to their limited ICT literacy level-very basic.
Factors explaining academic performance at primary school level have not been adequately addressed. The book examines the socio-economic factors influencing academic performance among primary school pupils.Factors considered are parental involvement, teacher''s involvement,number of siblings within a family, parental level of education, parental taking of alcohol, gender of the pupil, parental type of marriage and class repetition. All this factors influence academic performance at primary school level.The results of this study are expected to provide ideas for policy makers, parents, school administrators and staff, especially with respect to addressing the problems of low achievers and low performers. In particular, parents and children, in low status families who are interested in the improvement of academic achievement need to learn to deal with obstacles in the family and school environment that stand in the way of academic success of children.It is recommended that there is need for the government to strengthen family, parents, teachers and schools resources in general so as to improve academic performance of the pupils.
Despite education being among the most effective means of mitigating the effects of environmental degradation, there has been very little investigation into the effectiveness of the various programs put in place for teaching Environmental Education in secondary schools‘ curriculum. The purpose of this study therefore was an attempt to investigate school-based factors that influence implementation of environmental education in Secondary schools in Molo District of Nakuru County in Kenya. The study sought to identify the status of physical resources used in teaching environmental education; find out the approaches used in teaching environmental education; determine teachers’ levels of training and preparedness in handling the curriculum; establish levels of interaction between students and teachers for pro-environmental behavior change and determine difficult areas of communication in environmental education. The findings are discussed herein.
Child labour as vice has engaged the concerns of human rights activist globally due to its virus manifestation and consequence. In Kenya child labour take various forms. This study was motivated by the need to explain to the tendency within the sisal growing regions of Baringo County. The study was inform by several objective which include income levels of households providing child labour, levels of education of the household heads on decision to provide child labour to the sisal plantation and the socio-cultural factors of the households head. It was found that most of the children were engage due to a number of factors such as financial constrain, education lever of the household head, peer pressure of other children, cultural values among other. This affect the children several way negatively. This study should contribute to knowledge on child welfare and efforts to eradicate child labour. The study has established that association between child gender and decision to provide child labour is statistically significant. There is therefore need to develop strategies to end these factors.
The Kenyan Government introduced Free Primary Education (FPE) in 2003 in all public schools. This study examined administrative stress, coping strategies and the impact of stress on performance of Kenya public school head teachers as a result of the implementation of FPE.This was a two phase descriptive survey where questionnaires and interviews were used to collect data from primary school head teachers from Samburu District, Kenya.A random sampling was used to select headteachers who participated in phase one of the survey to respond to the questionnaire while a purposive sampling technique was used to select headteachers who participated in interview.Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistic; percentage,frequencies, ANOVA, and narrative. The study showed that primary school head teachers experience moderate level of administrative stress.They are also,aware of some of the strategies they can use while under administrative stress. Also, the study found out that stress affect job performance of the head teachers.
The study sought to establish the influence of parents’ participation on development of Early Childhood and Development Programmes in Lioki Githunguri,Kiambu County. Population of study comprised of five pre-school head teachers, twenty five parents and fifty pre-school children. Study used survey method to sample parents, teachers’ and children’s views on parental roles in ECDE programmes. Research instruments included questionnaires, interview schedules and observation check-lists that were completed by the researcher as the respondents indicated. Data collected was analysed with the aid of computer software (SPSS V17.0) for data processing. The study found out a strong relationship between parental involvement in children’s education and positive performance in school. The study recommended rigorous sensitization and education of parents on the importance of getting involved in their children’s education and activities and parental-integration in the management of ECDE centres was emphasized.
This study investigated the constraints on enrollment to Early Childhood Education and Development in Thogoto and Karai Zones in Kikuyu District. The study is based on both qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection. The data for the study was obtained from the school records, well administered questionnaires, interviews and observations .Questionnaires were administered to 36 respondents comprising of head teachers, Directors and Parents of 12 schools which were purposely selected, 6 in Thogoto Zone and 6 in Karai zone. The data was analyzed using simple percentages and frequency distribution tables to answer the questions that were posed by the researcher. The study established that there is low enrollment rate of children in Early childhood Education Institutions in Thogoto and Karai Zones of Kikuyu District due to some highlighted factors such as poor infrastructure, parents’ ignorance on the importance of Early childhood Education, Parents’ level of education, parents’ economic status as a result of poor climatic conditions among other constraints. The study concluded that, there are number of factors affecting children’s enrollment in preschool.
Performance of public secondary schools in coastal region by students has been persistently poor in national examinations . The book addresses the factors contributing to the poor performance and to establish the strategies that can be adopted to improve performance in secondary schools.The book addresses school based factors that affect students’ performance in secondary schools, teacher based factors that affect them, community based factors and their personal factors that affect performance in Kenya Certificate Secondary Education, and establish the strategies that can be adopted to improve performance in the national examination. The educationist are advised to be keen in addressing the challenges to find a rebirth of performance in academics. Improving on these factors and sensitization of the local community to discard practices which prohibit student’s effective learning attitude could improve performance in academics.It is anticipated that the strategies will give curriculum developers new insights into emerging issues on performance and influence the Ministry of Education on policy formulation.