Maternal mortality remains one of the most daunting public health problems in resource limited settings. Maternal health services play a critical role in the improvement of sexual and reproductive health and rights, especially for adolescent mothers. Adolescence is a time of rapid change and transition that can be stressful and difficult. Pregnancy can further complicate this period. In Uganda, morbidity and mortality among adolescent mothers and their children are high. In order to better understand this situation, four studies were conducted with the following objectives: to describe experiences and problems of pregnant adolescents; to describe health seeking behavior and analyze coping responses of adolescents during pregnancy, delivery and early motherhood; and to compare health seeking practices of adolescents and adult mothers during pregnancy and early motherhood.
While several factors including social norms, policies and some adolescent attributes have been associated with use of contraceptives in most developing countries (UNFPA 2003), the determinants of low use in Uganda are not well explored. This study therefore aimed to explore the factors influencing contraceptive use among adolescents in Uganda. The study used literature review and in depth telephone interviews to collect data. Several documents on adolescent sexual practices from Uganda were reviewed, including policy documents from the Ministry of Health (MoH). Data analysis was done using Dahlgren and Whitehead’s (Dahlgren and Whitehead 1991) conceptual framework to demonstrate how individual, societal and policy factors impact on adolescent contraceptive use outcomes.The study therefore concludes that, unless policies, society norms and individual barriers of contraceptive use are addressed, low contraceptive use is more likely to continue in Uganda. Specifically also, there is need to train health workers in such a way that can remove their negative attitudes to the provision of contraceptives to adolescents.
The objective of this work is to identify the causes and consequences of motherhood for the Brazilian adolescent mothers aged 15-19. Taking into account the differences in their reproductive behavior, they were split into two groups of age: 15-17 and 18-19 years old. In order to achieve the purpose of this research, some aspects of their living conditions, such as household income, schooling, occupational status position, family position and number of children have been analyzed. The data on living conditions of adolescent mothers has been compared with the data on female adolescents who have never had children. The change in their living conditions from Cardoso's neoliberal government to Lula's social-democratic government has been compared as well. The research findings indicate that motherhood in adolescence prevail among the poorest. They indicate as well that even before pregnancy most of them were not enrolled at school and as a consequence were not likely to get a decent job.
Adolescence is a fascinating period of life that marks the transition from being a dependent child to becoming an independently functioning adult. According to 2001 census of India, the population of adolescents (10-19 years) constitutes nearly 22 per cent of the total population of India. The adolescent girls constitute more than 21 per cent of total female in India. Among the adolescent girls in India, rural adolescent girls constitute 72 per cent. in Tamil Nadu, the adolescents constitute nearly 19.5 per cent of the total population. In India, marriage at an early age is still common and unfortunately institutions do not provide any education regarding safe motherhood and child care. Adolescent girls are trained in different vocations and remain ignorant about mother and child care.Reproductive health problems are particularly acute for adolescent girls, because they have the highest levels of unmet need for contraception and are the most vulnerable to unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. The state and civil society are working to enhance the sexual and reproductive health of the adolescents.
Book DescriptionAn investigation of the consequences resulting from fertility-related development interventions in Tanzania
Born Southern – Childbirth, Motherhood, and Social Networks in the Old South
For a long time, Zambia has grappled with high maternal mortality. One of the interventions the government initiated was the introduction of Safe Motherhoods Action Groups. Clearly, this book demonstrates that Antenatal care, birth preparedness, institutional delivery and postnatal care are important ingredients in safe motherhood. However, knowledge on these tenets is extremely low. Low knowledge levels on various aspects of safe motherhood and the existence and prevalence of complications affecting babies in the study communities reflect inadequacies and challenges in the organization and implementation of the safe motherhood initiatives.
Birthing a Slave – Motherhood and Medicine in the Antebellum South
Innovations in Adolescent Substance Abuse Interventions,
Chilman ?adolescent? Sexuality In Changing America N Society Social & Psycological 2ed Etc
That Pale Mother Rising – Sentimental Discourses & the Imitation of Motherhood in Nineteenth Century America
An attempt to explore the negative aspect of black motherhood in slave and neo- slave narratives, the book concentrates on Toni Morrison’s Beloved (1987) and A Mercy (2008). In order to free their children from the clutches of the ‘demon’ slavery slave mothers showed a negative attitude towards motherhood; some of them even killed their own children. This indicates a duality of selves in them resulting in ambiguity regarding their motherhood. Sethe in Beloved and Florens’ mother in A Mercy are such slave mothers projecting this ambivalent nature. They act as protectors and at the same time as destroyers. In both ways, we see resistance on the part of the mothers towards their masters. They act against the institution through their denial of black lives although standing on an ambiguous position as mothers. However, this aspect is to be observed in the context of the ante- bellum era, dominated by the inhuman system of slavery which indeed is to be blamed for such a negative turn in the black mothers.
Laron: Pediatric & Adolescent Endocrinology – ?fut Ure?trends In Juvenile ?diabetes?–the & Res