Maternal mortality remains one of the most daunting public health problems in resource limited settings. Maternal health services play a critical role in the improvement of sexual and reproductive health and rights, especially for adolescent mothers. Adolescence is a time of rapid change and transition that can be stressful and difficult. Pregnancy can further complicate this period. In Uganda, morbidity and mortality among adolescent mothers and their children are high. In order to better understand this situation, four studies were conducted with the following objectives: to describe experiences and problems of pregnant adolescents; to describe health seeking behavior and analyze coping responses of adolescents during pregnancy, delivery and early motherhood; and to compare health seeking practices of adolescents and adult mothers during pregnancy and early motherhood.
While several factors including social norms, policies and some adolescent attributes have been associated with use of contraceptives in most developing countries (UNFPA 2003), the determinants of low use in Uganda are not well explored. This study therefore aimed to explore the factors influencing contraceptive use among adolescents in Uganda. The study used literature review and in depth telephone interviews to collect data. Several documents on adolescent sexual practices from Uganda were reviewed, including policy documents from the Ministry of Health (MoH). Data analysis was done using Dahlgren and Whitehead’s (Dahlgren and Whitehead 1991) conceptual framework to demonstrate how individual, societal and policy factors impact on adolescent contraceptive use outcomes.The study therefore concludes that, unless policies, society norms and individual barriers of contraceptive use are addressed, low contraceptive use is more likely to continue in Uganda. Specifically also, there is need to train health workers in such a way that can remove their negative attitudes to the provision of contraceptives to adolescents.
The study has been done with an intention to public/aware the women falling under the reproductive age to lower maternal mortality as well as infant mortality in India. WHO (2010) shows that 18% of the global burden of maternal deaths occur in India. In this study women’s autonomy, as measured through some decision and its association with safe motherhood care is seen in different states of India. The study describes autonomy and safe motherhood care in different dimensions. The study also looks for temporal change considering the relationship with autonomy and safe motherhood care. The findings indicate that the level of women’s involvement in decision making as well as safe motherhood care varies in different regions of the country. The result also indicates that a positive time gap is observed both for autonomy and safe motherhood care.
Adolescence is a fascinating period of life that marks the transition from being a dependent child to becoming an independently functioning adult. According to 2001 census of India, the population of adolescents (10-19 years) constitutes nearly 22 per cent of the total population of India. The adolescent girls constitute more than 21 per cent of total female in India. Among the adolescent girls in India, rural adolescent girls constitute 72 per cent. in Tamil Nadu, the adolescents constitute nearly 19.5 per cent of the total population. In India, marriage at an early age is still common and unfortunately institutions do not provide any education regarding safe motherhood and child care. Adolescent girls are trained in different vocations and remain ignorant about mother and child care.Reproductive health problems are particularly acute for adolescent girls, because they have the highest levels of unmet need for contraception and are the most vulnerable to unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. The state and civil society are working to enhance the sexual and reproductive health of the adolescents.
Birthing a Slave – Motherhood and Medicine in the Antebellum South
Born Southern – Childbirth, Motherhood, and Social Networks in the Old South
The objective of this work is to identify the causes and consequences of motherhood for the Brazilian adolescent mothers aged 15-19. Taking into account the differences in their reproductive behavior, they were split into two groups of age: 15-17 and 18-19 years old. In order to achieve the purpose of this research, some aspects of their living conditions, such as household income, schooling, occupational status position, family position and number of children have been analyzed. The data on living conditions of adolescent mothers has been compared with the data on female adolescents who have never had children. The change in their living conditions from Cardoso's neoliberal government to Lula's social-democratic government has been compared as well. The research findings indicate that motherhood in adolescence prevail among the poorest. They indicate as well that even before pregnancy most of them were not enrolled at school and as a consequence were not likely to get a decent job.
For a long time, Zambia has grappled with high maternal mortality. One of the interventions the government initiated was the introduction of Safe Motherhoods Action Groups. Clearly, this book demonstrates that Antenatal care, birth preparedness, institutional delivery and postnatal care are important ingredients in safe motherhood. However, knowledge on these tenets is extremely low. Low knowledge levels on various aspects of safe motherhood and the existence and prevalence of complications affecting babies in the study communities reflect inadequacies and challenges in the organization and implementation of the safe motherhood initiatives.
This book introduces readers to the Evolution of Societies in Uganda. It mainly covers early migration and settlement patterns of some groups of people in Uganda. The book explains how the current settlement patterns in Uganda were partly influenced by early migrations. Some of the groups that migrated into Uganda include the Bantu and the Nilotes. Prior to these migrations, other groups of people belonging to the Bushmanoid race already existed on the African continent. The book further expounds on Pre-Colonial state formation, early internal and external contacts of different communities and also looks at Colonial Administration in Uganda. The book is therefore an important text for readers who are desirous of understanding the early political history of Uganda.
The study aimed at investigating the level of independence and freedom of the mass media industry in Uganda. It explored the challenges that media professionals practically go through and face in the process of practicing their professions in Uganda, and secondly, it identified how both the existing and newly proposed laws impact on the mass media freedom in Uganda while drawing from the domestic, national, regional and international laws. Qualitative methods were used in this research with interviews and content Analysis being central. The findings indicate that the media in Uganda is still not free as most respondents concurred with what is in the documented reports by HRW, Amnesty International, UHRC, IFEX, CPJ, and HRNJ about media censorship in Uganda. A critical analysis of the various media laws in Uganda revealed that they have not been aligned to regional and international standards. The study, recommends among other things that the government of Uganda should respect freedom of expression as laid down under the constitution, regional and international laws. Secondly, that the media laws in Uganda should be revisited, to meet the regional and international standards.
This book was inspired by the events that were observed in the community where in Northern Uganda, ridden by conflict in 20 years, children presented with acute malnutrition, low survival rates amidst high HIV infections, hunger and other complications brought about by war.Despite various interventions Northern Uganda remained with unacceptable infant mortality rates in Uganda compared to other parts of the country.The study employed exploratory, quantitative and qualitative research methods. data was collected analyzed and presented in this book.
This book is about challenge that teachers face in handling adolescent students in secondary school, the case study of Ilemela District in Mwanza city. This spells out challenges that teachers face in handling adolescent and supportive alternative that stakeholders may take to overcome those challenge. Through this book teachers may understand and take appropriate measures against the adolescent students, for parents it helps them to know social, psychological and physical changes of their children and how they can handle them.
Uganda has embraced the cyber revolution which has become essential in the jurisprudence of Uganda in two major ways, the first being the fact that it has enhanced the development of copyrights and the second being that it has worsened copyright infringement in Uganda. Due to the fact that the cyber technology and the internet are new phenomena in Uganda, it has over time become hard to curb the culprits of copyright infringements over the cyber space. This research presents the practical aspect of dealing with copyright infringements over the internet and other related computer technologies in Uganda.