Edited by Jean-Claude Kader and Michel Delseny and supported by an international Editorial Board, Advances in Botanical Research publishes in-depth and up-to-date reviews on a wide range of topics in plant sciences. Currently in its 47th volume, the series features a wide range of reviews by recognized experts on all aspects of plant genetics, biochemistry, cell biology, molecular biology, physiology and ecology. This eclectic volume features six reviews on cutting-edge topics of interest to post-graduates and researchers alike.* Multidisciplinary reviews written from a broad range of scientific perspectives * For over 40 years, series has enjoyed a reputation for excellence * Contributors internationally recognized authorities in their respective fields
Low temperatures of the tropical and temperate regions of the world make it difficult for rice breeders to develop varieties with high yield and desired quality. Cold temperature stress impairs growth of rice both at vegetative as well as anthesis stages. More in-depth study is required to study the genetics of cold tolerance in rice. This would enable breeders to tailor varieties for cold environments in a better way. In this study, crosses were made between cold tolerant and susceptible rice varieties. Subsequent generations were grown in phytotron at International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Manila, Philippines. The data were analyzed and genetics of spikelet fertility associated with cold tolerance was studied.
1. Introduction ¤ Salinity ¤ Salinity areas ¤ Toxicity 2. Findings ¤ Mechanisms ¤ Objectives ¤ Rice cultivars ¤ Genetics and transcript profiling ¤ Markers ¤ Traditional breeding ¤ Advanced genetic engineering techniques 3. There are scopes to make a platform to delineate a conceptual framework for improving salt tolerance rice variety in Bangladesh together with the hungry world to goodbye famine forever.
Boro (winter rice), one of the most important rice crops, might suffer from critical low temperature at the different growth stages from germination to maturity.The critically low and high temperatures vary with the growth stages. The rice plant could normally grow between 20°C and 35°C and these critical temperatures vary with genotype, duration of critical temperature, diurnal changes and physiological status of the plant. Boro rice might suffer from low temperature at the reproductive stage of the crop. Even low temperature at the crop establishment and tiller development stage (vegetative phase) of the crop might affect the growth, development and ultimately the yield of the crop. The book thus was written on the basis of research findings which screened out genotypes with good phenotypic acceptability and good emergence index, genotypes having better tolerance to low or minimum temperature and discovered nature of tolerance of genotypes with respect to low or minimum temperature.
This textbook is an introduction to advances in mechanical machinery: Measuring and compensating for off-line to running (OL2R) machinery movement. Actually, all rotating equipments undergo a change in position during start-up (off-line) and while running that affects the alignment of the shafts. The off-line to running movement characteristics of the vast majority of rotating machinery in industries have never been measured. It is very important to know how much movement occurred before concluding that it is insignificant and can be ignored. This book is written out with strongly hoping that some characteristics of both cold and hot misalignment could be displayed for readers. The objective of the research in this book is to find out the characteristics of hot misalignment and to compensate for off-line to running machinery movement. The method for carrying out the research in this book is based on theory and experiments. The experiments are done several times for both cold and hot conditions. The main setup for the research in this book is a pair of generator-electrical motor.
Since the beginning of human existence on earth, human life has been dominated by the need for energy. Over the past centuries, the world has witnessed several energy transitions. Presently, issues such as energy security & sustainable development are the main driving factors for a transition to clean energy systems. One of the ways to achieve the new desire for energy transition is the use of fuel cell technology. Worldwide, a number of research groups in universities, research centres & private companies are conducting research on fuel cells with an aim to develop & commercialize the technology. This book contains a comprehensive overview of basic & applied research findings on low temperature PEM-based fuel cells. It discusses in details, research activities on individual components & materials development such as membranes, electro-catalysts, MEA & bipolar plate fabrication, single cell, stacks & complete system assembly. It also presents an elaborate discussion on hydrogen & methanol production, storage & delivery. The book is an important reference material for students, researchers & manufacturers involve in research & development of low temperature PEM-based fuel cells.
Advances in International Accounting is a refereed, academic research annual, that is devoted to publishing articles about advancements in the development of accounting and its related disciplines from an international perspective. This serial examines how these developments affect the financial reporting and disclosure practices, taxation, management accounting practices, and auditing of multinational corporations, as well as their effect on the education of professional accountants worldwide. Advances in International Accounting welcomes traditional and alternative approaches, including theoretical research, empirical research, applied research, and cross-cultural studies.
Advances in School Effectiveness Research and Practice,