The book presents the Higher Education(HE) System of Bangladesh and the role of National University(NU).The fundamental objective of this book is to trace out how the NU ensures and develops the quality of HE in Bangladesh. Within the broad framework,the specific objectives of the research are to: (a) Trace out how NU maintains quality in HE on the affiliation and inspection system, and takes required steps for the development of affiliated colleges; (b) Assess the measures of NU so far undertaken for maintaining quality in admission and registration, and other related issues; and (c) Explore the examination system of NU from the announcement of the examination routine, question formulation and moderation, arranging examination, publication of results, punishment against unfair means and certificate distribution system. The book contains nine chapters where a vivid scenery has been presented on objectives,Theoretical Framework,Bangladesh Education System, NU & Bangladesh HE,NU and Affiliation System, Admission & Registration,Examination System,Comparative HE system with a brief observation & Recommendation of Bangladesh HE.It is a informative book for researcher globally.
This book contains a study of cost and benefit of higher education in Bangladesh. By higher education is meant five years of study consisting of the four-year undergraduate Honours programme and the one-year Master’s programme at the public universities of Bangladesh. Higher education can have many benefits, but this study considers only financial benefits. In the analysis of cost and benefit of higher education, cost per student is estimated by adding private cost and recurring cost per student at the relevant university. The benefit per student, which is more difficult to estimate, is calculated by considering the sum of life time income minus what the student would have earned if he had no higher education, discounted by various rates of interest. The costs and benefits are then compared by applying three standard methods—the benefit-cost ratio (BCR), the net present value (NPV), and the internal rate of return (IRR). All three measures show that undertaking higher education is still worthwhile, but the difference between benefit and cost is getting narrowed down. The study discusses the implications of these results and makes some pertinent policy suggestions.
Economic literature conclusively establishes that the countries which invested heavily in education (and higher education) realized higher growth rates than those which neglected it. It has, therefore, become imperative for the developing countries like India, to give due importance to both quantitative and qualitative expansion of this sector. The expansion and growth of the university and higher education sector depends crucially, if not entirely, on the input of financial resources into the system. It is, therefore, important to analyze the flows of financial resources made into this sector. Thus, accordingly, the study makes an analysis of the trends in public expenditure on education sector (and its sub-sectors) over a fairly long period of almost a quarter of a century and that too taking into consideration the inter-state and inter-regional picture. Further, this book also studies the budgets of the several universities in the country by taking a huge sample of 25 per cent of the universities. Also keeping in view the fact that no such systematic study with national level and region-wise coverage is available, the study also tends to fill this gap in literature.
Bangladesh is one of the environmentally rich countries in the world as Malaysia. In her education systems, the environmental education is largely considered at all levels particularly in the higher education for both the countries based on the British education systems. In 1971 and 1956, Bangladesh and Malaysia achieved her independence respectively. Meanwhile, both the governments passed some important environmental laws taught at the higher education levels but still, they are very limited in number and scope. Historically, these environmental laws were passed in eighties and the Public Health Act 1857 is one of them. This study examines the present state of the environmental education in the higher education in Bangladesh and Malaysia based on the primary and secondary sources consisting of 25 relevant respondents from the different criteria
The new developments in information technology such as the Internet and related technologies present higher education institutions with magnificent opportunities to contain the rapidly increasing cost and expand their geographical reach by flexible means. The Internet opens a new revolutionary era through sophisticated tools which can be utilized to disseminate global information and allow free access to unlimited resources for mankind''s knowledge. All together, this will facilitate the distribution of learning to learners in diverse environments. This book, therefore, analyze existing virtual university models and utilized Soft System Methodology (SSM) to proposed a joint venture virtual university model. The model should be useful in initiating a Virtual University in Saudi Arabia and elsewhere.
This book is conducted to meet the purpose of studying the possibility of establishing a private university from global context.In order to make sure that a private university can survive and produce the desired outcomes, feasibility study must be conducted as it is a way to analyze data,information, situation, objectives and calculate system performance.This study focuses on three main considerations - marketing research, financial analysis and operational analysis. A research was conducted with well-designed survey questionnaire,as research tool with 132 respondents as sampling population, focused on their personal judgments in respect of higher education from Global context. All data from questionnaires have been analyzed by SPSS. Another main consideration is the financial analysis by the calculation of a university system performance, according to Churchman''s formula; the system performance was efficient, which would help in decision making to invest or establish a private university.This book emphasized the world wide situation of private higher education, role of private higher education and accreditation process in USA, Europe, Asia as well as Bangladesh.
If we observe the overall direction, Bangladesh is following a trend to move about to a market based economy. But the pace of privatization has been slow in our country and private sector could not achieve expected level of efficiency and lacked proper direction of development. Among the private sectors, banking and telecommunication sectors have been studied to illustrate the demand scenario of job market and three departments from social science faculty of Dhaka University have been centre of attention of the research to know how they respond to meet the employers’ demand. Public administration and Economics departments of Dhaka University show high and low responsiveness to private sector demand respectively. While Sociology department did not respond to private sector demand, rather they have responded to NGO sector demand. Among these three departments Public Administration is not also fully compatible with private sector need. The study argues social science faculty of Dhaka University has not responded significantly to the private sectors’ demand because of inefficiencies in the private sector and lack of proper direction of private sector development. This study can help ed
Higher education plays a fundamental role in the economic development of a country in terms of meeting society’s demands. Quality in higher education has been a recurring theme in recent years, especially after the creation of National Higher Education Assessment System (SINAES). Thus, this study aims to analyze the IGC of public and private universities of the five Brazilian regions in order to describe the performance of HEIs by region, identify possible intraregional and interregional discrepancies, and suggest opportunities for improvement. The results showed that public universities outperformed private ones in all regions, particularly the north and southeast regions. Regarding variability, private universities had the best performance in the center-west and no southeast regions. Regarding variability, private universities had the best performance in the center-west and north of Brazil. However, a thorough assessment of the performance of HEIs by region requires an integrative analysis of IGC results aligned with other assessment subsyste that integrate the multidimensional assessment of SINAES.
Quality of Higher Education focuses on critical issues facing institutions of higher learning drawing lessons from Makerere University. This landmark ground breaking work provides challenges facing higher education in developing countries particularly Uganda in the globalized and technological world. This special book explores a range of challenges in quality of Higher Education and analyses key interventions in addressing them. Specifically the study examined the conditions of quality higher education in School of Education of Makerere University. This is significant contribution to knowledge and courageous text that calls for developed nations to support quality higher education in developing countries that is competitive in the globalized knowledge economy. Given her registration number as 2003/HD/2359/U and due to the fact that at the time of publishing this book she had not yet got the PHD; Quality of Higher Education, Lessons from Makerere University was written as a result of psychological, emotional and financial pains she experienced while pursuing her PHD entitled “An analysis of Gender –based Violence as a Hindrance to Equality in Southwestern Uganda.
Education is the most vital tool for national uplift. Those having achieved thrill in it have become leaders of the world. Unlike them Bangladesh and Pakistan are backward vis-a-vis even other SAARC countries. Yet Bangladesh has offered a unique microfinance system and Pakistan stands against the tide of world terrorism. So, they deserve help. But before granting such aid the dirty political factors need exposure. A search has been initiated in this regard. The education juggernauts in Pakistan in particular are in deep slumber and private parties have free hand to treat the system as business venture. There seems none to resist it. Again, feudalism is jamming the wheels of literacy. However, there exists some kind of system in Bangladesh with, of course, loopholes intact. The study has picked the owners, managing committee members and teachers for scrutiny and finally solved the riddle why literacy graph remains low there. The study has the ingredients to change the education system in this part of the world, commented a US Varsity Professor. It will, therefore, attract educationists, govt. functionaries, Varsity teachers, philanthropists, civil society and researchers as a whole.
Bangladesh has experienced a brilliant growth in private educational sector since the early 1990s. The development has resulted mainly through the emergence of a large number of universities in the private sector where quality remains a great concern. An exploratory survey was conducted to analyze the consumers’ (students) evaluation of private higher education sectors in Bangladesh with particular reference to the quality as well as the cost of education. The sample was taken on a random basis from ten private universities in Dhaka metropolitan area, the capital city of Bangladesh. The respondents (students) were asked to evaluate the quality and the cost of education at private universities in Bangladesh. Respondents ranked the attributes on a number of itemized seven-point scale ratings bounded at each end by one of two bipolar adjectives. The result of this study shows that faculty credentials, academic calendar, campus facility, research facility, and cost of education are associated with quality education and that the consumers feel most of the private universities in Bangladesh provide quality education at reasonable costs.
The Innovative University illustrates how higher education can respond to the forces of disruptive innovation , and offers a nuanced and hopeful analysis of where the traditional university and its traditions have come from and how it needs to change for the future. Through an examination of Harvard and BYU-Idaho as well as other stories of innovation in higher education, Clayton Christensen and Henry Eyring decipher how universities can find innovative, less costly ways of performing their uniquely valuable functions. Offers new ways forward to deal with curriculum, faculty issues, enrollment, retention, graduation rates, campus facility usage, and a host of other urgent issues in higher education Discusses a strategic model to ensure economic vitality at the traditional university Contains novel insights into the kind of change that is necessary to move institutions of higher education forward in innovative ways This book uncovers how the traditional university survives by breaking with tradition, but thrives by building on what it's done best.
The work centers around the development of university education in India from 1857-1887. It analyses the historical and chronological developments of the university education in relation to the changing socio-political situations. Data were mainly collected from printed official reports and surveys. In analysing the development of higher education in India the methodology adopted was obviously historical and the problem is looked at from the point of view of relevant social science disciplines and there is an attempt to write it in the light of new history of education that has emerged in the west. The study highlights the fact that the university system was strongly influenced by the British model of higher education.
This study aims to explore the transformation of the universities by means of the techno-parks. The university-industry-government partnership, which forces to make changes in the universities and “human capital.” It is so clear that the reasons are not only national, but also supranational where innovation and knowledge are taken as drivers of the competitiveness and growth. The transformation in the higher education is seen as the marketization of the universities by means of generating technological knowledge, which is commodified in the global market economy.The effects of the techno-parks are serious on the academic missions of universities, while changing innovation system so that the missions of universities are re-defined. Hence, knowledge as a commodity can be sold in the market and techno-parks and universities have become the headquarters of corporations. The analyses show that universities are not capable of absorbing the increasing demand so that techno-parks open new liberalization in commodification of knowledge. The transformation towards entrepreneurialization has profoundly produced different problems-inequalities, segregation, and social injustices.
It is now 18 years after the 1994 genocide against Tutsi in Rwanda. Many things have already been done regarding the national reconstruction process in which every Rwandan is expected to participate. How are educators taking part in this national reconstruction process? This study explores the level of participation of the National University of Rwanda academics in implementing national social cohesion recovery policies. Building from collected data that indicate a relatively low level of inclusion of peace building issues in academic activities due to limited expertise in peace and conflict studies, the study suggests a two-week-workshop as a peace education intervention in order to improve the National University of Rwanda academics’ skills in conflict transformation and education for sustainable peace and development.