Biology is Technology – The Promise, Peril, and New Business of Engineering Life
Biology is Technology – The Promise, Peril, and New Business of Engineering Life
Molecular biology has made immense progress since Watson an Crick first discovered DNA in 1953. The steady advancements over the last half century have made it progressively easier to sequence the genetic code of any organism and even manufacture or ‘synthesize’ sections of DNA. This has led to a watershed moment in molecular biology that has given scientist a tool with the freedom and flexibility to reinvent life itself. Synthetic biology opens the doors for man-made viruses and microorganisms. It is a dual-use technology that holds both promise as well as peril; just as the technology can be used in the development of life-saving therapeutics, it too can be used to synthesize biothreat agents by malicious parties. Synthetic Biology: Science & Policy investigates the science and policies in synthetic biology and its related interdisciplinary fields. The technology is not yet at the maturity where biothreat agents can be easily fabricated. Now is the opportunity when preemptive measures and regulatory networks can be established, and the time to develop policies that can serve the scientific community while meeting the safety and security challenges the technology presents
ITCSE( Introduction to Chemical Science and Engineering, has been written with vast experiences of biology, medicine and chemical technology and engineering, covering the concepts of Chemical Sciences and Engineering. Molecular Biology and the understanding of Life and engineering interracial phenomena, surface properties have been exposed in this book with the understanding that the education of Chemical Engineering has been changed towards Nano- and Molecular engineering , and has modified the concept of unit operation and the concept of reactor design, applicable to Medicine, Environment,Diagnosis,Conversion and Recovery processes.The text book ITCSE has covered all such items including the chapters of Mass and Heat transfer, Fluidization, Membrane and Reaction engineering, occurring in Nano-channels and micro-reactors.ITCSE has also covered the history of Chemical Science and Engineering to inspire young chemical engineers to utilize this eucation for human well being.
Promise and Peril – America at the Dawn of a Global Age
Regeneration of the periodontal tissues is a complex phenomenon requiring interplay between various processes in a timely manner.Research strives to attain regeneration in a more predictable, quicker, less invasive ways than allowed by previous techniques. Tissue engineering is a highly promising field of reconstructive biology that draws on recent advances in medicine, surgery, molecular and cellular biology, polymer chemistry and physiology. The objective of using tissue engineering as therapeutic application has been to harness its ability to exploit selected and primed cells together with an appropriate mix of regulatory factors, to allow growth and specialization of cells and matrix. This book is a brief review on the basics of tissue engineering related to Periodontology and also updates the reader with the controlled clinical trials that prove the ability of tissue engineering in achieving new heights in periodontal regeneration.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer science and information technology to the field of biology and medicine. Bioinformatics deals with algorithms, databases and information systems, web technologies, artificial intelligence and soft computing, information and computation theory, software engineering, data mining, image processing, modeling and simulation, signal processing, discrete mathematics, control and system theory, circuit theory, and statistics. Bioinformatics generates new knowledge of biology and medicine, and improving & discovering new models of computation. Bioinformatics has played a vital role in the advancement of biomolecular sciences, traditionally focusing upon molecular evolution and structural biology. It has allowed accurate statistical analysis of DNA or amino acid sequences, resulting in effective translation between such sequences, to the benefit of genetics, evolution and biochemistry.This book is a comprehensive guide for those who are eager to learn about this exciting new field.
GLASS FACADE FOR FUTURISTIC CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY. This book is about the new technology of glass facade. It provides comprehensive coverage of the new technology, advanced level, concepts and applications. Although diffrent type of glass, thier parameter, strengh, durability, application are emphasized throughout, the book has moderate engineering and technical orientation. The book can be taken as well-organiesd guide for researchers in glass facade technology and other areas. Mr. Vijay Singh Rawat is Assistant Professor in Construction Engineering & Technology, Dilla University, Ethiopia.
Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease that causes pathological alterations in the teeth and their supporting tissues, potentially leading to tooth loss. Despite the remarkably high standards of professional periodontal care, incomplete adult dentitions or edentulism are still evident. Several procedures have been attempted to achieve periodontal regeneration, including root surface conditioning, bone graft placement, guided tissue regeneration (GTR). Tissue engineering is a multidisciplinary field which involves the application of the principles and methods of engineering and life sciences towards the fundamental understanding of structural-functional relationships in normal and pathological mammalian tissues and the development of biological substitutes that restore, maintain or improve tissue function. Advances in tissue engineering life sciences over the past twenty years have lead to various therapies for replacing, repairing, restoring or regenerating human tissues suggesting an important role of tissue engineering in regenerative technology.
The Eleventh Edition of Life: The Science of Biology is engaging, active, and focused on teaching the skills that students need in the majors biology course. New pedagogical features grab students’ attention and give them a clear learning path through the text. Active learning is a priority throughout the text and media, including in the brand new and unique Active Learning Guide, giving instructors the support they need to encourage students to "learn by doing." Life continues and improves its focus on experiments and data, ensuring that students learn the skills they need to succeed in their careers. It is this potent combination of expertly crafted pedagogy and engagement that make this new edition the best resource for biology students.The Eleventh Edition of Life: The Science of Biology retains its reputation as the book with the highest quality content, clarity of language, and experimental emphasis, and the new focus and features make it a Life worth investigating.
Engineering Chemistry is the basic branch of engineering that deals with physical science and life sciences with mathematics, to the different process of converting raw materials or chemicals into more useful technical and medicinal valuable forms. This book is designed to cover the “Engineering Chemistry” Syllabus of B.E./ B.Tech. and all Engineering courses and it provides various concepts of Engineering Chemistry and it cover up the recent need of engineering chemistry in engineering courses as per requirement of Indian and various other universities. This book explains the engineering chemistry with six different chapters. It focuses role of chemistry in different branches of engineering in clear and easy language, on the basic scientific contents necessary to understand latest need and issues. It mainly consists of Water technology, corrosion, corrosion control, Nano chemistry, Portland cement, nuclear fuel, power generation, chemical fuels, lubricant, polymers, rubbers and environmental chemistry.
Synthetic biology, a converging science and technology characterized by the adoption of an engineering approach to life, shows several applications. However, it could also generate numerous risks. This work aims at individuating a regulatory framework and a model of governance for addressing the risks arising within synthetic biology area. This is to ensure that the progress is not hindered but, at the same time, the problematic issues are not neglected. The suggested model is named “prudent vigilance” (inspired by the report about synthetic biology, drafted by the U.S. Presidential Commission on Bioethics, 2010). It entails: (a) an ongoing and periodically revised assessment and management of the risks, assembling all the stakeholders in a democratic way, and (b) the adoption of policies, from the "top down" and "bottom up" levels, that are based on the principle of proportionality (among benefits and risks), on a reasonable balancing between different interests and rights at stake, and on a constitutional frame, i.e. the protection of human rights. In the end, the operability of the model is checked by considering, as a case study, the biosecurity risks of synthetic biology.
Information Technology has an integral part in our modern society. With the emerging of the new technology comes a new type of crime. This new type of crime is referred as Cyber Crime. In certain types of Cyber Crime, the successful manipulation, respectively "Social Engineering" of people plays an important role. In order to prevent Social Engineering attacks this book contains an universal trainings concept. The trainings concept is based on three main pillars: The Analyses of the Psychological Factors, The Cyber Crime Aspects and The Analysis of the Didactics. The output of all three analytical steps are resulting in the trainings concept In order to make the trainings concept more visual and to give examples for the key elements (training methods), the concept is applied on a fictive company. This company works in the field of Biomedical Engineering.
Science is an art of living being and engineering are sub-branches of science.By the use of scientific knowledge at the nano-scale phenomenon and by the application of engineering at the nano-scale we are able to design nano-devices, nano-machines etc. In earlier days biology was applicable only in medicine field. Today there is a need to start the program from biological and engineering students to take active part in nano-science. By the application of nano-science we can save human life. From few years there is an great achievement in the living and educational standard in society by the implications of Nano-science and Nano-Technology. Nano-science is in great demand due to an interdisciplinary area, inter and intra engineering, physics , medicine and basic sciences. Is it really a connection between nano-science engineering and human being.Applications of nano-science and nanotechnology are in every area of daily life.
How do you land a rover on Mars, resolve a perpetual traffic jam or save a herd of caribou from potential extinction? Ask an engineer! Author Shannon Hunt presents nine real-life problems for which engineers designed inventive (and even crazy!) solutions. Each was solved using a different field of engineering --- from aerospace and mechanical to the new field of geomatics. A helpful seven-step flowchart of the engineering design process is also featured: define the problem, investigate the requirements, develop solutions, design a prototype, test it, improve it and share the idea. These steps are highlighted in each chapter with helpful icons that refer back to the flowchart. Sidebars, biographies of the engineers and fun detailed illustrations by James Gulliver Hancock help flesh out the stories and bring them to life. This terrific introduction to some fascinating practical applications of engineering is sure to inspire the natural engineer in every child. With its emphasis on real-world connections to the math, science and technology skills applied with critical thinking and creative problem solving, this book is a natural for encouraging STEM education (science, technology, engineering, math). With so many direct curriculum applications for grades three to seven, and in following with the guidelines in the Next Generation Science Standards, this book is a perfect resource for classrooms and libraries, as well as anywhere a makerspace is found. Includes a table of contents, glossary and index.