This book analysis the relationship between cash crop exports to the European Union from Ghana and its impact on the economic performance of Ghana. It is aimed at investigating the aftermath of the European Union Directive 2000/36/EC on the Economic development of Ghana by observing the trend in GDP of Ghana. The book provides an insight to policy makers, academicians and for all interested persons about the trade relations of Ghana and European Union. Furthermore, the book provides comparison of the trend in economic growth before and after the implementation of European Union Directive. Econometric and Statistical analysis of secondary data from sources such as International Financial Statistics, International Monetary Fund and the World Bank countries indicators is done. The results is analyzed to draw logical conclusions and recommendations of the work.
European Union (EU) is India’s largest trading partner. India in turn is the 13th largest partner of EU in the year 2007. The EU is one of the biggest sources of Foreign Direct Investment to India, major contributor of developmental aid, important source of technology and is a home to large and influential Indian non-residents. The genesis of India’s trade relations with such an important trade partner can be traced back to the early 1960s. India was among the first countries to establish diplomatic relations with the (then) EEC. The book attempts to incorporate the liberalization policies of the Government of India since 1991 and sea changes that have taken place in European Union including the expansion of EU with induction of new members, introduction of single unified currency, Euro and establishment of European Monetary Union. It also analyses the growth and structure of Indo-EU trade during the period from 1992-93 to 2006-07 covering a period of 16 years with particular focus on the analysis of the commodity composition of Indo-EU trade. It also attempts to identify potential export and import items from India to individual European Union countries.
This study examines the export barriers Indian exporters’ face when exporting from India to European Union. EU is the India’s major trading partner. EU export to India is more relative to India’s Export to EU. To increase the export of India to EU, it is necessary to analyze the barriers faced by Indian exporter in the EU. This study is important as it identifies the barriers strength Indian exporters face during the export to European Union.This research identifies that, exporters face non tariff barriers along with some Hidden barrier. The identified measure barriers are Government regulation, Customs procedure and Licensing, Technical standards and Health regulations, Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures, Certification, labeling and packaging and Market access problems.this study should help for further research to investigate every barrier in detail and their impact at the national level which will provides policy makers or government to formulate the key strategic guidelines for making national export policies.
This book examines the export marketing of T-shirts in one of the major garment export centres in India, namely, Tirupur (Tamil Nadu). It is a well-acknowledged fact that the knit-wear industry in India accounts for the major share of the country’s total textile exports. Also, from the international perspective, the Indian knitwear products are now being sold to almost every country in the world. The Indian knitting industry has been able to win all the sophisticated world markets including the European Union, America, Canada and Japan. It is in this connection, the book examines the problems, procedure and prospects of the T-Shirts exports from Tirupur.
This book is on effect of sugarcane farming on food security and nutritional status in Nambale Division, Busia District. It is a summary of a study carried out by the author to determine agricultural and economic parameters that affect food supply and nutritional status in rural Kenya in order to assess the extent to which the country is committed to achieving the Millenium Development Goals. The objectives of the study were to describe the relationship between sugarcane farming, food security and nutritional status; and to find out the impact of sugarcane farming on food supply and nutritional status in the study area. The study found that there is competition between cash and food crop cultivation in Nambale division; secondly, there is little motivation for food crop production in Nambale division leading to household food insecurity and thirdly, the people of Nambale division are quietly suffering from malnutrition problems. The book recommends that the sugar industry should conscientiously take care of the needs of small-scale sugarcane farmers not only for their own welfare but also, the sustainability of cultivation of sugarcane for local sugar production.
India is one of the first country who developing relation with the European Union. The EU is India’s largest trading partner accounting one-fifth share in both export and import. Several agreements have been signed between the EU and India in the past few years, resulting in even more imports and exports, both of goods and services. This book analyses the trade relations between India and the European Union during 1990 to 2005. Chronology of Indo-EU trade since 1990 and different agreements to boost bilateral trade have been analysed in detail in this book, the comparison between India and EU, concerned to economy, currency, foreign trade etc. In conclusion there is no need for India to feel intimidated by the magnitude of the single market or its importance in world trade. Outside the developed world, India will remain one of the world’s two or three largest and still expanding imports markets. India’s principal needs are advanced technology and range of India’s requirements will command the competing attention of rival suppliers. This would give India sufficient bargaining strength. Finally some suggestions are noted for improvement of India’s trade relations with EU.
A fascinating but troubled community is struggling to survive in a virtually borderless Europe. But there seems to be no place for the wanderers of the world - the statelessness that characterizes the Roma community, instead of making the issue a pan - European responsibility, puts the blame and the burden on the shoulders of the poor Eastern European states, countries with large numbers of Romani origin citizens. The troubles surrounding the Roma community, addressed in this study, issues that demand a bold response, led to endless debates that could be of interest to both scholars and the general readers. The case of the Roma community is an interesting contemporary reference in all aspects of human rights, education, poverty, xenophobia, women's rights, law, European Union politics, membership conditionality, europeanization and EU enlargement.
A commonly expressed view is that the citizens and the Member States are destined to be overcome by the European Union. There is a sense that the Union of today is not what was intended to be created or acceded to by the Member States or its citizens. The Outer Limits of European Union Law brings together a diverse group of legal scholars to consider aspects of EU substantive, constitutional and procedural law in a manner highlighting the many senses in which the European Union is or can be limited and so demonstrating that the fear of being overcome is largely a false fear. By exploring the mechanisms and devices used to limit the European Union, the contributors also reveal not only the strengths of the various limits, but also and more crucially the weakness of the limits , thereby demonstrating that the prospect of being overcome may be a genuine risk to be guarded against. By considering general themes (eg legitimacy) and core subject areas (eg policing, free movement of goods, remedies) the book reveals the various techniques used by the Court of Justice, Community institutions and Member States to define and modify the outer limits of the European Union and European Union Law.
The European Union is concerned by ethnic conflicts that are on its borders and can threaten the security of the EU from outside and inside. Examining the cases of South Ossetia, Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh, Transnistria and Cyprus, this research investigates to what extent the European Union is committed to ethnic conflict resolution. Hypothesizing that EU direct involvement in the conflict resolution process is more successful than the mediated efforts and the failure of the European Union to assist territorial entities sharpens the secessionist trends, the theories of third party intervention, credible commitment theory and the costs and benefits theory form the theoretical framework of this research. The review of the literature formed basis to understand the EU policies and tools deployed for the conflict prevention in the cases selected, on which the applied theoretical framework created strong bases to make conclusions.The EU direct involvement in the conflict resolution process is more effective. Rejecting the second hypothesis the argument becomes valid emphasizing that EU assistance, substantial or not, does not affect the conflicting territories’ decision to secede.
This book draws on critical theory to introduce readers to ways of exploring questions about the EU from a political economy perspective, questions like: Does the EU help or hinder Europe's 'social models' to face the challenges of globalization? Does the EU represent a break from Europe's imperial past? What were the causes of the Eurozone crisis?
Readers are provided with a practical insight into how to analyze policies and policy-making in the EU. Using case studies to deepen readers' understanding, this book examines the various stages of the policy process - from the moment the issue reaches the agenda through to drafting, implementation and evaluation.
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a growing concern both among companies and among stakeholders. Stakeholders have become more interested in the consequences of business activities and therefore companies must engage in socially responsible behaviour in order not to lose the trust of society. This is one of the reasons why CSR is now so important and this is why it is something that cannot be forgotten. CSR is voluntary by nature and this means that companies cannot be forced to be socially responsible. Stakeholders, however, can try to influence business decision and foster the adoption of an ethical philosophy. This thesis wants to address how governments are trying to support companies that want to become socially responsible and how institutions are trying to promote CSR. Special attention is being paid to the most important initiatives to promote CSR in the European Union, in the United Kingdom, in Italy, and in Switzerland.
The EU budget has emerged as a consequence of path dependent developments in its historical progress, which has dragged the European Union to a critical stage. It is rather challenging for the Union now to sustain the current structure of the budget, since it exposes impediments to continue with this structure in an enlarging and deepening Union. In spite of various reform proposals, there is no appropriate theoretical ground for the budgetary politics of the European Union to address the issue of strengthening the link between the European Union and its citizens. This study approaches the existing problems associated with expenditures and revenues of the current EU budget from the social constructive policy perspective with three major objectives. Firstly, it presents a historical evolution of the European Union budget in order to explore historical path dependent developments. Secondly, it offers a critical analysis on the expenditure and revenue sides of the budget. Thirdly, it introduces a social constructivist policy approach as an alternative to fiscal federalism.
This book is based on contributions made to the WG Hart Workshop 2003. It contains articles by leading experts seeking to assess the state of development of EU law some fifty years after the establishment of the Communities and to contribute to the current debate on the European Constitution. The first volume concentrates on the themes of European Constitutionalism and EU external relations. It analyses the proposed Constitution dealing, among others, with the division of competence between the EU and the Member States, Community legislation, the role of national parliaments, democracy in the EU, human rights, and the Court of Justice. It also contains articles on EU external relations covering, among others, enlargement, the common foreign and security policy, immigration and asylum policy, and the relations between the EU and the WTO.
The Roma are one of the largest ethnic minority groups and, although they are scattered all over the world, there is a significant Roma population in the Eastern European country of Romania. In Romania, as in most other Eastern European countries, the Roma suffered discrimination, oppression and persecution. Life for the Roma was never easy; they had to deal with enslavement, persecution and discrimination during World War II and strong anti-Roma violent and oppressive regimes. This monograph traces the history of the Roma, from their origins in India to their flight across Western, Eastern and Central Europe. It also analyzes the impact of the European Union enlargement on the Roma. The fall of Communism and Romania’s accession to the European Union brought hope to the Roma minority. The European Union placed the issue of minority rights on its agenda and demanded social change and rights for minorities from all of the countries applying for membership. Unfortunately, the European Union failed to follow through on its requests and this resulted in little to no change for the Roma.