This book highlights important areas concerning induction and orientation of teachers in schools. These areas include: Objectives of induction and orientation of teachers; components of induction and orientation programmes; benefits of induction and orientation to teachers; demerits of non induction and orientation of teachers; guidelines for a better induction and orientation process; challenges facing induction and orientation of teachers in Kenyan secondary schools and a brief comparative study of induction and orientation of teachers in Britain. The book is a product of a MEd Degree Research Project which was carried out in the larger Taita district, Kenya in 2010. The study was guided by the following objectives: To establish the status of induction and orientation of teachers in public secondary schools in Taita District; to find out the benefits of induction and orientation of teachers; to establish the induction related challenges facing beginning teachers in the execution of their duties and to investigate the challenges facing induction and orientation of teachers in public secondary schools in Taita District.
The problems that beginning teachers face early in their careers are a major factor in growing rates of attrition among neophyte teachers. New Scheme Teacher (NST) induction is an imperative process in acculturating teachers to their new careers and helping them overcome the hardships of teaching and the accreditation process. Although induction practices have become more common in recent years, there are still no mandated structures for inducting NSTs into the profession in New South Wales (NSW); this is especially poignant in the independent education sector, which has little oversight. This research entailed a collective case study of six independent schools in NSW to examine their induction processes from the view of the administration and the views of the New Scheme Teachers involved. The results were compared against other participating schools and international best practice, as deemed by the literature. The results show a great disparity between schools and sectors, which impacts on teacher preparedness. Recommendations are made with reagrd to aligning best practice to ensure that all beginning teachers have the opportunity to thrive in their chosen field.
This book is about challenge that teachers face in handling adolescent students in secondary school, the case study of Ilemela District in Mwanza city. This spells out challenges that teachers face in handling adolescent and supportive alternative that stakeholders may take to overcome those challenge. Through this book teachers may understand and take appropriate measures against the adolescent students, for parents it helps them to know social, psychological and physical changes of their children and how they can handle them.
The purpose of this study was to investigate challenges emanating from school based selection and recruitment of secondary school teachers in Mombasa County faced by Board of Governors (BOG). Although the Government of Kenya has strategies to enhance equality and distribution of teachers in Kenya, there have been challenges in decentralization of teachers’ recruitment in Kenya public secondary schools. Objective number one was to determine factors affecting teachers’ recruitment in secondary schools. Objective number two was to establish criteria used by BOG in selection and recruitment of secondary school teachers. Objective number three was to establish personnel and political factors that affect BOG members in their role of selection and recruitment of teacher’s recruitment. Objective number four was to determine other challenges BOG faced in teachers’ recruitment and how they were resolved.
This study sought to investigate challenges facing implementation of Life Skills Education in secondary schools in Trans-Nzoia West District in Kenya. It was guided by the following specific objectives: To determine teachers’ training on Life Skills Education; to find out teachers’ and students attitudes towards implementation of Life Skills Education in secondary schools; to establish the level of availability and adequacy of teaching/learning resources for implementing Life Skills Education in secondary schools; to analyze the teaching/learning strategies adopted by teachers to implement Life Skills Education in secondary schools; and to find out suggestions of teachers and students on the ways of improving implementation of Life Skills Education in secondary schools. A descriptive survey research design was employed in the study where the schools principals, teachers and students were involved. The study findings are presented and discussed in this publication.
The issue confronting the education system is how to transform the curriculum and teaching-learning process to meet the increasing pressure to use the new ICT to teach students in the 21st century. This study, therefore, explored the challenges facing ICT integration in the teaching and learning of mathematics and sciences in secondary schools in Vihiga District. The diffusion of innovations theory (Rogers, 1995) served as a theoretical framework. The study employed the descriptive research design. Questionnaires were administered among 15 secondary school head teachers, 110 teachers and 335 students of fifteen schools and interviews were done on 15 teachers using an interview schedule. Purposive sampling technique was used to sample 15 schools, which have been teaching computer studies. Data was analyzed using both descriptive and nferential statistics. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 15 (SPSS) was used. The study revealed that the extent of computer use among students, teachers in Vihiga District was minimal despite the positive attitude they had of computer use.
‘Challenges Facing Teen Mothers in Secondary Schools,’ is based on information from teen mothers on the experiences they face in schools upon re-admission. With first hand information from teen mothers and other key respondents, the book exposes the difficulties of simultaneous parenting and schooling despite the teen mothers’ tender age and inexperience. Health and emotional issues related to premature births and parenting and which pose great difficulties in the learning process are also discussed. In addition, it explores the roles of school heads, teacher counsellors and students in alleviating or causing teen mothers’ social trauma which emanates from lack of acceptability and accommodation among peers in school. The book pays special attention to the implementation of the re-entry policy that should see such mothers comfortably re-admitted and perfectly accommodated among their school mates while pertinent issues and assumptions of education administration in Kenya related to education accessibility. This book will appeal to head teachers, parents, teachers, teacher counselors, students and policy makers in the Ministry of Education.
This book examines the perceived impact of teacher induction programs on public high school novice and beginning career-change teachers. This study seeks to explore the differences in perceptions of public high school novice teachers versus public high school beginning career-change teachers in regards to the efficacy of induction programs. The research consisted of principal interviews, teacher surveys, and analysis of district induction documents from six large, public, distinct, suburban public high schools from three distinct school districts in Illinois. The findings of this study reviewed district models of induction, how teachers are inducted into the profession, and the role of the principal in teacher induction.
Management of pre-primary education is a critical issue as it involves golden age of intellectual curiosity and development. However primary school heads in Tanzania face challenges in managing pre – primary education units subsumed in primary schools. Therefore, this book calls the attention of education stakeholders in Tanzania on the difficulties being faced by primary school head teachers as they managed two education levels of primary education and pre-primary education. The book reflects the findings of a study conducted in Chamwino District in Dodoma Region, Tanzania. This book creates awareness of challenges facing primary school heads in managing pre-primary education. Such awareness has to help education stakeholders, especially the government officials, to develop appropriate and effective strategies and policies to address the challenges facing primary school heads. As the result the book provides the basis of improving pre-primary education management and practices.
The author of this book calls the attention of the readers as regards teaching of History and Government at High schools and College level.One of the best ways of identifying a problem is through research.The researcher identified a number of challenges teachers face whenever they are teaching History and Government.This book informs teachers and lecturers about the challenges and possible recommendations aimed at providing alternative solutions that will realize achievement of the objectives of teaching the subject all over the world.
This qualitative study examined beginning teachers' perceptions of mentoring and induction. The rationale for the study was that the first years of teaching are typically the most challenging for beginning teachers. Data sources included observations, interviews, and field notes. This study had three objectives: to provide an up-to-date, readable, and wide-ranging account of the perceptions of beginning teachers; to offer a guide to some of the major issues currently under discussion in the experiences of beginning teachers; and to identify some of the major deficiencies in the existing literature. Data revealed that beginning teachers desired support in classroom management, curriculum and instruction, securing resources, and discipline. Given the amount of teachers who leave the profession within the first five years, this research has the potential to reveal the influencing factors which may lead to a teachers’ decision to leave the classroom or remain in the teaching profession. In identifying these factors and creating and implementing effective induction programs and support systems, there may be a way to avoid or at least decrease the high turnover rate of beginning teachers
Through this book it is overviewed that reasons of turnover, turnover cost, components of comprehensive induction program, an example of comprehensive induction program, and various teacher learning theories and it is examined that the impacts of mentoring and induction activities on beginning teacher turnover using nationwide large data set of the School and Staffing Survey, 1999-2000 and the Teacher Follow-up Survey, 2000-2001 in the USA. To have more rigorous analysis, two restrictions are considered. First, turnver teachers are divided into four different subgroups. Second, various school characteristics and teacher characteristics are controlled. Through the analysis it is revealed that mentoring program showed positive influences on elementary beginning teachers'' turnover. Related to induction programs three induction activities are beneficial in significantly reducing turnover rates for beginning teachers: Seminars, common planning times, and extra classroom assistance.
One of the greatest challenges that developing countries are facing is the provision of quality and equitable healthcare for citizens. One of the barriers to achieving this goal is how to raise adequate funds to provide the services, and prudent use of the resources. This publication gives and insight on the challenges facing public healthcare financing strategies in Kenya, and by extension, other countries with similar health systems functionality in Africa. Health policy makers, managers and students with interest in health financing and management will find the publication to be of great help.
The cost of education in Kenya has been increasing over the years and until the introduction of Free Primary Education. This has blocked children from disadvantaged background from attaining primary level of education. This book therefore examines the challenges facing FPE enrolment in Winam division of Kisumu East District, its success by increasing enrolment, nationwide disbursement in different schools, the extent to which FPE objectives are met, the number of pupils benefiting from FPE, problems FPE is experiencing and possible measures that can help minimize the problems in the system. It also highlights great awareness and accessibility. The analysis of this book should help the MOE in putting in place other measures like feeding programme, priority to be based on lunch programme and the government needs to monitor the extra levies charged in schools and to strengthen Guidance and Counseling departments in schools by employing more trained teachers.
Study sought to establish problems head teachers faced in management of curriculum implementation in schools. Descriptive survey was used and sample of 56 head teachers (74%) was randomly selected from head teachers in the district. Findings indicated that head teachers faced several challenges in school management. Conclusions of the study were that head teachers faced serious challenges in the management of curriculum implementation, physical facilities and material resources, teaching staff personnel and students discipline. Recommendations were that government should help to mitigate situation by releasing funds for free secondary education, early in the beginning of the year and help to provide facilities such as laboratories and equipment. Board of governors and PTA should combine efforts with head teachers to deal with the many challenges of school management.