In The Possibility of an Absolute Architecture, Pier Vittorio Aureli proposes that a sharpened formal consciousness in architecture is a precondition for political, cultural, and social engagement with the city. Aureli uses the term absolute not in the conventional sense of "pure," but to denote something that is resolutely itself after being separated from its other. In the pursuit of the possibility of an absolute architecture, the other is the space of the city, its extensive organization, and its government. Politics is agonism through separation and confrontation; the very condition of architectural form is to separate and be separated. Through its act of separation and being separated, architecture reveals at once the essence of the city and the essence of itself as political form: the city as the composition of (separate) parts. Aureli revisits the work of four architects whose projects were advanced through the making of architectural form but whose concern was the city at large: Andrea Palladio, Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Etienne Louis-Boullee, and Oswald Mathias Ungers. The work of these architects, Aureli argues, addressed the transformations of the modern city and its urban implications through the elaboration of specific and strategic architectural forms. Their projects for the city do not take the form of an overall plan but are expressed as an "archipelago" of site-specific interventions.
Green areas of all kinds have gained significance for contemporary urban planning. In addition to the importance for the structure and appearance of urban spaces, these areas have very different social, ecological and economic functions. For instance, they can serve as relaxation and communication rooms, or as habitats for flora and fauna they can have an extremely positive influence on the micro-climate, not to mention the increasing attention they receive from the real estate business as a factor in site evaluation. This volume presents a broad spectrum of green areas from around the world, like urban parks, green facades, public gardens and green city squares. The interplay of international trends, regional characteristics and local traditions is especially interesting. The selection of projects shows the various tendencies of this discipline at the junction of landscape architecture and urban planning.
This work is a comprehensive overview of architecture worldwide since the 1960s. A guide to the many and varied contemporary architectural trends, it leads the reader through the styles and movements of architecture in the latter half of the 20th century. The Modern Movement in architecture early in the 20th century gave rise to the "International Style" - architecture was intended to transcend its time and place and provide a new world order in building and city planning. In the 1960s, modernism was seriously challenged by architects who began to question the validity of its principles. In place of modernism, a diverse array of building types and styles, driven by new architectural beliefs and theories, began to emerge. This text is an attempt to make sense of the pluralistic nature of contemporary architecture, by offering an accessible critique of the world's most prominent architectural movements and trends.
This study deals with assessment of carbon dioxide emissions of selected models of private automobiles and the mitigation measures being undertaken in Mekelle city. The study explores the main causes of motorized transport expansion, the trend in motorized transport expansion and the current status of urban transport in the city in line with its implication to climate change. Relevant literature on the field of the study are reviewed and gaps are identified. Finally, the study has forwarded possible measures on how to reduce vehicular greenhouse gas emission that need to be executed by the city administration, city transport office, regional administration, regional transport bureau, civil society and drivers.
Regional Garden Design in the United States – History of Landscape Architecture Colloquium V15
The relationship between cars and cities is changing. The auto-centric development predominant in America''s 20th century is being replaced by efforts to make cities more sustainable, enjoyable, and accessible by their citizens. While entirely giving up the car today is socially, politically, economically, and physically impossible, new ways of dealing with it are becoming viable. This book explores architecture''s response to this emerging reality and proposes that it is time for the car and the city to foster a productive relationship. By implementing the concepts outlined in this work, design professionals can significantly improve the quality of our urban experience. Spaces for cars could also become spaces for people, activities, and entertainment. They could be vibrant and truly integrated into the fabric of the city, without contributing to pollution, congestion, or personal injury. Through the design of a networked mobility hub for Long Island City in Queens, New York, this book will re-imagine the relationship between cars and architecture, creating a new paradigm for dealing with the automobile in the city.
This book reports on an assessment of the effectiveness of the marketing practices employed by P & F Mall in Legazpi City, Philippines. It covered the four P's of the marketing mix, namely, product, price, place and promotion. It used the descriptive research method employing a questionnaire-checklist and surveyed the customers of the mall in the different sections. As a shopping center, P & F Mall employed a variety of marketing practices and was found out that there were overwhelming strengths than weaknesses. Recommendations were forwarded to address the weaknesses and enhancement strategies were also designed. This book gives empirical findings which have significant implications to big retail businesses in the trade industry. Business practitioners, academics, students and the general public may benefit significantly from this book.
Hungary's legacy of historic and modernist buildings rivals that of any country in Eastern or Western Europe. This comprehensive survey of Hungarian architecture from Roman times to the present, the first to be published in English, makes that case abundantly clear. But to appreciate the architectural history of this Central European country, it is necessary to understand architectural solutions indigenous to the Central European region as a whole. This book is both a study of the relationship between Hungary's own architecture and history, and an introduction to the larger field of Central European architecture. The authors, all leading Hungarian architectural historians with access to archives unavailable to Western scholars, provide insight into the special significance that political changes in Hungary had in the shaping of its architecture. They describe the relation of Hungarian architecture to the other arts, the assimilation of outside influences, and the search for an authentic national expression. The authors cover the entire range of Hungarian architecture - including public, private, ecclesiastical, and governmental - as well as engineering, city planning, and technological advances. They also discuss the changing roles of patrons and guilds, and the contribution of architectural publications and education to the Hungarian architectural profession. Perhaps most revealing to Western readers are the illustrations and line drawings, which document one of the most neglected but fascinating architectural traditions of Europe.
This masterful history of the monumental architecture of Alexandria, as well as of the rest of Egypt, encompasses an entire millennium – from the city's founding by Alexander the Great in 331 B. C. to the years just after the Islamic conquest of A. D. 642. Long considered lost beyond recall, the architecture of ancient Alexandria has until now remained mysterious. But here Judith McKenzie shows that it is indeed possible to reconstruct the city and many of its buildings by means of meticulous exploration of archaeological remains, written sources, and an array of other fragmentary evidence. The book approaches its subject at the macro- and the micro-level: from city-planning, building types, and designs to architectural style. It addresses the interaction between the imported Greek and native Egyptian traditions; the relations between the architecture of Alexandria and the other cities and towns of Egypt as well as the wider Mediterranean world; and Alexandria's previously unrecognized role as a major source of architectural innovation and artistic influence. Lavishly illustrated with new plans of the city in the Ptolemaic, Roman, and Byzantine periods; reconstruction drawings; and photographs, the book brings to life the ancient city and uncovers the true extent of its architectural legacy in the Mediterranean world.
Traces the development of Uptown New Orleans. A thoroughly researched history of the area tells how the land was transformed from the sprawling plantation to an agricultural suburb and finally to the elegant residential city of the 1870s and after. A complete architectural inventory lists all noteworthy buildings of the neighborhood.
The effective role of Architecture Centers in establishment of Architecture-Public dialogue by means of the functions that had undertaken by them is becoming increasingly important. Of course, Architecture Centers are not the single actors that had undertaken this role but unique in the sense of understanding architecture in a dialectical sense rather than just being a profession, action to build or a theoretical field. This book aims to make an evaluation of the role of architecture centers in that stimulating the formation of architecture-public dialogue as a two way interaction between architecture and the public in a dialectical sense. This book will come to the point that an architectural institute that has undertaken the new function; stimulating awareness, accessibility, participation and collaboration of both professionals and the public, in order to achieve increasing the quality of built environment and the quality of life, is named as “architecture center.” Buket Demirel, Ekim 2011
MEGACITY ORESUND “THE RESILIENT CROSS-BORDER EUROPEAN CITY” brings into discussion the relation between the governance of regional development and the territorial impact of the large European transport networks. The thesis debates on the need for a new physical connection between Denmark and Sweden over the Oresund Strait, thus completing the regional infrastructural loop together with the Oresund Bridge. The debate is centered around the resilience characteristics of the cities bordering the Strait and on the added value of the physical link between these two countries: to what extent the Oresund urban system can respond to the impact of a new major transport link, of an European magnitude? For a comprehensive picture, this paper discusses the functional and spatial structure of this region, arguing for a new model of the cross-border city in a borderless European Union territory: the Elsingborg City.
The project explores the expression of meaning in architecture against the backdrop of the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality as post-apartheid capital city. It includes a brief exploration of the context of a post-colonial and post-apartheid city, and the aims and identity linked to an African democracy in the context of multiple cultural identities. The search for a national identity is linked to the existential question of ‘being’, which is related to an experiential understanding of physical surroundings. The architectural aim of the project is the consolidation of the National Department of Home Affairs and the design of the headquarters of this department.