Charles Dickens was an English writer and social critic. Great Expectations, published in 1861, is the author's penultimate completed novel; narrated in the first person, it depicts the personal growth and personal development of an orphan nicknamed Pip. The novel contains some of Dickens' most memorable scenes, and is full of extreme imagery - poverty; prison ships and chains, and fights to the death. It also features a colourful cast of characters who have entered popular culture both in England and abroad.
In what may be Dickens s best novel, humble, orphaned Pip is apprenticed to the dirty work of the forge but dares to dream of becoming a gentleman — and one day, under sudden and enigmatic circumstances, he finds himself in possession of "great expectations."