Economic activities are not concentrated on the head of a pin, nor are they spread evenly over a featureless plane. On the contrary, they are distributed very unequally across locations, regions, and countries. Even though economic activities are, to some extent, spatially concentrated because of natural features, economic mechanisms that rely on the trade-off between various forms of increasing returns and different types of mobility costs are more fundamental. This book is a study of the economic reasons for the existence of a large variety of agglomerations arising from the global to the local. This second edition combines a comprehensive analysis of the fundamentals of spatial economics and an in-depth discussion of the most recent theoretical developments in new economic geography and urban economics. It aims to highlight several of the major economic trends observed in modern societies.
This first volume of the "Handbook of Agricultural Economics" presents work on topics central to the economics of agriculture: the quantitative representation of technology; market expectations; household production behaviour; consumer behaviour with uncertain quality and safety of goods; and issues of imperfect competition in food marketing. Volume IB deals with the economics of agricultural products after they leave the farm. Seven chapters explain recent developments in application of dual approaches in household economies, the industrial organization of food marketing, marketing margins between farm and retail prices, spatial price analysis, commodity storage and price stabilization, commodity futures and options markets, and the economics of food safety. Volumes IA and IB each follow their specialized chapters with a synthesis chapter that brings together and assesses the main themes and issues of the field, and volume IB concludes with an overall synthesis of the state of and prospects for agricultural economics as applied economic science.
This book provides a new approach to the understanding of economic policy reform by placing it in the context of the perennial conflict between the two historical social forces of economic globalization and economic nationalism and examines successive attempts over the last half century to change the roles of state and market in the management of the Indian economy.
These two volumes bring together a set of important essays that represent a "new Keynesian" perspective in economics today. This recent work shows how the Keynesian approach to economic fluctuations can be supported by rigorous microeconomic models of economic behavior. The essays are grouped in seven parts that cover costly price adjustment, staggering of wages and prices, imperfect competition, coordination failures, and the markets for labor, credit, and goods. An overall introduction, brief introductions to each of the parts, and a bibliography of additional papers in the field round out this valuable collection.Volume 1 focuses on how friction in price setting at the microeconomic level leads to nominal rigidity at the macroeconomic level, and on the macroeconomic consequences of imperfect competition, including aggregate demand externalities and multipliers. Volume 2 addresses recent research on non-Walrasian features of the labor, credit, and goods markets. N.Gregory Mankiw is Professor of Economics at Harvard University. David Romer is Associate Professor of Economics at the University of California at Berkeley.
There is an increasingly widespread belief, both within and outside the discipline, that modern economics is irrelevant to the understanding of the real world. Economics and Reality traces this irrelevance to the failure of economists to match their methods with their subject, showing that formal, mathematical models are unsuitable to the social realities economists purport to address. Tony Lawson examines the various ways in which mainstream economics is rooted in positivist philosophy and examines the problems this causes. It focuses on human agency, social structure and their interaction and explores how the understanding of this social phenomena can be used to transform the nature of economic practice. Economics and Reality concludes by showing how this newly transformed economics might set about shaping economic policy.
Many of the frontiers of environmental economics research are at the interface of large-scale and long-term environmental change with national and global economic systems. This is also where some of the most of challenging environmental policy issues occur. Volume 3 of the Handbook of Environmental Economics provides a synthesis of the latest theory on economywide and international environmental issues and a critical review of models for analyzing those issues. It begins with chapters on the fundamental relationships that connect environmental resources to economic growth and long-run social welfare. The following chapters consider how environmental policy differs in a general-equiIibrium setting from a partial-equilibrium setting and in a distorted economy from a perfect economy. The volume closes with chapters on environmental issues that cross or transcend national borders, such as trade and the environment, biodiversity conservation, acid rain, ozone depletion, and global climate change. The volume provides a useful reference for not only natural resource and environmental economists but also international economists, development economists, and macroeconomists. Формат: 17 см x 24,5 cм.
How are changing gender relations shaping and being shaped by post-socialist marketization and liberalization? Do new forms of economic and cultural globalization open spaces for women's empowerment and feminist politics? The rapid social transformationsexperienced by the people of the Czech Republic in the wake of the collapse of communism in 1989 afford political scientist Jacqui True with an opportunity to answer these questions by examining political and gendered identities in flux. She argues that the privatization of a formerly state economy and the adoption of consumer-oriented market practices were shaped by ideas and attitudes about gender roles. Though finely tuned to the particular, local traditions that have defined the boundaries of globalization for Czech men and women, also offers a provocative general thesis about the inextricable linkages between political and economic changes and gender identities.
This authoritative and comprehensive dictionary contains clear, concise definitions of over 3400 key economic terms, covering all aspects of the field, including economic theory, applied microeconomics and macroeconomics, labor economics, public economics and public finance, monetary economics, and environmental economics. There is strong coverage of international trade and many entries on economic organizations and institutions from around the world. Fully revised to keep up with this fast-moving field, this new edition expands the coverage to include terms relevant to the financial crisis, such as black swan, credit crunch, Northern Rock, and Iceland, making this dictionary the most up-to-date available. Entries are supplemented by web links which are regularly updated on a companion website.
The latest addition to the award-winning Cool Cities series, Dubai is joining the ranks with an interactive coffee-table book, a practical compact pocket guide, and an app. Designed as a cross-media travel and lifestyle series, readers embark on a journey to the City of Gold with its spectacular skyscrapers, luxurious hotels, and world-class shopping and dining. With the supplementary teNeues Interactive App, the coffee-table book's pages come to life, revealing exciting features. Over 80 curated locations ensure the reader is in-the-know; portraits of local personalities give a glimpse into the lives of locals; and top chefs provide some of their favorite recipes. Alongside the coffee-table book, the pocket guide is perfect for travelers on the go, and the app makes finding the perfect location possible with just a few clicks. Discover the wonders of Dubai and he local before arrival.
Thomas Piketty?whose Capital in the Twenty-First Century pushed inequality to the forefront of public debate?wrote The Economics of Inequality as an introduction to the conceptual and factual background necessary for interpreting changes in economic inequality over time. This concise text has established itself as an indispensable guide for students and general readers in France, where it has been regularly updated and revised. Translated by Arthur Goldhammer, The Economics of Inequalitynow appears in English for the first time. Piketty begins by explaining how inequality evolves and how economists measure it. In subsequent chapters, he explores variances in income and ownership of capital and the variety of policies used to reduce these gaps. Along the way, with characteristic clarity and precision, he introduces key ideas about the relationship between labor and capital, the effects of different systems of taxation, the distinction between “historical” and “political” time, the impact of education and technological change, the nature of capital markets, the role of unions, and apparent tensions between the pursuit of efficiency and the pursuit of fairness. Succinct, accessible, and authoritative, this is the ideal place to start for those who want to understand the fundamental issues at the heart of one of the most pressing concerns in contemporary economics and politics.
METHODS OF MODERN GAME THEORY AND MATHEMATICS IN ECONOMICS
Despite the increasing flow of publications on globalization, our ideas and knowledge about this phenomenon still leave much to be desired. That is why the special periodicals and books in the field of Global Studies are of utmost importance. The present edited volume is just the book of the kind. Its title, This Globalizing World, reflects the main idea of the formation of a new World System. This book comprises the best articles which have been published in the interdisciplinary journals Age of Globalization (published in Russian), its English-language digest, as well as in the Journal of Globalization Studies. The articles included in the volume reflect the today's pressing issues, and they also present a number of forecasts for the future as well as the perceptions of globalization by a number of scholars from different countries.
Industrial Organization is a central branch of microeconomics that has historically provoked a great deal of debate among economists. Drawing on this background, the author examines the economics of markets, industries, and their participants, and in doing so addresses the implications for public policy towards the business behaviour of firms. Examining both US Antitrust and EU Competition Policy, Industrial Organization in Context takes an international approach and employs classic and contemporary examples throughout to show how key theories are put into action. Experimental tests of models will help you to grasp essential economic questions, while the discussion of economic history allows you to understand where we are today by appreciating how we got there.
"Journal of Globalization Studies" ("Журнал глобализационных исследований") – это новый международный журнал, сконцентрированный на изучении процессов глобализации, в частности ее системных аспектов. Журнал предлагает многосторонний анализ глобализации, основанный на перспективах и результатах исследований авторов, работающих в разных культурных и научных традициях. Ведущие темы публикаций: анализ проблем незападных государств в контексте процессов и проблем глобализации, цивилизации и глобализации; экономические, политические, социальные, экологические, научно-технические, культурные, религиозные, этические и другие аспекты процессов глобализации, формальные модели процессов глобализации; футурологические аспекты глобализации; глобальные кризисы и глобальные проблемы современности; глобалистика; актуальные вопросы философии и теории истории; проблема человека в свете проблем глобализации; влияние глобализации; локальные решения в глобальном пространстве; философские аспекты глобализации, теория глобализации.
Book DescriptionThe field of development economics has witnessed major changes over the last tow or three decades. From being a largely descriptive discipline, it has now become much more rigorous and theoretically well-founded. Kaushik Basu's work has played a significant role in this transformation of development economics, and the present book is a collection of his major papers in the field.