This book focused on the important role of essential amino acid arginine in improve productive and physiological performance of broiler chickens. In these fields this book contain many chapters as regards the importance of this essential amino acid which included historical review of arginine,arginine composition, arginine metabolism, source of arginine, requirements of arginine to lysine ratio, physiological effect of arginine, cardiovascular effect of arginine, hormonal secretions of arginine, arginine effects on broiler performance and effect of arginine on certain physical and biochemical traits of blood . However,the book also focused on determine the effect of dietary supplementation with different levels of arginine on many criteria of productive performance, quality characteristics of carcass, physical traits of blood and biochemical traits of blood of broiler chickens. Finally, the authors concluded that dietary supplementation with different levels of L-arginine (0.02% , 0.04% and 0.06 %) resulted in significant improvements with relation to productive and physiological performance of broiler chickens.
The present study was aimed to studying the effect of seasons of year on physical clinical examination , hematological, biochemical constituents of both blood and rumen liquor in apparently healthy dairy cattle and fattening calves, studying the effect of stages of lactation on physical clinical examination , hematological, biochemical constituents of both blood and rumen liquor in apparently healthy dairy cattle ,studying the effect of some selective digestive disorders on physical clinical examination , hematological, biochemical constituents of both blood and rumen liquor in apparently healthy dairy cattle and fattening calves with therapeutic trial and study its effect
Postharvest losses of surplus seasonal fruits are a major problem in Fiji as well as other Pacific Islands. Most of the tropical fruits in the Pacific are seasonal, therefore they are limited in supply. When these fruits are in season, they are readily available but due to postharvest losses, there is alot of wastage of these surplus fruits. In the Pacific, there are very limited investigations conducted on the postharvest losses and preservation techniques of fruits. This book provides an insight into the use of solar dryers to minimize postharvest losses in pineapple and papaya and it also looks at the changes in the quality parameters of these solar dried fruits. Solar drying is a sustainable alternative to promote food security through food preservation. The findings should be useful in studying the quality parameters of some of the other seasonal Pacific fruits and is particulary useful to the scientific community and the food industry.
Natural dyes are known for their use in colouring of food substrate, leather as well as natural fibres like wool, silk and cotton. These produce very uncommon, soothing and soft shades as compared to synthetic dyes. On the other hand, synthetic dyes, though available at economical prices, have many adverse effects including the threat towards the natural ecosystem. Hence, there has been an increased interest towards use of textiles (preferably natural fibre product) dyed with eco-friendly natural dyes. However, appropriate dyeing techniques/procedures are important to obtain newer shades with acceptable colour fastness behaviour and reproducible colour yield. Relevant scientific studies on standardization of dyeing methods, dyeing process variables, dyeing kinetics and test of compatibility of selective natural dyes have become very important. The present book describes the fastness and other characteristics of natural dyes obtained from five different tree barks, namely Jackfruit (Atrocarpus heterophyllus), Mahua (Madhuca indica), Neem (Azadirachta indica), Peepal (Ficus regillous) and Sal (Shorea robusta).
A book entitled “Ripening behaviour and quality of mango influenced by temperature” is written in a simple language useful for researchers, teachers as well as post graduate and undergraduate students, programmers in the field of horticulture and post harvest management. The book cover main objective, effect of temperature on physiological loss in weight, ripening behaviour and quality of Alphonso mango fruits. The book has been divided in two parts. The result part I deal with physiological changes during ripening and part II deals with the change in chemical composition during ripening of Alphonso mango fruits.
Increasing pollination efficiency is a low input but a sound effect on output without much expense to the environment. Honeybees are naturally important pollinators of plants throughout their natural range. This book includes the role of these different honeybee species on rapeseed production. Similarly, it also contains distribution of insect pollinators as near and far from natural habitats and foraging behaviours of different honeybee species. Finally, the farmer’s perception about the effect of chemical pesticide on insect pollinators is also contain in this book.
It had been established that weevil infestation in cowpea is tantamount to rotten fruits, as every infestation lead to the reduction in nutritional composition of cowpea and its product. The taste, aroma and texture of cowpea products are not spared as infestation has negative impact on them. Interestingly in Nigeria for example, people accidentally consume weevil along in their cowpea meal, not minding the side effect this could have on them.
The key goal of this book is to provide insight about the effect of obesity on the central and peripheral nervous system by using autonomic function tests and reaction time studies. It would cater to medical students and health professionals. Important features: * Effect of obesity on autonomic function test * Effect of obesity on auditory reaction time * Effect of obesity on visual reaction time * Methods to do autonomic function tests and reaction time studies * Emphasizes on understanding the fact that abnormal autonomic function and reaction time predisposes obese to future cardiovascular and neurological complications
The neem (Azadirachta indica A Juss) tree has aroused considerable interest due to the numerous biologically active compounds recorded in its tissues including the seeds. Extracts from the tree are known for their medicinal properties and their effects on insects, molluscs, fungi, bacteria, viruses, nematodes and protozoa. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of different neem (Azadirachta indica) and chinaberry (Melia azedarach) leaf extracts (aqueous, organic) on the growth of eight selected pathogenic fungi on solid media. Identification of active components of neem leaf organic extract using HPLC and NMR was applied for the main compound of the organic extract (nimonol or nimocinol). Finally, aqueous or organic extract of neem leaves can be used for controlling some human pathogenic fungi as (Candida albicans and Microsporum gypseum). Also, reduction of plant pathogenic fungi as (Alternaria solani and Fusarium oxysporum, the causal agents of early blight and will diseases of tomato plant) were emphasized by irrigation and/or spraying in the field.
This book is based on applied research whose main objectives were: 1- To study the effect of co-inoculation of Rhizobium and PGPRs on growth and yield of soybean and 2- To investigate the effect of co-inoculation of Rhizobium and PGPRs on nodulation and N2-fixation of soybean by employing xylem ureide technique. In the research experiment we conclude that different parameters such as plant density, nodule number, yield, N content, and N2-fixed were investigated to confirm whether the PGPRs improved N2- fixation capacity of soybean along with chemical fertilizer as compare to application of chemical fertilizer alone and control.
One of the ideas that has not been given due attention in language teaching history is the effect of word-order on comprehensibility of sentences. Thematization which is a way of word-order change is believed to affect the performance of individuals in comprehending sentences. English language which allows various forms of word order change has turned out not to be comprehended by some students due to change from unmarked to marked forms.
This book demonstrates the impact of Ultraviolet radiation on growth and some physiological processes of the green microalgae. The effect of UV-B on growth, pigments, photosynthetic activity, membrane stability, protein patterns and activity of some antioxidant enzymes are discussed. In addition, adaptation of the studied microalgae to high doses of UV-B radiation and the role of white light in cell reactivation were studied.
This study is based on census and survey data. Estimate of some indicators of population ageing on the basis of census data and it is observed that the size of the elderly people is growing day by day and their annual growth rate exceeds the overall growth rate, the dependency of aged persons on the population of working age group is also increasing day by day. It is also observed that the significant (positive) effect of marital status and respondent’s monthly income and also significant (negative) effect of work status and economic condition on living arrangement. The study also reveals that the significant (positive) effect of abuse of the elderly and significant (negative) effect of respondent’s sex and work status on the health status of the elderly population followed by respondent’s age, educational status, marital status, family’s monthly income and present physical condition have significant (positive) effect on the abuse of the elderly population.
The study of the properties of charged dislocations in semiconductor crystal is now a large independent field of semiconductor physics. Latest investigations indicate that changes in the electronic subsystem of II-VI semiconductors significantly effect the motion of dislocation.The photoplastic effect in crystalline materials has been extensively investigated over the last two decades. The phenomena of photoplastic effect (PPE), photoplastic after-effect (PPAE) and photoplastic memory effect (PPME) have attracted a lot of attention for the last four decades. A systematic measurement of PPE and PPAE has been made on alkali halides, I-VII compounds, II-VI semiconductors, III-V semiconductors, group IV semiconductors, and on several organic materials, particularly on polymers.Although significant experimental works have been made on the photoplastic effect, least theoretical studies have been made on this.It is expected that this book will be useful to understand the influence of electronic states on the crystal plasticity and the basic process involved in the degradation in the electronic devices.
Vaginal self-stimulation (VS-S) and cervical self-stimulation (CS-S) were studied to determine the effect on: chronic pain intensity (CPI), pain detection threshold (PDT), and pain tolerance threshold (PTT). There were differences in the response to self-stimulation based on the type of pain, somatic or visceral. The effect of both VS-S and CS-S outlasted stimulation. The results must be viewed cautiously based on the small sample size. This is the first human study to demonstrate a difference in the effect of neurostimulation on analgesia and pain thresholds. This study indicates that not all chronic pain, even when located in the same area of the body, is the same. It is apparent that more research is needed to differentiate the effect of stimulation-produced analgesia on various types of chronic pain.