The cause of early anemia in diabetics most probably is the deficiency of the antioxidant enzymes in diabetes patients without nephropathy. The prevalence of early anemia in this study is 25% (about 67 patients), those have diabetes for 1-5 years, and have no nephropathy. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease and can cause anemia by itself, but these enzymes deficiency occurs early in the disease, so the cause of early anemia is not the chronicity of diabetes, but might be due to enzymes deficiency which has been caused by diabetes oxidative stress.
To evaluate nutritional significance of edible wild and unconventional fruits, 13 samples were collected from different areas of Pakistan. The fruits were analyzed for moisture, ash, vitamin C by Spectrophotometer, Sugars (Glucose, fructose & sucrose), macro minerals (Na, K, Ca and Mg) and micro nutrients (Co, Cr, Cu, Ni, Zn and Fe) by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer Due to lack of information available on energy, micro and macro nutrients composition of these fruits and their role in contemporary diet, the assessment was carried out on the basis of nutritional quality. All these fruits were found quite rich in nutrients. Furthermore, as these fruits have not yet been considered as an alternate food products, measures to be taken to conserve or utilize these fruits, in order to reduce wastage.
Two experiments were conducted between August and September in 2009 at the laboratories of the Natural Resources Institute (NRI) of the University of Greenwich in the UK to assess the effects of physical impact and 1 – MCP application on ethylene production and quality of tomatoes. In the first experiment, a total of 72 red-ripe fruits of the ‘encore variety’ were used for the experiment. Half (36) were dropped individually from a height of 1m to simulate rough handling while the remaining half were not dropped. The fruits were then kept in sealed glass jars (six fruits per jar) and stored in two incubators set at 12 oC and 20 oC respectively. This was a 22 factorial experiment in a randomised complete block design with three replications. Ethylene production, respiration, ripening and weight loss increased significantly at 20 oC with means of 7.85 µl/kg/hr, 13.8 mlCO2/kg-hr, 16.80 and 97.08% respectively. However, there was no significant effect of temperature on fruit firmness. Undamaged fruits were slightly firmer with an average of 51.09 while the damaged ones were less firm and had an average of 41.14. In the second experiment, half of the test samples (48) of tomatoes were
There are over 750,000 plants on earth; relatively only a few of these have been studied scientifically. Modern pharmacology looks for one active ingredient and seeks to isolate it to the exclusion of all the others. Most research on plants continues to focus on identifying and isolating active ingredients rather than studying the medicinal properties of the whole plant. The isolation, purification and identification of active ingredients of one of such medicinal plants that was studied is Ficus platyphylla (Moraceae). Phytochemical analysis of Ficus platyphylla was uniquely designed to give professionals on natural products studies and students an overview of the phytochemical compounds, accepted analytical methods for the isolation of pure compounds and the spectroscopic techniques required for their identification. The research protocols adopted in an impecunious system leading to the isolation of a compound for the first time from the bark of Ficus platyphylla is discussed.
Ficus religiosa L., a Sacred Fig, belongs to the family Moraceae, is widely distributed all along tropical and sub-tropical regions. The plant is considered sacred by followers of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. This book is based on the research work entitled “Investigations of the chemical compositions of the wood of Ficus religiosa (peepal)”. The book comprises VI chapters. The chapter I contains general introduction, a short introduction of morphology and anatomy of a tree and wood chemistry together with diversity and ethno pharmacology of Ficus species. The chapter II contains all the literatures related with the investigations of Ficus and other related species. All the standard methods of analysis, analytical as well as instrumental, with flow sheet diagram of work plan, applied for investigations are included in the chapter III. The chapter IV is the main chapter of findings. All the results of investigations are tabulated in this chapter together with the comparative study as well as discussions. The conclusions and references are given in V and VI chapters respectively. This book explores somewhat on the secret of longevity, durability and the prospective industrial use.
This book is first of its kind on effect of antibiotics on phagocytosis in mastitis of dairy cattle. It is a practical manual on mastitis which provides circumstantial description on status of mastitis, its etiology, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment.
Fruits and vegetables have very significant roles in human nutrition in addition to their functional role, being a vital source of vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber and hence primordial to maintain or achieve good health. Ideally, a variety of fruits and vegetables must be consumed such that several nutrients are present in order to act together and maintains the proper functioning of the body. Indeed, currently more and more individuals are becoming health-conscious resulting in thorough assessment of the benefits of fruits and vegetables in relation to health. Nonetheless, it is also of no denying that many developing as well as developed countries have a low recommended intake of fruits and vegetables. To this effect, this book has been geared to address factors determining the intake of fruits and vegetables in a multicultural and developing country like Mauritius. Much emphasis has been laid on possible associations between demographic factors, food insecurity, intra- and inter-personal factors with respect to the frequency of fruits and vegetables intake and in a panoply of social settings.
This research was conducted in the research field of Birzeit University - Palestine, in order to study the possibility of reusing reclaimed municipal wastewater of Al-Bireh wastewater treatment plant for corn irrigation rather than discharging it into wadis. Moreover, soil quality will be studied before and after the experiment in order to study the effect of using reclaimed wastewater in irrigation. The specific objectives of this research are to compare the effect of treated wastewater and tap water in combination with artificial fertilizer on the corn constituents and dry yield and on soil properties by determining soil physical and chemical characteristics. The impact of treated wastewater on plant morphology, growth rate, number of leaves, fruits and chlorophyll and proline contents will also be determined.
A considerable research is published on effect of spinal manipulation but there is scarcity of literature on peripheral manipulation. This study investigated the immediate effect of Talocrural Joint manipulation on foot function. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the immediate effect of Talocrural joint manipulation on foot function in subjects with dorsiflexion lag. It is based on pre-test, post-test study design.
Allelochemicals are present virtually in all plant tissues, including leaves, flowers, fruits, stems, roots, rhizomes, seeds and pollen. They inhibit the growth of some species at certain concentration or may stimulate the growth of same or different species at lower concentration. Multipurpose Tree species like Melia dubia and Leucaena leucocephala are grown under agroforestry system throughout India to meet the various demands of the people but its deleterious effect on the long run on agriculture crops and soil is unknown. Hence identification and quantification of physiochemical properties, allelochemicals and their effect on germination, seedling growth and dry matter production of agricultural crops forms the main thrust area of research.
Tomato, one of the most versatile crops is consumed largely as fresh produce and processed products. Being climacteric in nature ripening of fruit affects quality and marketability; hence longevity is a desirable trait. Processed products like puree increase tomatoes utility and availability. But processability depends on cultivar and degree of fruit ripening. In this study, we evaluated few characteristics of tomato puree using a combination of physical, chemical and organoleptic tests. These tests were aimed to determine the characteristic difference between cultivars and suitability of over ripe fruits for puree processing. Then by using statistical methods in combination with evaluated characteristics, we estimated that degree of ripeness significantly affects the processability and puree properties rather than cultivar. We put forward that excessively ripened fruits are also suitable for puree processing.
The investigation was conducted during the period of 2006 to 2009 on intestinal parasitosis, anemia, malnutrition and reproductive health of the adolescent girls living in rural, urban and slum areas of Dhaka city, Bangladesh. The risk factors require for the transmission of parasites are prevailed in the communities. About one third (33.50%) of the adolescent girls were found to be infected with protozoan and helminth parasites. The girls aged 12-13 years were more vulnerable for the parasitic infestation. Anemia was significantly associated with parasitic infestation and reproductive health of the adolescent girls and it was reported 32.22% among the adolescent girls. Among the anemic cases, 39.52% was infested with parasites against 30.63% non anemic cases. Percentage of anemia was higher (46.74%) among married girls than unmarried girls (29.15%). The cases of anemia observed highest among pregnant girls of 14-15 years age category. Consumption of animal proteins was alarmingly lower among the girls. Body Mass Index (BMI) of the infected groups was lower than those of the non infected groups
Anemia is the most common blood disorder, and according to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, it affects more than 3 million Americans and an estimated 1.62 billion people in the world. Anemia is diagnosed as any condition in which our body does not produce enough healthy red blood cells. The condition has been discovered to date back to more than 4,000 years ago and is the most common blood disorder. Anemia is not strictly a disease, but a disorder. It is often a byproduct of other diseases that disrupt the body's ability to produce healthy red blood cells.Unfortunately, there is no one specific cause of anemia. Due to the sheer number of anemia types, it can sometimes be difficult to pinpoint the exact cause.A patient's diet can be a cause of anemia. A lack of iron or vitamin-rich foods severely impacts the body's capacity to produce enough healthy red blood cells.The most common symptom of anemia, regardless of type, is a feeling of fatigue and a lack of energy.Women who are menstruating or pregnant and people with chronic medical conditions are most at risk for this disease.
The aim of this book is to focus on two of the major side effects that associated with chemotherapy use among solid cancer patients, which are (anemia and thrombocytopenia), also it will provide all the information that medical staff need on these major side effects and their treatment. This book will also be helpful to researchers working in this field by providing them suitable and sufficient information on which they can develop research projects and which they can use to explain their results.
Successful weight management strategies include simultaneous modification of diet and exercise . However,ability of an individual to follow scheduled exercise program could be drastically affected by anaemia. Nutritional anaemia is generally caused by micro nutrient deficiency such as deficiency of iron, folic acid and vitamin B12. Hence, prevention of nutritional anaemia could be considered as a pre requisite for a successful weight loss program. Diet based approach is often recommended by nutritionists for the prevention/management of nutritional anaemia. Several novel micro nutrient rich food sources are being tested for their efficacy in the management of nutritional anemia. This book is an outcome of an intervention trial carried out to test the cumulative effect of nutritional counselling and alfalfa supplementation on anemia and exercise performance of adult overweight and obese women who are on weight loss program.The study recorded considerable improvement in the anaemia and thereby exercise performance of the participants; and suggested the need for controlling anemia for achieving success in weight loss programs.