This book gives an overview on Photo-catalytic reactor design, 3D Modeling and simulation using some software's, its application in degradation of Rhodamine-B (Dye) using two catalysts (TiO2 & Nb2O5). The main objective of this work is to describe relevant aspects of degradation process recollecting material published in scientific literature as well as comparing it with practical experience. The influence of process variables such as Effect of amount of catalyst, Effect of Concentration of Rhodamine-B (Dye), Effect of pH on Percentage degradation was studied.
Aristolochia indica is a traditionally used medicinal plant claimed to possess antioxidant, antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory activity. The present study was conducted with the purpose to evaluate the in vitro antioxidant activity in leaves and stem of Aristolochia indica. The enzymic antioxidants such as catalase, peroxidase, super oxide dismutase, glutathione reductase, glutathione- s-transferase and non-enzymic antioxidants (ascorbic acid, polyphenols, carotenoids, ?-tocopherol, and flavonoids) were analysed. The free radical scavenging activity (inhibition of nitric acid, super oxide generation and in vitro lipid peroxidation and DPPH free radical scavenging and hydrogen peroxide radical scavenging activity) of different extracts of Aristolochia indica was also observed. The results obtained in the present study indicated that the Aristolochia indica might be a good source of natural antioxidant.
This research work was done to know the effect of abdominal insufflation and study the effect of antibiotics on bacterial growth; especially in cases of peritonitis. There were few schools of thoughts regarding use of abdominal insufflation during laparoscopy and gasless laparoscopy in cases of peritonitis. Few studies suggested that gasless laparoscopy is better, in other studies it was seen that there is no difference in abdominal insufflation and gasless laparoscopy. The attendant mortality and morbidity was more in some studies when laparoscopy was done using abdominal insufflation. By this work we tried to see the effect of abdominal insufflation on bacterial growth in abdominal insufflation, non insufflation and effect of antibiotics on bacterial growth in experimental model of rats. This book is targeted at the young researchers having innovative concepts in surgical field.
This study is the first in Egypt to quantify the effect of using different fertigation treatments on wheat and maize grown in sandy soils. Furthermore, simulation of the effect of climate change was done and fertigation was considered as an adaptation option. Simulation of the effect of fertigation under climate change revealed that yield losses could be reduced under newly reclaimed soils for both crops when it was used. Furthermore fertigation could be considered as an appropriate irrigation management under climate change.
The book composed of importance of calcium citrate and its percentage yield from different varieties of citrus fruits. The comparison between the percentage yield of calcium citrate and volatile is present in it. Hydrodistillation method has been opted for the extraction of volatile oil from the citrus lemon, orange and sweet orange. Further, the importance of plants and their extract as an antimicrobial has also been reported. The book in future is mean to help for researcher to work on such projects.
Liquisolid technique is a novel and promising approach to overcome the consequence of limited bioavailability. Though many studies have been reported on the development of liquisolid compacts no reports have been made on the effect of various formulation factors on liquisolid compacts. The present research work unveils the effect of various formulation factors on the preformulation and formulation characteristics of liquisolid compacts of glipizide using response surface methodology.
The use of potentized hormones in homoeopathy is a new branch of research and little is known of the biological effects it may elicit on the living organism. Homoeopathy is based on the Law of Similars, using ultra high dilutions of naturally occurring substances. Hormones are also known to work in the body at concentrations similar to that of a homeopathic preparation of 15CH. As thyroxine has been shown to have an observable effect on the various stages of development in tadpoles (P.C. Endler et al., 1994), the question arises as to whether a homeopathic preparation is capable of producing a biological effect on animals such as young rats. This research explores the possible effect based on the theories of the Law of Similars as well as the Paradigm of Signifiers, by measuring the effect of homoeopathically prepared thyroxine (15CH) in terms of weight, head-body length, tail length, body temperatures, organ weights (of the brain, heart and liver), blood thyroxine levels, bone mineral density and percentage body fat in growing male rats.
Micronutrients are immensely important as they directly effect the overall performance of the crop. This study as presented in the book focuses on the impact of different combination of micronutrients as well as their individual effect on Guava plant in-terms of overall growth, yield potential and fruit quality traits. The various research findings are presented graphically as well as in tabular format.
The present study aimed at finding non-chemical and harmless ways for controlling postharvest decay of vegetables and fruits, particularly in high value crops, which are exported in marine containers, such as orange, strawberries, grapes, and tomatoes. The postharvest decay leads to a reduction in exports of these horticultural crops and may cause rejection of a lot of cargoes after export generating substantial economic losses. Using of reactive oxygen species such as ozone, as well as the use of some volatile aromatic plant essential oils were the main subjects of the current study. The study included the impact of these materials on the postharvest fungal pathogens in vitro, and on artificially-inoculated fruits of previously mentioned crops.
Abstract A field study was carried out during a three-year period (2008 to 2010) in order to investigate on response of Coker 347 (flue-cured) Tobacco plant (Nicotiana tabacum L.) in vegetative growth stages to inoculation with Azotobacter chroococcum at various levels of Nitrogen (N) fertilization.Results revealed that the effect of year of experiment was significant on quantitative characteristics (except leaf length), N uptake and qualitative characteristics (except nicotine in priming). Application of N had significant effect on quantitative characteristics (except number and width of Leaf), N uptake and qualitative characteristics. Inoculation of roots with bacterium had significant effect on Cured leaf weight of cutter, yield, N uptake and qualitative characteristics. Furthermore In general, Azotobacter chroococcum is a suitable inoculant for tobacco cultivation and it could be a strategy to achieve sustainable agriculture.
This study give a full explanation about the sensory and chemical characteristics of olive oil. Olive oil designation according to chemical and sensory attributes, Influence of olive varieties and olive harvesting stages on the acidity, peroxide value, OD232, OD270, total phenols, fatty acid composition, un saponifiable constituents are explained in this study, Furthermore, this study describe the correlation between sensory and chemical properties of olive oil obtained from different types of olive varieties. additionally, this study focus on the effect of effect of harvesting stages and varieties of olive oil on the classification of virgin olive oil according to standards of international olive council. This study describe the effect of olives obtaining conditions on the positive and negative sensory attributes of virgin olive oil.
Anemia a common blood disorder occurs when the level of healthy red blood cells (RBCs) in the body becomes too low. Anemia can lead to health complications and affected by nutritional deficiencies, infectious diseases, genetic disorders, reproductive complications, and poor socio-economic status. Anemia affects approximately 2 billion people at worldwide but disproportionately affects women and children. Women of reproductive age (15-49) in Pakistan are 68 million and 60% of them are anemic. Children under 5 years are 20% of population and 50-60% are anemic. This book highlighted that anemia is purely socio-cultural issue, and also investigates mother and child anemia conditions within socio-cultural, demographic and nutritional context. Current study also highlighted exogenous and endogenous factors. Exogenous causes are social component of illness and they are potential preventable. Endogenous factors are internal agents operating within the body, leading to biological defects in the mother and new born. Health of baby is related to mothers’ education, age at marriage, usage of health services, addiction, nutrition and health during pregnancy.