Pneumonia is a major cause of death among all age groups resulting in four million deaths yearly especially in those less than five years. Chest physical therapy has been used to treat pediatrics hospitalized with pneumonia with lack of scientific evidence for the beneficial effect in pediatrics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of chest physiotherapy on pediatrics hospitalized with pneumonia. A randomized controlled study was conducted at the Pediatric University Hospital, Cairo University Hospitals. Fifty children aged 29 days to 5 years hospitalized with pneumonia between October 2014 and January 2015 were obtained, 25 were randomly allocated to the study group (chest physical therapy and standard treatment for pneumonia) and 25 to the control group (the standard treatment for pneumonia alone without chest physical therapy). There were significant improvement in time to clinical resolution, respiratory rate and oxygen saturation in hospitalized pediatric with pneumonia after chest physical therapy program. It was concluded that chest physical therapy showed significant improvements in pediatric hospitalized with pneumonia.
Abstract: A patient with hemiplegia, post astrocytoma resection, received physical therapy by a student at a university setting for 16 treatment sessions from March to May 2014 under the supervision of a licensed physical therapist. The patient was evaluated with the 10-meter walk test, the Peabody Developmental Motor Scale-2, the Gross Motor Function Measure-66, and the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory. Main patient goals were improved gross motor function and improved functional gait. Interventions used were gait training, task specific strengthening, transfer training, and hand-arm bimanual intensive training. The patient achieved the following goals: decreased developmental delay, improved gait quality, and improved gross motor function. Patient was discharged home with mother, independent in a home exercise program.
Antibacterial agents are among the most commonly prescribed pediatric therapeutic agents. Their proper use requires knowledge of the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and toxicities unique to the pediatric population. As a class they are the most frequently used or misused drugs. Dental professionals must have knowledge about extent of severity of infection and the general condition of the individual in order to decide and correctly prescribe antimicrobials. Proper choice, dose and duration of the drugs with minimum side effects to the patient remain the goal of antimicrobial therapy. It is hoped that the promotion of judicious antibiotic usage subsequent to increasing antibacterial resistance will preserve the efficacy of many agents. The objective of this book is to improve the art and science of drug therapy in situations of infections in children.
Most cardiothoracic intensive care patients receive physiotherapy, so this book is intended for physiotherapy students/new graduates and postgraduate physiotherapists with an interest in patients with respiratory and cardiac problems as this book provides complete coverage of the specialty of chest physiotherapy for critical ill patients inside the cardiothoracic intensive care unit. The purpose of this book is to arm the Physical therapist with the proper techniques and understanding of the art and science of the patient assessment and treatment, to dispel confusion, and to help develop skills required of any astute clinician. Thus, we present this book with a firm conviction that it will be an invaluable asset in learning and teaching clinical physical therapy in the cardiothoracic intensive care unit.
Silvestrini Role Of ?trazodone? In Antidespressant Therapy – Safety And Clinical Efficacy
Proton beam therapy is considered to reduce the toxicity for pediatric patients. However, many pediatric patients need anesthesia and longer occupancy time of treatment room. This book shows the knack of preparation base on the experience of two major pediatric radiation oncologist in Japan. This book makes it possible to perform proton beam therapy more smoothly. In the result, the burden on patients decreased and treatable patients increased.
This Study was done in an effort to engage Clinical Psychologist to take the lead in conducting vigorous, robust research work on the application of positive psychology in Nigeria clinical settings. The three domains of conceptual framework in positive psychology are (1) the Pleasant Life, (2) the Engaged Life and (3) the Meaningful Life. This study examined the treatment effect of Positive Psychotherapy and Cognitive Behavioural therapy in treating depression in individuals with co-occurring (Co-morbidity) depression and substance dependence.
Glaucoma in childhood is vision threatening disease. The initial management mainly involves surgery, and both goniotomy and trabeculotomy have been shown to have high rates of success for primary congenital glaucoma. Even in the best hands, some 15-20% initial procedures fail. For most secondary glaucomas and primary pediatric glaucomas refractory to angle surgery, medical therapy is frequently unsuccessful. In these cases, surgeons are confronted with a choice of what procedure to do next. Classification, symptoms, and diagnostics of childhood glaucoma are mentioned in first descriptive part of book. Authors describe the initial surgical methods in the treatment of primary congenital glaucoma, options of medical therapy and the alternatives surgical options in refractory cases. Authors present glaucoma drainage implants in more details. The experimental study evaluates the clinical course, effectiveness and safety of Molteno and Baerveldt implants in a large group of primary and secondary pediatric glaucomas refractory to conventional surgery, with a long-term follow up. The book is intended for the professionals in ophthalmology.
Around the world, physiotherapist is an important member of the maternity team for years as physiotherapy is of great value throughout a woman’s life in the promotion of good health by preventing or ameliorating a wide range of physical problems. Therefore, we need to look at health issues related specifically to women health. Significantly, this book provides a comprehensive grounding in what it means to be a health professional caring for women. The authors address important issues including pregnancy, antenatal care, labour and postnatal care, menopause and common gynecological and obstetrical problems. In addition, their content draws on personal experience of working with service users and care with women health. This book describes itself a practical handbook.
Labor pain in physical therapy point of view labor pain is often described as the worst pain in a woman's life, but the experience is highly variable. Although many factors have been linked to labor pain, it has been difficult to assess the individual effects of these factors because labor is a dynamic process and pain intensity changes over the course of labor Childbirth education is considered a key component to prenatal care, although many women do not receive any formalized preparation. There are multiple models of childbirth education for both within health care settings, including Centering Pregnancy, and external programs, such as Lamaze and Bradley.
Burn and wound care has developed significantly over the last 70 years but most rapidly at times of conflict and war. Significant advances in the quality of burn care were seen in the Second World War. To achieve the best outcomes for burn patients, the medical research clearly indicates that dedicated, well-equipped burn facilities are necessary, with a multidisciplinary rehabilitation team to improve patients quality of life .Therefore, we need to look at health issues related specifically to burn and wound care. Significantly, this book provides a comprehensive clinical approach for burn and wound care. The authors address important issues including bed sores, diabetic foot ulcers, burn patient rehabilitation .This book describes itself a practical handbook.
Pediatric endodontics have always been a challenge for the pedodontists. More so,when the intracanal medicaments are in abundance. The correct use of the right kind of intracanal medicament results in the best preservance of the deciduous teeth as well as the permanent teeth. We have tried to bring out the different kinds of such medicaments in terms of its use and efficacy in this book. This book is very useful for both the undergraduate and the postgraduate students as it gives a clear idea as to which irrigating solutions can be used to achieve the best results. It will help the practioners do a successful treatment of endodontically diseased tooth in every aspect.
Have you ever seen a child experiencing extreme breathlessness ,cough and wheezing ,feequent emergency room visits and nebulizations? .This is a research study conducted on kids diagnosed with bronchiolitis and use of montelukast ,that not only shortens hospital stay during acute illness but also prevents further attacks of a wheezy chest . This research will clarify the pathogenesis of a wheezy chest in young children and how to control it with further reduction in asthamatic attacks also . It was conducted in a hospital setting and outlines the etiology ,risk factors and symptoms of bronchiolitis in detail with managment options available worldwide .
Pneumonia is a common illness in all parts of the world. It is a major cause of death among all age groups. In children, the majority of deaths occur in the newborn period, with over two million deaths a year worldwide. The World Health Organization estimates that one in three newborn infant deaths are due to pneumonia and WHO also estimates that up to 1 million of these (vaccine preventable) deaths are caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pneumonia, and 90% of these deaths take place in developing countries. Typical symptoms associated with pneumonia include cough, chest pain, fever, and difficulty in breathing. Diagnostic tools include x-rays and examination of the sputum. Treatment depends on the cause of pneumonia; bacterial pneumonia is treated with antibiotics. These data especially useful to students & researchers working on pneumonia.
Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)is being a major nosocomial pathogen in human, not only in developed country but also in the developing country.The pattern of resistant is difficult to predict, so that it's being difficult in diagnosis and therapy. Nowadays, worldwide spread of the Vancomycin resistant MRSA is increasing rapidly. In this context, this publication about Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus with reference to the pediatric patients attending a tertiary care referral hospital – Kanti Children’s Hospital- located in Kathmandu, Nepal will provide the scenario of MRSA and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of this organism in Nepal.These findings will ultimately be beneficial to the general public, healthcare professionals to combat the future challenges for therapy and control of the infections due to this organism.