Over the last fifty years the international community has struggled to put into effect an international legal regime for dealing with transport of hazardous substances at sea.The most comprehensive attempt for establishing such a regime was the drafting of the Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea (HNS Convention). The Convention seeks to provide a uniform response to damage caused by HNS at sea-transport by establishing a two tier system of liability of both the ship owner and the HNS Fund. Despite the innovative elements of the HNS Convention, the latter has not yet came into force and a Protocol was drafted in 2010 in order to make it more appealing. This book deals with the HNS Convention and attempts to shed some light on the various implications of the second tier of compensation (HNS Fund). The main question asked is whether the changes brought about by the 2010 Protocol have addressed the issues left unresolved and whether a comprehensive international regime for dealing with HNS in transport could finally be established.
Increasingly, there are tendencies observable aimed at improving the social service provision, in order to cope more effectively with the significant social challenges that the world is facing nowadays. Social Impact Bonds (SIBs) are an example of such an innovation, introducing evidence base and business acumen into the solving of social challenges. This book assesses the potential implementation of Social Impact Bonds in emerging and developing countries by evaluating potential challenges and solutions to the establishment process. The thorough analysis of the SIB model and the specific conditions in these markets is based on literature reviews, reports on existing and planned SIBs, and interviews with several experts.
Many developmental NGOs have strategic plans in place, however, they rarely consults these plans during the implementation. Implementation has become routine activities not guided by any foresight yet time and money has been spent in developing these plans that would have rather guided their work. In the end, results are not reflective of the plans and if success is achieved it is more of an accident rather than a planned result. Given the role played by NGOs especially in the least developed economies and owing to the fact that NGOs are people centred, this book explore challenges often experienced by developmental NGOs during the implementation of their strategies. The purpose of this book is to establish challenges of strategy implementation within the developmental NGOs sector in Kenya and determine the measures that can be taken to address them. The book also contains recommendations to both practicing NGOs and scholars in improving the sector performance
Curriculum implementation is the process of delivering curriculum to the learners and is meant to bring into reality the required changes. The quality of teachers influences effective implementation of curriculum which in turn leads to high or low educational outcomes. This book presents results from a study that was conducted in Borabu Sub-county in Kenya to determine the teacher-related factors influencing the implementation of Early Childhood Development and Education (ECDE) curriculum. Earlier research had shown that the curriculum was not effectively implemented. The teacher-related factors hindering effective implementation of the curriculum were: Teachers’ low academic and professional qualifications; lack of in-service training; low motivation; and negative attitude towards curriculum implementation. The results showed that teachers were experiencing many challenges while implementing the curriculum including lack of teaching materials; lack of appropriate physical facilities; low salaries and lack of support from key stakeholders. In order to improve the implementation of the ECDE curriculum teachers should be motivated by stakeholders such as parents, government, etc
The study interrogates the factors underlying the problematics around multilingual language planning implementation with specific reference to South Africa. The study identifies four categories of explanations for non-implementation in South Africa namely political; economic; sociolinguistic; and theoretic explanations. Of interest is the adequacy of these explanations in explaining non- implementation of multilingual language plans. Using Grounded Theory Method, the study identifies the theoretic category as the core category to explain the non-implementation of multilingual language plans in South Africa, i.e. the inherent epistemological weaknesses of contemporary language planning theory and method constrain this paradigm''s ability to formulate optimal implementation approaches. To remedy this epistemological dilemma and the accompanying practical multilingual planning implementation dilemma, the study, using data from multilingual language planning implementation settings in South Africa, develops an alternative approach to multilingual planning implementation, namely the Language Management Approach (LMA).
In recent years, the complexity of power systems and hardware interfaces have been growing, making Hardware-In-the-Loop (HIL) simulation more difficult for systems with different data exchange methods. One of the challenges in simulating complex power systems is to guarantee faultless communication and high data throughput between components. Focus of research in this work is the concept of expanding the data exchange capabilities for the Real Time Digital Simulator (RTDS), because extensive simulation studies are of great importance. The theoretical aspects of powerful new interfacing technologies of the RTDS to external equipment for HIL simulations are worked out and an implementation for the selected Aurora 8B/10B protocol on a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) is shown.
A consolidated and comprehensive reference on ligand-binding assays Ligand-binding assays (LBAs) stand as the cornerstone of support for definition of the pharmaco-kinetics and toxicokinetics of macromolecules, an area of burgeoning interest in the pharmaceutical industry. Yet, outside of the Crystal City Conference proceedings, little guidance has been available for LBA validation, particularly for assays used to support macromolecule drug development. Ligand-Binding Assays: Development, Validation, and Implementation in the Drug Development Arena answers that growing need, serving as a reference text discussing critical aspects of the development, validation, and implementation of ligand-binding assays in the drug development field. Ligand-Binding Assays covers essential topics related to ligand-binding assays, from pharmacokinetic studies, the development of LBAs, assay validation, statistical LBA aspects, and regulatory aspects, to software for LBAs and robotics and other emerging methodologies for LBAs. Highlights include: A general discussion of challenges and proven approaches in the development of ligand-binding assays More detailed examination of characteristics of these assays when applied to support of pharmacokinetic and toxicokinetic studies of compounds at different stages in the discovery or development timeline A concise, but detailed, discussion of validation of ligand-binding assays for macromolecules A practical approach to «fit-for-purpose» validation of assays for biomarkers, those molecules receiving increased attention as potentially demonstrating that the target chosen in discovery is being modulated by the candidate therapeutic, both in nonclinical and clinical studies Written by a team of world-recognized authorities in the field, Ligand-Binding Assays provides key information to a broad range of practitioners, both in the pharmaceutical and allied industries and in related contract research organizations and academic laboratories and, perhaps, even in the field of diagnostics and clinical chemistry.
This book is intended to encourage and enhance the adoption of Performance Management concepts by NGOs and other organizations in general in Kenya, in order to optimize in their performance. The book has critically examined the challenges and successes in the implementation of performance management in that sector and made wide analysis and recommendations which NGO''s and also other organizations should adopt for quality implementation of Performance Management.
Effective application of balanced scorecard in strategy implementation would lead to extremely successful organizations. However, there could be challenges that could be faced by organizations when applying the balanced scorecard in strategy implementation. Organizations therefore need to pay attention to these challenges and ascertain effective ways to overcome them by setting appropriate strategies.
This pioneering book addresses an important gap in the literature by comparing the role of the public bureaucracies in policy implementation in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Vietnam. It highlights the importance of the policy context, especially the commitment of the government in allocating the necessary resources and the support of the implementers, as well as the public bureaucracy's effectiveness, as the critical factors responsible for effective policy implementation. The comparative analysis shows that the public bureaucracies in Singapore and Malaysia are more effective in policy implementation than their counterparts in Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam because of their favourable policy contexts and higher level of organizational effectiveness. The focus on policy context and the public bureaucracy's role in the policy-making process and its implementation of two ASEAN policies will be of interest to policymakers, civil servants, scholars and students concerned with enhancing policy implementation in the ASEAN countries.
The fifth installment of the Fisher Investments On series is a comprehensive guide to understanding and analyzing investment opportunities within emerging markets. Growing in relative importance in recent years, emerging markets offer dynamic and unique opportunities. Fisher Investments on Emerging Markets can benefit both new and seasoned investors, covering everything from regional basics to country-specific insights to practical investing tactics, including common pitfalls to avoid. This book begins with an overview of emerging markets, followed by a historical narrative of the major emerging market regions—with emphasis on the economic, political, and sentiment drivers that help shape the investing landscape. Discusses regional, and even country-specific, drivers. Examines the major regions, including Russia, China, Latin America, and Asia. Addresses the challenges unique to emerging and developing regions, and some common pitfalls to avoid. Delves into top-down investment methodology as well as individual security analysis. Outlines a five-step process to help differentiate firms in emerging markets—designed to help you identify ones with the greatest probability of outperforming Provides investment strategies for a variety of market environments Filled with in-depth insights and expert advice, Fisher Investments on Emerging Markets provides a framework for understanding emerging markets. With this book as your guide, you can quickly gain a global perspective on emerging markets and discover strategies to help achieve your investing goals.
The research aims to approach the issues not only from the point of view of state but from the point of view of all actors to whom responsibility is assigned while mentioning the implementation in Turkey by assessing the philosophy of Local Agenda 21 Program. The implementation of the Harran Municipality implementing the Local Agenda 21 program was investigated within this scope. The level of achievement of the Local Agenda 21 adopted in Turkey and policies in the reviewed sample implementation were assessed. The paper includes proposals that will allow all local administrations in Turkey to query their own programs within the framework of the local Agenda 21 action program in a manner to participate in the process o urban transformation, to come up with local sustainable development policies and establish short and long term strategic plans aimed at solving problems.
One of the greatest challenges that developing countries are facing is the provision of quality and equitable healthcare for citizens. One of the barriers to achieving this goal is how to raise adequate funds to provide the services, and prudent use of the resources. This publication gives and insight on the challenges facing public healthcare financing strategies in Kenya, and by extension, other countries with similar health systems functionality in Africa. Health policy makers, managers and students with interest in health financing and management will find the publication to be of great help.
The book is about a comparative study on the use of intelligence in policing. Focus is on the implementation of intelligence led policing in four countries, namely; the United States of America, United Kingdom, Australia, and South Africa. After an in-depth study of the implementation of the intelligence led policing concept in the United States of America, United Kingdom, Australia and South Africa, the author came up with the intelligence led policing model for South Africa.
The teaching learning processes of Ethiopia Universities were devised some decades back and passed through little modification since then. It is only after the problems were accumulated and customers were dissatisfied that the universities came to understand the need to transform from the old system to the new one which is customer focused. This project tries to assess the prospects of transforming the older system to the demand base newer one and recommend possible ways of withstanding the challenges which otherwise may hinder the entire system in general. The project tries to assess the practice of both local and international universities which have implemented BPR so far as bench marks and many success and failure factors for effective BPR implementation as well. I hope viewing the issue in such depth will enhance the project''s significance to the readers.