The present investigation was developed to evaluate the ethnopharmacological activities of some members of family Moraceae. The selected plants were Ficus bengalensis, Ficus religiosa, Ficus glomerata, Morus indica and Morus laevigata. Ethnopharmacological activities were carried out by the preparation of aqueous and methanolic extracts of different parts of these selected plants. For ethnopharmacological activities, the dried leaves of Ficus bengalensis, Ficus religiosa and Ficus glomerata, dried fruits and leaves of Morus indica and Morus laevigata were extracted with water and methanol for anti-emetic activity anthelmintic, antiallergy and antibacterial activities.
The work describes the isolation of some tetranortriterpenoids from meliaceae family along with their characterization using NMR, Single crystal X-ray Diffraction studies etc. Chemical modifications of some selected molecules have been reported and the antifeedant activity of all molecules have been assayed against spodoptura litura.Finally, some insilico studies were carried out, which pointed to some molecular parameters (descriptors) that might be responsible for the antifeedant activity of these molecules
In this ethnopharmacological study, the ethanolic extract of the whole plant parts (root, stem and leaves) of Cayratia trifolia (Linn.) Domin. (Family Vitaceae) was investigated for bioactivities; namely analgesic, antioxidant, cytotoxicity, antimicrobial, antihelmintic and hypoglycemic activity. In light of the available literature, this study represents the first experimental investigation of biological activities of Cayratia trifolia in the perspective of their traditional use.
The pollen morphological descriptions and illustrations are available for use in palynological investigations and plant taxonomic studies. Since many of the palynological studies are based on the detailed knowledge of the pollen morphology, in this study the pollen morphology of some of the members of the family Rosaceae and Polygonaceae was examined. We hope this study will contribute to the preparation of pollen atlas of Darjeeling Hills, India. Pollen grains belonging to these species were examined with light Photomicroscope (LM) as well as Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) (for some species of Rosaceae) as regards some morphological features, principally: pollen shape; size; aperture characters; sculpture and structure of the exine. This study provides some insight into the features useful for pollen identification and problems that may be encountered when differentiating pollen of related taxa. Since last few decades, morpho-systamatic studies have contributed to the evaluation of many taxonomomic systems. This approach of the different species and genus under the family would be needed to evaluate the classification of Rosaceae and Polygonaceae proposed by various authors.
In vitro and In silico studies in some Convolvulaceae members is an experimental overview from Basics to advanced studies in the areas of Plant biotechnology, Microbiology, Biochemistry and Bioinformatics. The practical approaches can be helpful in preservation of endangered plant species and medicinal plants, which are important to the human kind. Due to increasing resistance of Microbes to antibiotics, the phytocompounds may provide the outlook in the control of dangerous microbes and cure diseases. The isolation of primary and secondary metabolites can provide economically beneficial compounds, which can act against diseases such as D2M, Obesity, Alzheimer and Parkinson. The book covers the basic concepts regarding the experimental usage of phytocompounds in medicine. The topic is mainly concentrated on three Convolvulaceae members such as Evolvulus alsinoides (or Convolvulus alsinoides), Evolvulus nummularius and Merrimia tridentata.
The book provides detail diversity and taxonomy of Moraceous species in the state of Arunachal Pradesh, India. This book can be used as a comprehensive guide for the identification and understanding the detail characters of Moraceae family. The unexplored distribution status of the family and variations among and within the species in Arunachal Pradesh make this book a unique adventure. The book provides distribution status of more than 60 species of the family in the state.The present taxonomic enumeration of the Moraceae is the first complete systematic account of the family with complete distributional records and characterization supported through dichotomous key have not been found in any of the taxonomic work from the the North East region of India. Besides key and characterization of species, another important aspect included in the book is the examination of nomenclatural anomalies for inclusion of correct name of all the species through consultation of some of the recent publications and data bases. Hence, the book helps in understanding the diversity and taxonomy of the family in the state of Arunachal Pradesh and Eastern Himalayan Region as well.
This small book is for all those noble souls who have endured the trials and tribulations of being family members of an addict or alcoholic and have continued to love them. It is offered as a lifeline so that family members can survive the struggle and even thrive in spite of it. This book explains chemical addiction and its traumatic effects on family members, but mostly it shows family members how to successfully navigate the challenges they face. Family members need help to heal just as much as their addicts/alcoholics do because chemical addiction is a family disease. The insight that drives this small book is the same as the insight that drives the recovery of every addict/alcoholic: If you work a program, it works for you. It will not be easy, but in the end all can be well.
Hope is a key factor in the process of recovery in mental illness. Family members have an important role in recovery. “Keshet” (Rainbow) program is a dynamic cognitive intervention (DCI) for family members of people with mental illness. We studied the effect of “Keshet” program on increasing hope in family members. A pre and post intervention study in an experimental and control groups was employed. The major outcome was the validated hope score (by Snyder) of family members towards themselves versus their percieved hope toward the affected ill person. There was no difference between groups in hope scores of family members towards themselves. However, the experimental Keshet group had a significant increase in their perceived hope toward the affected ill person with concomitant decrease in the gap between hope of family members toward themselves versus their perceived hope toward the affected ill person. Thus, Keshet program increases the family members hope in their ill person recovery journey. This report should help shed light on the importance of hope among families with mental illness and should be especially useful to anyone interested in mental health in the community.
Family Business is a business that is owned, controlled and operated by the members of one or more family members. Family Businesses are conducted generation after generation. Usually in the Family Business family members are at the top management in the businesses and they employ people from outside for work in the organisation. Family business is that business in which a majority of the ownership or control in the hand of family members. Family business is the complex system. With the modernisation in corporate world the family business face various challenges like Succession issues, Identity development and Sibling rivalry, Technical problem, Competition, Have unfair reward system, Difficulties to attract outsider professional. The Indian family business is mostly managed by the owner of the business and maximum number of business in India is centralized. Most of the family business is controlled by the creator of business and the head of the business. Now day’s India has the highest share of family businesses in Asia and 663 out of 993 were listed family businesses in India.
This work concentrates upon families with a strong connection to Virginia and Kentucky, most of which are traced forward from the eighteenth, if not the seventeenth, century. The compiler makes ample use of published sources some extent original records, and the recollections of the oldest living members of a number of the families covered. Finally. The essays reflect a balanced mixture of genealogy and biography, which makes for interesting reading and a substantial number of linkages between as many as six generations of family members.
There is growing interest in the impact of patients' illness on the quality of life of family members. Much of the previous research focuses on the impact on family members who are also carers, or is restricted to one disease or disease area. This book describes the conceptualisation, development and validation of the first generic quality of life measure for family members, the Family Reported Outcome Measure (FROM-16). The book presents the findings of a literature review looking at current research into the area of family quality of life and highlights the need for a generic family measure. The process and results of interviews with 126 family members are discussed, and the development and validation processes of the measure are described in detail, including Item Response Theory and Classical Test Theory. Finally, this book details the potential uses of the FROM-16 and the challenges faced by clinicians, researchers and society in measuring family quality of life.
Critical illness and the admission of a family member to an intensive care unit is an extremely stressful experience that may result in an emotional turmoil, high level of stress, role conflict, interruption of normal home routines, and potential changes in relationships among patients and family members. This phenomenological study explored the lived intensive care unit experiences of nurses, patients and family members during critical illness in the intensive care unit using a purposive sample of five participants from each category. Content analysis of narratives elucidated that the patient''s experiences as it relates to finding meaning during critical illness is centered on obtaining support from their families and professionalism from the nurse. Adaptation in the intensive care unit, as experienced by nurses, patients and family members integrates family as a unit, physical care, physiological care and psychosocial support resulting in transformation. Future studies should be done to further explore the patient-family-nurse experience during critical illness in the intensive care unit.
Curious about why their mother was disowned and their father became an outcast, two young members of a family of noted warriors travel to Krocerreba in hopes of finding some answers only to discover things they never imagined. When a high-priestess is given a sign, the royal family devises a way to keep them in Isuke in spite of the queen's order that they leave the country but Ahe leaves before they are able to stop her. Unexpected alliances, and personal tragedy, are all part of what happens when she returns with her family.
The primary purpose of this study was to identify the self-perceived needs of adult Jordanian family members who have a family member admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU). The second purpose was to explore whether or not the identified needs were being met, and third, to investigate who were the most likely persons, identified by the family members, to meet those needs. This descriptive, exploratory study was based on crisis theory (Aguilera & Messick, 1982) with a convenience sample of 139 family members of 85 critically ill patients. Family members completed two instruments: the Critical Care Family Needs Inventory (CCFNI), and the Needs Met Inventory (NMI) version2. In addition, family members completed a Demographic Data Questionnaire. The 10 most important needs identified by adult Jordanian family members were under the assurance and information subscales with a mean score of at least 3.59. The need "to be assured that the best care possible is being given to the patient" under the assurance subscale had the highest mean score of 3.97 on the CCFNI. The 10 least important needs were under the support and comfort subscales.
This book examines family planning in India. It explores the significance of marriage, family formation and the stages within it. The author studies some of the factors associated with fertility behavior, such as those of marriage, son preference and 'ideal' family size. The factors underlying fertility behavior in the classical texts in India with special reference to marriage, family, family size and composition are taken into consideration. The book then goes on to evaluate the Family Planning Programs till the Eighth Five Year Plan in this context.