This study entitled as ‘Export of carpets from Eastern U.P: a case study’ is an attempt to address to one of the most crucial concerns of eastern Uttar Pradesh, particularly that of Mirzapur- Bhadohi-Varanasi districts. The study focuses on the decline and fall of once famed and pampered carpet industry of this region. It essentially represents an attempt at knowing the what and how of carpets in India and abroad; knowing in detail the carpet industry of eastern Uttar Pradesh i.e. the carpet belt of India, its problems and challenges, about what went wrong in recent past in this carpet belt and finally about the possibility of rejuvenation of this industry. In short, the study represents a detailed case report of the export- oriented carpet industry of eastern Uttar Pradesh.
Celebrates the earliest history of the Islamic world’s great textile traditions through fifty beautiful carpets and fragments The fourth volume in Thames & Hudson's celebrated series cataloguing the al-Sabah collection, this book features a unique collection of carpets and textile fragments from the pre-Islamic and early Islamic world. The Sasanian fragments fill a substantial gap in the early history of pile carpets, dating from the second to the eighth century AD, and make a valuable contribution of the understanding of local artistic traditions. The second half of the book is devoted to post-Sasanian and Sogdian silks dating from the sixth to the tenth century. A wave of these beautiful textiles has reached the West since the turn of the 21st century, and here they are divided into variants featuring birds, mammals and mythological creatures, which retain their glowing colors and lively charm. 60 color illustrations
Iranian carpets is well known all around the world. Carpet is one of the main production and exports of Fars province in Iran. In this book you can see Firstly economic importance of carpet and then export status of 2003-2009 carpet and rug has been studied, and secondly importance of carpet and rug marketing has been discussed on the research. With the help of SWOT matrix the strategies relating to the marketing of the exporting carpet is codified and then we use the internal- external evaluation matrix to identify the best marketing strategy for evaluation of export carpet and rug industry of Fars province. Main Objectives of the research is determining the most important marketing strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats and proposing appropriate strategies. Required information gathered mainly from interviewing active carpet exporters in Fars province.
Coffee is Rwanda’s premier export oriented crop and is a source of foreign currency. A study was conducted to analyse the Performance of Production and Export of Coffee from Rwanda. The time series data on production, area, productivity and export were collected for the period ranging from 1976 to 2010. They were split into two distinctive periods for the analysis of the growth rate and for the analysis of instability. The exponential model was employed to compute the compound growth rates; the Chow test was applied to check the structural change, instability indices and Hazell’s decomposition model were employed to measure instability and their source. Markov chain analysis was used to analyze the direction of trade. The growth in area under coffee declined from 2.5 per cent in first period to -1.03 percent in second period. The growth rate in productivity as well as production during second period shows an increase rate from -3.60 per cent to 2.73 percent and from 0.15 to 1.33 percent respectively. Chow test showed a structural change both in area and export quantity growth rates. Insatiability indices showed that export quantity was more stable when compared to export value.
This book examines the export marketing of T-shirts in one of the major garment export centres in India, namely, Tirupur (Tamil Nadu). It is a well-acknowledged fact that the knit-wear industry in India accounts for the major share of the country’s total textile exports. Also, from the international perspective, the Indian knitwear products are now being sold to almost every country in the world. The Indian knitting industry has been able to win all the sophisticated world markets including the European Union, America, Canada and Japan. It is in this connection, the book examines the problems, procedure and prospects of the T-Shirts exports from Tirupur.
The book covers production, economics and export of raw silk from India.Further the live data has been collected from Marathwada Region and the statistical analysis has been performed for production and export.The economics calculated and presented here is useful to the farmers, researchers and planners. The small scale industry people can get guideline from the books. On the similar lines the other researchers can estimate the Economics of production of Cocoon and Raw silk.
Algae are heterogeneous, polyphyletic assemblage of very simple, water loving, autotrophic organism having no sterile layer of jacket-cells around their reproductive organs and lacking true embryogenesis. As primary producers, they are an important component of aquatic ecosystem, being inhabitants of moist, freshwater, brackish water and marine environments of our biotope. Right up from the very beginning several phycologists have made their life long efforts to study taxonomy of the members of Volvophycota all over the world. But no such attempt was ever made to make a detailed taxonomic investigation of the algal of this phylum from any part of Pakistan. Therefore, the present research program was carried out.
This study attempts for the first time the use of multi-proxy records from the Eastern Arc Mountain sites to contribute an understanding of past and present environments at regional and local climate, and environmental change spanning the last 50.0 kyr BP. One hypothesis based on inference records indicates that the Eastern Arc forests have been subject to an exceptionally long period of climatic stability; an ‘ecological Eden’ whose biota has survived the tectonic events of the Miocene and Pliocene, and later Pleistocene climatic vicissitudes. The work emphasises the period during the last 20,000 years (Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) to Present. During the LGM, the Eastern Arc Mountain ranges showed benign ecological stability suggesting that they were important refuge blocs and this has driven present floristic composition and distribution. Results from this study have implications for present-day land management and enable policies to be developed that incorporate the long-term perspective on the ecological form and functioning of vegetation and environment. This work concludes with recommendations how palaeoecology is an invaluable tool in understanding vegetation and climate.
This literature review analyzes the management research on Central and Eastern European countries between 1990 and 2010. Data from more than eight hundred articles in 25 leading managerial journals where inspected. The theoretical part describes socialism, communism, planned economy and its collapse in an interdisciplinary way. “Management in Planned Economy” section describes the complete socialistic managerial system. The eastern and western authors’ details contrast and complement one another. The empirical part analyses in total 884 articles on the CEE topic. Increasing number of articles declares a massively growing popularity of CEE research while the specific country interest remains stable. Distinct authors’ research orientation change in the decade from 2001to 2010 was identified. The “Transition Process” is no more the most attractive research subject as attention to other business topics accelerates. But do the present results indicate a real end of the transition period in CEE countries as already often proclaimed by eastern authors?
This study aims to broaden the scope of export promotion knowledge by incorporating satisfaction with export promotion programs, export marketing strategy, and export performance into an integrated model and empirically investigating the direct and indirect impacts of satisfaction with export promotion programs on firms’ export performance. To improve the effectiveness of export promotion programs, this study offers a new perspective to the analysis called “perceived gap”, and it applies satisfaction theory to operationalize this concept. Level of satisfaction refers to how well the export promotion programs deal with the export activities that exporters find important. The size of the perceived gap is then related to the export success of firms. Large perceived gaps indicate that the government assistance program does not match firms’ expectations, and they do not consider the programs helpful. This study is specifically concerned with manufacturing firms that export noncommodity products, and with trading firms. A mail survey was conducted to obtain primary data from Thai exporting firms from 13 industries.
India is a rapidly developing economy. Indian economy is growing at a fast pace. The process of economic reforms initiated in the year 1991 has completed more than two decades. The annual average growth rate of India is posting robust numbers. Along with the growth of other two sectors Indian agriculture is growing at a healthy 3 per cent per annum. Today the agriculture sector not only feeds the bourgeoning population of India but also creates a surplus for export. Over the years the Indian agricultural export witnessed quantitative and qualitative changes. Indian agricultural export has moved away from the traditional items to nontraditional items. The export basket of Indian agricultural goods is ever increasing and diversifying. Present book describes the growing importance of Indian agricultural export as important foreign exchange earner for the country in the reform era. The growth of agricultural export is presented in two ways. Firstly, the composition of export by commodity groups wise. Secondly, direction of export in the reform era and changing direction and emerging markets for the various agricultural commodities from India.
Algae are heterogenous, polyphyletic assemblage of very simple, water loving, autotrophic organism having no sterile layer of jacket-cells around their reproductive organs and lacking true embryogenasis. As primary producers, they are an important component of aquatic ecosystem, being inhabitants of moist freshwater, brakish water and marine environments of our biotope. The emerging picture of the freshwater algal flora of Pakistan revealed lack of information about detailed taxonomic description and systematic account of green algae from this area. Therefore, a wide-range research program was developed to make a detailed investigation on the taxonomy of green macro-algae inhabiting the freshwater environment of various districts of the Punjab and certain areas of Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa and Azad Kashmir. Among green algae, those belonging to the phyla Chlorophycota (grass-green algae), Charophycota (stone wort algae) and Vaucheriophycota (yellow-green algae) were selected for the present study.