Many policies have been put in place for the last two decades to enhance both male and female participation in secondary schools headship. However,females are under-represented in educational management.In Kenya,gender balance is given emphasis by the government for all public sector appointments.However,in Vihiga District in Kenya, male teachers dominated headship positions in mixed secondary schools. Out of the 34 head teachers in mixed secondary schools, only 8 (24%) were female while 26 (76%) were male. The purpose of this study therefore was to investigate factors influencing gender imbalance in appointment of head teachers in mixed secondary schools in Vihiga District. The study examined government policies, headship qualifications, staffing practices and social cultural factors from the perspectives of stakeholders: Findings showed that the factors influencing gender imbalance were: unwillingness of female teachers to take up headship post; fewer female teachers; inappropriate school location; failure by female teachers to apply for headship; female head teachers transfers; limited vacancies; male leadership dominance and school leadership traditions among others.
This research focuses on the local perception of parents regarding the gender roles and their daughters’ education in the Village Dasuha, District Faisalabad in the province of Punjab. In spite of the fact that the people are aware of the importance of education, there is gender gap and the roles assigned to them are different. Parents deal with their male and female child separately. Preference is given to the sons because they are supposed to be the helping hand for the parents. Girls are generally limited to the domestic activities. Education is also aimed at fitting them into gender roles as prescribed by their society. This study identifies the impact of gender roles on female literacy. The focus of study is to find the actual reason of low participation rate of female education with reference to their role and duties. The efforts have been made to find out the culture perception of parents regarding their daughter’s education and gender discrimination between female and male children as far as the role assignment and access to literacy is concerned. The data presented in this paper has been collected by using qualitative anthropological research techniques.
The principle purpose of this book is to fill the significant gap in knowledge concerning Women and ICT adoption in women managed Enterprises in sub-Saharan AFRICA. Little if any has been researched on factors influencing adoption of ICT in Women managed Enterprises. In another approach from gender perspective. Ideally the factors discussed can be conceptualized as social-economic, demographic and attitudinal in nature. Indeed they can as well seen as constraints. Literacy levels in ICT use is major barrier to ICT adoption. In addition access to resources of funds in form of credit. Of interest too is the fact that majority of women fear using the internet in their SMes due to fear of fraud and related online crimes. To some extent age of the entrepreneur had significant influence. Majority of women managing enterprises relies on a simple mobile that is not internet enabled due to their limited ICT literacy level-very basic.
The purpose of this book is to assess the school-based factors influencing adoption of ICT in administration of public secondary schools in Makadara district, Kenya, specifically to establish the availability of ICT resources for use in administration in public secondary schools in Makadara district; assess the attitudes of school administrators towards adoption of ICT in the administration of public secondary schools in Makadara district; determine the availablity of ICT technical support to help in the use of ICT in the administaration of public secondary schools in Makadara district; establish the ICT skills use in the administration of public secondary schools in Makadara district. The study found that the school administrators had very few computers for administration work in the district. The computers were used for Capturing school enrolment, storage of student bio data, registration of KCSE candidates, data entry on students’ marks, analysis of student’s results, typing examinations, accessing the internet, and for research on the subjects they taught. Only one third of the schools in the district had school management systems and only one school had a web enabled system.
This book provides an in-depth insight into the individual, family, school and regional characteristics and their influence on the expected academic score and university applications of Irish school leavers. The book considers trends in participation rates to higher education, existing research evidence and policy debates as well as providing a theoretical and conceptual framework which underpins this extensive study. The work is based on a unique survey undertaken specifically for this research consisting of an in-depth questionnaire completed by 5,174 students in 105 nationally representative schools in the Republic of Ireland, which was 10% of the cohort. The study considers the influences which arise through variation in school type and composition, parental educational and occupational background as well as other attributes such as gender, participation in Transition Year and private tuition (‘grinds’), engagement in part-time work and also peer effects. The study also examines school to university distance and province effects using geo-coding to ascertain the impact of distance in respect of applications to university.
The construction industry is male dominated and has the ability to generate employment and income to a large percentage of the unemployed;some of whom have low level of education, training and skills. Factors influencing performance of informal labourers in the construction industry in Kenya include : terms and conditions of employment occupational health and safety related requirements and inadequate organization culture among others.They therefore exhibit features of poverty ,powerlessness ,exclusion and vulnerability. This calls for concerted effort by the government,employers , employees and other stakeholders to address the factors that negatively influence the performance of informal labourers
This book examines the personal and professional lives of secondary head teachers in Chuxiong, Yunan Province, in China. The approach used to research this topic is based on theoretical and methodological ideas drawn from Gronn and Day, Bakioglu, and Ribbins and his various collaborators. In particular it draws upon the two route, four-phase career pathway model of Formation, Accession, Incumbency, Moving-on/Divestiture or Reinvention that has been proposed by Ribbins et al. This is a qualitative research in Nature.Field research has been conducted in China. This research has offered tentative confirmation for the relevance of ideas drawn from the western literature to China. It has begun to identify some important problems regarding, inter alia, the appointment, support and training of head teachers. In addition, the issues of gender, personnel policy have been identified as well. Should this analysis have a wider relevance, then far reaching reform of these aspects of the system is urgently needed if the quality of schooling in China is to be improved.
Motivation is psychological force that drives and energizes behaviour. It is fundamental to effective performance of work by employees in an organisation. Purpose of this study was to investigate job satisfaction of teachers in public secondary schools in Kiharu District. Study involved 15 secondary schools and 30 teachers, selected by probability-sampling. Data was analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics. Study established that teachers were dissatisfied work due to inadequate teaching resources and unfriendly policies. It also revealed that gender, age and academic qualifications had significant effect on job satisfaction. Study recommended employers provide adequate incentives, rewards and friendly policies in order to motivate teachers and enhance job satisfaction.
The purpose of this study was to investigate factors influencing effective teaching of life skills on HIV and AIDS in secondary schools in Gucha South District so as to improve ways of imparting such skills to students in secondary schools in Kenya. To achieve this, the study was guided by the following objectives: To determine whether teachers have been trained to teach effectively life skills on HIV and AIDS in secondary schools, to assess teachers’ and students’ attitudes towards effective teaching of life skills on HIV and AIDS in secondary schools, to find out adequacy of teaching/learning resources for teaching life skills on HIV and AIDS in secondary schools; and to analyze the teaching/learning strategies adopted by teachers in teaching of life skills on HIV and AIDS in secondary schools. A descriptive survey design was used and the study findings are presented and discussed in this publication.
This book is a valuable addition in the research field of factors influencing FDI. In this research study it is tried to investigate what are the key factors influencing FDI and why these factors are are considered important for the inflow of FDI regarding host country. In this book mainly focus on three factors; Political instability, Rules and Regulations and Fluctuation in Economic Growth. These factors are considered crucial and analyzed critically by the investors prior to make decision for their investment in target country. In This book focus on situation of Pakistan regarding these factors and tried to measure what extent of relationsip exists between FDI and these influencing factors.
Performance of public secondary schools in coastal region by students has been persistently poor in national examinations . The book addresses the factors contributing to the poor performance and to establish the strategies that can be adopted to improve performance in secondary schools.The book addresses school based factors that affect students’ performance in secondary schools, teacher based factors that affect them, community based factors and their personal factors that affect performance in Kenya Certificate Secondary Education, and establish the strategies that can be adopted to improve performance in the national examination. The educationist are advised to be keen in addressing the challenges to find a rebirth of performance in academics. Improving on these factors and sensitization of the local community to discard practices which prohibit student’s effective learning attitude could improve performance in academics.It is anticipated that the strategies will give curriculum developers new insights into emerging issues on performance and influence the Ministry of Education on policy formulation.
Factors explaining academic performance at primary school level have not been adequately addressed. The book examines the socio-economic factors influencing academic performance among primary school pupils.Factors considered are parental involvement, teacher''s involvement,number of siblings within a family, parental level of education, parental taking of alcohol, gender of the pupil, parental type of marriage and class repetition. All this factors influence academic performance at primary school level.The results of this study are expected to provide ideas for policy makers, parents, school administrators and staff, especially with respect to addressing the problems of low achievers and low performers. In particular, parents and children, in low status families who are interested in the improvement of academic achievement need to learn to deal with obstacles in the family and school environment that stand in the way of academic success of children.It is recommended that there is need for the government to strengthen family, parents, teachers and schools resources in general so as to improve academic performance of the pupils.
This study evaluated factors influencing the effectiveness of audit committees in the public sector of Tanzania. In order to achieve this, the researcher used the case study design whereby the case of the government ministries was used to represent the overall public sector. In order to evaluate the factors influencing the effectiveness of audit committees in the public sector; the researcher used the frequency of audit committee meetings, the composition and structure of these audit committees as the variables to evaluate effectiveness. The findings for this study revealed that audit committees in the public sector conducted an average of five (5) meetings in the last financial year hence making them effective. However it was also found out that audit committees are less effective in overseeing financial matters due to the fact that they have only one (1) independent member and only one (1) member who is knowledgeable in the matters related to accounting, auditing and finance
The Spead of HIV/AIDS in Nigeria.The CIA predicts a possible devastation of the Nigerian elite from HIV/AIDS infection if the epidemic is not contained. For many years, after the discovery of HIV/AIDS infection in the population, Nigerian Officialdom’s response was tepid. Thus valuable time was lost in the adoption of policies, and in the institution of programs to stem the spread of the disease. Factors Influencing the Spread of HIV/AIDS in Nigeria: Three Economic Status/Income Level Groups in Owerri, Nigeria was a study to examine whether one’s economic/income status and degree of AIDS knowledge had a relationship with high risk sexual behavior or unprotected sex which is a cofactor in the transmission of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. The study addressed the problem of insufficient data on the factors influencing the spread of HIV/AIDS in Nigeria.
The Project This project investigates the factors that influence female enrolment in postgraduate studies of the College of Education and External Studies of the University of Nairobi. The study was conducted in the departments of Educational Administration and Planning, Extra Mural Studies and Educational Communication and Technology. The objectives of the study were to establish the influence of economic, social/cultural, personal or individual and contextual factors on enrolment of female in postgraduate studies. Theories and literature on female enrolment in postgraduate studies were reviewed and a conceptual framework developed to guide the study. The Author Mrs.Susan Waithira Mwaura is an Executive Secretary based at the College of Education and External Studies, School of Education, Department of Educational Foundations; University of Nairobi, Kenya (East Africa). She has an experience of over 25 years in administration in Higher Learning Institution. She holds a diploma in Human Resource Management, a Bachelor of Arts degree and a Masters of Arts degree (in Project Planning and Management) all at the University of Nairobi.