Educating Female learners is educating the whole generation. Female managers are faced with physical as well as psychological challenges. Female managers have to balance work at work as well as work at home. Female head teachers face managerial challenges when heading institutions. These challenges are prominent in schools partly due to male dominated world. Cultural orientations and Stereotypes demand that female teachers to be submissive. That female teachers go for maternity leave hence a great challenge i deciding whom to leave in charge.
The purpose of this study was to investigate challenges emanating from school based selection and recruitment of secondary school teachers in Mombasa County faced by Board of Governors (BOG). Although the Government of Kenya has strategies to enhance equality and distribution of teachers in Kenya, there have been challenges in decentralization of teachers’ recruitment in Kenya public secondary schools. Objective number one was to determine factors affecting teachers’ recruitment in secondary schools. Objective number two was to establish criteria used by BOG in selection and recruitment of secondary school teachers. Objective number three was to establish personnel and political factors that affect BOG members in their role of selection and recruitment of teacher’s recruitment. Objective number four was to determine other challenges BOG faced in teachers’ recruitment and how they were resolved.
This book assesses leadership behaviours of high school principals in terms of balance between initiating structure and consideration dimensions and their relationship to performance of students’ in the national examination, Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) that marks the end of secondary school education. It investigates whether demographic factors of age, education level, gender and administrative experience of head teachers as well the categories of schools affect these leadership behaviours. The book shows that head teachers emphasise initiating structure more than consideration, that female head teachers were significantly stronger than their counterparts on both leadership dimensions. It also reveals that performance of students related negatively to initiating structure dimension of principals’ leadership and positively with consideration dimension. This book is highly recommended for lecturers, students and researchers of school management.
Many policies have been put in place for the last two decades to enhance both male and female participation in secondary schools headship. However,females are under-represented in educational management.In Kenya,gender balance is given emphasis by the government for all public sector appointments.However,in Vihiga District in Kenya, male teachers dominated headship positions in mixed secondary schools. Out of the 34 head teachers in mixed secondary schools, only 8 (24%) were female while 26 (76%) were male. The purpose of this study therefore was to investigate factors influencing gender imbalance in appointment of head teachers in mixed secondary schools in Vihiga District. The study examined government policies, headship qualifications, staffing practices and social cultural factors from the perspectives of stakeholders: Findings showed that the factors influencing gender imbalance were: unwillingness of female teachers to take up headship post; fewer female teachers; inappropriate school location; failure by female teachers to apply for headship; female head teachers transfers; limited vacancies; male leadership dominance and school leadership traditions among others.
Despite the completion of all cycles of SMASSE project with nearly all teachers having undergone training on effective teaching approaches of ASEI/PDSI. The study used survey design to investigate the challenges facing mathematics eachers in implementing SMASSE skills. The study used questionnaire for Teachers and deputy principals in gathering information. The following were found to be the challenges in the implementation of SMASSE inset: that the application of SMASSE skills is time consuming hence might not allow the teachers to cover syllabi in time required in some of the schools, large workload that is brought by high teacher-learner ratio in all the schools in Kenya, inadequate facilities in the schools to enable teachers implement the skills, indifferent learners in some of the schools, there was poor training during the INSET.
Study sought to establish problems head teachers faced in management of curriculum implementation in schools. Descriptive survey was used and sample of 56 head teachers (74%) was randomly selected from head teachers in the district. Findings indicated that head teachers faced several challenges in school management. Conclusions of the study were that head teachers faced serious challenges in the management of curriculum implementation, physical facilities and material resources, teaching staff personnel and students discipline. Recommendations were that government should help to mitigate situation by releasing funds for free secondary education, early in the beginning of the year and help to provide facilities such as laboratories and equipment. Board of governors and PTA should combine efforts with head teachers to deal with the many challenges of school management.
Provision of quality secondary school education is important in generating opportunities and achieving benefits of socio-economic development. Among the strategies adopted for expanding access to secondary school education in developing countries and particularly in Kenya are to subsidize fees in secondary schools. The purpose of this book was to examine the administrative challenges facing public secondary schools in the introduction of subsidized secondary school education in Nakuru municipality of Kenya. The book recommends that the Government of Kenya (Ministry of Education) should consider mobilizing resources to increase the allocation of funds disbursed to schools, revision of policy on funds disbursement with a view to ensure timely disbursement, allocation of resources to support financial education and management training workshops for school heads, integration of information technology in school management, organization of regular refresher courses to improve skills for the school head teachers and all persons involved in the school management.
The use of life approach in the teaching of Christian Religious Education (CRE) has been recommended as an intervention that would greatly improve students' interest and achievement in this subject in secondary schools. However,it has been observed that some teachers continue to teach the subject using inappropriate approaches with disastrous consequences on students' interest and achievement. This, coupled with the numerous challenges that teachers face while teaching CRE in secondary schools, has led to low achievement and students loosing interest in the subject. The author set out to discuss the use of the life approach and the challenges which teachers face while teaching CRE in secondary schools in rural Kenya. The author argues that if these challenges are effectively addressed and teachers embrace the use of life approach in the teaching of CRE, students' performance in this subject will improve. This book is therefore useful to professionals who play key roles in the teaching and learning of CRE in secondary schools as teachers, head teachers, educational officials or consultants.
This book highlights important areas concerning induction and orientation of teachers in schools. These areas include: Objectives of induction and orientation of teachers; components of induction and orientation programmes; benefits of induction and orientation to teachers; demerits of non induction and orientation of teachers; guidelines for a better induction and orientation process; challenges facing induction and orientation of teachers in Kenyan secondary schools and a brief comparative study of induction and orientation of teachers in Britain. The book is a product of a MEd Degree Research Project which was carried out in the larger Taita district, Kenya in 2010. The study was guided by the following objectives: To establish the status of induction and orientation of teachers in public secondary schools in Taita District; to find out the benefits of induction and orientation of teachers; to establish the induction related challenges facing beginning teachers in the execution of their duties and to investigate the challenges facing induction and orientation of teachers in public secondary schools in Taita District.
The study aimed at establishing factors influencing the implementation of NFE in non formal schools of informal settlements of Mukuru Kwa Njenga, Nairobi Kenya. The study endeavoured to identify the challenges faced by NFE sector in non formal primary schools of Mukuru Kwa Njenga informal settlements. It also sought to establish the administrative challenges that head teachers face as result of lack of qualified and professional teachers, teacher turnover, teachers’ attitude towards NFE, inadequate physical facilities and inadequate of teaching/ learning resources. The study was based on A Theory of Change. The research design used in this study was descriptive survey. The target population was the NFSs of the informal settlements of Mukuru Kwa Njenga. The research instrument used was one set of questionnaire to the head teachers, teachers and students. In data collection twenty schools were used whereby one was used for piloting and nineteen for final study. The respondents were primary school heads of non formal schools, teachers and students of NFS. The data was analyzed using frequencies and percentages for easier interpretation.
Emerging challenges face school principals and head teachers in their administrative roles.There is need to equip them with new skills, including effective communication skills, in oder to foster their efficiency and effectiveness for achievement of organizational objectives.This book analyses and identifies the communication practices of head teachers and the barriers they face in the process of communication. This book is of great help to serving and potential school administrators, head teachers, principals, education officers, tutors, teachers, and student-teachers aspiring to be leaders. The book is also of great importance to administrators and managers serving outside education settings such as in business and formal and informal organizations who want to practice effective management.
The performance of Mathematics at Kenya Certificate of Primary Education has remained low compared to other subjects at this level (KNEC, 2006,2007,2008). This study investigated the factors affecting the teaching and learning of Mathematics in selected public primary schools in Usian Gishu between the period of May and July 2010. The study was guided by the following objectives: to establish the teacher, learner, syllabus and school-related factors affecting the teaching and learning of Mathematics and to determine challenges faced in Mathematics teaching and learning in primary schools. The study employed a descriptive survey study design and was guided by the education production function theory. The study population comprised of head teachers, teachers and pupils in public primary schools in Usian Gishu of Rift-Valley province. Stratified random sampling was used in selecting 15 schools for participation in this study. Purposive sampling was used to select fifteen head teachers and 45 teachers of Mathematics for inclusion in this study.
This book is about orphans enrollment in Primary schools and its Challenges to Headteachers Administrative Tasks in Kenya and it suggests ways of coping with the Challenges. Based on the Human Relations Theory, the study pays more attention to the orphaned children faced with learning needs. The book provides useful information to Education Administrators and policy makers and planners particularly in Pupils enrollment visa-a-vis resources available.
The Kenyan Government introduced Free Primary Education (FPE) in 2003 in all public schools. This study examined administrative stress, coping strategies and the impact of stress on performance of Kenya public school head teachers as a result of the implementation of FPE.This was a two phase descriptive survey where questionnaires and interviews were used to collect data from primary school head teachers from Samburu District, Kenya.A random sampling was used to select headteachers who participated in phase one of the survey to respond to the questionnaire while a purposive sampling technique was used to select headteachers who participated in interview.Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistic; percentage,frequencies, ANOVA, and narrative. The study showed that primary school head teachers experience moderate level of administrative stress.They are also,aware of some of the strategies they can use while under administrative stress. Also, the study found out that stress affect job performance of the head teachers.
This book analyses school-based-teacher-evaluation practice in secondary schools in Western Kenya. Teachers are evaluated by management and peers through class observation during instruction and analysis of their professional tools such as schemes of work, lesson guides, records of work covered, lesson notes, learners’ exercise books and their portfolios. In this context, the author argues that other than analysis of professional tools, the other modes of teacher evaluation are hardly conducted. Therefore, it is difficult to establish if there is proper curriculum implementation. Consequently, she recommends that head-teachers should enforce observation of teachers during instruction and the government should ensure that all schools are adequately staffed with teachers. This book is a must-read for teachers, teacher educators, education policy makers and student teachers in Kenya and beyond.