Practicum which is a new paradigm shift for our country replaces the old teaching practice that was given at the end of the training program for a short period of time after student teachers mastered the theories. The Ministry of Education developed the In-In-Out practicum model for the Teacher Training Institutions of the country. Instead, the Amhara Regional Education Bureau utilized the In-Out-In model for its Teacher Training Colleges. This model implies that in their first year training, student teachers are in the college, in their second year training they are in the primary schools for the actual school experience and teaching practice.Lastly, in their third year training the student teachers will be back to the college. However, implementing this program in the primary schools was really challenging for different reasons. Therefore, this study tried to bridge the gaps occurred between the theoretical aspects of practicum, its successes, challenges and the practical applications of the program in the actual schools by showing different alternatives.
Global Administrative Law has recently emerged as one of the most important contemporary fields in public law scholarship. Concerned with developing fuller understandings of patterns in global governance, it represents one of the most insightful ways of viewing the multifarious forms of public power that now exist beyond the State. The present collection brings together some of the leading scholars working in the field of global administrative law to address past and future challenges related to global governance. Each of the contributions picks up on the more general theme of the values that do or should inform global administrative law, and the book in this way provides a novel and thought-provoking commentary on this most engaging area of debate. Values in Global Administrative Law will be of interest to public lawyers, social and political scientists and scholars of international relations. It will also be an invaluable resource for undergraduate and postgraduate courses that touch partly or exclusively on the challenges of global governance.
Public investment in education claims a considerable share of national resources in most developing countries. The relative poverty in developing countries makes the provision of education service a more burdensome exercise in terms of finances, human capital and other resources. Besides the direct cost, there are sizable private and social indirect costs that are incurred whenever investments are made in education. Due to these indirect costs and the presence of fiscal constraints on education expenditures, there is as in other areas of government spending, a need for efficient resource utilization in educational sector. With the limitation on educational resources in Kenya as is in other developing countries, there is need to evaluate resource combinations to ensure that they are best utilized to maximize output. This must be assessed through a careful analysis of educational inputs with the fundamental objective of establishing the major determinants of educational output.
Over the last few years, and as governments struggle to attain EFA goals and the MDGs, demand for education has grown tremendously while supply still grows at snail’s speed. This has resulted to countries focusing more on quantity at the expense of quality. With this worrying trend, Education Planners are at a loss to ensure quality of education and at the same time ensure access to education. This book, therefore, provides an analysis of Cost Function Analysis in public secondary schools in Kenya with a view to establish their carrying capacity and also the relationship between marginal cost and unit cost. The book further, proposes some recommendations to educational actors on strategies to use to ensure schools operate at an optimal level. This will ensure both internal and external efficiency of the education system.
Effective supervision can improve on the quality of teaching and in effect improve the educational standards of schools.With principals being recognized as supervisors,their role is crucial as good supervisory practices of teachers has a positive relationship on the academic performance of schools.This is because the teacher is the main implementer of the curriculum.In this book,the supervisory practices examined are motivation of teachers,communication,staffing and classroom evaluation in an effort to shed light on the extent to which supervision of teachers is being conducted in Kenya and what needs to be improved.This work should help school principals in public secondary schools and other professionals in the education sector improve on their supervisory skills and lay bare training gaps.
The study was conducted for needs assessment of the teachers and students study/working currently in higher secondary of Lahore. For the attainment of the purpose, 304 sample was taken, amongst them, 240 were students and 64 were teachers. In the light of data obtained and findings of the study, certain conclusions were drawn. Following are the areas of conclusions of the study. Socio-Demographic Characteristics, School building facilities & quality of classrooms, Teaching staff and school curriculum, Teaching session & quality of education Student’s Social & Moral Development, Students Cognitive Development, Sports activities & physical development, Counseling Services, Cafeteria, food services & hostel facilities Extra curriculum activities Parents involvement Strengths & Areas of improvement, Course Delivery and Teaching, Training and development, Contract, Terms and Conditions, Class Room Management.
Since its inception, the Internet provided unprecedented opportunities for businesses to leverage their marketing and business potential. The Internet facilitated global representation, travel distribution and marketing of tourism. This study aimed at developing a thesis surrounding the issues that influence the adoption of online travel distribution technology by identifying and evaluating the challenges that face the adoption of E-Tourism in Kenya. It also sought to find out whether there were significant associations between the challenges and Internet preference. The study further investigated the nature of travel distribution systems in use in the travel companies. The Data were collected using a Questionnaire and a structured Interview schedule. Quantitative data were analyzed using: descriptive statistics and inferential statistics, which were calculated using the F-test, Correlation, Principal component analysis and Multinomial logistic modeling techniques. Qualitative data analysis, were done by organizing and analyzing the content according to major themes and objectives of the study.
Measuring employees performance has long been of interest to many organisations the teaching fraternity inclusive. However, the success of an evaluation programme is dependent on the effectiveness of the system under use. This has created the need for empirical research to ascertain the effectiveness of performance evaluation system . Evaluating the performance of teachers based on national examinations is not adequate as there are intervening variables that influence performance. This book provides an analysis of the effectiveness of the performance evaluation system of teachers in secondary schools. It has an indepth assessment of the performance evaluation system, challenges accruing while evaluating teachers, applicability of the performance evaluation system in secondary schools and the effectiveness of the performance evaluation system among secondary school teachers. This book is especially useful to policy makers and stakeholders in the education sector as it sheds light on the effectiveness of the performance evaluation system of teachers in secondary schools. It also sheds light on key weaknesses in the system and makes suggestions on how it can be made more effective.
The beginning of the twenty-first century brought a lot of changes in the educational world. Lave and Wenger do not view learning as an individual cognitive processing but as a process of participation in communities of practice. There are lots of professional development programmes conducted for schools improvement but there are few outcomes due to several reasons. One reason could be that these programmes can not fulfill the requirements of contextual need. The second reason could be that teachers could not translate that learning into practice due to difference in context. Keeping these challenges in mind educationists introduced a school-based approach that is called Community of Practice (COP) being in which school teachers can share their concerns, successes and challenges in their own context and learn from each other. The purpose of this research is to see if COP has been understood in Pakistani schools, what has been the process of COP and how it can be sustained as one of the approaches for school improvement. It highlights some of the factors, which help teachers to improve themselves and some factors, which hinder their work
The purpose of the study was to assess the perception of students & teachers on academic performance in selected Molo Secondary schools in Kenya. Specific objectives of the study were; to determine the relationship between poverty & performance of students in national examinations, the relationship between School facilities & performance of students in national examinations, the relationship between the quality of teachers & performance of students in national examinations, the relationship between indiscipline & performance of students in national examinations & the relationship between Home environment & performance of students in national examinations. Methods of data collection were questionnaires & interviews. The study revealed that school facilities are important for students to perform well in examinations & that unqualified teachers do not teach well leading to poor performance in national examinations. The study revealed that children who are indisciplined perform poorly in national examinations and that parents who encourage their children contribute positively to children’s performance.
The study sought to find out influence of pupils’ cognitive abilities to task performance. Pupils from public and private schools participated in the study. Cognitive tasks administered were; length, continuous substance, mass and volume. Study used survey design by oral interviewing of pupils. Probability sampling technique was used to select 333 pupils from eight public and private primary schools. Sample of 164 pupils was randomly selected, with 50.6 % boys and 49.4% girls. Pupils from private primary schools performed better than those from public primary schools. Boys performed better performance than girls in all cognitive tasks given. Study established that school environment made difference in cognitive task performance of pupils, and this was attributed to improved learning and provision of basic learners’ needs. Study recommended stakeholders in education of children come on board to provide facilities and materials necessary for creation of conducive learning environment in public primary schools in Kenya.
The book deals with investigation of student strikes in secondary schools in Rift Valley Province, Kenya, between 2006 and 2009 by highlighting the perpetrators of strikes as dependent variables while administrative curriculum, drugs, community and student discipline are independent variables. Random sampling techniques as well as descriptive survey using questionnaires and interviews schedule were used to collect data from targeted populations comprising of principals and students from selected schools that were affected by strikes. Reliability and validity of the instruments were established through test and retest using Cronbach’s Alpha to assess the reliability co-efficient that yielded 0.82 and through experts’ judgment involving discussions on education management and policy studies respectively. Descriptive data analysis and multivariate regression bolsters independent variables’ early likening related to dependent variables while factor analysis helped select out of the five dependent variables that most likely influence strikes. The study recommends training of the principals and reviewing curriculum, apart from posting trained counselors to schools to help students.
Through out my education life, I have been keen on how administrators and managers handle the challenges they face while executing their duties in educational institutions. I observed that it is more stressing to lead and administer in private educational institutions because the proprietor/s of these educational organizations have various expectations which the manager may not fulfill in a short run. Most of the challenges faced are intricate and if you rush , you may crash.This prompted me to venture into research concerning managing and leading educational institutions especially in private schools. Private education institutions employ so many personnel in education sector and I believe that if I explore the possible administrative challenges , they may find it easy to adjust and fit in these schools well. I am optimistic that this book will help administrators acquire techniques of managing educational institutions.
For over three decades, much of the research literature examining the involvement of ethnic minority parents in their children’s school and education has promoted a school-centred approach to parent involvement that has contributed to the reproduction, rather than reduction, of inequalities in schooling for ethnic minority children. Jurgen Habermas’ conceptualization of democracy and the theory of communicative action are used to critique efforts to involve ethnic minority parents in their children’s schooling. This book describes how the actions of parents are strategically coordinated by many of the teaching staff through their daily practices and adherence to policies; parents and their concerns are systematically absorbed into the norms and structures of schooling. It also suggests that this might be remedied with outbreaks of democracy. The findings have particular implications for administrators, teachers, and support staff as they illustrate the need for school-based educators to combat dominant school-centred practices of parental involvement and challenge the instrumental rationality underpinning the administrative and economic support of parent involvement.
This research is dedicated to identifying female managers’ career status and provides a profile of female managers in the hospitality industry in China. It investigates the career barriers that hinder female managers’ career progression and determines the factors that are needed to encourage career progression for female managers in the hospitality industry. A quantitative research methodology was utilized; 300 questionnaires were collected from 40 five star hotels in Beijing. Findings showed that female managers’ career status was still not high. Three factors (lack of work-life balance, lack of networking and gender discrimination) are found in the hospitality industry that hindered female managers’ career progression. Communication skills and people consciousness are two other factors suggested by most respondents that have positive impact on their career progression. It is anticipated that the findings of this research may provide some useful suggestions to female managers who want to make career progression in the hospitality industry in China.