Research evidence points out that there is a strong relationship between teaching and learning. The KESSP 2005-2010 document and the Sessional Paper No. 1 of 2005 have cited low quality teacher education as a problem in Kenya. They attribute this to the traditional content-based pedagogical primary teacher education model which presents a fragmented view of learning and is not context-based leading to little or no connection between theory and practice. This study sought to establish whether context-based learning through focus discussion groups on teaching and classroom practice improves pre-service teachers’ teaching effectiveness.The study revealed significant differences between the group trained through the traditional content primary teacher education model and those trained through the context-based model. Based on these findings, a context-based pre-service primary teacher education model was formulated for primary teacher education in Kenya and recommendations made to primary teacher education policy makers, curriculum developers, tutors and pre-service teachers to design and implement context-based learning approaches in training primary school teachers in Kenya.
The declaration on education as a basic human right was articulated in article 26 of the Universal Declaration of the Human Rights (UDHR) by the United Nations in 1948. Through this declaration UDHR proclaimed free and compulsory primary education, which led to the establishment of Education For All (EFA), being a global goal. Being a fundamental right free primary education fights against illiteracy, ignorance and diseases. Kenya has been committed to the pursuit of the EFA goal through the introduction of Universal Primary Education (UPE) and Free Primary Education (FPE) since the 1970s. Kenya introduced FPE in two phases, which is in the year 1974; and in the year 2003. In both phases school fees in all public primary schools was abolished. This has led to increased access to primary education resulting to increase in enrolment to 8.3 million children by 2007.The success of implementing UPE and FPE initiatives was rooted in the total commitment and performance of the teacher. It is the teacher skill, creativity and attitude in the teaching/learning process that dictates the level of learner performance during curriculum implementation.
The Kenyan Government introduced Free Primary Education (FPE) in 2003 in all public schools. This study examined administrative stress, coping strategies and the impact of stress on performance of Kenya public school head teachers as a result of the implementation of FPE.This was a two phase descriptive survey where questionnaires and interviews were used to collect data from primary school head teachers from Samburu District, Kenya.A random sampling was used to select headteachers who participated in phase one of the survey to respond to the questionnaire while a purposive sampling technique was used to select headteachers who participated in interview.Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistic; percentage,frequencies, ANOVA, and narrative. The study showed that primary school head teachers experience moderate level of administrative stress.They are also,aware of some of the strategies they can use while under administrative stress. Also, the study found out that stress affect job performance of the head teachers.
Free Primary Education has posed a number of challenges to the Kenyan government since its inception in 2003. The policy has led to an influx of pupils into public primary schools against a stagnant teacher population. This work investigated the effect of the policy on teacher adequacy,teacher effectiveness and how educational stakeholders are coping up with the situation. Kakamega South District which is found in Kakamega County (Kenya) was the locale considered for the study. This was due to its rural setup that makes teachers desert such schools in favour of those found in urban places. The findings attest to the fact that Free Primary Education Policy impacted on pupil enrolment. There is need for the Kenyan government to hire more trained teachers in public primary schools so as to ensure provision of quality basic education.
This book explains the factors that influence the supply and demand of teachers in Kenya. The author engages with the imbalance of demand and supply of teachers. Through qualitative and quantitative data analysis, she found out that the problem of teacher supply in Kenya is caused by uncoordinated policies at formulation, implementation and evaluation levels. Therefore, she recommends that the government should put in place mechanisms such as recruitment and replacement of teachers to ensure that there is enough supply of teachers in primary schools. She argues that such mechanisms should be informed by consistent and reliable data on teacher turnover. The book is resourceful to education policy makers, teacher trainers, researchers in the field of education planning and management, education officers and all educationists in Kenya and beyond.
The aim of Free Primary Education programme in Kenya is to provide opportunities, especially for the individuals from low economic background. However, this goal is achievable if the funds sourced and disbursed to public primary schools are effectively utilized. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors influencing the utilization of Free Primary Education funds in public primary schools within Nakuru Municipality. The findings show that all head teachers, had undertaken some form of financial training to enable them effectively utilize Free Primary Education funds. However, the level of Free Primary Education funds utilization in public primary schools was inadequate. The main factors affecting the utilization of Free Primary Education funds were: insufficient funding, delay in disbursements, high pupil enrolment levels, high cost of materials, inadequate teaching materials, lack of teacher motivation, inadequate teaching staff, and illiteracy of some committee members. The study recommends that the Government of Kenya, through established structures in the Ministry of Education, should mobilize resources to mitigate administrative factors arising from this study.
Kenya is on track to achieving some of the Millennium Development Goals by 2015. The Government of Kenya has provided Free Primary Education and increased resource allocation to enhance its delivery. The trend in school enrollment has been impressive since 2003, but with various funds management concerns. This book is about a study that examined the factors influencing the management of Free Primary Education funds in Nakuru Municipality, Kenya. The study was carried out in schools within Nakuru Municipality amongst the Head Teachers, School Management Committee and School Instructional Material Selection Committee. The study objectives were: to establish whether the institutional innovations at school levels influence management of Free Primary Education funds; to examine the Knowledge levels of financial managers in the management of Free Primary Education funds, to establish challenges facing Fund Managers in managing Free Primary Education funds, to assess measures that have been put in place to overcome the factors affecting management of Free Primary Education funds in Nakuru Municipality. The study adopted the descriptive survey design.
This focus of book is an evaluation of the constraints to School based Teacher Development Program for primary School teachers in Kenya.It offers vital insight on innovative measures towards the implementation of the Education curriculum.The book will be of use for reference by the Ministry of Education, Kenya and other researchers.
This book proposes a framework for evaluating ICT integration in Teacher Education. The material presented in this book is distilled from a research that was done using primary school teacher training colleges in Kenya as a case study.This research was motivated by the fact that there is a lot of disjointed initiatives aimed at integrating ICT into education in Kenya with little effort directed at evaluating the impact of these initiatives. This has created a gaping rhetoric-reality gap that new research efforts need to bridge.The research presented in this book is a step towards bridging this gap by proposing a framework to guide evaluation of ICT in Education. Though this research used primary teacher education as a case study, its findings can provide insight and a basis for further research in evaluation of ICT integration at other levels of Education. This book can be of use to researchers and practitioners in the field of Technology in Education. Teachers at primary and Secondary school levels will find this book useful as a guide to facets of computer use in a school environment.It is our hope that this work will motivate and excite further research in ICT and Education.
Teacher education is now at the center of educational priorities in Ethiopia. It is stated in the Ethiopian Educational and Training Policy (1994) for the introduction of far reaching changes in the system of education in the county for its qualitative improvement. Hence, one of the three areas of special attention and priority of action that the document has given is Teacher Education (focuses on teacher training and professional development of teachers). Based on this, the main objective of this study was to examine the influence of input and process related factors on the quality of Primary Teacher Education in Private Teacher Education Institutions. The finding of the study shows that primary teacher education faced serious problem of quality in Private Teacher Education Institutions.
This study aimed at investigating factors influencing provision of education for pastoralists’ children in mobile primary schools in Marsabit North District, Kenya. Mobile schools provide a critical alternative link to provision of education services to communities in arid and semi-arid lands in Kenya. Despite efforts to promote pastoral education by the government and educational stakeholders, over 80% of the school going age in nomadic pastoralists’ areas still do not access the Free Primary Education introduced in 2003 by the then government.
This book is about the development of teacher education in Kenya from the precolonial time to the present. The status of teacher education and training is highlighted in the light of current practices through a critical examination of quality parameters such as Curriculum Design and Planning; Curriculum Transaction and Evaluation; Research & innovations, Development and Extension; Infrastructure and Learning Resources; Student Support and Progression and Organization and Management. Challenges facing training of teachers and their professional status have also been dealt with in greater detail. The book has recommended major reforms needed for qualitative improvement of teacher education programs and the professional status of teachers as the key determinants of quality in education based on the premise: "quality begets quality". The book will be of great import to teacher training institutions, teachers, policy planners, and researchers in the field of education.
This is a research work of its kind ever carried out in Nakuru District of Kenya on Decentralization and Service Delivery.The study focused on the impact of delivery of Free Primary Education to all school going children since the implementation of the new system of governance in Kenya. This indispensable publication also queries the effectiveness of service delivery in basic education as claimed by the Kenyan Government. Yet, many children are still not able to access Free Primary Education (FPE) due to many factors the implementers either ignores or are not aware of it. This master piece will bring light to the implementers to see where they have succeeded or gone wrong in order to put things right and help our Kenyan children to make a better future.
Investment in education is often regarded as worthwhile due to its anticipated benefits in achieving equitable development and sustained growth. Kenya initiated the Free Primary Education (FPE) policy in 2003 as a means of realizing the MDGs and EFA goals by 2015. The first cohort to fully benefit from this policy sat for Kenya Certificate of Primary Education (KCPE) in November 2010. KCPE marks are used to determine a candidate’s transition to secondary level. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of the Free Primary Education policy on primary education access, achievement and equity in Kenya. A desktop research was conducted and through it several secondary and primary data sources were consulted, reviewed and analysed. Specifically, the KCPE performance mean scores for 2010, 2009 and 2003 were analysed by gender and geographical location. The results showed that the policy has increased access and improved achievement but not equity. Gender, geographical and type of school disparities were clearly evident. The findings recommend right based programming and quality education in order to realize Education for All.
John Kyaboona's Head teacher status: its influence is an in depth study of an intriguing question to many stakeholders in education as to whether the status of head teacher appointment has an effect on the administrative performance a head teacher exhibits in a primary school. The study particularly focused on the influence of substantive and non-substantive on the administrative performance of primary school headteachers. The study found out that the status of head teacher appointment did not influence administrative performance in motivating staff, establishing and maintaining community relations and completion of pupils in primary schools. The results of the study that are well elaborated in this book will act as a good guide to educational administrators, education policy makers, teacher trainers and trainee, human resource managers and researchers in the area of education. The book emphasizes that the motivation of the human resource is central in attaining organizational goals.