HIV/AIDS leads to a wide spectrum of physical, psychological, social, emotional and economical toll on the sufferer. Discrimination and stigmatization consequent to infection of HIV/AIDS is widespread among families, communities and health-care providers. HIV/AIDS related stigma from health-care workers is a major barrier to effective responses to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The quality of care given by health-care workers to people living with HIV/AIDS is influenced by their knowledge, attitudes and willingness. Despite the emerging role of physical therapists for people living with HIV/AIDS, there is little information on their knowledge, attitudes and willingness to take care people living with HIV/AIDS. This book presents an assessment of knowledge, attitude and willingness to provide care for people living with HIV/AIDS among physical therapists.
This book is an ethnography of information behaviour of people infected with or affected by HIV/AIDS (PI/A HIV/AIDS). It seeks to generate deeper understanding of the real world ‘lived information experiences’ of PI/A HIV/AIDS, with the aim of informing information management practice, strategy and policy to better contribute to the fight against HIV/AIDS. This book brings a new dimension to the fight against HIV/AIDS by suggesting that because HIV/AIDS is a social, cultural and a biological phenomenon, attempts to fight it must take into account the complex social and cultural interactions that can both help and hinder the spread of the disease. Information behaviour is a key component of such interactions, and understanding the way it affects, and is affected by its broader context may be an influential factor in helping the fight against HIV/AIDS. Although Information is a critical resource for PI/A HIV/AIDS, research on their information behaviour is scanty. Hence this work explores HIV/AIDS-related information behaviour from the point of view of PI/A HIV/AIDS in order to unearth the dilemmas, frustrations, emotions, and challenges associated with HIV/AIDS information.
HIV/AIDS: A Critical Discourse Analysis of selected Zimbabwe broadcasting Corporation Television Advertisements that deal with HIV/AIDS issues is a book that examines the communicative strategies used in addressing destigimatisation, protection against HIV/AIDS, prevention of mother to child transmission, HIV/AIDS transmission modes and abstinence from pre-marital sex. It uses CDA as an analysis tool. It establishes that language is persuasively used in the adverts to destigmatise HIV/AIDS, inform the audience about HIV/AIDS transmission and protection. It also encourages behaviour change and instills confidence in those living with HIV/AIDS to live positively. The book will be useful to students of language and advertising discourse.
Women Living with HIV/AIDS are one of the group of people who have been experiencing the psychosocial challenges of HIV/AIDS. Psychologically, women diagnosed for HIV experienced fear, shame, powerlessness, sadness and other distressing emotional reactions. Socially, probably the single most challenge for women with HIV/AIDS is stigma. This Book, therefore, provides the strategies that women living with HIV/AIDS use to cope with the psychosocial challenges of HIV/AIDS in line with detail information about the psychosocial challenges of women living with HIV/AIDS. In view of this, it was found that women living with HIV/AIDS use both engagement and disengagement coping to deal with psychosocial challenges.How the study was conducted? To conduct the study exploratory research design and qualitative research approach were used.
The aim of this research is to assess the level of knowledge on HIV/AIDS and its risk factors, attitude towards HIV/AIDS and AIDS patients and its transmission and to identify high risk behaviors associated with HIV/AIDS among university students in Xinjiang. A cross–sectional survey was conducted among students enrolled Xingjiang University and Xinjiang Medical University. Data was collected using self-administered standardized questionnaire on KAP re HIV/AIDS among 400 students. Mean knowledge scores is significantly different by ethnicity, sex, subject major, and year of study in university. Only 33.3% of the respondents had positive attitude towards HIV/AIDS patient. With regards high risk behavior associated with HIV transmission, 15.8% had at least 1 risk behavior related to unprotected sexual exposure Conclusion: HIV/AIDS health education efforts should be intensified in non-medical universities, among female, first year and Uyghur and other minorities’ students. About two-thirds of the students had negative attitude towards HIV/AIDS and HIV/AIDS patients. Around 15% of these students reported having at least 1 high risk behavior related to unprotected sex
HIV/AIDS is a current global challenge. This book captures the complex HIV/AIDS'' life experiences of various members of the education sector workplaces. The intention was to show how culture and gender influence the HIV/AIDS lived experiences in education workplaces. Focusing on attitudes, knowledge, beliefs and practices of the participants, I identified particular aspects of ‘world views'' and/or perceptions, popular discourses and non-biomedical disease explanatory models that impact on the implementation of HIV/AIDS policies in the education sector. The book demonstrates the insufficiency of official discourse and Western biomedical constructs for understanding and responding to HIV/AIDS, and concludes that the hybrid nature of perspectives explains that no single approach to the AIDS crisis in education institutions will be effective for addressing the epidemic and its challenges. The book will be more fascinating to People who deal with: HIV/AIDS, gender and culture, HIV/AIDS in workplaces, policy makers and implementers, researchers especially those focusing on HIV/AIDS in Africa and those still in denial of the existence and devastating effects of the epidemic
The management of HIV/AIDS stigma among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHAs) is based on the social construction of HIV/AIDS and sexuality; traditional masculine and feminine identities; discourses around sexuality and its relation to HIV/AIDS stigma. Since HIV/AIDS is sexually transmitted disease, its stigma is of two forth. A disease transmitted sexually as a result of violation of sexual norms and values and the AIDS disease itself. Different groups such as men versus women, adults versus children and prostitutes/barmaids versus married women experience stigma. However, the level of stigma varies from one group to another depending on the degree in which sexual norms and values have been violated. Social institutions such as family and region assign conformers and deviants of sexual norms, values and morality. They have power in determining the management of stigma among people living with HIV/AIDS. At individual level, management of HIV/AIDS related stigma is difficult but rather strives to cope with it. The management of stigma will be possible if HIV/AIDS will be dissociated from issues around sexuality
HCPs' Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices HIV and AIDS contribute to nearly one-fifth of disease burden in sub-Saharan Africa. The challenge of HIV and AIDS disease is further compounded by the health care providers' struggle to acquire necessary knowledge and skills to deliver effective HIV and AIDS prevention, care and treatment services. Many countries have therefore initiated human capacity development programs focusing on training of the health care providers to support HIV and AIDS prevention, care and treatment services as part of the effort to scale up HIV and AIDS services. In order to describe their characteristics and to determine the physicians' knowledge, attitudes and practices on HIV and AIDS a group of physicians attending a Training of Trainers (TOT) course in HIV and AIDS held in Nairobi were surveyed. Individual physician data characterizing their knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices was collected using an anonymous group-administered questionnaire. This study indicated that the more the number of years a physician was in health care practices the better his/her knowledge, attitudes and practices in provision of HIV and AIDS treatment and care services.
Vulnerable groups (commercial sex workers, truck drivers, truck helpers, daily laborers, rickshaw pullers and drug users) were studied on HIV/AIDS information at Dhaka city and surrounding areas. Mass media was correlated in this research with knowledge on HIV/AIDS transmission and prevention (r = 0.22, p
The study intended to establish the level of HIV/AIDS knowledge and attitudes among the people with disabilities (PWDs) in North Kamagak location,South Rachuonyo District, Nyanza province (Kenya). The objectives of the study were to establish the level of knowledge of HIV/AIDS infection and preventive measures among PWDs, to find out how social stigma and discrimination towards PWDs hinders their accessibility to HIV/AIDS infection and preventive measures and to determine PWDs’ attitudes towards HIV/AIDS preventive measures. The findings reveal that level of knowledge on HIV/AIDS preventive measures among the PWDs is still low. There is evidence of social stigma and discrimination that makes the PWDs to shy off from HIV/AIDS infection and prevention delivery points thus most are unable to get access to corrective HIV/AIDS information and methods of prevention. Most of the respondents were quite informed that knowing one’s sero-status is a significant step towards the fight against HIV/AIDS, however a significant number of them had not been tested due to social stigma and discrimination in case they tested HIV positive.
Biological structure of female and cultural construct of gender injustice, women and girl-children are much more vulnerable to health risks such as HIV-AIDS, anaemia, PEM, reproductive tract infections etc. Their domestic and economic burdens, lack of decision making capacity, social stigma, altogether hamper easy accessibility to health delivery, both preventive and curative. The blow of dreaded diseases such as HIV-AIDS and social injustice on the fair-sex is very unfair. In-depth study on the gender dimension of HIV-AIDS in one of the most HIV-AIDS affected state of India throws light on the issue ‘Gender and HIV-AIDS’. This concise capsule is a rare ingredient of the synergistic chemistry of personalities of different backgrounds synthesizing specially for social scientists, students, scholars, health professionals and general readers.