Human Trafficking has been a primordial activity which still exists in our community. Trading of human beings for commercial sex, pornography, organ trading, begging, labour, etc. is a worst form of human rights violation. The State of West Bengal, India with both long international and national borders has now emerged as a source and destination of trafficking. Even with the various Government Laws and NGOs' support, the activity is still flourishing. The book also covers all the possible way out for combating the situation in situ.
Although slavery and slave trade were abolished long time ago in the world in which we are living, trafficking in human beings is considered to be the slavery of the modern age. Concerns about human trafficking increased after the dissolution of the Soviet Union that was characterized by destruction of communist regimes, low border controls, weak institutions, high level of corruption, bad economic situation and lack of education that resulted with trafficking of thousands of women into Western Europe for purposes of sexual exploitation. Research focuses on area of Western Balkans that represents transit routes for human trafficking. First part of this research is dedicated to general overview of a phenomenon of trafficking in human beings. Second part takes a look at the situation in the Balkan states in area of human trafficking for sexual exploitation over the last ten years.Finally, third part focuses only on the case studies countries of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia. It gives in depth account on the current situation in the case studies countries in area of human trafficking for sexual exploitation and legislation framework of this crime.
Trafficking in human beings has become one of the most talked about criminal concerns of the 21st century. But there is more. Trafficking has also been declared one of the most pressing human rights issues of our time. As such, it has become a part of the expansion of the human rights phenomenon. In Trafficking in Human Beings and Foucauldian Biopower: A case study in the expansion of the human rights phenomenon, Ukri Soirila examines the reasons for, and consequences of, formulating the anti-trafficking campaign in human rights language. Drawing from Foucauldian theory of biopower and Giorgio Agamben’s concepts of bare life and homo sacer, Soirila argues that the human rights approach is a double-edged sword, but that the human rights language can nevertheless provide unidentified, excluded victims of trafficking the tools to formulate political claims and to challenge the exclusive and depoliticising concept of ‘victim of trafficking’ or to continuously redraw its borders.
Over the last few decades, the practice of human trafficking has enormously increased. In fact, human trafficking has gone beyond all boundaries and is clearly an important public health concern. To match the pace and cover the important health related aspects of human trafficking, this entire book has been written to cover the significant domains of human trafficking. An attempt has been made to systematically review the existing and updated literature available on human trafficking – potential determinants, consequences, and public health measures to counter the same. I hope this book will be a great source of information to program managers, public health professionals, and medical students to update their knowledge pertaining to human trafficking.
Trafficking is a multifaceted problem which calls for comprehensive approaches. Trafficking in human beings is a sensitive and complex issue. No country is immune from it. It is a form of modern-day slavery. The majority of transnational victims were trafficked into commercial sexual exploitation, although forced labor on farms, in restaurants, bars, nursing homes, construction sites or factories, or as household or cleaning help are also prevalent methods of abuse. Trafficking in human beings is a phenomenon which is directly connected to organized crime, poses a threat to international and internal security and violates the basic rights and freedoms of human beings. Trafficking crime normally involves more than one perpetrator and may also involve criminals that ‘broker’ human beings as a commodity, constituting a complementary element of trafficking. Trafficking crime functions only because there is a ready supply of victims at the start of the chain that are willing to consider migration as a means to improve their circumstances in their countries of origin.
In this paper human trafficking is examined from a human rights point of view. The aim of the Study is concerned with examining the extent of human trafficking in women and children for the purpose of exploitation, especially in the south- Asian region.However,the focus is on cross-border trafficking in persons into South Asia from both regional neighbours (like Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan amongst others) as well as from countries further afield like south-east Asian regions to promote to protect.
This book discusses one of the major human rights violations of our time - human trafficking. It provides important research data and tools on such topics as: safe rescue & prevention, causes of human trafficking in the United States, escape from human trafficking, solutions & best practices such as a Human Trafficking Wheel which is in identifying potential victims of abuse & human trafficking, There is H.O.P.E. for Me, Inc. - from survivors to survivors, is an example of an effective model of mentoring and restoration. Statistical data analysis showing predisposition factors and vulnerabilities including: Targeted recruitment areas, age of entry into US sex trafficking, recruitment lures mirroring familial like characteristics used on US children & the exploitation of their needs, the average grooming period, type of help needed while being trafficked, types of prior abuses and other breakdowns of family dynamics, victims recruiting others, etc. This study is in the context of first hand accounts using a historical case study data analysis. The material is useful in teaching and training others in the areas of anti human trafficking and domestic violence.
Human trafficking, forced labour and immigration policies have been increasingly gaining the attention of media, politicians and general public. Economic migration that has contributed to the development of both capitalism and globalisation is taking ever new forms. People worldwide have always been moving in search of better economic opportunities. However, those from poorer regions face closed borders of the developed world and are often forced to use alternative ways of entry through the network of traffickers and smugglers who link the supply and demand for economic migration. Illegal immigrants sustain the demand for cheap labour and their vulnerable and unprotected status in society makes them easy targets of further exploitation in the entrapment of forced labour. The main types of forced and bonded labour are explored. The root causes and facilitating factors of human trafficking are identified, together with the reasons for increasingly restrictive immigration controls, the effectiveness of which is contested.
Human trafficking is not a recent phenomenon. It exists with the existence of society. It has different forms for the trafficked ones to be attracted. The reason might be poverty, famine, unemployment, pollution dynamics, conflict, discrimination, maladministration, expecting better life abroad, etc generally we can classify it as political, social, or economic factors. Currently this is a global problem. In Ethiopia migration and human trafficking are the manifestations of the military regime and the current government. However, the FDRE government tried to guarantee by the 1995 constitution. But, this does not minimize the migration and trafficking of citizens. They are trafficked using different channels, legally and illegally. As a result of this they faced different forms of abuse such as beating, acquisition of steeling, overwork, sexual abuse, refusal to get wage, etc. consequently, they can not consider as a human being and their basic human right is threatened and endangered. Many of the receiving countries are not concerned about the human right violations performed by their citizens. Moreover, the government of Ethiopia has not also taken any action against traffickers.
It is not enough to look at the issue of human trafficking as a mere crime issue or a Thailand border problem. Thailand is a hub for human trafficking and the most significant factors in the fight against trafficking are the government’s policy and a commitment by the relevant authorities to fight this evil. The strategies to defeat trafficking, must be holistic in nature as piecemeal solutions will not suffice nor have any major impact in reducing the flow of victims or defeating the traffickers. This implies that Thailand must treat the issue as a whole rather than respond to individual issues as they arise being merely reactive not proactive will not suffice to defeat the traffickers in their insidious destruction of humanity and exploitation of human lives for personal gain.
This book provides a detailed picture of empirical realities of human trafficking in Punjab in general and Bathinda district in particular. The micro-level analysis, which is contained in the study, is useful for understanding the trafficking in human beings in Bathinda. It explores the socio-economic dimensions of the menace that can be a useful guide for the state administration in its policy making process.
What are the discussions about ''Human Trafficking'' in UK political arena? This documentation features the transcripts of the unabridged speeches held in the UK Parliament from Emma Reynolds- British Labour Party politician and the MP for Wolverhampton North East, Mr Peter Bone- British Conservative Party politician and MP for Wellingborough and Rushden and other members of the UK parliament. This non-partisan documentation offers the reader a direct glance at the parliamentary debate on ''Human Trafficking'' and the discussions of the Parliamentary members in relation to the political agenda.
Human trafficking is a modern problem that afects the whole world. However, it is hard to deal with this problem without dividing it into smaller parts. One of those parts are the mechanisms for victim protection. The centre of this book is left for the Netherlands as a major destination country in the EU, and the EU itself as an organization that bears some of the responsibility and costs of and for victim protection.
Victims of human trafficking may be exploited for prostitution, sweatshop labor, domestic work, and as child soldiers for armed conflicts. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, “after drug dealing, human trafficking is tied with the illegal arms industry as the second largest criminal industry in the world today, and it is the fastest growing, with an annual profit of $32 billion” (U.S Department of Health and Human Services, 2004). This book looks at policies that are in place to prevent, prosecute and protect against human trafficking in ten countries from around the world that have changed to Tier 1 countries according to the U.S. State Department’s annual Trafficking In Persons report.
This reserach focuses on how the United Nations, European Union and the Council of Europe are involved in the fight against human trafficking. It follows their main activities and legal documents at different stages of the anti-trafficking effort. A first stage being: defining and criminalizing human trafficking; followed by police cooperation, victim assistance and prevention efforts. This research shows how international cooperation is needed in the fight against human trafficking and how these bodies play an essential role in this respect. It shows that they have managed to secure some achievements, namely providing an internationally recognized definition of human trafficking, and also a framework for police cooperation and victim assistance. However these achievements are clouded by various drawbacks in the way they have been developed and in the way states make use of them. Also these bodies have not been active enough in preventing human trafficking and this research shows that they need to get more involved because national initiatives alone are less effective.