This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the impact of liberalized coffee sub-sector on the welfare status of the rural household in Kenya, with specific reference to Chuka Division, Meru South District. It examines the impact of liberalised agricultural coffee sub–sector on rural family households. The book more specifically analyzes socio cultural and economic factors affecting welfare status of rural family household, it identifies ways in which the households cope with the impact of the liberalised coffee sub sector. This book is recommended for policy makers and development agencies seeking to promote the quality status of rural household in coffee sub-sector. The book is valuable for students taking a course on Globalization and Development Concepts and Application.
This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the impact of liberalized agricultural markets on the human welfare status of the rural household in Kenya, with specific reference to Koibarak Location, Marakwet District. More specifically it examines impact of liberalized markets on income distributions, food security status, education status and health status. The book also analyzes socio-cultural, economic, demographic and physical environmental barriers affecting welfare status of rural family household. This book is recommended for policy makers and development agencies seeking to promote the quality status of rural household relying entirely on agriculture. Students taking Rural Sociology, Globalization and Development concepts courses will find this book appropriate for their course work.
This book highlights the Socio-Economic implications of redundancy for the welfare of industrial workers in Eldoret town, particularly those who were dismissed between 1997 and 2001. Specifically, the book examines: the Socio-Economic characteristics of redundant workers, documents the Socio-Economic consequences of redundancy on workers, establishes the redundant workers' perception of the adequacy of severance payments and benefits and lastly examines the relevance of redundant workers' skills' and training to their post redundancy occupations. This book is useful to Federation of Kenya Employers (FKE), Central Organization of Trade Unions (COTU), Ministry of Labour officials in policy formulation about job lays of in Kenya. The book is also helpful to students taking a course on Sociology of Work.
The aim of liberalizing the coffee sector was to expand coffee exports through increased domestic production which would boost exports earnings. The opening up of the coffee sector was believed to lead to expansion of coffee exports through increased output, thus, liberalizing the coffee sector was aimed at increasing coffee exports earnings and this work assesses the performance of coffee sector after the implementation of trade liberalization measures. This study is intended to bridge the knowledge gap on the impact of trade liberalization on the performance of coffee exports and facilitate policymakers, as well as, stakeholders in coffee trade to link policy to issues on the ground and address the information gap between policymakers and stakeholders in coffee trade.
Business as a socio-economic activity is aimed at satisfying various parties in terms of meeting their needs. Owners want profits, consumers need quality goods at reasonable prices at the required time and employees require adequate compensation and society demands welfare. However, this socio-economic activity is amenable to several types of risks such as natural (drought, floods, earth quakes, while winds etc) and man made; known and unknown (theft, burglary, fire accidents), expected and unexpected. Irrespective of their nature, risks shatter the hopes of several groups of people and society at large
Agriculture is the backbone of Nepal having its one-third share in GDP and employs two-third population. Nepal is adopting most liberal trade policies among South Asian countries but facing decade long “trade stress” in lieu of that almost one-third population living in two-third of districts are food deficit. This study has been quantifying impacts of trade liberalization by using extended form of multi-market model for rice, wheat, maize and potato markets in 2010. Altogether ten policy scenarios under five broad categories are simulated and respective results are compared with base period. Impact indicators of food self-sufficiency, economic surplus, GDP growth, food trade balance, self-reliance, and government revenue are expected to be far better in partial policy reforms even world price increases,supply shock happens or global food demand increases but net-food consumption and net-welfare improvement are far better under moderate to full trade policy reforms.Study recommends tetra-track policies for reducing food insecurity & trade stress in the WTO regime.I express my sincere gratitude to my valued reader and hopeful to getting your feedback in firstname.lastname@example.org
The research on "Impact of Welfare Schemes on Disabled Youth in Falakata Block" is divided in to six chapters .The first chapter is Introduction. The second chapter - area of study, review literature and methodology. The third chapter will describe collection, analysis and interpretation of data. The fourth chapter will feature, major findings conclusion and suggestions.
The contribution of service sector to the development of both developed and developing economies is increasing from time to time.However,service sector trade reforms are very limited,especially in developing countries,which affects the efficiency of the sector. Accordingly,Ethiopia has requested to access World Trade Organization in 2003 and the membership request is still underway. Thus,this book gives the macro level policy inputs for the countries membership request.The study has employed both qualitative and quantitative methods of analysis.The qualitative analysis is mainly evaluating the compatibility of the country's service sector policy with GATS principles and concludes that it increases welfare in competitive service sub-sectors.While the qualitative analysis is made using CGE Model and shows that the country derives high welfare gain from liberalizing its service sector.The comparison of welfare gained under goods and services trade liberalization shows that the welfare is high in the former case.The book is useful for any reader including researchers working on trade,academicians,and students.
EPA between EU and ACP. Ethiopia is taken as a sample study. Two major economic sectors - agriculture and industry are selected. SAM of 2005/06 data of EDRI is used. Recursive CGE model is used. The paper considers two scenarios on the two sectors -complete and gradual removal of import tariff. Applying both scenarios on industry sector resulted in export of agriculture to reduce while industry with strategic products to increase. Strategic products import for gradual reduction on leather & metal decreases while clothing remains constant; tobacco with textile increases. Industrial with strategic products import increases in complete removal. Agricultural items import also increases. Labour demand for agriculture and industry which includes skilled labour indicates mixed results in both shocks. GDP increases at market price and factor cost in both shocks. Applying the scenarios on agriculture sector resulted in similar values between FTA and baseline scenarios on both sectors. In conclusions gradual reduction of tariff rate reduces negative impact. On strategic products government should consider other alternatives strategy to solve supply problems and promote productivity.
Though Pakistan has been impressively following a liberal trade policy by substantially slashing the general tariff since 1992, yet there have been some commodity groups (food related and fuels and oil)which have been protected with rising trends in the import tariffs. Here the welfare loss of the selective protectionist trade policy and welfare gains of general liberal trade policy incurring on the poorest and ordinary households using data on Household expenditure, prices, and labour wages are measured. The uniqueness, inter alia, of the book is that first time nontraded goods have been included in the trade and welfare analysis of Pakistan. In case of Pakistan, the present book suggests substantial gains for poorest and ordinary households from liberal trade policy and substantial losses to them from selective protection. Keeping in view the nature of the theme, the present book can be a very useful source for MS and PhD research students of international economy, economics and development economics. It can be a wonderful piece of work for the general readers as well who are interested in knowing about global economic and trade mechanisms and dynamics.
This study analyzes the practical implications of financial market liberalization on Saving, Investment, Inflation and Economic Growth in Ethiopia, using time series data covering the period 1974 – 2004. The Johansen Maximum Likelihood Estimation Procedure is used to see the short and long run dynamics of macroeconomic variables and their response to a major policy shift from a closed command economy to a semi-open market economy. The Mckinnon-Shaw hypotheses is tested and used as a bench mark to compare the effect of removal of repressive policies and development of financial markets against the pre-reform pervasive government intervention policies in accelerating economic growth, increasing domestic saving and investment. The shifts in policy regimes are captured by period dummies in the regressions. The results indicate that saving is positively and significantly affected by the real deposit rate of interest and income growth. Domestic investment has a positive long-run equilibrium relationship with output growth whereas the real depreciation of the exchange rate and an increasing level of government debt are found to have a negative effect on private domestic investment.
The book explores the contending perspective on the theory and practice as well as the concepts of liberalization, laissez faire, economic reforms, disinvetsment and their indispensability in the present global economic system. This book also seeks to chart a course to be followed and this shows author's capacity for critical examination and judgement and it makes some useful contribution to the debate on the relevant economic path which should be pursued in order to obtain maturity status both politically and economically. In analysing the Impact of Liberalization and Economic Reforms on Administration, the book highlights the suggestions that "privatization would be meaningful if the public sector undertakigs are fully exposed to competition by withdrawal of all government protection and patronage and making them sink or swim on their own strengths and insulating them from political greed." The book is written in a simple and lucid style without the use of jargons, making it an easy, interesteting and useful book for all those readers who care for time and want to use it fruitfully. Entrepreneurs, administrators, managers and students will find it useful.
Coffee production has over the years declined worldwide which experts has attributed partly to global warming and declined prices on world market. The collapse of the international coffee agreement in the 1990s and the liberalization of most world economies opened up coffee industry to the private sector. As such coffee prices have remained so low discouraging most farmers to increase their production levels and even quality. In Uganda the establishment of Coffee Development Authority in 1992 was warmly welcomed with a hope of reviving the glory the crop had had in the past. Besides this, there are some many other private companies and Non-governmental organizations working in the field of coffee development. They include NUCAFE,Gumutindo, Kyagalanyi and many others. The approach that has been widely used by all these organizations has hinged on encouraging the formation of farmer groups and assisting farmers in groups other than as individuals. This group approach as opposed to the individual approach has led to the formation of many farmer groups all over the country but according to the 2010 UCDA report coffee production level is still below the desired level.
In line with the Malawi Government Decentralization policy adopted in 1998, the Ministry of Gender, Children and Community Development also devolved its core functions in 2005. This research explores the experiences of district officers on decentralization and its impact on child welfare in Ntchisi and Lilongwe districts of Malawi. Using an exploratory design and qualitative research methods, the study explores the phenomena of decentralization from the experiences of district officers who are at the centre of implementation of decentralized core functions of child welfare. In this regard, the study goes in-depth to understand whether decentralization has had positive impact on the implementation of child welfare. The study utilizes the functionalist perspective in which decentralization is seen as a system that should lead to the functioning of the social whole. The study concludes that although core functions of child welfare were decentralized, in practice the districts have not fully experienced it owing to the inter-play of various factors and challenges.
The benefit of trade liberalization is both theoretically and empirically inconclusive though literature emphasizes on the direct as well as indirect impacts. Hence, different empirical studies have been conducted to estimate these benefits even if it is rare to find a tariff pass-through which estimates the direct effects of tariff reductions at the border on domestic prices whereby determine the welfare impact on poor households for countries like Ethiopia. Thus, this study situates itself in this category that it estimates the tariff pass-through for six products by employing a competitive pass-through model to verify whether both the tariff and geographical pass-through are significant enough to affect the welfare of households in Ethiopia. The contribution of the study is therefore thriving to the theory of trade liberalization. The results of the model reveal insignificant coefficients which necessitate further analysis and scrutiny which is made in the discussion and explanation part of the study. The study therefore helps policy makers, researchers, trade economists and government advisors to consider a multiple of factors and undertake detail analysis before trade reforms.