The book presents issues of indigenous rangeland and water resources management practices in Yabello District, Borena Zone of Oromiya National Regional State, Southern Ethiopia. Its main findings state that the indigenous natural resources management practices have been replaced by other introduced and adopted natural resources management systems which have resulted in severe environmental degradation episodes over time in the area.
Global warming and climate change, increasing human and wildlife population, urbanization, unplanned land use changes have led to diminishing water resources in the drylands resulting to resource based conflicts among water-users. Concerted efforts that include enacting and development of various policies, standards, and strategies by different actors are being pursued to avert an increase of such conflicts. The question of how those most affected could help in finding solutions to the problem remain at the heart of this matter. This book , written to policy makers, development workers and academicians, is a result of a study that assessed the impact of changing land use patterns on water resources in the drylands of Kenya and how indigenous knowledge could help in reducing resource based conflicts. The author identifies and proposes, from the drylands’ native communities, replicable indigenous water resource management knowledge and practices that have the potential of reducing resource based conflicts through improved community resource management practices. The author has also outlined ways to embed the identified knowledge and practices into policies and development activities.
Pastoralism is the most dominant land use form in the arid rangelands of Sub-Saharan Africa In Ethiopia, rangelands cover about 61 to 65% of the total area of the country and are home to 12%-15% of the human population, and 26% of the total livestock population. Many of these rangelands and rangeland based lifestyle are degrading owing natural and human-induced factors. This implies that rehabilitation is a matter of priorities and should follow by a detailed assessment of the state of health of the rangelands. In most parts of Ethiopia, the indigenous knowledge of pastoralists is not adequately documented. This work was initiated to document the traditional rangeland resources utilization practices and evaluate rangeland condition.Both the household and vegetation studies confirmed that the current rangeland condition has deteriorated and highly affected by the recurrent drought, overgrazing, and bush encroachment.To sustain the pastoral production system in the district,the current condition of communal rangeland should be reversed through rangeland rehabilitation.This book has documented indigenous which is important for researcher,government & non-government organizations
The enactment of the Water Resources Commission (WRC) Act in Ghana in 1996 in effect abolished the pre-1996 customary regime which allowed the ownership of water to be handled by stools, skins, society, families among others. In place of the customary regime, the state has taken over the ownership, control, and management of water within the territorial boundaries of the Nation through the establishment of the WRC. This research was therefore aimed at: 1. to identify and determine effective Indigenous Forms of Water Resources Management (IFWRM)within six selected communities in five Districts of the Upper East Region of Ghana. 2. suggest ways of incorporating these identified IFWRM''s into formal Water Resources Management (WRM) within the White Volta River Basin (WVB) where all the study communities are located.
Traditional Water management practices in many developing countries particularly in urban areas have been challenging because they are ill-coordinated and ill-managed. Traditional water conservation and management practices in most developing countries still give much focus for the supply side of water management, ignoring the root cause for the poor water resource management performance, that is, lack of a comprehensive water resources management framework (Khatriand Vairavamoorthy, 2007). As a result, water resources are highly polluted and depleted, and environmental and sanitation related problems are widespread. In response to this, nowadays, the issue of water conservation and management is becoming the top priority agenda for International Organizations and public governments. So, this work is really an interesting piece of my original work and very helpful for those policy makers, students who are really interesting in conducting research in water resources conservation and management, water resource managers and urban planner to review and understand an integrated management side of water.
For many decades, sustainable management of rangeland resources have gained less attention due to either their geophysical location or assumed that they are used only as a means of existence for those historically been excluded and marginalized pastoralists. However, this needs empirical investigation of basic biophysical components of rangeland resources (vegetation and soil resources) to understand how they respond to changing characteristics of environmental components across space and time. Rangeland recourses management which is based on understanding of the vulnerability of the components is quite significance to ensure sustainable development of these resources in the pastoralist area.
Indigenous knowledge attached to forest commonly restricts access to these sites. As a result, many sacred sites have survived for hundreds of years and act as important biodiversity reservoirs. The main objective of the study is to investigate and reveal the indigenous knowledge of Kaffecho society in forest management practices and to propose ways for maintaining useful forest knowledge for sustainable development. The major findings of the research indicated that the indigenous knowledge practices of the community have important roles in forest management. Yet, some of the community knowledge has limitations on their effectiveness, functions and implementations. Similarly, scientific forest management practices have both negative and positive effects on the forest in the study area and on the community’s knowledge. This called for a new strategy whereby indigenous knowledge is transformed by creating a synthesis with scientific knowledge and its application to forest management. This approach opened up the possibility for plural knowledge applications and positive outcomes between the community’s indigenous knowledge and the governmental forest management practices.
This book is comprehensive work on Management and Utilization of Water Resources in Maharashtra. Therefore an attempt has been made to study in this book water management planning, Benefits of Good Water Management Planning, Development of a Water Management Plan, International Water Management And Utilization Density of Water in Relation to Temperature. The present book also focuses on water management and utilization in India. This book has shown some important policy implication. This book is useful to researchers and policy makers.
Water Resources Management is a system that has been evolved ever since the beginning of the human history. It is essential to have a well designed and fine structured mechanism of water resources management to bring out perfect management of the precious gift of nature. Perfect management of water resources avoids scarcity and leads to development. Kanyakumari District is one of the pioneers in this regard. The district has got one of the oldest systems of Water Resources Management in the sub-continent. The system adopted in the district is a peculiar one and entirely different from other districts. This is a historical study which investigates the systematic management of available water resources, executional difficulties, praiseworthy merits and hindering challenges of the Water Resources Management in the Kanyakumari District. This book helps the reader understand basic ideas on water resources management, historical background of Kanyakumari District and management of water resources in the district through interaction of innovative interpretations with proper analysis. This is a comprehensive reference book for students and interested readers.
Indigenous Knowledge can be considered as cultural knowledge in its broadest sense, including all of the social, political, economic and spiritual aspects of the local way of life. Such knowledge is embedded in a dynamic system in which spirituality, kinship, local politics and other factors are tied together and influences one another. The members’ of the indigenous people of Darimu District are managing forest resources in their entire social life cycle (from birth to death), for the sake of livelihood, cultural, economic and religious purposes using customary rules that emanated within their culture. The Scientific practices generally excludes the Humanistic perspective, whereas, Indigenous understanding assumes, a holistic View including language, culture, practices, spirituality, mythology, customs and even the social organization of the local communities.
Water has been viewed as the most valuable of Zimbabwe''s natural resources. The development of Zimbabwe and its capacity to support an increasing population are strictly limited by water availability and the extent to which water can be exploited and controlled. Using a case study of Chishawasha Settlement Area, this book examines access, use and management of water resources in Zimbabwe within the context of Church Administration. The study further explores strategies used to gain access and levels at which conflict arises in accessing and utilizing water resources. Management of water resources is also investigated with the role played by women and the Church being central. A comparative analysis of the “quasi-private” and communal tenure system highlights that the concept of tenure in Chishawasha is problematic and influences access and management of water, also leading to conflicts. Also of importance is allocation and development of water resources. Women are at the center of Water Resources Management as they dominate structures relating to water management and are also key to the collection of water.
Butana is a flat clay plain in North Eastern Sudan, considered as one among the best grazing areas in the country but is one of the poorest area. The area is rich with natural resources, but lacks permanent sources of water. Sometimes the area suffers severe shortage of water that reflects on rangeland condition. This study aimed to maximize benefits from rainwater through application of micro and macro water harvesting techniques using remote sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS). A general model for water management, which uses the output results of remote sensing data, ground survey and water harvesting experiment findings in the central Butana rangeland, is designed to simulate the potential of biomass production in this rangeland. The model linked the final results of remote sensing and GIS, which include rainfall map, PVI, biomass map, rain use efficiency map and drainage map, together with the results of field measurements of water harvesting experiment and ground survey.
Bangladesh has large quantity of water resources. The surface water resources comprise water available from flowing rivers and static water bodies as ponds, beels, haors etc. Different project have already working on Water Resources Management and Planning. KJDRP project is one of the largest project of south-west region (Khulna-Jessore) of Bangladesh. This project shows how to proper manage the water resources with increasing water demand. The aim of this paper is to know about water resources, its sources, uses, importance and assess the WRM condition of KJDRP on Jessore Sadar upazila. This paper explains about water sources as river, khal, beel, haor, baor, pond, wetlands, reservoir etc. Water uses in agricultural, domestic, fisheries, livestock etc sectors. Water demand for irrigation, agriculture, hydropower, household and environmental uses is rapidly increasing. This paper highlights about geographical, socio-economical and environmental aspects. The water resources are proper managed to agricultural and fisheries sectors. Water Resources Management is a critical issue due to growing water uses and to promote sustainable development by proper water management in Bangladesh.
Integrated Water Resources Management has gained popularity at the global discourse on water and is mentioned in the policy documents, however, has not made much progress in the Indian context. The current study is an attempt to examine the status of water resources management in the context of IWRM in Tungabhadra sub basin, a transboundary river located in Southern India. The concept of IWRM in Tungabhadra is relatively new and water management and hence governed separately as administrative units by two states with separate institutional arrangements, policies and practices with less interaction between them. This book attempts to capture the challenging issues – competing water demands, pollution, environmental flows and governance in the Tungabhadra sub basin. This book will be useful to researchers, policy makers and all others working in the area of water resources management as an exclusive attempt is made to put all the data and information together at a basin level, providing insights into the data availability and gaps. It will provide researchers to further work on re-searchable issues in the basin as an extension of the information procured.
In Ghana, discourses in the drive for an appropriate, effective and more sustainable natural resource management remains a challenge to both research and policy. Existing policies and debates have ignore or undervalue the vital and intricate relationship between community people and their natural environment which shape and define the traditional cosmology of indigenous people and influence their worlviews and the way natural resources are managed. Although some attempts have been made to integrate both formal and informal management sytems and practices, they fail to properly incorporate the worldviews and spirituality of local cultures in their approach. Using multiple case studies of indigenous cultures of the Upper West Region this book assesses and discusses the intricate relationships in indigenous cultures and the opportunities that these relationship offer in the search for sustainable natural resource management alternatives using a biocultural lens. It would be of enormous value to students and professionals both in and outside the academia as long as the search for sustainable natural resource management option in new globalising system.