The term 'special educational needs' (SEN) has a legal definition, referring to children who have learning difficulties or disabilities that make it harder for them to learn or access education than most children of the same age. Many children will have SEN of some kind at some time during their education. Help will usually be provided in their ordinary, mainstream early education setting or school, sometimes with the help of outside specialists. It is envisaged that this book will be useful to education students as it identifies different types of disabilities and highlights strategies to be used in accommodating pupils with such disabilities in ordinary classrooms. It is divided into two units. Unit One dwells on basic terms and concepts and historical developments in special education, while Unit Two presents types of disabilities, their causes, and educational implications of children with such disabilities. The textbook ends with Unit Three which is basically on the mainstreaming of students with special needs in the ordinary classrooms situations.
Unlike the ancient, the medieval and the twentieth Century nowadays there is a encouraging improvement in treatment and accessing children with special needs to eduction. However, still different evidences show that the assignment of full understanding and accessing eduction to children with special needs including children with disabilities by the wider society of every country remains lagging behind according to measures for example "Education for All by 2015". Indeed, therefor, to make the future better, a concerted effort by scholars and stakeholders should be put in place to realize a full understanding of the wider community to wards positive attitude and access to various services to children, adolescents and adults with special needs and with disabilities. Hence, this book is intended meet this objective and to to benefit teachers,principals caregivers, parents, adolescents, and adults with special needs and with disabilities.
This book is comprehensive presentation of NGOs, Education and Special Need Children. Whole world is suffering from the problems related to education especially problem of quality education of deprived children. India and other developing countries are suffering from it. Author has tried to present real scenario of education, working procedure and technique of non-governmental organization which are working for education of special need children. The present book has been divided into six units. The first unit is brief introduction of education, quality education, NGOs, special need children and their education needs. The second chapter deals about review of related literature. The third chapter is related to methodology of study. Then, the fourth chapter has been devoted to those NGOs which are working in the area of education in Varanasi. The fifth chapter is discussing about result of the study and finally six chapter analyses the finding and conclusion of study.
This book is also intended for professionals who have not studied English for specific purposes and wish to enrich their knowledge within the context of their specialism. The specialist content is drawn and adapted from a wide variety of up- to- date sources. The content is graded both to match the usual sequence of presentation in the specialism and to provide an introduction to special education to target learners. The purpose of this ESP course is to increase and develop, in a short period of time, the linguistic potentialities and communicative competencies of tertiary level special education students who need the language to acquire knowledge in their own specialties. Therefore, the course aims to develop students' language skills in the context of special education terminology with emphasis on reading, speaking, writing, grammar, vocabulary and translation.This book is an attempt to emphasize and integrate the Basic English language skills for special purposes. It consists of ten chapters and a glossary of special education terms. Each chapter consists of six sections: reading passage, word study, grammar presentation, communication skills, writing, and translation.
According to UNESCO (1994) the child with special educational needs is entitled to regular access, full education and curriculum adaptation. In Ireland, since the introduction of the Education Act (1998) and the EPSEN Act (2004) there has been a significant shift in government policy towards the creation of inclusive learning environments for a diverse society. This book addresses the significant challenges for both art teacher and art student with special educational needs in mainstream post-primary education. The approach to the research taken was qualitative in nature with certain aspects of quantitative study. From the analysis, three key recurring topics emerged which allowed the author to discuss the findings in thematic form. Visual art education and inclusive practice in mainstream post primary schools; sufficient access to art education for all: and the identity of the disabled student in relation to the curriculum. This book should be especially useful to teachers and student teachers of art craft and design. It should also be helpful to special educational needs assistants and to parents of children with disabilities.
Education is a powerful instrument of socio-economic and political change. Hence, it is necessary to improve quality of education at different levels of its field. Teachers need to be qualified in teaching methodology. Improvement of quality of teaching is essential for futuristic development. Education is a process of bringing desirable change in the behavior of human beings. It can also be defined as a process of imparting or acquiring knowledge and habits through instruction or study. Knowledge is an appreciation of the possession of interconnected details, which in isolation, are of less value. Progress and advancement of the countries of the world are always related with the kind of education they offer to their people. Modern age is the age of science and technology. Education gives people expertise and skills for different fields to keep them abreast with the changing realities of life.
Principal leadership in special education is a critical piece in student and staff development. School principals are called to lead special education students and teachers on a daily basis. Feeling unprepared to serve in this capacity, many principals are at a loss as to how to work with their students and staff in this area. Taking a historical look at special education law, and the evolving need for principal involvement in special education, this study looks at past and present leadership theories. The author defines and honors the advocate principal for special education and identifies five core themes for successful principal leadership in the area of special education for the 21st century.
The focus of this qualitative study is to explore the opportunities and challenges of special needs education at Adama town. The cornerstone of students with disabilities is the availability of special needs. To identify the major opportunities and challenges of special needs education at Adama town the study used the following research questions: What are the opportunities of the special needs education in the educational system? What are the major challenges of special needs education? What are the roles of parents, teachers, and educational leaders in the special needs education processes? For any child with disability, special education involves inter- and intra-personal changes that affect future well-being. Unfortunately, the majority of children with disabilities are less likely to be fully accessed to special needs education. To date, very little research about the opportunities and challenges of special needs education in the study area exists. This research report will add to the body of knowledge about the opportunities and challenges of special education and corresponding roles of parents, teachers and educational officers.
In 2010, Dr. Benayon has developed a unique series of special education courses delivered to Ultra Orthodox Rabbis. The courses introduced the Rabbis to background knowledge and applied skills that would enable them to deal with special education and behavior problems of students attending schools serving the Ultra Orthodox Jewish community. The rationale for development and administration of the courses to the Rabbis was to introduce them to relevant skills based on current, evidence based research on instruction of children with diverse learning needs. This was a monumental opportunity for all parties involved to gain insight into a unique community that until the present day rarely engages in endeavors that involved a major secular university anywhere in the world. This book documents the process, personal interviews with select Rabbis and the effect the courses had on them and most importantly their students.
Special Education is important for special persons who are partially or total handicapped with disabilities such as blindness, deafness .Education may be important at individual level, group level or in a class room. off-course special education methods are designed to cater the need of different types of special persons. This research work concerned entire problems with special education very common in all over the world especially in developing countries. This facts compelled the author as a IT and Computer Scientist to do some plausible efforts to overcome some of the problems of special persons such as lack of homogeneous system of education in which special persons may have the same environment of learning as a common/normal student. This research work propose Homogeneous Educational System by the use of Artificial Techniques and information technology. This includes, voice-to- text ,text-to-symbols and Text-to-Speech conversion along with ANN and HMM. The research work is beneficial for the instructor or guardian of special persons also for special persons and other researcher who are interested to work with IT and special education collaboration system.
Inclusive education is advocated since the universal declaration of Human Rights in 1948. Inclusive education is based on the belief that every child has the fundamental right to education and must be given the opportunity to achieve and maintain an acceptable level of learning. It is obvious that the primary responsibility for the education of students with disabilities in the inclusive settings rests on the shoulder of regular classroom teachers. As a result, a positive attitude of regular classroom teachers towards inclusion, and teacher self- efficacy belief contributes for effective implementation of inclusive program. This book therefore, provides information about the contribution of special needs education training to teachers'' attitude and self efficacy belief in teaching in the inclusive settings. This book Provide educational policy makers with empirical data on which to base special education decision as well as could possibly contribute as a feedback for college and university course work needed to help secondary teachers promote success in the inclusion setting.
If you support persons with special needs and disabilities in this world get this book to enlighten you to become a champion in that discipline. Rise up to build a better world where people with special needs can live meaningful life. The study sample (N=100), comprised: parents, teachers and education managers. A survey method, involving various instruments, such as: questionnaires, interview and observation guides, as well as analysis of documents were used to collect data. The major findings reveal that little was still done on the implementation of education for children with mental retardation in Uganda. Most education managers were still rigid. Inadequate resources still existed. It is hereby recommended that government should provide adequate and timely resources, if the implementation of the goal is to succeed in Uganda. Despite fact that the study was conducted in 1999, the problems identified at that time, still persist till the time of going to press in 2011. The findings contained in the book, therefore, are still very much up to date and helpful to guide education policy makers and implementers in the implementation of education for children with mental retardation.
This book is a contribution to development of a skilled cadre of educational managers and administrators in Tanzania and Elsewhere. Thus, heads of schools, colleges and other educational agencies, inspectors of education may find this book useful as it can enhance their leadership ability. It can also serve as an introduction to educational management and school administration to students of education in universities and teacher training colleges.
The birth of any child has a major effect on the dynamics of the family. Some social welfare agencies opened schools for deaf, dumb and blind that was capable of receiving education in a school system. Such schools still exist in large cities, one in Karachi while other two are located in Lahore-Pakistan. The need of students of special school is the most central aspect of special education. It not only help teachers to plan, devise and implement modified curriculum but also guide them to create congenial classroom environment, set individual educational plans, arrange suitable educational resources, adopt effective teaching strategies, and select appropriate evaluation methods to improve the learning out comes of special children. A gradual realization has emerged that the education of a disable child is as important as the education of an able bodied main stream child. The special school system evolved in Pakistan as early as first decade of twentieth century; however the schools are not in sufficient numbers to cater all the special children. The role of non-government organizations (NGOs) is very significant in the development of special education in Pakistan.
This study proposes a website dedicated to parents, educators, professionals, and anyone else interested in being informed on special education, in an effort to raise awareness of the special education field in Lebanon and the Arab world .This study presents various research related to online support groups. It also emphasizes the importance of support to parents of children with special needs, along with the role of special education teachers. Finally , an overview of the status of Internet use and special education in the Arab world is presented This website is unique in its format and content; it offers the database of various Arab professional in the special education field and a great deal of information about different Arab professionals who work in this field. It also includes a free online professional advice offered by specialists in the special education field and support groups for parents, teachers, children with special needs and all interested visitors.