This Book demonstrates and examines the similarities of two Turkish heroines in Lord Byron’s poetry, Leila in “The Giaour,” and, Leila in Don Juan, and asserts that both Leilas are portrayed as passive characters, with no role and no effect on the hero's life. Both heroines are being silenced. Their voice is nowhere to be found in Byron’s poetry. Both heroines experience different types of death, one physical as punishment for infidelity, and the other is cultural, erasing her Islamic identity and adopting a western perspective through Western education. The analysis support critics’ views of Byron’s relationship with the East, that Lord Byron is an “Orientalist” whose portrayal of both Leilas reflects a superior attitude toward the Turks, and reflects an unsympathetic view toward Islam through the repetition of the negative stereotypical images of the Turkish women that existed in his time. While silencing both heroines, Byron plays the role of the benevolent colonist and the western liberator.
In this gripping study, award-winning historian Michael Burleigh lays bare the workings of the terrorist mind and explores the nature of terrorism, from its origins in the West to today's global threat of jihadist violence. This searing analysis focuses on the distorted morality that drives terrorists to organise and operate, revealing who they are and the wider support encouraging them. Compelling and assured, "Blood and Rage: A Cultural History of Terrorism" sheds an unflinching light on this globalised threat, and has been fully updated to include the recent Mumbai terror attacks and continued military clash in Gaza.
In this extraordinary book, now available in paperback, Fatima Mernissi looks back through fifteen centuries of Islam and uncovers a hidden history of women who have held the reins of state power, but whose lives and stories, achievements and failures, ha
The Arab and Islam Neither Bin Laden nor El Zawahiri,nor Al Qaeda in Afghanitan,in Maghreb , Libya , Sinai , Syria , Boko Haram of Nigeria, or Al Shabab of Somalia is Islam because Islam did not tell us to kill people. All these movements are terrorists. Moreover,most of the Arabs and Muslims condemn the attack of 9-11 in 2001. Besides,Obama in Cairo University said Quran said if you kill one person that means you kill all people.Most western people have a phobia from the Arab and Islam, that is not fair because you need to read about Islam and the Arabs.And don't give your head to the main stream media.Long ago, Mecca was flourished in commerce from all over of the world and is still like New York under the leadership of King Abdallah,the king of the Arabs, who helps all the Muslims around the world especially Egypt.Both the Sunni and the Shiite are compromising now because they are a power to Islam.Khominei;the Guide of Iran supports Islam . The Arab came from Ishmail brother of Isaac;sons of Ibraheem,father of the prophets. Ishmail's mother Hagar came from Egypt.She was a princess given to Ibraheem from the ruler of Egypt when Ibraheem had a starvation in his region Or, in Iraq.
Generally Islamic States are allegedly in more conflict with secular norms of human rights which are introduced by western countries.Two chief Islamic countries (Iran/Saudi)are playing more roles to defense their apparently religious values in challenge with modern human rights norms. By discussing the jurisprudential differences between two countries,their attitudes to new concept of Islamic human rights are presented.They both assert that their legal system is based upon Islamic religion.Nonetheless the resemblance of the two legal frameworks may vary from each other, counted too far apart for putting them in one category.Since Saudi Arabia has not acceded to the Bill of international human rights yet, and on the other side CEDAW and CAT are not ratified by Iranian government. Instead of being members to the universal instruments both have ratified the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam. It seems that cultural and political interests play major role more than the true religion. The book,has philosophically tried to illustrate the characters of religious sects of these two aimed societies.It will benefit students,teachers of law(in particular comparative law).
The role of woman is one of the most important controversial issues in the present socio-economic circumstances of the world. The role or status of women in all of the major faiths has become an important issue for today’s society. For many, religion is an important aspect of their lives and plays a leading part in their thought processes, decisions and way of life. This applies to men and women equally in the same way. Increasingly, women are enquiring about their position, role and importance in their respective faiths. Many want to look back to the original doctrine and see what has been said about them. The present research deals with the rights granted to woman by Islam and Sikhism. I would like to emphasize that I concerned myself only with Doctrine. That is, my concern is the position of women in Islam and Sikhism as it appears in their original sources not as practiced by their millions of followers in the world today. Therefore, most of the evidence cited comes from the Quran, the sayings of Prophet Muhammad, the Guru Granth Sahib, and the sayings of the most influential Gurus whose views have contributed immeasurably to defining and shaping Sikhism.
This book includes information on biographies of prominent Muslim figures in politics, education, culture, religion, and social life. It documents Muslim their educational institutions - both secular and religious, and offers clues to the vast literature on Hindu-Muslim relations and the role played by the Jamiat-e-Ulama-e-Hind, the Muslim League, the Khudai Khidmatgars, and other political parties. The selection of documents is to facilitate the accessibility of source materials to research scholars. For this reason, this compilation has certain unique features, including copious feature headings and annotations. The annotations are brief and of an indicative type to aid the scholar to judge the suitability of the document. English and Urdu documents have been included in the bibliography.
No god but God: The Origins and Evolution of Islam
Islam in Performance brings together six contemporary plays from Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan that highlight the political performance of Islam in South Asia, especially since the 1947 partition of the subcontinent. The plays invite comparison with one another, engaging with the issue from perspectives of the three countries concerned: Hindutva politics in India othering the Muslim population for electoral gains, radical Islamization of Pakistan paralyzing political governance and encouraging jihadi violence, and the ever-increasing Islamist threat to Bangladesh’s founding secular ethos. Finally, this anthology focuses on the suffering such exclusionary politics of religious nationalism has piled upon minorities across the region. Widely performed but largely unpublished, the plays with their geographic and stylistic range provide a good spectrum of some of the best writing in contemporary South Asian drama. The editor’s scholarly introduction offers a framework for studying the plays as both texts and performance pieces.
This book consists of two dozen articles devoted to Islam, history, economy, culture and current political events in the Middle East, written by a Russian Orientalist. The life of the Prophet Muhammad, the Koran, Russian Orientalism, inter-church relations, tribalism in Yemen, the Inter-Sudanese conflict, terrorism, radical Islamism, Globalization, and other topics are described there. The book is intended for those who are interested in the Middle East and the Muslim World.
Terrorism, spiraling violence and conflicts have dominated the world media in a more persuasive way that could mere inconceivable before the events of 9/11. Pakistan is the country that has been most affected by the fallout of the September 11, 2001 incident. The international “War on Terror” has caused more suffering, cruel deaths and sanguine destruction to the people of Pakistan than any other country in the world. The menace of terrorism has had a debilitating impact on the body polity and the social fabric. Instability has been on the rise, and more militant groups are targeting the state. Democratic and liberal tendencies have not been able to blossom in the society owing to long spells of military dictatorial rule. Due to an absence of popular support for military regimes and the presence of illegal media, the state writ has remained merely as a veneer in the form of military control.
Walt Whitman (1819–892) and Kazi Nazrul Islam (1899–1976) are two of the national poets of America and Bangladesh respectively. Whitman is the poetic embodiment of the frontier spirit and the passionate search for a viable identity that the American War of Independence generated; so is Nazrul Islam of the resurgent youth of his time trying to wrest freedom from the British. Like Whitman, Nazrul Islam is primarily the poet of man, not of any sect, nor of any narrow ideological or economic system. Both are votaries of Democracy, a system that allows equality of opportunity to every man whatever his color or creed or economic status. They wanted to eradicate all the bondages and wanted to establish new society by removing all obstacles. Both of the poets entered into the world of literature with revolutionary spirit. They raised their voices against traditional rules. The sound and rhythm of revolution is found in Whitman’s “Song of Myself” and Nazrul’s “Bidrohi” (“The Rebel”). This book is a fresh attempt of an exposition of poetic commonness of the two poets in the light of a comparative study.
Risks of nuclear terrorism and blackmailing have increased significantly in recent years mainly because of three factors: the growth and spread of nuclear weapons, the expansion of civilian nuclear programs and the increase in extremist religious and political groups waging campaigns of terror. The growing danger encompasses much of the world. Lax or inadequate security over nuclear materials and weapons in one country could be exploited to trigger atomic blackmail and terrorism elsewhere. Inadequate security at nuclear facilities also could provide extremists waging a campaign of terror within a nation, an opportunity to create a situation of national terror by seizing or sabotaging a civilian nuclear power plant or a research reactor or a laboratory. These threats are alarming and should be calculated as credible sources of emerging trends in terrorism. The general field of interest within which this study is located is nuclear terrorism with a particular focus on possible scenarios such as the theft of fissile material, dirty bombs etc. The main geographical area to be focused on is Pakistan although the study will also refer to terrorist organizations pursuing WMDs.
The comparatively historical analysis of rapidly expanding growth of Islam into Nandi Districts, away from the Islamized Kenya coastal region, against the background of the indigenous Nandi belief system and Christianity, formed the premise of this research book. The interactions of these religions have been examined in terms of mutual influences and contradictions, which impacted Islamization in Nandi society, using theoretical frameworks drawn from functionalist, diffusianist and modernization theories. The research findings contribute greatly to the corpus of knowledge in comparative religion, theology and history of the Nandi.
There is a moderate positive correlation between media agenda and public agenda on overall ten main national issues—'terrorism', 'energy crisis', 'economic crisis', 'corruption', 'Indo-Pak relations', 'US-Drone attacks', 'Pak-Taliban talks', 'education', 'unemployment' and 'health' during the phase of Parliamentary General Elections 2013 in Pakistan. On the other hand, it is found a significant strong positive correlation only on four out of ten national issues-'terrorism', 'energy crisis', 'US-drone attacks', and 'economic crisis' within media agenda and public agenda. Among all national issues-'terrorism' is considered significantly correlated in media agenda and public agenda. To explore the media agenda on national issues, the coverage of national press about the most important ten issues is examined through content analysis at the front and back pages of three leading national popular Urdu dailies of Pakistan; Jang, Nawa-i-Waqt and Express whereas public perception is evaluated through opinion surveys from 300 respondents.