As a land between empires, Arabia was multi-faceted, intriguing and challenging to dominate. Winged by the Persians in the East and Greeks, later Romans in the West, trust and loyalty were often swayed by political interests and religious adherence for the population of pre-Islamic Arabia. In this study of a centuries old relation between Rome and Arabia, the author takes us through colorful personalities of vassals such as King Arethas of Nabataea and Odenathus of Palmyra, later succeeded by his ambitious and rebellious widow, the enigmatic Zenobia; to Arabs who adorned the imperial robe like Elagabalus, Philippus Arabicus and Septimus Severus. Vassals and kings, emperors and generals played inportant role in the construction of the Fertile Crescent before the advent of Islam from Hejaz, and the eventual dominance of Islam in these lands. They also brought with them to Rome exotic deities with misunderstood rites which later became part and parcel of the mainstream Roman faith. These issues are explored in a work that celebrates the epilogue of Europe's ever enduring fascination of the East.
There is an increasing number of laws in different branches of public international law which are directly or indirectly relevant to confronting terrorism. There is also a proliferating body of 'soft law' addressing terrorism, stemming particularly from UN organs, specialised international bodies and regional organisations. International anti-terrorism measures existed long before 11 September 2001 and have increased markedly since. Legal efforts aimed at curbing terrorism stem from a wide variety of sources, over a substantial period of time, and it is timely to draw the key documents together into a single reference work. Bringing the documents together preserves them for future reference and also enables scholars, practitioners and students to more easily and quickly compare and contrast various documents. The book is comprehensive in coverage (thematically, organisationally, geographically and temporally) and open to a balance of sources (hard and soft), but is nonetheless judicious in its selection and prioritisation of the most significant and representative documents, in a field where there are a great many repetitive and insubstantial documents to sift through. Further, the book looks beyond the traditional bias towards European, British and American sources, to also include a selection of materials from Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Middle East.
Book ahead for the first time in the international arena in English of Islam and Iran's rights to divorce, according to a review of historical and modern.This book is the result of months of hard work and efforts of young researchers through its efforts has authored numerous.Fatima from Iran is proud that this work is dedicated to the Muslim world and all family rights.Work with the family in care of the beautiful religion of Islam and the rights of women is clearly seen.
In the Name of Allah To understand the Allah, we must know the Lahoot, Special Relativity, General Relativity,Physics, and Astronomy , the Angels and the most important thing that there is no infinite. But Allah , and there is no Ilah-God- But Allah, Allahh cannot be expressed, Allah cannot be seen by eye, Allah can be seen by the Heart of the believer. And you must know that there are difference betweeb the Islam and the Science, and we can obtain numbers from Kor"an, Prophet Mohammad - peace on him and his family: Ali, Fatima, The Hasan and the Husian- Imam Ali words in this world, in physics, Lahoot, Astronomy, the world of angels, the world of planets orbits. The Islam is the religion of science. We must know Allah.
Pakistan and United States are time-tested disenchanted tactical partners with divergent priorities and overlapping strategic interests, which could bring both onboard for tactical consideration but not strategic transformation. History is the best to devise the outlook of this nearly mutually-agreed divorced relationship which ever been of ‘marriage of conveniences’ as 1950’s, 1960’s, 1980’s, and now evident to file divorce again. Peace and stability in Pakistan is directly proportional to stability and peace in Afghanistan. Security perceptions and strategic interests of Pakistan are the biggest hindrance in transformation of its policies and foreign relations. Bolstering Indian military might and economic boom is a reason of paranoid Pakistani security-state like policies.
When I chose the topic for my LLM thesis I surmised terrorist attacks, the world's greatest challenge in the contemporary security scene, is a notion of hardly clear-cut nature. I shall confess that a hero for one can often be an aggressor for another and distributing these labels can be an extremely tough exercise. Yet, this is not the aim of the book to assess the level of politicization of judgements; rather it will focus on legal and procedural aspects justifying elevation of terrorism onto international level of justice. Whatever validations are behind, an offence shall not go unpunished allowing those responsible to walk away fearlessly. My belief is that the International Criminal Court is an appropriate forum for adjudication of the crime and a relevant article shall be incorporated into the Rome Statute. This path is challenging and probably, due to its sensitive nature will not be followed instantly and widely. Nevertheless, I am hopeful about positive progress in near future and call upon enthusiasm of my readers.
Focussing on the life and work of Abraham Maimonides (1186-1237), son of Moses Maimonides, the book considers the interaction between Judaism and Islam in thirteenth-century Egypt.
This book contains the meaning of the Lahoot, the special theory of Relativity-Alberts Einstein Relativity-Equations Derivation, a simple derivation of the relation E=MC^2, the special theory equations, the fourth dimension which is: The time, the general theory of Relativity equations, another eight dimensions, the creation from nothing theory, the derivation of the walk year, the throne of Allah-the meaning of the skies and the earth- An achieved research to find the number of the stars in the milkyway galaxy, finding the distance between the East and the West, the special Relativity and the existance ; which contains: The semiperson model, its equation solution and finding of the speed of the angels and the spirit, finding the speed of things near Allah, Allah see from the point of view of the special theory of relativity (of Einstein)-The proof of the existing of the roads of the sky, the Il Imamalmahdi and the transformation of the sunny years to Lunar and reverse, the achieved research: There are no quantum mechanics, finding the of magnitude of the parsec, finding the speed of the door of the Janna-The-Paradise-Around The Earth, the worlds, Albert Einstein, and science
The work discusses the authenticity of local Islamic cultures and the practice of local Islamic cultures in Malabar. Historians had emphasized that the advent of Islam in Malabar was in its early years. The nine century long Arab interference from sixth century to the fifteenth century caused to the cultural exchange between Malabar and Arabia. When Islam spread in to the rural areas of Malabar many low caste and middle class Hindus converted to Islam and as a result many Hindu customs mixed with the Islamic culture. The local culture of Malabar had influenced Islamic culture to an extent. Thus there formed a local Islamic culture in Malabar which is different from the other Islamic cultures. This special Islamic culture will be received because the local customs had much consideration in Islam if it was not opposing the primary Islamic references.
Christians are the most persecuted identifiable group on earth. This is not the opinion of some but the informed view of most--including the United Nations. What is seldom admitted, however, is that the vast majority of the nations that carry out the oppression, intolerance, violence, rape, and murder are Islamic. While Christians suffer in North Korea and parts of India, it is in Pakistan, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Egypt, Turkey, and even Indonesia and Malaysia where the situation is dark and becoming worse. The statistics and stories are truly terrifying in proportion and degree and as Islam expands and becomes increasingly aggressive, fundamentalist, and confident, Christian minorities live in fear and face a bleak future. Hatred outlines the history of the relationship between Islam and Christianity, explains what Islam actually teaches about the Christian faith, and gives numerous examples of the experience of Christians throughout the Islamic world. It explains not only what happens, but why it happens, and deliberately challenges the comforting but false idea that all of this is somehow an aberration and contrary to Islamic thought.
Таджикистан – удивительная страна. Это государство, как может некоторые знают расположено в Центральной Азии, в области Памирских гор. И не зря именуется горной страной, так как 93% всей территории Таджикистана занимают горы…
This research study explored the problem of Malay identity and society in the discourse of Malay politics. The purpose of this study was to understand how the discourse of Islam Hadhari as spoken by Malaysian Prime Minister and United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) President Abdullah Ahmad Badawi in the years 2004-2008 demonstrated the hegemony of his administration and party. 19 speeches given by Badawi in various communicative events throughout 2004-2008 were deliberately selected to infer the ideological discourse of Islam Hadhari, the UMNO ideological approach to Islamism of the Malays. The study advanced two conclusions: First, Malayness is the constant conflict and correspondence with ethnicity and religiosity, Malay and Muslim; and second, a theory of Malay identity should extend to describe Malayness as a civilization, as has been suggested by Milner (2007).
Both Christians and Muslims enormously show their deep respect to Mary (Maryam) due to their religious cause. To them she is the best woman of all and an incomparable woman in the world. She is not only mentioned in the Christian Gospels, rather she was prophesized in Hebrew Scriptures long before her birth and is also elaborately discussed in the later revealed Book, the noble Quran, long after her death. No other woman is given such position in the Holy Scriptures. She was the most fortunate one because of being a daughter of a prophet and brought up by a prophet in a holy place and a noble family; and finally being the virgin mother of a mighty prophet. Throughout her whole life she was very much committed and dedicated to each and every command of Almighty Allah. She was the symbol of truth, fair, passion, devotion, belief and practice. She was a source of inspiration for doing good deeds. Really she is the best example of an ideal woman for womanhood. In spite of basic differences between Christian and Muslim veneration to her, Mary is the common ground for bridging the gape between Christians and Muslims for the promotion of understanding inter-religious peace& harmony.
This magnificent volume explores the epochal transformations and unexpected continuities in the Byzantine Empire from the 7th to the 9th century. At the beginning of the 7th century, the Empire's southern provinces, the vibrant, diverse areas of North Africa and the eastern Mediterranean, were at the crossroads of exchanges reaching from Spain to China. These regions experienced historic upheavals when their Christian and Jewish communities encountered the emerging Islamic world, and by the 9th century, an unprecedented cross-fertilization of cultures had taken place. This extraordinary age is brought vividly to life in insightful contributions by leading international scholars, accompanied by sumptuous illustrations of the period's most notable arts and artefacts. Resplendent images of authority, religion, and trade – embodied in precious metals, brilliant textiles, fine ivories, elaborate mosaics, manuscripts, and icons, many of them never before published – highlight the dynamic dialogue between the rich array of Byzantine styles and the newly forming Islamic aesthetic. With its masterful exploration of two centuries that would shape the emerging medieval world, this illuminating publication provides a unique interpretation of a period that still resonates today.
This is not only on the History of Islam in Awe town beside the legendary Oyo city but a study of the town as a whole covering also all the religions therein the traditional religion, Christianity and Islam. The proselytization of the Muslims impacted positively on social, educational and religious lives of the Muslims in the town. The book showcase how the Muslims resolved to develop as a group against all oppositions-first the indigenous traditionalists against whom they were able to establish the strength of their faith as well as the efficacy of their supplications and secondly against the Christian Missionaries whose entreaties did not appeal to them to the extent of boycotting their faith. They were resolute as a community and built themselves a school in order to give their children formal education along with other religious activities.