The issue of terrorism as an international crime has become a day to day activity for politicians, lawyers and the media both at the international and national levels. Since the conception of treating core international crimes through deploying international instruments and institutions like the International Criminal Court (ICC), the opt for including the crime of terrorism in the jurisdiction of ICC was a point of debate. The untold savages of terrorist acts from which the international community is suffering still beg the question that "is it not fair enough to treat the crime of terrorism similar to other international crimes like genocide, war crime and crime against humanity?" Therefore, it is vital to analyze and forward learned recommendations to uncover this volatile issue. The tension between acting unilaterally or in concert as it is happening in the existing international law and collective reaction to combat terrorism as it has been called out loud to be so has to be researched and put in place. The theme of this book is, therefore, to identify the sticking factor/s in extending the jurisdiction of ICC so as to include the crime of terrorism.
India presents a clear picture of the progress of mankind in all its dimensions and roles from the lowest to the highest, as India can be described by a Museum of the different religious rituals, the doctrines of the various traditions, diverse cultures, different beliefs, many languages, different types of breeds and their own respective social methods of the life, but it is not a museum for the dead things or material purposes, it is a museum of a living nation, which has a method of the spiritual life, which has evolved along the lines of each, and so united India consisted on Standard (BHARAT VARSH). When Azad wanted to address this issue could not ignore the fact that Muslims are a minority in the face of the majority in India, then did not ignore the key principles of the true religion of Allah that Islam is a familiar religion forms the love amongst the hearts and souls. Therefore, Azad took the basic common face, that is, namely the face of beliefs between the various religions in India, to bring different religious groups with their disparate tenets near to each other.
Islam and Empire in the Caucasus – 1800 to the Present
Jaringan Islam Liberal (JIL) is a network whose members claim themselves to be proponents of liberal Islam in Indonesia. The term liberal Islam means a critical understanding of Islamic teachings based on the essential meaning of the text by going beyond the literal meaning of the text because the text does not exhaust all meanings of revelation. In order to achieve this, JIL considers the fruits of modernity such as democratization, the idea of progress, secularization, human rights, religious freedom and pluralism and so forth as important in interpretation. Various responses have been addressed to JIL. The responses can be seen as questioning the validity of its concerns, its authority as a proponent of liberal Islam and the relationship between JIL and Indonesian society as its audience. This work also concentrates on all of these response types, either positive or negative, to JIL’s views on religious freedom and pluralism.
Contending with Terrorism – Roots, Strategies, and Responses
Winner of the 2007 Paul Guggenheim Prize! Today's terrorists possess unprecedented power, but the State still plays a crucial role in the success or failure of their plans. Terrorists count on governmental inaction, toleration or support. And citizens look to the State to protect them from the dangers that these terrorists pose. But the rules of international law that regulate State responsibility for preventing terrorism were crafted for a different age. They are open to abuse and poorly suited to hold States accountable for sponsoring or tolerating contemporary terrorist activity. It is time that these rules were reconceived. Tal Becker's incisive and ground-breaking book analyses the law of State responsibility for non-State violence and examines its relevance in a world coming to terms with the threat of catastrophic terrorism. The book sets out the legal duties of States to prevent, and abstain from supporting, terrorist activity and explores how to maximise State compliance with these obligations. Drawing on a wealth of precedents and legal sources, the book offers an innovative approach to regulating State responsibility for terrorism, inspired by the principles and philosophy of causation. In so doing, it presents a new conceptual and legal framework for dealing with the complex interactions between State and non-State actors that make terrorism possible, and offers a way to harness international law to enhance human security in a post-9/11 world.
God?s Crucible – Islam and the Making of Europe – 570–1215
God?s Crucible – Islam and the Making of Europe 570 – 1215
Islam without Fear – Egypt and the New Islamists (OIP)
Islam without Fear – Egypt and the New Islamists (OI)