The book tittled:“Tracking Terrorism in Africa:Link and Content Analysis of Boko Haram" focused on understanding Web Presence, Impact, Trend and Web Environment of the Terrorism organisations in Africa with specialty to online discussion of Boko Haram in Nigeria using applied mathematical concepts, theories and statistical techniques. Kamada Kawai-Frutchermann Reign-Gold Algorithms n Pajek Webometric Inbuilt Analyst are main tools used for the data capturing and analysis. The book gives empirical analysis of Boko Haram Terror, causes, perceived sponsors and connectivity in Africa particularly in the North Eastern part of Nigeria. The research is facilitated by Statistical Cybermetric Research Group (SCRG-UK), supported by TETFUND Scholarship. It is submitted to the Department of Mathematics for the Award of MSc Degree (Mathematics), Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Wolverhampton, WV1 1LY, United Kingdom, 2013.
This book has sought to investigate the influence of the interpretations of Islam on girl's access to secondary school education in Mombasa and Kwale Districts, Kenya. It has demonstrated that in principle, Islam grants equal rights to both genders. Hence the theory of intrinsic inferiority of the female gender is not supported by Islamic discourse or the biological differentiation between the sexes. The highly stereotyped imagery of a subordinated Muslim woman is perpetuated and propagated by [mis]interpretations of the teachings of Islam regarding the status of women in society. These [mis]interpretations are a product of, and beholden to culture proclivities of individual Muslims within particular socio-cultural milieus. The book further demonstrates that Islam attaches equal importance to the education of girls as of boys. This implies that Islam is not the cause of gender imbalances in access to secondary school education. On the contrary, some [mis]interpretations of the teachings of Islam on the place and role of women in society influence the importance attached to the education of girls. This book is a must read for Universities, religious practitioners and scholars
This work argues that da`wah is the technical term for propagation in Islam by clarifying its concept especially in relation to the origin and development of Islam in Lagos. It further establishes the story of Islamic development in Lagos through the media, the pulpit, education and new waves of Islamic propagation. It juxtaposes the history of Islam in the pre-colonial Lagos and post-colonial Lagos underscoring the roles played by colonialism and Christianity.
The book presents a simplified and concise analysis of the various legal and institutional frameworks for combating money laundering and terrorism financing in Nigeria. This regime permits investments to be put into production purposes that responds to customer needs and help the productivity of the whole economy. The absence of anti-money laundering and counter-financing of terrorism regime in a country permits criminals to operate using their financial gains to expand their criminal pursuits and foster illegal activities such as terrorism financing and money laundering. Money laundering and terrorism financing have significant economic and social consequences for countries with fragile financial system. Ultimately, the economy, society and security of countries used as money laundering and terrorism financing platforms are all imperiled. Financial institutions in these countries run the risk of suffering from reputational, legal, operational and concentration risks. This book will be beneficial to financial and designated non financial institutions, law enforcement agencies, judges, legal practitioners, legislators, academicians, policy makers and the general public.
Terrorism must be condemned and terrorists must face justice. The international community through the United Nations,and other Regional organizations come up with certain legal and institutional measures to prevent such a heinous crime. Counter-terrorism measures are also implemented at a country level. It has been the belief of so many Ethiopians that the Ethiopian Anti-Terrorism law was put into effect to prevent terrorism and punish those culprits. The law misses its legislative intentions and it has been consistently used to control and suppress dissent. Opposition politicians,journalists,Human right defenders, even religious leaders have been charged with "terrorism" crimes. They have been unlawfully detained, easily convicted and jailed for more that ten years. Such abuse by the government bullies and quashes the opposition. This book solidly shows violations of human rights by the Ethiopian government and deducts lessons the International community must learn in our global attempt to maintain international peace and security.
This book focuses on the history of Islam in the Volta Region of Ghana with special emphasis on Ave Afiadenyigba. As a background to the study, the book traces the origins of the faith in North Africa, West Africa, Ghana and ultimately the study area. It examines the roles of Muslim scholars, healers, merchants and traditional rulers in the advent and spread of Islam in the sub region. This book further discusses the advent of Muslim sects in the study area and highlights the contributions of early Muslim settlers and converts to the introduction and development of Islam to the area. This book also touches on the beliefs and practices of the indigenous inhabitants of the study area and the nature of Muslim-Muslim and Muslim Christian relations . This book will help readers appreciate the history and development of Islam in Ghana in general and the Volta Region in particular.
One of the most contentious and recent human rights issues in Muslim countries during and after the Arab spring is the issue of women’s rights. This book aims at protecting and enhancing women’s rights on the ground of Islam through advocating modern re-interpretive approach from females’ perspective in order to challenge traditional interpretations of Islamic principles. This book seeks (i) to argue that cultural relativism is the most serious problem which faces women’s rights in Islamic societies. This is so as Islamic cultural relativism (in this case, religion) is misused and misinterprets Islam in patriarchal ways to legitimize the violation and the denial of women's rights through the language of religion. This book seeks also, (ii) to show that Islam is not oppressive to women but it’s the patriarchal interpretations of Islam and also does not contradict international women’s rights. For support my arguments, certain case-studies such as marriage, child custody, and gender equality in Jordan are taken as living examples of the status of women's rights. That is so as to show the problematic nature of patriarchal interpretation of Islam.
First to Arrive – State and Local Responses to Terrorism
Islam means "Peace". One who surrenders to the will of God is a "Muslim". The Holy Quran, as the word of Allah, commands not to despise one another; hence the criterion in Islam is not origin, race, colour, ethnicity or social status, but rather is “righteousness”. This monograph deals with a host of issues: Tenets of Islamic Jurisprudence (Concept of Rights, Justice and Freedom in Islam); Human Rights and Islam (Right to Life, Justice, Freedom of Religion, Basic Standard of Life and Right against Slavery in Islam); Rights of Women in Islam (Gender Equality in Islam, Muslim Women and Hijab, Islam and Polygamy, Divorce on Triple pronouncement of Talaq, Women held as Half Witness in Islam, Concept of Muta Marriage, Marital Rape in Islam); Environment and Animal Rights in Islam (Ethical Treatment to Animals, Consumption of Meat, Animal Sacrifice and Islam). Author through an in-depth analysis shows how the prejudiced interpretation of the Quranic text by some fanatical religious propagandists has rendered havoc on this religion of peace. Author finally concludes in the words of Muhammad Iqbal, “Islam is itself destiny and will not suffer destiny”.
Muhammad and the Believers – At the Origins of Islam
The dominant image of Islam in the West conveys the idea that the religion of approximately one fifth of the world's population is an intolerantly ideological and prone to violence. Instead of taking critical analyses of Western attitudes toward Islam and Arabs seriously, many who claim knowledge of the Muslim world focus largely on threads of hatred and fear articulated through religious discourse, without reflection on the complex and deeply conflicting situations in which these sentiments emerge. In this context, the oriental writings of the American author Leon Uris represent a biased depiction of Islam and Arabs in the West. The general picture which Uris has for all Muslims and Arabs in his oriental works, such as Exodus and The Haj, is that they are backward, scheming, fanatic terrorists, cutthroats, liars, oversexed, hate-filled, brutal, swindlers, corrupt, among many other blemishes. Such depictions have been reiterated so frequently in his writings that they seem to reflect reality for many Western readers. The impact of these negative stereotypes has been very extensive because there are a few works in which Islam and Arabs are depicted in objective and fair terms.
Terrorism: Commentary on Security Documents is a series that provides primary source documents and expert commentary on various topics relating to the worldwide effort to combat terrorism, as well as efforts by the United States and other nations to protect their national security interests.
Boko Haram desire to redeem non-Muslims from perdition, liberate Muslims from persecution, protect Islam from criticism, and revenge perceived acts of injustices against Muslims. The group has embarked on this aim by allotting blame, vilifying the enemy-Other, pressing for a holy war, encouraging martyrdom, and alluding to an apocalypse. Boko Haram’s audience is made to believe that Allah has assigned Boko Haram the task to liberate and restore an Islamic haven in Nigeria. Therefore, opposition from the Nigerian government or Western forces is constructed as actions of opposition, thus killing members of the opposition becomes a celestial and noble cause. This juxtaposition serves to encourage the violent Jihad which leaders of Boko Haram claims Allah assigned them to lead in the first place. As a result of this cyclical communication, media houses, the Nigerian government, Christians, and Western ideals become the symbolic evil, against which Muslims, sympathizers and would-be-recruits must unite. By locking Islam against the Nigerian government, Western ideals and Christianity in a characteristically hostile manner, Boko Haram attempts to preclude any real solution.
In cyber cimes and cyber terrorism, the act of crime is committed in many ways and based on its targets, the type and title of attacks can be various. For instance, if the crime is committed by agents or foreign power against banking system of a nation, then it is labeled as cyber warfare. Moreover, if the side effects of attacks are not just limited to cyber space then it is entitled information warfare. However, the threat of cyber terrorism has grabbed the attention of the mass media (Furnelb & Warren, 1999).