This essential collection of three new essays was written out of a sense of urgency, concern, and a belief that a better future is still possible. It touches on the universal nature of fanaticism and its possible cures; the Jewish roots of humanism and the need for a secular pride in Israel; and the geopolitical standing of Israel in the wider Middle East and internationally. Amos Oz boldly puts forward his case for a two-state solution in what he calls ‘a question of life and death for the State of Israel’. Wise, provocative, moving and inspiring, these essays illuminate the argument over Israeli, Jewish and human existence, shedding a clear and surprising light on vital political and historical issues, and daring to offer new ways out of a reality.
Based on his own research within the Project VEGA 2/0099/11 Adaptation of the City Inhabitants in the Processes of Social Changes, Peter Salner, the researcher of the Institute of Ethnology of SASc in Bratislava looks for an answer to the question whether the processes in the past decades represented an identity transformation or a tendency toward dissappearance of the Jewish community. The Introduction contains characteristics of the applied research techniques. The first chapter deals with the community in the process of the ghetto opening at the end of the 18th century; it focuses on the Holocaust survivor's identity and their attitude to Judaism. The second chapter analyzes the „children of the Holocaust“. The impact of diverse factors (religiosity, Israel, Slovakia, Holocaust, Communist society) on identity of the children of the Holocaust is studied here. The concluding chapter resumes that the processes, which have been taking place in Slovakia at the present time, represent the identity transformation, but not the disappearance of the Jewish community. Reviewers: Assoc.Prof.Alexandra Bitusikova,PhD., Monika Vrzgulova, PhD.
"The Horizontal Society" is an exposition of rabbinic thought as exemplified by Maimonides. The thought streams of Greece, Rome, and Christendom serve as a contrast. This work is in the Hebrew rhetorical tradition of melisa. The main text in five sections--The God of Israel, The Books of Israel, The Governance of Israel, The Memory of Israel, and The Folly of Israel-focuses on these core matters. It includes numerous references to orient the reader. The mode is similar to the author's previous work, such as "Golden Doves with Silver Dots: Semiotics and Textuality in Rabbinic Tradition," interacting with the latest thought from today's academy. This book illustrates the horizontal organization of the Jewish people. Other social organization is based on hierarchy. Two principles made this difference possible for Israel. First, the Hebrew Scriptures alone propose that every human being is created in the image of God. This necessitates the absolute equality of every human being. Second, the Sinai covenant establishes the Law as the supreme authority. Whereas in other societies, might is the source of authority, in Judaism authority is limited by the Law. These principles were summarized by the last Prophet of Israel: "Had not one God created us? Why do we deal treacherously..., profaning the covenant of our fathers?" (Mal 2:10). There is a subdivided bibliography of forty pages, including both Jewish and "Western" sources. The scholarly apparatus includes indices of terms, names,...
Sandy Koufax, Lenny Bruce, Bob Dylan, and Barbra Streisand first came to public attention in the early 1960s, a period Kaufman identifies as historically ripe for American Jews to reexamine their (Jewish) identities. All four achieved extraordinary success in their respective fields and became celebrities within an American context, while at the same time they were clearly identifiable as Jews - although they were perceived to be Jewish in very different ways. Kaufman investigates these celebrities' rise to fame, the specific brand of Jewishness each one represented, and how their fans and the public at large perceived their ethnic identity as Jews. Situating Koufax, Bruce, Dylan, and Streisand within the larger history of American Jewish celebrity, Kaufman argues that the four early 1960s figures represent a turning point between celebrity Jews of the past - such as Hank Greenberg, Groucho Marx, Irving Berlin, and Fanny Brice - and those of the present, such as Jon Stewart, Matisyahu, and Natalie Portman. Providing an entry into Jewish celebrity studies, this lively narrative explores the intersection between popular celebrity and Jewish identity and thereby examines the cultural construction of Jewishness in the latter half of the twentieth century.
Militarism and Identity in Israel is a scholarly attempt to explain what the author believes as an identity crises in Israel during the 1990's. That was by drawing a systematic relationship between militarism and national identity making during the Yeshuv period and after. The author has applied his hypotheses on two interrelated theoretical discourses; the first is the modernist's view of nationalism, as invented and imagined phenomenon. The second discourse is what ought to be known as" mass militarism" which is widely defined by the dominance of military values in a given society. Salahat's account is that, mass militarism can be a counterpart to professional militarism, where military values and ethics are confined inside barracks. Reflecting both of mass and professional paradigms of militarism on Zionist's nation - making experience, Salahat believes that mass militarism was critical during the formative years in Israel, while tendency toward professional militarism in Israel gradually after 1967, has let space for identity transformation. This was accompanied by the deterioration of traditional militaristic legacy.
Originally, the “Israeli experience” was born from the womb of the Holy Land, even when the “children of Israel” lived in diaspora; the “Land” is everything for all Israelis, as it represents the homeland, religion and history, the Promise of the Lord, the people’s dream, Jerusalem, the Wailing Wall, and other holy sites. Therefore, to the Jews, there is nothing comparable to the “Holy Land or Eretz Ysrael”. In my opinion, the Israeli experience started from Jacob “Israel” and his successors “the children of Israel/Israelis” until the establishment of the state of Israel or the Jewish homeland in the sacred, historic and Promised Land until the present moment (and, certainly, it will continue until the Doomsday), which is considered as a unique and very rich experience in human history.
The book addresses the cultural and political issues of marginalized identity of assimilated German Jews in turn-of-the-century Vienna from the theatrical angle, focusing on how identity crisis informs or resists theatrical representation. Against the historical setting of Vienna from the rise of political anti-Semitism in the 1880s to the immediate post-WWI, it examines the works of four assimilated Austrian artists of Jewish descent: Hugo von Hofmannsthal''s operatic collaboration with Richard Strauss Die Frau ohne Schatten, Artur Schnitzler plays, Franz Schreker''s opera Die Gezeichneten, and Alexander Zemlinsky''s opera Der Zwerg.It explores the transformations of the assimilated Jewish artists from politics into psyche and the dynamic of their assimilation and alienation, tackling the pressing question of both the validity and limitation of representing unacknowledged psychic trauma in theatrical terms. Walter Benjamin''s allegorist approach is adopted to illuminate the existential anguish of the assimilated Jews who suffered the abrupt rupture of the German identity by the onslaught of anti-Semitism.
"This wide-ranging, international collection considers many of the practical, ethical and political questions raised by the proliferation of genetic research and testing around the world...Almost all of the chapters deal in a sophisticated way with questions about how ideas of identity, race, and kinship are being shaped by their interaction with genetic technologies and the way those technologies are being interpreted." · Contemporary Sociology. A Journal of Reviews "Overall, the book successfully highlights the complex and often contradictory nature of the relationship between politics and science...[It]offers an original contribution to debates on identity, race and genetics...The overall strength of the collection (as the editors argue) lies in its use of a range of rich and illuminating case studies from locations across the globe." · Ethnic and Racial Studies "This is an important and extremely timely collection that will inform ongoing and evolving discussions within the social sciences and beyond about the changing relationship between identity and genomics. It captures and contributes to an emerging moment in social science engagement with genomics and issues of identity and the politics of difference." · Sahra Gibbon, University College London Racial and ethnic categories have appeared in recent scientific work in novel ways and in relation to a variety of disciplines: medicine, forensics, population genetics and also developments in popular genealogy. Once again...
This classic work by early-20th-century Jewish humanist and scholar Isaac Heinemann surveys the crucial phases of Jewish thought concerning correct conduct as codified in the commandments. Heinemann offers systematic insights into the intellectual, emotional, pedagogical, and pragmatic reasoning advanced by the major Jewish thinkers. This book, available in English for the first time, covers Jewish thinkers from the Bible, rabbis, and philosophers through the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, including Saadiah, Halevi, Maimonides, and many others. Heinemann follows the Biblical, rabbinic, medieval, and modern rationales offered for the commandments in the course of the history of Jewish thought. Isaac Heinemann (1876-1957) was one of the leading Jewish humanists and scholars of the early twentieth century. His career spanned the golden age of Jewish scholarship in central Europe and the rise of Jewish studies in modern Israel. He was a leading authority on Hellenistic and rabbinic knowledge, writing major studies of Philo of Alexandria and the rabbinic lore (agada).
Following the downturn of the transitional economy in Kazakhstan in the 1990s, hundreds of thousands of Kazakh villagers left their homes for urban areas. This research examines the notions of identity, ancestry, the shejyre (Kazakh historical narratives articulating ancestral ties), and the nation that emerged in the testimonies of recent rural to urban migrants in Almaty. In addition, special attention is paid to how their experiences of displacement and adjustment to their new environment have been systematically misconstrued in urban mass media and social analysis in a fashion that resonates with the colonial rhetoric of the Soviet regime. This analysis of urban narratives should help shed light on identity politics and the poetics of nationhood at the time of historic transformation and should be especially of interest to the students of identity, social change, nationalism, and historical narratives.
The present book is a work written about the role of space in identity construction of main characters of the selected novels by Joseph Conrad. This study gains significance from Edward Said's perspectives in his Orientalism to shed light on spatial identity of Marlow and Kurtz in Heart of Darkness, Jim in Lord Jim and Nostromo in Conrad's Nostromo. This sudy elaborates the influence of the space and colonialism in creating identity crisis and alienation in both colonized and colonizer.
Painful truths about the Zionist rape of Palestine and deliberate planting of anti-Semitism in Iraqi Jewish communities during David Ben-Gurion's political career to persuade Iraqi Jews to immigrate to Israel. The Zionists' goal was to import raw Jewish labor from the Middle East to farm the newly-vacated lands and fill the military ranks with conscripts, to defend the stolen lands.
This book examines the philosophical and aesthetic sources informing the emergence of late 19th century German-Jewish Korperkultur, specifically as it was iterated through the gymnastics movement. Our emphasis is upon ideas and iconography relating to the mind and the body, and their socio-political significances. An analysis of 19th century identity, both German and German-Jewish, we examine how the German-Jewish gymnastics movement responded to fin-de-siecle German anti-Semitism.
The Story of Israel is an illuminating book that explores the nation's history. Seventy years after Israel declared independence on 14 May 1948, the dramatic events before and since this point form an extraordinary period of history. From Theodor Herzl's efforts to establish a sovereign Jewish nation in Palestine to the 21st-century roadmap for peace and beyond, The Story of Israel brings the period to life as never before. Sir Martin Gilbert's authoritative text is supplemented by more than 150 photographs and maps, as well as rare documents, including pages from Herzl's diary, identification papers of an Exodus refugee and Ben-Gurion's copy of his Declaration of Independence speech - all of which shed light on fascinating history of the country. This is the ultimate guide to the turbulent history of a proud and powerful nation.
The Palestine Issue remains one of the most complex dilemmas facing the contemporary world. The Palestine Issue is an ongoing dispute between the Palestinians and the Israelis. It forms part of the wider Arab-Israeli conflicts. This work traces the history of the Palestine Issue, from the beginning of Jewish nationalism to the present events. Issues to be studied include the Zionism, Jewish migration to Palestine; the religious aspects of the issue, the formation of the State of Israel and the various Arab-Israeli wars; the Palestinian refugee problem; the rise of the PLO and the Hamas; the Jewish settler movement; the peace process from Camp David to Oslo and beyond; the Intifadas of 1987 and 2000, the 2008-2009 Israel-Gaza conflict, the 2011 Arab Spring revolutions in the Middle East. And finally, the book identifies, describes and analyses the core issues in dispute between the Palestinians and Israel.