In the highly competitive economic environment of today, knowledge is a resource that is directly related with the effective realization of an organization’s overall or long-term goals and objectives and attainment of a sustainable competitive advantage. For this reason, since the last two decades, academicians and practitioners are in search for mechanisms through which this resource can be managed effectively and efficiently. One of the most challenging aspect of knowledge management is knowledge sharing. The knowledge sharing activities between the organizational members and sub-units facilitate the conversion of individual and collective knowledge into organizational knowledge, which eventually helps firms to successfully manage their knowledge assets. However, sharing knowledge in the workplace is not an easy process; there are several barriers and challenges that need to be addressed so as to successfully execute it. Researchers across the world agree that organization culture often acts as a critical barrier in the process of knowledge sharing and it needs to be addressed immediately so as to help firms in achieving their knowledge management goals.
Smile is the most costliest jewel one wears on the face. It speaks volumes about an individuals well being. But due various pathological conditions leading to unesthetic problems of anterior teeth, the smiles of the individuals become compromised and also result in Psycological disturbances in ones social life. The solution lies with a well trained dentist with good evidence based knowledge about the pathological condition affecting the teeth, various treatment modalities available to treat a given condition, and a knowledge about the various advancements in treatment modalities. Hence this book guides you through the treatment planning for esthetic problems of teeth, various conventional and contemporary modalities of treatment options available for a given esthetic problem based on evidence available in the literature.
The study was conducted to examine the level of participatory development communication in Krabyai sub-district, Ratchaburi province in Thailand, and determine its consequences in community-based natural resources management. Findings revealed that in terms of participatory development communication levels, consultation got the highest among the stakeholders who are active in the consultation process. The level of knowledge in natural resources management show that majority of the respondents have high knowledge level in community-based natural resources management. The levels of attitude in natural resources management show that majority of the respondents have positive level in community-based natural resources management. In levels of practice in natural resources management show that majority of the respondents participated often in community-based natural resources management. Data analysis revealed there were significant relationship between the level of participatory development communication and natural resources management knowledge, attitude and practice rank of stakeholders which is significant at .05 level.
1. The Role of Organizational DNA in Improving Organizational Performance, 2. The Influence of Ethical Climate on Job Attitudes, 3. Job Attitudes as a Mediator of the Relationship between Organizational Cynicism and Organizational Citizenship Behavior, 4. The Effects of Organizational Cohesiveness on Organizational Performance, 5. The Impact of Cultural Intelligence on Job Performance, 6. The Role of Knowledge Management in Improving Organizational Performance, 7. The Effects of Organizational Cynicism on Job Attitudes, 8. The Effects of Talent Management on Service Quality, 9. The Role of Psychological Capital on Job Embeddedness and Organizational Cynicism, 10. The Impact of Talent Management on Organizational Performance, 11. The Effects of Job Embeddedness on Organizational Cynicism and Performance, 12. The Mediating Effects of Organizational Learning on the Relationship between Knowledge Management and Organizational Performance, 13. Knowledge Management and Organizational Learning from the Employee Perspective, 14. Do Job Rotation and Role Stress Affect Job Attitudes?, 15. The Impact of Organizational Commitment and Identification on the Organizational Citizenship Behavior
Starting with the changes in the world economy, we are moving from industrial society (modernism) to knowledge and human - based society (postmodernism). At the same time, the most important values of modernist management are anchored in our heads as the main principles of management. Well-discussed management shift hasn’t reach most of the organization and despite of new employees’ generation and changed business environment, the management values are the same as on the beginning of 20th century. Shared values are the essence of organisational culture and impact every part of an organisation, therefore the backlog of management can be improved through the clarification of the concept of values in the organisational context, using knowledge and research results describing changes in the management paradigm. The aim of this book is to emphasise the importance of the values in management and show how the paradigm values reflect in organisational real and propagated values and thereby impact the organisational success. Modernism and postmodernism were chosen as general paradigms to characterise the change and need for change of organisational values.
‘Illogical’ arguments – enthymemes, minor literatures, etc. – are in the science world equated with unregulated forms of knowledge, diffused through time and space. But are they really what scientists say they are? Who and what determines what is acceptable as a universal knowledge? What makes an exposition or discovery ‘scientific’ or otherwise? In what context is a body of knowledge perceived as a science or non-science? These are some of the contentious issues in power relations amongst knowledge producers and other cognate stakeholders. Farmers who are perceived as ‘soil miners’ by scientists have always used local strategies and mitigating measures to achieve their goals, be they in soil management, pest management or other agricultural practices. Indeed, both science and local knowledge are not mutually exclusive. To achieve sustainable development, there is the need to find an appropriate mix between the two forms of knowledge. Essentially, this book argues for the relevance and objective valorisation of farmers’ knowledge in the implementation of integrated soil fertility management in Africa
This book is an attempt to investigate and recommend a strategy for creating sustainable water knowledge based community.A community that can think and act differently for achieving future sustainability through education empowerment and community involvement enhancement. The research aspires for attitudes and behavior change towards acute water situation through empowering water related education in schools and enhancing community active involvement and participation in water related issues. Innovative strategy model for achieving effective water management was recommended by creating Sustainable School Strategy through Management, Action and Involvement (3S-MAI). The three employed conceptual tools were ?Management? as related to water policies and regulations, ?Action? as related to water education and ?Involvement? as related to community involvement and participation. The (3S-MAI) strategy model emphasizes on integrating water related regulations, education and awareness programs for achieving sustainable water knowledge based community thus future sustainability for effecient economic development.
This study concerns itself with two issues, (i) quality concerns about the MBAand (ii) increasing importance of knowledge management, especially tacitknowledge in the business world.The MBA course of study was established as a measure to prepare individualsaspiring to be managers for leadership positions and was originally targeted atthe cream of employees. There are several expectations placed on employeeswhen they are sent by their employers to do an MBA. Among these expectationsare that employees are expected to tap into the experience of fellow studentswhile on the program, improve their leadership and management skills, getexposure to knowledge on other fields and to acquire practical business solutions.It is said, though, that the MBA study programme is currently not meeting thedesired expectations of the business world, which has, hence, led to thedevaluation of this programme as a premier business education course.Conversely, knowledge management has gained significant importance in therecent past, owing to the subsequent empowerment of individuals andorganisations to then create a competitive advantage over their rivals.
Revision with unchanged content. In recent years the concepts of knowledge management and corporate culture have often been in the centre of research projects aiming at small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Is there a relationship between both potential competitive advantages? If so, what are the consequences? The author Julia Ihlenfeld gives a historical overview of both concepts and then analyzes their interface illustrated by a case study of three small companies from different sectors. She argues that the greater the knowledge transferred from a boss to the subordinates, the stronger is the company’s tendency towards a collectivist approach rather than an individualist approach to its objectives, and the higher is the employees’ motivation to fulfil their tasks within the organisation. This hypothesis has been tested quantitatively by means of a Likert-style rating scale. The analysis of the primary data shows that – in the framework of this case study – the extent of knowledge transfer is positively correlated with employee motivation and collectivism. This book aims at decision makers in the field of human resources, attractors of knowledge management as well as managers and any company doing business in this world where corporate culture and knowledge management are decisive success factors.
Starting and managing new projects in organizations requires creativity and teamwork. Project planning and implementation are often blocked by confusion and conflict over goals, methodologies, and communication bottlenecks. To decipher such problems knowledge of Project and Project Management concept is indisputable that the book is intent on Project Management Methodologies and Organizational Structures, project life cycles, basic skills required from a project managers, Project Conception and Feasibility Study, Communication in The Project Management, Project Selection Schemes, Project Risk Management and Project Procurement, Contract Management, and Ethics In Project Management.
It is very difficult to find such management techniques that have not been used earlier, under another name, in different conditions, or in other economic frames. The same is true of Knowledge Management. Knowledge Management is not an absolutely new management technique. Its methods are used by a lot of companies but it cannot be said that any company which has a knowledge system, operates unexceptionably. The secret of success is hidden in the system approach, in the way of thinking, in scale of value, in attitudes which have become more and more important in the globalized world and societies. The role of knowledge and intelligence has become more valuable and investigation of knowledge, education, R&D have become determinative. This book will show the theoretical background and practical results of recent research. It will dispel the notion prevalent among SMEs that they have only disadvantages compared to big and multinational companies. The book will highlight the consequences of a badly composed strategy and demonstrate a range of options which can be unlocked by a new way of thinking about their own position, leading to modified behaviours which will secure their fate.
Asthma is the most common chronic disease of childhood. Its incidence is the highest in primary school children and it is the principal cause of school absenteeism. Prevalence of childhood asthma in India is increasing day by day. It is important for teachers and staff to be aware of the symptoms, triggers and the management of asthma in the school environment. School teacher could be a useful source of health information for students, but they themselves would have to possess adequate and accurate knowledge regarding asthma. The study revealed that the existing knowledge of teachers on asthma among school children is moderate but practices are very low. The enhancement in both knowledge and practice is very much required. This research study is useful to read by health personnel's, teachers, doctors, nurses and school administrators, health administrators, persons involved in care of sick children for gaining the knowledge on issue and better handling & management of children with asthma.
Under the globalization of economies, the importance of cross-cultural management and knowledge creation increases. This study investigates the actor’s role in knowledge creation in technology transfer under the cross-cultural environment from Russian basic research to Japanese manufacturing industry. Firstly, a literature survey was conducted with respect to the following: 1. means of communication and management of projects, 2. role of actors in cross-cultural knowledge transfer and the knowledge creation in projects. From the survey, the model of “duel core” actors is proposed and verified. The duel core actors are people who communicate on both the sender side and the receiver side. The necessity of core actors is discussed in many examples of previous research, sometimes identified as a "gatekeeper" or a "transformer". However, there is no research which points out that such core actors need to exist on both sides, communicators functioning as dual core actors. For product development, smooth, and appropriate communication and knowledge transfer becomes important, and the actor’s role in combining internal and external ideas is indispensable.
Book DescriptionWith the collapse of high-profile companies such as Enron and Tyco, worldwide anti-globalization protests, and recent revelations of questionable behavior by financial groups and auditors, corporate behavior has become the highest priority topic for businesspeople, investors, politicians and the public. Yet despite the critical importance of maintaining public and shareholder trust, most corporations make very little formal effort to actively manage the activities that can put their reputation, share price, and customer base at risk. Most corporations officially embrace the concept of Corporate Social Responsibility; but giving money away to local communities or worthy causes will not prevent an ethical disaster. The problem is not social irresponsibility; the problem is a lack of knowledge about what is taking place in the company or at its subcontractor sites. What companies need to be thinking about is not a theoretical construct around Corporate Social Responsibility, or howthey can spin public opinion by charitable actions. They need to be thinking about how they can create a practical knowledge and risk management framework in their company that allows them to avoid costly and reputation-damaging behavior in the first place.Ultimately, this comes down to knowledge management. Whether violations of human rights, employment law, or environmental standards - or simply accounting shenanigans - invariably the reason that these activities are not anticipated and avoided is simply that executives and board members do not realize what is happening in the organization, and what the likely implications of actions will be. And the larger the organization, the more extensive that lack of knowledge. The good news is that developing a strategic approach to corporate integrity is neither exceptionally expensive nor particularly difficult. The problem is that companies that are already using sophisticated information technology and knowledge management tools for gathering internal and external information have focused those systems and practices almost exclusively on operational issues and increasing productivity. But these same knowledge management techniques - built around emerging ethical guidelines being developed by international standards groups - can be used by companies to create an effective global policy for building and maintaining corporate integrity. This means applying knowledge management techniques in three important areas:* First, they need to mobilize key employee knowledge and the vast amount of information available on potentially sensitive issues in a way that allows key decision-makers to "sense and respond" quickly and correctly to developing risks. * Second, it means creating objective,scenario-based guidelines for ethical behavior, communicating those guidelines using knowledge management techniques among key organizational leaders, and providing a workable system of incentives for managers to surface potentially dangerous issues. * Third, companies need to adopt emerging guidelines such as AA1000 that provide for ethical procedures and performance indicators that enable companies to audit and monitor their own behavior, and also to provide shareholders and the buying public with an objective report on the company's ethical performance. Much like ISO 9000, Six Sigma and other performance and productivity and practice standards of the 1990s, these new global ethics standards will inevitably become a baseline by which investors andcustomers judge a company's potential for future growth and stability. High marks on auditable ethical performance set against these guidelines will become an important way for companies to differentiate themselves from their competition in the future.Developing a workable program for corporate ethics will be one of the most important issues of this decade, and will be "the next big thing" for large organizations. A drive toward standardized reporting of corporate ethics practices was coming anyway; the recent public corporate disasters will only encourage corporate executive teams to scramble to demonstrate to customers and shareholders that their organization takes these issues seriously.This book, therefore, will be a primer for business people and business students worldwide who will shortly be tasked with devising or participating in those types of corporate integrity initiatives, and will explain how knowledge management is indispensable as a tool for helping corporations to manage their risk and integrity policies. Through a mixture of leading practice case studies and a clear framework, it will show how a corporation can begin to combine leading practices in risk and knowledge management with emerging international guidelines in order to develop and manage a program of corporate integrity.* The first book to show how knowledge management and corporate integrity intersect* Shows executives how to develop a strategic approach to corporate integrity in this post-Enronage* Neef, an expert on knowledge management, explains how a company can re-engineer existing knowledge management systems to build and maintain an effective corporate integrity program
This book highlights techniques essential in tree seed handling, nursery establishment and tree management. Limited knowledge among stakeholders in the forestry sector of the above mentioned techniques has led to low availability of high quality tree planting material (seed and seedlings). This has led to little success registered in tree planting initiatives. Furthermore,lack of application of proper tree management techniques in the field has resulted into poor tree crop yields. This book provides knowledge and skills to equip Forestry students on tree seed handling, nursery establishment and tree management techniques as future managers and supervises of tree plant initiatives. This will enable them to impart this knowledge and skills to various stakeholders in the Forestry Sector such as Tree farmers, Nursery operators, Tree seed dealers, Schools, Churches and other interested parties for successful tree planting initiatives.