We know that in comparison with the organizations, which are supported by structure and routines to suck up knowledge, project based-organization do not have any supportive natural transfer mechanism and also do not have any organizational memory, as they are temporary in nature. So, without a certain knowledge system and supporting culture during a project’s life cycle, knowledge assets can misplaced once a project is completed. This results in organizational knowledge destruction and loss of organizational learning. Knowledge management (KM) for project is vital for organizations to achieve competition and to survive in a dynamic environment. However, it’s is not an easy task, planned management efforts are require to capture and transfer of knowledge in projects. This study aims to analyze critical factors of knowledge management in the project based-organization with the help of ISM.This study shows that top management support, investment cost, organization and IT infrastructure are the main enablers of managing knowledge in the projects and it is advocated that project managers should harmonize KM practices with organization culture and launch a user-friendly system.
'Knowledge Management' (KM) is yet a virgin field of managerial science, especially, when researched from a human resource perspective. Most studies of KM have focused on the use of IT, neglecting the importance of people for its successful implementation. This study is unique as it proposes a conceptual KM model that is multidisciplinary. It represents the first attempt to build a KM construct especially for the service industry and seeks to provide an alternative competitive strategy for transcending economic crises such as the one we are experiencing. Moreover, the survey findings of the model’s application across a range of service companies provides useful insights on KM implications and raises valuable research questions for a future research agenda in management.
This book guides reader to build a Semantic Web application with detailed steps from scratch. The following lines convey the problem statement : "The scholarly activities query, retrieval, maintenance and management of institution repository data is often difficult, because repositories are loaded with documents in a myriad of formats generated by an Institution. The current data retrieval techniques that are used in institutional repositories make use of indexing and keywords in order to retrieve information which results in reduced accuracy in matching user requests. This justifies the need for proposed a system called K.M.S.S.A, which will enable machine involvement to enhance the efficiency of information seeking process through flexible query option and well conceptually organized structure of documents inside the repository for researchers. Adding semantic technologies to the educational repository of the institution will add support for the functions carried out by the various roles involved in knowledge development and dissemination in academic institutions."
Over the last few years, development actors have recognized that multi-stakeholder dialogue and concerted efforts, empowerment of people at the local level to collectively manage their water delivery, collaboration among key stakeholders, and opportunities for users to inform and influence management decisions and practices deserve adequate attention to ensure sustainable water delivery service at the operational level in developing countries and Sub Saharan Africa in particular. With this recognition, there is the need for tools and evidence-based approaches on how to initiate and sustain polycentric governance in water service delivery as conventional water supply approaches are no longer adequate due to population growth and climate change challenges. This book, therefore, provides an innovative framework, “Participatory Transformative Advocacy” that overcomes the knowledge and practice gap in water delivery service. The tools and platforms described in this should be especially useful to development actors, professionals, researchers and students in water, sanitation and hygiene, as well as polycentric natural resources management.
Even though this book is preliminary study, but the contents inspire authors to develop the future research. This book is easy to understand with simple thought of knowledge used for daily life. Knowledge will spread differently at different level of education. And here, the importance of knowledge management to well applied. Finally, the proper knowledge with proper used bring the wealth transfer of human mind not only for build the human development but to perform the human comfort.
The future of banking is dependent on the managing of knowledge assets. This is a business research to identify key organisational capabilities for effective implementation of Knowledge Management (KM) in banks. The research suggests that effective KM programme is determined by three organisational capabilities: Management Capability, Knowledge Infrastructure and Knowledge Process. Applying structural equation modelling technique (AMOS), a Malaysian Bank KM Model was constructed from survey data. The model identified out of 11 KM success factors, six were critically dysfunctional in Malaysian banks, namely, Process, Generation, Dissemination, Application, Culture and Entrepreneurial Management Capability. Entrepreneurial Management Capability is key to successful KM programme, especially to address the present predominantly conventional management ideology that practice ‘silo mentality’ and does not promote a learning organisation. Other barriers are the dysfunctional organisational culture that only give lip service to the importance of knowledge and the erroneous perception that IT and KM are the same.
Nowadays companies have taken the task of develop better management information systems in order to help the decision makers to exploit data and models, with the final objective of discussing and improving decision-making. Decision support systems must be improved in order to deal with the large amount of available data and the heterogeneity of existing modeling approaches along the enterprise structure. This book proposes the application of ontologies as a decision support tool, since they are increasingly seen as a key semantic technology for addressing heterogeneities and for enabling data mining by semantics-driven knowledge processing. As a decision support tool, it must be capable of standing as a robust model which interacts among the different decision hierarchical levels, providing a unified framework for data and information. The work presented represents a step forward toward integration among the enterprise hierarchical levels, standardization in processes and enterprises, as well as improved procedures for decision-making. The aforementioned achievements are boosted by the application of semantic models, which are currently increasingly used.
Knowledge management (KM) comprises a range of strategies and practices used in an organization to identify, create, represent, distribute, and enable adoption of insights and experiences. Such insights and experiences comprise knowledge, either embodied in individuals or embedded in organizations as processes or practices.Knowledge management efforts typically focus on organizational objectives such as improved performance, competitive advantage, innovation, the sharing of lessons learned, integration and continuous improvement of the organization. KM efforts overlap with organizational learning, and may be distinguished from that by a greater focus on the management of knowledge as a strategic asset and a focus on encouraging the sharing of knowledge.
The importance of indigenous knowledge (IK) in its own right and in combination with other [“western” or “scientific”] knowledge within individual countries and/or internationally, for addressing complex problems and its potential to contribute to improving the lives of the people has increasingly been recognized. In addition and consequently there is an increased need to preserve and conserve IK as national heritage, and its contribution to enhancing social cohesion. IK is by nature vulnerable. Therefore the urgent need to develop and implement effective systems and processes for its conservation and management cannot be over emphasized. To manage any knowledge and importantly IK requires an understanding of what knowledge exists, who the knowledge holders within a community or communities are, and the state in which such knowledge exists. Knowledge management theories, systems and process provide opportunities for managing all types of knowledge including IK. However, because of its “specialized” nature further understanding and effective application of knowledge management theories and process, including sharing of national best practices among countries for managing IK.
The need for government organizations to become competitive is growing with the huge instability in the economy. In parallel, Knowledge Management (KM) has been rapidly growing in the past decade as a source of influence on organisational development practices. Furthermore, the past decade research approaches largely failed to show the importance of KM initiatives in creating synergy with other initiatives to an extent that would lead towards organizational competitiveness. This book address how KM holistically influences the different organisational development practices, specifically in the context of the government sector. To ascertain the relationships between KM and four prevalent organisational development practices namely Organisational Excellence, Learning, Innovation and Organisational Competitiveness; a quantitative survey approach was undertaken using a series of researcher-developed scales. The framework was designed to test the concept of the holistic influence of KM. The results clearly shown that knowledge if well management can lead to government organisations competitiveness directly or indirectly, which is very essential in Knowledge Economy.
This book explores whether knowledge management makes a positive contribution to organisational success in financial service institutions. In addressing this aim, the study develops the twin objectives of identifying the critical success factors for knowledge management and then establishing which of these factors have an impact on organisational success. Adopting a mixed methods approach, the key findings of this research are that there is a significant difference in perceptions of organisational success for organisations operating in a knowledge management environment compared with organisations operating in a non-knowledge management environment. Furthermore, this research has also established that the portfolio of factors associated with perceptions of organisational success are different for the two groups of organisations. Thus, this research makes an important contribution to knowledge management theory by developing a unifying framework of critical success factors for knowledge management in financial service institutions. The practical implications of this study mean that managers can focus on the factors that make most impact on perceptions of organisational success
Stealth KM presents an innovative way to drive successful knowledge management initiatives in the public sector. Niall Sinclair, a well-known, former high-level official in the Canadian Government, proposes a technique that has been proven to work in his own governmental area of 20,000 employees, and that enables executives and professionals, especially those in government and public institutions, to implement KM programs successfully.* Niall Sinclair is a well-known, former high-level official in the Canadian Government * Offers a new insider perspective on gaining buy-in for large scale KM projects * Contains case studies and research data from successful public-sector KM implementations world-wide
Indigenous knowledge is the local knowledge that is unique to a given culture or society. It is used at the local level for decisions related with agriculture and household products protection, human health, natural resources management and other vital activities. However, today many of these indigenous knowledge and techniques are at risk of extinction because of the rapidly changing natural environments and fast increase in socioeconomic and political changes on a global scale. Most indigenous knowledge that used for pest managements are mostly cost effective and environment friendly unlike chemical pesticides. Thus indigenous knowledge and techniques needs to be identified, standardized, adapted, adopted and produced in the large-scale. In view of this, the book enlightens the current collected information from Dire Dawa Administration (Eastern Ethiopia) on key pest animals and indigenous knowledge and techniques used for these pests'' management. Particularly, in the book the socioeconomic background of local community, the type of key pest animals and products damaged by them and indigenous knowledge and techniques used for these pests management were presented in detail.
In a situation where river basin development endeavors are undertaken in a complex socio-economic and biophysical settings and with different even conflicting interests, establishing and facilitating effective communication and knowledge sharing among different stakeholders is not only essential but has become a must. Communication and knowledge sharing among stakeholders working in rainwater management has a paramount importance for shared understanding. Although various rainwater management initiatives have been undertaken in Ethiopia in the last thirty years, there has been limited opportunity to share experience, to take valuable lessons and avoid duplication of efforts. This book is expected to give important highlights on the different challenges that stakeholders face to create a platform for shared understanding on basic concepts and practices of RWM. It also suggests different communication and knowledge sharing tools and approach to materialize effective knowledge sharing and joint learning. This book would specifically be useful to professionals that are working in the area of water management, innovation platforms, agricultural communication and knowledge management.
Mental health is the overlooked and neglected dimension of public health around the world. Autism Spectrum Disorder is one of the neglected mental health problems around the world. The problem is incurable, but some features can be modified and the quality of life can be improved if early diagnosis is done and different therapies are applied as soon as possible. Majority, 51.9 percent of health workers had rarely handled, 35.2 percent sometimes handled and 13 percent had not handled yet the Autistic child. Majority, 90.7 percent felt difficult and only 9.3 percent felt comfortable while diagnosing the case. Majority of the health workers, 79.6 percent knew that Autism Spectrum Disorder is a Developmental Disorder but they, 24.1 percent also rated mental retardation, 13 percent for form of psychosis, 7.4 percent for communicable disease, 3.7 percent for childhood schizophrenia as a meaning of Autism Spectrum Disorder. Caretakers gave priority, 95.5 percent to make familiar to the child with others to manage the socialization problem of Autistic child. Some, 2.3 percent of caretakers also practiced to keep child isolated to manage the problem.