Knowledge Management (KM) is key to effective decision making and innovation; emphasis on proper management of experts and their experience; the important role played by technology; training and mentorship and the need to systematically manage KM processes. Knowledge Management emphasis is on a balance between the key knowledge components of people, process and technology. The book targets Higher Education Institutions who may be searching for ways of adequately leveraging on their knowledge assets via a systematic and well coordinated approach to managing their Knowledge Management Practices (KMPs).
Indigenous knowledge attached to forest commonly restricts access to these sites. As a result, many sacred sites have survived for hundreds of years and act as important biodiversity reservoirs. The main objective of the study is to investigate and reveal the indigenous knowledge of Kaffecho society in forest management practices and to propose ways for maintaining useful forest knowledge for sustainable development. The major findings of the research indicated that the indigenous knowledge practices of the community have important roles in forest management. Yet, some of the community knowledge has limitations on their effectiveness, functions and implementations. Similarly, scientific forest management practices have both negative and positive effects on the forest in the study area and on the community’s knowledge. This called for a new strategy whereby indigenous knowledge is transformed by creating a synthesis with scientific knowledge and its application to forest management. This approach opened up the possibility for plural knowledge applications and positive outcomes between the community’s indigenous knowledge and the governmental forest management practices.
Mental health is the overlooked and neglected dimension of public health around the world. Autism Spectrum Disorder is one of the neglected mental health problems around the world. The problem is incurable, but some features can be modified and the quality of life can be improved if early diagnosis is done and different therapies are applied as soon as possible. Majority, 51.9 percent of health workers had rarely handled, 35.2 percent sometimes handled and 13 percent had not handled yet the Autistic child. Majority, 90.7 percent felt difficult and only 9.3 percent felt comfortable while diagnosing the case. Majority of the health workers, 79.6 percent knew that Autism Spectrum Disorder is a Developmental Disorder but they, 24.1 percent also rated mental retardation, 13 percent for form of psychosis, 7.4 percent for communicable disease, 3.7 percent for childhood schizophrenia as a meaning of Autism Spectrum Disorder. Caretakers gave priority, 95.5 percent to make familiar to the child with others to manage the socialization problem of Autistic child. Some, 2.3 percent of caretakers also practiced to keep child isolated to manage the problem.
Indigenous Knowledge can be considered as cultural knowledge in its broadest sense, including all of the social, political, economic and spiritual aspects of the local way of life. Such knowledge is embedded in a dynamic system in which spirituality, kinship, local politics and other factors are tied together and influences one another. The members’ of the indigenous people of Darimu District are managing forest resources in their entire social life cycle (from birth to death), for the sake of livelihood, cultural, economic and religious purposes using customary rules that emanated within their culture. The Scientific practices generally excludes the Humanistic perspective, whereas, Indigenous understanding assumes, a holistic View including language, culture, practices, spirituality, mythology, customs and even the social organization of the local communities.
The need for government organizations to become competitive is growing with the huge instability in the economy. In parallel, Knowledge Management (KM) has been rapidly growing in the past decade as a source of influence on organisational development practices. Furthermore, the past decade research approaches largely failed to show the importance of KM initiatives in creating synergy with other initiatives to an extent that would lead towards organizational competitiveness. This book address how KM holistically influences the different organisational development practices, specifically in the context of the government sector. To ascertain the relationships between KM and four prevalent organisational development practices namely Organisational Excellence, Learning, Innovation and Organisational Competitiveness; a quantitative survey approach was undertaken using a series of researcher-developed scales. The framework was designed to test the concept of the holistic influence of KM. The results clearly shown that knowledge if well management can lead to government organisations competitiveness directly or indirectly, which is very essential in Knowledge Economy.
Knowledge Management provides an innovative way to minimize the gap between the end-user and the knowledge source, thereby, accelerating human actions by providing them access to the best practices, valuable tools and lessons learned from others. This works focuses on the recent scenario, activities and key barriers involved in knowledge management. It explains the goal, driving forces, types of strategies, and tools used for knowledge management in corporate sector. It has been tried to find how knowledge management links to library and information professionals, the missing opportunity for librarians and the important role library and information professional can play in knowledge management. IT companies are more concern towards effective knowledge management due to their justified reasons. Knowledge management practices are completely based on information and communication technology therefore; this works suggests that the Library and Information professionals have to redefine their roles to survive in this IT dominated environment to be competent to work as knowledge professionals.
There is no denying the fact that accumulating and managing software development experiences play a very significant role in improving the software process. Reusing experiences in the form of processes, products, and other forms of knowledge is essential for improvement, that is, reuse of knowledge is the basis of improvement. Large amounts of knowledge in the form of project data, lessons learnt, software artifacts, code libraries etc. could be accumulated for a software organization but to make this knowledge usable, it needs to be structured, organized, modeled and stored in a generalized and reusable form in an organizational repository - the 'experience base.' Experiences, when reused in original context, can direct betterment in quality and improvement in software process. This book, intended for software engineering organizations interested in improving their software processes and leveraging the experience of its software developers, elaborates on the various design and implementation issues of Experience Base model proposed to store process improvement experiences. The experience management practices of software industry in India are also explicated in this book.
Asthma is the most common chronic disease of childhood. Its incidence is the highest in primary school children and it is the principal cause of school absenteeism. Prevalence of childhood asthma in India is increasing day by day. It is important for teachers and staff to be aware of the symptoms, triggers and the management of asthma in the school environment. School teacher could be a useful source of health information for students, but they themselves would have to possess adequate and accurate knowledge regarding asthma. The study revealed that the existing knowledge of teachers on asthma among school children is moderate but practices are very low. The enhancement in both knowledge and practice is very much required. This research study is useful to read by health personnel's, teachers, doctors, nurses and school administrators, health administrators, persons involved in care of sick children for gaining the knowledge on issue and better handling & management of children with asthma.
The book contains KM adoption level and practices in small and mid sized software consulting companies. It covers KM aspects in software companies. The book contains the research done in Gujarat based Software SMEs.The presentations are uniformly economical and cogent. Illustrations given are meaningful and relevant. The book can be taken as a well organised guide for the researcher who want to explore the study of KM in SMEs.
For knowledge-intensive life insurance industry, KM can be a tool of competitive advantage in country like India, where there is a huge market potential. This book aims to understand the KM practices followed in various private life insurance companies compared to the government owned and oldest life insurer in the country – Life Insurance Corporation (LIC). The work is based on a sample comprising of 03 private life insurance companies and 01 public sector LIC. The KM practices are evaluated using MIT90s framework and Hansen, Nohria, and Tierney’s Knowledge Strategy Model of Codification versus Personalization. The work empirically shows that private life insurance companies’ perform well on all dimensions of KM compared to LIC; however, no insurance company follows codification and personalization knowledge strategy as envisaged by Hansen, Nohria, and Tierney’s model. There is huge scope of KM implementation in insurance industry in India.
Knowledge management (KM) comprises a range of strategies and practices used in an organization to identify, create, represent, distribute, and enable adoption of insights and experiences. Such insights and experiences comprise knowledge, either embodied in individuals or embedded in organizations as processes or practices.Knowledge management efforts typically focus on organizational objectives such as improved performance, competitive advantage, innovation, the sharing of lessons learned, integration and continuous improvement of the organization. KM efforts overlap with organizational learning, and may be distinguished from that by a greater focus on the management of knowledge as a strategic asset and a focus on encouraging the sharing of knowledge.
The shortage of skilled and qualified personnel in the shipping industry has gained considerable attention in recent years. Various approaches have been used to address this issue with limited success. Conventional human resource management has its limitation in managing this highly mobile international workforce. This book looks into the issue from a new perspective where high mobility of personnel in the shipping industry is seen as a vehicle of knowledge flows that can be used for knowledge transfer. It argues that while an organisation cannot stop personnel from leaving, it is possible, by utilising effective knowledge management practices, to retain part of the knowledge held by such personnel. The book endeavours to apply knowledge management principles into the shipping industry to better manage its knowledge assets thus mitigating the skill shortage that has been faced by the industry. This new approach should help shed some light on providing solutions to the persistent skill shortage problem in the shipping industry, and should be useful to both practitioners and academics in the fields of human resource management and knowledge management.
This book describes the application of Knowledge Management in the not-for-profit sector, focussing particularly on the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. It is based on the research undertaken by me as part of my MBA at Judge Business School, University of Cambridge. It includes a study on the existing Knowledge Management literature, Knowledge Management processes being practiced in not-for-profit organisations (including WHO, NHS, ILO etc), an analysis of the knowledge available at the Global Fund through a Knowledge Management audit, and makes recommendations on practices that the Global Fund can follow in order to manage their internal knowledge more efficiently. This book is expected to be useful for those from the Not-for-Profit sector to formulate and implement Knowledge Management initiatives.
This book shares practical insight to the delivery of knowledge sharing platforms. The prime focus is on community level or external knowledge sharing (between organizations), which is a research area with less empirical and contributing literature. Empirical investigation is based on the development professionals’ experiences working in different organizations (DFID, SIDA, OXFAM, WB, and UNDP). After exploring the existing knowledge management and sharing practices of these organizations, the book has identified the “Cultural” and “Technological” challenges facing wider use of these sharing systems. There are practical suggestions for knowledge management and sharing system Developers, Policy and Decision Makers and System Users, to improve the overall contribution of knowledge sharing in better risk management.
This work makes a thorough presentation of management accounting practices prevalent in four major forms of cooperatives representing manufacturing, processing and distribution societies. Divided into two sections, this work makes an independent case presentation as well as collated detailed presentation of common management accounting practices pertaining to different aspects viz financial accounting, cost accounting, budgeting, internal audit, and management reporting in the selected cooperative institution. This work is contemporary in nature and is useful to scholars interested in understanding accounting practices in Indian cooperatives, academics teaching management accounting and practitioners attempting to gain knowledge on these practices.