This book assesses leadership behaviours of high school principals in terms of balance between initiating structure and consideration dimensions and their relationship to performance of students’ in the national examination, Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) that marks the end of secondary school education. It investigates whether demographic factors of age, education level, gender and administrative experience of head teachers as well the categories of schools affect these leadership behaviours. The book shows that head teachers emphasise initiating structure more than consideration, that female head teachers were significantly stronger than their counterparts on both leadership dimensions. It also reveals that performance of students related negatively to initiating structure dimension of principals’ leadership and positively with consideration dimension. This book is highly recommended for lecturers, students and researchers of school management.
Private schools supplement the government’s efforts of providing education in Kenya. Pupils from private primary schools have been out-performing those from public primary schools at Kenya Certificate of Primary Education (KCPE). The purpose of this study was to establish and compare the trends of secondary school academic performance of students from private and public primary schools, in Forms 1, 2, 3 end year teacher made test, Mock and Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) examinations. The research design was causal-comparative with a study population comprising 2004 and 2005 form four students in Nakuru District. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select a sample of 240 students from 6 provincial schools out of the 19 provincial schools in Nakuru District. The six schools were randomly selected from the three categories of secondary schools; Boys only, Girls only and co-educational ( Mixed). The instruments used to collect data were the Students’ Questionnaire, Teachers’ Questionnaire, Students' Academic Performance summary form.The mean scores of students from private primary schools were below the mean scores of students from public primary schools.
Performance of public secondary schools in coastal region by students has been persistently poor in national examinations . The book addresses the factors contributing to the poor performance and to establish the strategies that can be adopted to improve performance in secondary schools.The book addresses school based factors that affect students’ performance in secondary schools, teacher based factors that affect them, community based factors and their personal factors that affect performance in Kenya Certificate Secondary Education, and establish the strategies that can be adopted to improve performance in the national examination. The educationist are advised to be keen in addressing the challenges to find a rebirth of performance in academics. Improving on these factors and sensitization of the local community to discard practices which prohibit student’s effective learning attitude could improve performance in academics.It is anticipated that the strategies will give curriculum developers new insights into emerging issues on performance and influence the Ministry of Education on policy formulation.
Women have been marginalized for long even in the management of educational institutions where there is inequality. This book deeply examines participation of women in Boards of Governors of public secondary schools in Kenya. Women are under represented in the boards due to factors which emanate from the society, the government and the women themselves. Women also face challenges which are unique to their gender.
This study was about establishing factors affecting level of K.C.S.E. performance in Kitui District. The major purpose was to determine the factors and their influence on K.C.S.E. performance. The overall and long-term aim of this study was to contribute to the improvement of K.C.S.E. performance of students of Kenya. It is also expected to contribute information that could be useful in designing possible ways of improving the performance in the district. Secondly, to establish whether availability of learning facilities and the teachers have any effect on performance in KCSE performance. Thirdly, to find out the role of administration on students performance. In addition to find out the effect of class size and management of homework on students performance in K.C.S.E. Examination in Kitui District. The setting for this study was ten public secondary schools in Kitui district. The method for this study was survey design because it covers large population and determined current status of population with respect to more variables. To get the samples the researcher used stratified random sampling.
The ranking of schools and students in national examinations is meant to encourage positive competition. In addition, the public posting of examination outcomes is meant to hold schools and teachers accountable for the students’ performance on standardized examinations. However, ranking has been known to create the impression that, there are good and bad schools in Kenya. The top performing schools are regarded as effective schools while low performing are regarded as ineffective. This belief influences enrolment, promotion rates and performance trends in different schools as revealed by this study. Both the teachers and students felt that ranking should be improved and thus called for a system of assessment that encompassed all the aspects instead of focusing on academic performance only. This would ensure that ranking of schools and students did not glorify academic achievement at the expense of talent and other virtues.
Performance in Biology subject in Secondary schools in Kenya has been poor for many years with the Arid and Semi Arid Lands (ASAL) regions being the most affected. Garissa and Ijara districts of Nothern Kenya have been recording dismal performance over the years. The two districts hold a sizeable number of total public secondary school students’ population in the ASAL regions. This study sought to find out factors that influence performance in biology in public secondary schools in the two districts and the findings are discussed herein.
The book is about an empirical study carried out in Nairobi County in Kenya in the year 2011.The study is about Kiswahili performance in public day secondary schools. The author of the book sought to find out the factors that determine performance in Kiswahili in public day secondary schools. The findings of the study revealed that the age of the students, home enviroment of the learner, instructional materials,enhancing Kiswahili teachers skills,instructional techniques and use of other languages were some of the factors that determined performance in Kiswahili. The author collected data from nine public day secondary schools in Nairobi county. They included four mixed public day secondary schools, three boys only public day secondary schools and two girls only public day secondary schools.
This monograph provides research findings on guidance and counseling services in Kenyan secondary schools. The objective of the study was to examine student’s perception towards guidance and counseling public secondary schools. The monograph draws conclusions from the data analysis which revealed that most students in South Kisii public secondary schools are generally aware of the existence of guidance and counseling services in their respective schools The study further found out that the outcomes of guidance and counseling services in South Kisii public secondary schools has a positive influence in social personal students roles, students career development roles and students academic improvement roles. The study found out that guidance and counseling services in most of the public secondary schools in South Kisii District has been hindered by a number challenges such as lack of cooperation from students, lack of good time management, lack of trained personnel, inadequate resources materials, poor influence from peers and general ignorance of the students on the importance of the services.
This study sought to assess the effectiveness of cost saving measures in improving Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) performance in public secondary schools in Kenya. Specifically, the study was guided by the following objectives: To analyze resource endowment of public secondary schools in Marakwet West district; to assess the existence of cost saving measures in public secondary schools in Marakwet West District and to analyze the effectiveness of cost saving measures in improving KCSE performance in public secondary schools in Marakwet West District. In the study, nineteen (19) head teachers from KCSE schools were selected through stratified sampling. In addition, one district education officer (DEO) was purposively sampled to participate in the study. The head teachers’ data was elicited through use of questionnaires while the DEO was interviewed by the researcher. The findings of the study are revealed here in.
The study in this book sought to investigate the status of E-learning readiness in public secondary schools in Kenya given the agreement by educators and policy makers across the world on the importance of ICTs to the future of education. Descriptive survey design was employed where head teachers, teachers and students were targeted. Systematic sampling technique was used to select 10 schools. The researcher then used simple random sampling to select 24 students and five (5) teachers from each school. Head teachers were purposively selected from the ten selected schools. Questionnaires and an observation schedule were used to collect data. After coding the responses manually, data was entered into the SPSS computer program for analysis.Descriptive statistics such as frequencies, percentages and mean were used to analyze the data quantitatively while qualitative data obtained from the open-ended questions was analyzed according to themes based on the study objectives and the research questions and thereafter, inferences and conclusions were drawn. Analyzed data was presented using tables and charts as depicted herein.
Over the last few years, and as governments struggle to attain EFA goals and the MDGs, demand for education has grown tremendously while supply still grows at snail’s speed. This has resulted to countries focusing more on quantity at the expense of quality. With this worrying trend, Education Planners are at a loss to ensure quality of education and at the same time ensure access to education. This book, therefore, provides an analysis of Cost Function Analysis in public secondary schools in Kenya with a view to establish their carrying capacity and also the relationship between marginal cost and unit cost. The book further, proposes some recommendations to educational actors on strategies to use to ensure schools operate at an optimal level. This will ensure both internal and external efficiency of the education system.
In the Kenyan context, academic performance among secondary schools has been an issue with some schools producing very few graduates with a grade of C+ which is a minimum requirement for University Education in the Country. This is particularly so for schools that are district and provincial schools in the country. Throughout the world, Education is considered as a means of solving social problems and improving the quality of life among individuals in the society. Factors that relate to the learner, the teachers, schools themselves and the society at large play a significant role in influencing academic performance of the learners. This study is therefore significant in enlightening schools, teachers, educational policy makers, supervisors of curriculum implementation on issues that require special consideration such as; teacher motivation, experience of teachers, academic qualification, learner characteristics, availability of instructional resources, school administration as well as teaching learning strategies, learner characteristics in reference to enhancing academic performance among students in secondary schools in Kenya.
The purpose of this research was to compare the influence of management styles of head teacher’s on pupils’ performance in private and public primary schools in Nakuru municipality at Kenya Certificate of Primary Education (K.C.P.E.) level. The study findings revealed that most public primary schools were using democratic and participatory leadership styles as opposed to private primary schools, which were mainly using the autocratic leadership style. Private primary schools were performing better than Public primary schools in K.C.P.E. Most teachers in both private and public primary schools were not comfortable with the prevailing leadership styles and administration standards which negatively influenced student performance in K.C.P.E. Following these findings, the study recommends that the Ministry of Education, School governing bodies, and stakeholders should consider mobilizing and allocating resources towards mitigating the impediments to the effective leadership styles which influence student performance in K.C.P.E.
Performance of pupils at Kenya Certificate of Primary Education examination is an indicator of the efficiency and uniqueness of schools. At primary school level, it determines efficiency in school management and level of transition to secondary school. Study used survey research and population of head-teachers and teachers serving in 248 primary schools both public and private. Sample comprised 56 head-teachers and 56 teachers from 56 schools. Research instruments had reliability at alpha 0.83. Data was analysed through quantitative statistics with aid of SPSS 17.0 for Windows. Study indicated that academic performance in public primary schools was low and had fluctuated over years. Study also indicated deficiency in admission capacity at secondary school. Boarding, private and urban schools performed better and had higher transition rates compared to day, public and rural schools. Study recommended need for enhancement of performance in examinable subjects in order to boost efficiency in transition rates. It also recommended improvement of capacity in secondary schools to admit more students.