The recent turmoil on financial markets has made evident the importance of efficient liquidity risk management for the stability of banks. The measurement and management of liquidity risk must take into account economic factors such as the impact area, the timeframe of the analysis, the origin and the economic scenario in which the risk becomes manifest. Basel III, among other things, has introduced harmonized international minimum requirements and has developed global liquidity standards and supervisory monitoring procedures. The short book analyses the economic impact of the new regulation on profitability, on assets composition and business mix, on liabilities structure and replacement effects on banking and financial products.a??
Robust management of liquidity risk within the changing regulatory framework Liquidity Management applies current risk management theory, techniques, and processes to liquidity risk control and management to help organizations prepare in case of future economic crisis and changing regulatory framework. Based on extensive research conducted on banks' datasets, this book addresses the practical challenges and critical issues that frequently go unmentioned, and discusses the recent impact of sovereign crises on banks' liquidity processes and approaches. Market practices and regulatory stances are reviewed and compared to bank treasuries' response to liquidity crunches, refinancing risks are explored in the context of Basel 3, and alternative funding is analyzed in terms of resilience and allocation. Coverage includes the recent crisis, new regulations, and the techniques, processes, and strategies banks use in managing liquidity risk. The 2008 and 2010 crises brought liquidity risk out of the shadows as even profitable and well-capitalized banks were swept away with breathtaking speed. This book reviews modeling and internal process design in the context of the structural change in market conditions on banks' refinancing and control requirements, helping readers rethink and re-design their organization's approach to liquidity risk. Understand the new liquidity regulatory framework and the implications for banks Study the latest liquidity measurement models, with stress testing and scenario analysis Discover the effect of illiquid financing markets and possible lasting impacts Compare market liquidity and warning signals that detect further deterioration With much of the world still reeling from history, it's important that liquidity risk become a major focus going forward. This practical guide provides valuable information, but also real, actionable steps that can be taken today to forecast and mitigate risks with an eye toward greater stability and security. Liquidity Management is a thorough, comprehensive guide to a more robust management of liquidity risk.
Liquidity risk is in the spotlight of both regulators and management teams across the banking industry. The European banking regulator has introduced and implemented a stronger liquidity regulatory framework and local regulators have made liquidity a top priority on their supervisory agenda. Banks have accordingly followed suit. Liquidity risk is now a topic widely discussed in boardrooms as banks strive to set up a strong and efficient liquidity risk management framework which, while maintaining sufficient resources, does not jeopardize the necessary profitability and return targets. The Liquidity Risk Management Guide: From Policy to Pitfalls is practical guide for banks and risk professionals to proactively manage liquidity risk in a systemic way. The book sets out its own comprehensive framework, which includes all the various and critical components of liquidity risk management. The recommendations are based on experiences from the recent financial crises, best practices and compliance with current and future regulatory requirements, with special emphasis on Basel III. Using the new 6 Step Framework, the book provides step-by-step guidance for the reader to build their liquidity management framework into a new overarching structure, which brings all the different parts of liquidity risk into one approach. Special attention is given to the challenges that banks currently face when adopting and implementing the Basel III liquidity requirements and guidance is given on how the new metrics can be integrated into the existing framework, providing the most value to the banks instead of being a regulatory reporting matter.
In Banking, Asset and Liability Management (often abbreviated ALM) is the practice of managing risks that arise due to mismatches between the assets and liabilities (debts and assets) of the bank. Banks face several risks such as the liquidity risk, interest rate risk, credit risk and operational risk. Asset liability management (ALM) is a strategic management tool to manage interest rate risk and liquidity risk faced by banks, other financial services companies and corporations. Banks manage the risks of asset liability mismatch by matching the assets and liabilities according to the maturity pattern or the matching of the duration, by hedging and by securitization. . Modern risk management now takes place from an integrated approach to enterprise risk management that reflects the fact that interest rate risk, credit risk, market risk, and liquidity risk are all interrelated.
The most up-to-date, comprehensive guide on liquidity risk management—from the professionals Written by a team of industry leaders from the Price Waterhouse Coopers Financial Services Regulatory Practice, Liquidity Risk Management is the first book of its kind to pull back the curtain on a global approach to liquidity risk management in the post-financial crisis. Now, as a number of regulatory initiatives emerge, this timely and informative book explores the real-world implications of risk management practices in today's market. Taking a clear and focused approach to the operational and financial obligations of liquidity risk management, the book builds upon a foundational knowledge of banking and capital markets and explores in-depth the key aspects of the subject, including governance, regulatory developments, analytical frameworks, reporting, strategic implications, and more. The book also addresses management practices that are particularly insightful to liquidity risk management practitioners and managers in numerous areas of banking organizations. Each chapter is authored by a Price Waterhouse Coopers partner or director who has significant, hands-on expertise Content addresses key areas of the subject, such as liquidity stress testing and information reporting Several chapters are devoted to Basel III and its implications for bank liquidity risk management and business strategy Includes a dedicated, current, and all-inclusive look at liquidity risk management Complemented with hands-on insight from the field's leading authorities on the subject, Liquidity Risk Management is essential reading for practitioners and managers within banking organizations looking for the most current information on liquidity risk management.
The recent market turmoil caused by the sub-prime crisis highlighted how several key factors can strongly affect the banks’ capability to preserve their financial equilibrium under stress. Current liquidity risk models demonstrated to undervalue extreme events affecting funding and market risk in global scenarios. There was not an integrated measurement tool able to cover all the dimensions of liquidity risk and commonly adopted by the majority of institutions. This work, therefore, intends to highlight the most significant features to consider in order to implement an effective liquidity risk measurement and management.
A great write-up on the art of banking. Essential reading for anyone working in finance. Dan Cunningham, Senior Euro Cash & OBS Dealer, KBC Bank NV, London «Focused and succinct review of the key issues in bank risk management.» Graeme Wolvaardt, Head of Market Risk Control, Europe Arab Bank plc, London The importance of banks to the world's economic system cannot be overstated. The foundation of consistently successful banking practice remains efficient asset-liability management and liquidity risk management. This book introduces the key concepts of banking, concentrating on the application of robust risk management principles from a practitioner viewpoint, and how to incorporate these principles into bank strategy. Detailed coverage includes: Bank strategy and capital Understanding the yield curve Principles of asset-liability management Effective liquidity risk management The role of the bank ALM committee Written in the author's trademark accessible style, this book is a succinct and focused analysis of the core principles of good banking practice.
This book presents the results of the study on influence of Environmental Risk Management on the general performance of commercial banks in Uganda. Quantitative research approaches were adopted and a method of data collection, consisting of a survey questionnaire was used. The results from the research provide some evidence that commercial banks in Uganda incorporate environmental issues into lending decisions and are aware of environmental risks and opportunities. It further revealed that good Environmental Risk Management(ERM)contributes to better overall performance of banks and that consideration of environmental issues when making lending decisions is important to banks. The study recommended development and implementation of a comprehensive environmental risk management system and frameworks, adoption environmental management procedures, adoption of appropriate strategy and consideration of structured community participation in monitoring funded projects for enhancing ERM.
With over 30 years’ experience of risk management in banks, Mark Laycock provides a comprehensive but succinct non-technical overview of risk and its governance in financial institutions. Bridging the gap between texts on governance and the increasingly technical aspects of risk management the book covers the main risk types experienced by banks – credit, market, operational and liquidity – outlines those risks before considering them from a governance perspective including the Board and Executive Management. Addressing terminology issues that can confuse dialogue, and by providing a bibliography alongside each chapter for more detailed discussion of the topic this book will ground readers with the knowledge they require to understand the unknown unknowns.
Financial risk has become a focus of financial and nonfinancial firms, individuals, and policy makers. But the study of risk remains a relatively new discipline in finance and continues to be refined. The financial market crisis that began in 2007 has highlighted the challenges of managing financial risk. Now, in Financial Risk Management, author Allan Malz addresses the essential issues surrounding this discipline, sharing his extensive career experiences as a risk researcher, risk manager, and central banker. The book includes standard risk measurement models as well as alternative models that address options, structured credit risks, and the real-world complexities or risk modeling, and provides the institutional and historical background on financial innovation, liquidity, leverage, and financial crises that is crucial to practitioners and students of finance for understanding the world today. Financial Risk Management is equally suitable for firm risk managers, economists, and policy makers seeking grounding in the subject. This timely guide skillfully surveys the landscape of financial risk and the financial developments of recent decades that culminated in the crisis. The book provides a comprehensive overview of the different types of financial risk we face, as well as the techniques used to measure and manage them. Topics covered include: Market risk, from Value-at-Risk (VaR) to risk models for options Credit risk, from portfolio credit risk to structured credit products Model risk and validation Risk capital and stress testing Liquidity risk, leverage, systemic risk, and the forms they take Financial crises, historical and current, their causes and characteristics Financial regulation and its evolution in the wake of the global crisis And much more Combining the more model-oriented approach of risk management-as it has evolved over the past two decades-with an economist's approach to the same issues, Financial Risk Management is the essential guide to the subject for today's complex world.
Banking industry serves as the backbone of the financial sector that accumulates saving from surplus economic units in the form of deposits and provides it to deficit economic units in the form of advances. So it is of great importance to keenly observe the performance of the banks and their compliance with the regulatory requirements. Performance of the banks is measured at two levels, one is at the management and regulatory level of the banks and another is at external rating agencies. It is of great importance that both these ratings present the same results about the condition of the banks to provide clear information to investors and management. CAMELS is the supervisory and regulatory rating system implemented by State Bank of Pakistan. It takes into account six important components of a bank when it evaluates performance of the bank. These components are Capital, Assets, Management, Earning, Liquidity and Sensitivity to market risk. PACRA rating agency is the dominant credit rating agency of Pakistan that performs ratings for most banks. In our research we examine the similarities in the results generated by CAMELS rating system and PACRA rating agency.
This monograph focuses on the liquidity risk of commercial banks in the Visegrad countries in the period from 2000 to 2011. This risk is comprehensively evaluated with several different methods: six liquidity ratios, panel data regression analysis with fixed effects, probit model and scenario analysis. The liquidity position, net position on the interbank market and strategy of liquidity risk management differ significantly in individual Visegrad countries. The capital adequacy is the most important determinant of bank liquidity. However, some other factors such as size of the bank, credit portfolio quality or macroeconomic development are significant as well. All three tested stress scenarios would have a negative influence on bank liquidity. A run on the bank would have most serious impact on the bank liquidity in all Visegrad countries. The use of committed loans is the second most severe scenario for Czech and Slovak banks and a crisis confidence in the interbank market for Hungarian and Polish banks.
Deregulation and integration have led banks and financial institutions into competition both on Assets side as well as Liabilities side of the Balance-sheet, forcing them to assume greater and newer risks in their quest for higher returns.Asset Liability Management (ALM) has grown up as a response to the problem of managing modern day business which is exposed to a wide variety of risks in an environment where interest rates, exchange rates and economic conditions are highly volatile.The maturity mismatches and changes in the levels of assets and liabilities cause both liquidity risk and interest-rate risk.The ALM process is the only solution for banks to survive in this rapidly changing environment where the composition and risk profile of their assets and liabilities have a direct impact on their performance and profitability.
A global banking risk management guide geared toward the practitioner Financial Risk Management presents an in-depth look at banking risk on a global scale, including comprehensive examination of the U.S. Comprehensive Capital Analysis and Review, and the European Banking Authority stress tests. Written by the leaders of global banking risk products and management at SAS, this book provides the most up-to-date information and expert insight into real risk management. The discussion begins with an overview of methods for computing and managing a variety of risk, then moves into a review of the economic foundation of modern risk management and the growing importance of model risk management. Market risk, portfolio credit risk, counterparty credit risk, liquidity risk, profitability analysis, stress testing, and others are dissected and examined, arming you with the strategies you need to construct a robust risk management system. The book takes readers through a journey from basic market risk analysis to major recent advances in all financial risk disciplines seen in the banking industry. The quantitative methodologies are developed with ample business case discussions and examples illustrating how they are used in practice. Chapters devoted to firmwide risk and stress testing cross reference the different methodologies developed for the specific risk areas and explain how they work together at firmwide level. Since risk regulations have driven a lot of the recent practices, the book also relates to the current global regulations in the financial risk areas. Risk management is one of the fastest growing segments of the banking industry, fueled by banks' fundamental intermediary role in the global economy and the industry's profit-driven increase in risk-seeking behavior. This book is the product of the authors' experience in developing and implementing risk analytics in banks around the globe, giving you a comprehensive, quantitative-oriented risk management guide specifically for the practitioner. Compute and manage market, credit, asset, and liability risk Perform macroeconomic stress testing and act on the results Get up to date on regulatory practices and model risk management Examine the structure and construction of financial risk systems Delve into funds transfer pricing, profitability analysis, and more Quantitative capability is increasing with lightning speed, both methodologically and technologically. Risk professionals must keep pace with the changes, and exploit every tool at their disposal. Financial Risk Management is the practitioner's guide to anticipating, mitigating, and preventing risk in the modern banking industry.
This book is on the relationship between finance and economic growth. The need to grow economies especially those of less developed countries and the the unending contentions among economists as to the relationship between finance and economic growth motivated the writing of this text. In many developing economies banks play a key role in the provision of finance,this explains the primacy these institutions are accorded in this book. In assessing the extent finance contributes to economic growth, financial intermediation by banks is used as a proxy for finance while gross domestic product growth rate represented economic growth. The book showed that the reliance on banks by most developing countries to generate growth may be unfruitful. This is because, the Nigerian case surveyed in this book noted marginal contribution by banks to economic development.