This book is about the journey of children who were sometime back engaged in child labour activities but now they are rescued and are enrolled in schools to complete their primary education according to the norms of RTE. This book also talks about what problems they faced during this whole process and how they overcomes these problems. This book also covers the fall backs and amendments needed in RTE so that it can make required changes in education system of India.
The primary objective of this book is to better understand the determinants of child labour and schooling in Bangladesh. Much of the international concern about child labour in Bangladesh has been on the use of child labour in the commercial sector, although most of the children in Bangladesh are employed either in the household sector or the agricultural sector, and mainly employed by their parents. Therefore, existing anti-child labour policies mainly focus on the lowering of the demand for child labour in Bangladesh. The focus of this book is, however, on the supply side of child labour, particularly on the use of child labour in the agricultural sector and the household sector where children are mainly employed by their parents. In terms of possible policy recommendations, the results from this book suggest that employment generation schemes that lead to economic prosperity for the household, compulsory schooling of children, school enrolment subsidy, and adult literacy campaigns that increase community or social awareness, especially of the adult female, would be appropriate for reducing child labour in Bangladesh.
This book examines in a comparative manner the principles and rules relating to child labour under the Nigerian Laws. It is also an analytical discourse on their enforceability. It is a fact that many children are victims of child labour in Nigeria. Therefore, this book will study the causes of child labour in the nation and will also examine applicable laws on child labour under the Shariah, Civil and Customary laws to determine deterrent punishment for child exploiters. The premise of this work is to determine how the Shariah can assist in solving the problem of child labour. It also examines how biological parents can play significant roles in solving the multi-faceted child labour problems across the nation. The research is conducted employing qualitative and quantitative methods using the available materials gathered from the library and the Internet. Materials that are obtained include the primary sources like legislation, the Qur''an and Hadith, and textbooks by all the respected schools of Islamic law. This research hopes to provide significant suggestions to eradicate child labour completely from Nigeria in the interests of children, the family, and the nation in general.
Today, approximately 215 million children, many as young as five, are involved in child labor around the globe. Child labor is work that harms children or keeps them from attending school. It involves work by children under conditions that are hazardous, illegal, or exploitative. The incidence of child labour is still very high in many less developed countries. India with all her richness and wealth is not free from this problem .The absence of a process of equitable distribution of the fruits of development along with the existence of abject poverty among a large section of the people of the country often stand on the way to the reduction of child labour from the economy. In India, according to Census, 2001, there are about 1.26 crore child laborers. They constitute 4.5 percent of the total child population (age 5-14 years) of India. About 8.57 lakh child laborers belong to the State of West Bengal i.e., they form about 7 percent of the total child workforce of the country.Up to August 2009, the children were provided with cooked midday meal @ Rs5/- per child per day. Now the nutrition component has been merged with mid day meal under SarvaSiksha Mission.
Child Labour is always related to the violation of the basic rights of Children. However, every work carried out by children cannot be classified as child labour. This article highlights the basic International Norms related with the issue of Child Labour. The article aims to highlight the socio-economic issues responsible for the profusion of child labour in the society. A historical perspective is discussed and the current approach is highlighted, The impact of Child Labour laws within Pakistan is than Analyzed. The article gives a practical approach towards tackling the issue in the developing states, an example is taken of Pakistan.
Child labour as vice has engaged the concerns of human rights activist globally due to its virus manifestation and consequence. In Kenya child labour take various forms. This study was motivated by the need to explain to the tendency within the sisal growing regions of Baringo County. The study was inform by several objective which include income levels of households providing child labour, levels of education of the household heads on decision to provide child labour to the sisal plantation and the socio-cultural factors of the households head. It was found that most of the children were engage due to a number of factors such as financial constrain, education lever of the household head, peer pressure of other children, cultural values among other. This affect the children several way negatively. This study should contribute to knowledge on child welfare and efforts to eradicate child labour. The study has established that association between child gender and decision to provide child labour is statistically significant. There is therefore need to develop strategies to end these factors.
The problem of child labour has become an issue of great concern in recent times all over the world. The alarming growth of child labour, particularly in developing countries, has attracted the attention of governments, national and international social organizations and social scientists. The exploding population, industrialization and increasing urbanization have aggravated the problem of child labour. In the preindustrial era also, children were engaged to work in agricultural and trade occupations, cottage industries and in artisan and craftsmen operations. The book is foucssed on poverty, labour, unemployment, polices and programmes of child labour, problems and prospect of labour, summery and conclussions in present status in Rayalaseema ragion of Andhra Pradesh.
This monograph is the result of a Research Project funded by University Grants Commission of India, focusing on the problem of Child Labour in India, an outcome of a complex socio-economic process. Apart from the children openly working, the study has explored, probably for the first time in a pan-Indian context, the issue of the ‘Reserve Army of Child Labour''. Naturally, the research examines schooling status of children also. Factors determining working or schooling status of children have been identified leading to several policy suggestions. Experiences from Field Surveys have been used to examine the efficacy of existing programs and schemes and to suggest modifications to make policies more effective. A valued resource for academicians and development practitioners.
This book is aimed at Analyzing the marginal Income Contribution of child labour and its determinants in rural households of Harari people National state of Ethiopia. Results show children involved in four main activities: School attendance, working, combining school and work and idle (neither attends school nor involved in work). Households were highly dependent on their children labour supply to supplement their income. Mitigation of child labour requires household’s capacity building that enhances asset and capital formation, adult education and provision of productive agricultural inputs.
Present children are future citizens of the society. But in media children are the present economic source of the poor parents. Child labour is unlawful, irrational and social evil. In India most of the parents instead of sending their school for learning them are reading to work place for earning. In the present scenario. India has the distinction of wave highest number of child labourers. In our society children form an integral past of house-hold economy. Sending children to work for wages out-side the home in a logical outcome of their activities within the household. If the children can contribute to the household economy by doing work appropriate to their age and are able to do adult job, at the age of 12 or 13 they can also work in some other field or he hired to do some other job. Due to exploitation nature of the wage labour market, the sufferings of child labourers of the economy in which child labour in considered as cheap. Hence, the study of child labour necessitates an understanding of these social memories. The present study has been undertaken to visualize and penalize the points. In this regard I express our sincere thanks to Prof. M.P. Narasimha Raju.
Eradication of Child Labour – A case study of M.V. Foundation discusses the new analytical approach rather than the traditional approach. The subject matter is structured around the process of eradication of child labour and focuses on the national policy measures and role of non-governmental organization. The book present the socio-economic dimensions of the problem of child labour and discussed the various policies and programmes undertaken by the state toward the elimination and eradication of child labour and studied the contribution and impact of the different programmes of M.V. Foundation towards the educating the child labour and suggestions values a comprehensive system for eradication of child labour.
In recent years the root cause of the phenomenon of child labour has been tried to be identified either in the poverty factor or lack of access to primary education. Although there is no consensus, the very launching of midday meal programme appears to suggest that it is due to sheer poverty that people so long did not feel enticed to send their children to schools. Hence societal objective of achieving sustained school education without midday meal by withdrawing children from labour market requires improvement in economic status of the rural poor. The supply and demand forces emanating from poverty element appear to perpetuate the problem of child labour. In case of Zari industry in Hooghly district in West Bengal empirical findings appear to support the poverty factor as basic to the existence of this problem. Theoretically a partial equilibrium model is framed to stress on supply and demand side elements that determine the optimum child labour employment and emphasize poverty as the factor perpetuating the problem.
This study focused on the impact of child labour on children’s welfare in tobacco growing areas in Uganda. The child labourers’ health, education and social development has been tremendously affected thereby affecting their optimal developmental background as children, which has in turn denied them the opportunity to prepare and equip themselves academically, socially, and emotionally for the future. Even the existing policies and laws that protect child labour in Uganda have not been applied in reality in that they inadequately address child rights issues which deny them the opportunity to live as children and have not afforded them equal access to opportunities as compared to other sectors in Uganda. If government sensitised society to the laws and policies related to child labour and set up rules and regulations to guide the implementation of these laws and policies, it is certain that children would not fall victims of child labour. Unless a concerted effort is made by stakeholders to address this problem, especially its root causes such as poverty and food insecurity, the goal to eliminate child labour will be impossible to achieve.
This book deals with the problem of child labour in India. The main cause of abnormal increase in the number of child labour now is the flow of migrants from the village to the urban areas in search of employment, as a result of disintegration of village economy and pervading poverty among the landless and working classes there. Other causes like flood, natural calamities and drought, which affect a large sections at times. In some places in the rural set up the social hierarchy and economic hierarchy are interwoven to cater child labourers. The ‘Banchara’ and the ‘Bedia’ communities bear testimony to the fact. The existences of the child labour laws are questioned given the increase in the child labourers day by day. To combat, we should adopt both long-term and short-term measures. Our long-time measures should be to achieve abolition of child labour, gradually by social economic and legislative measures. A program should be initiated to improve and strengthen the position of women providing financial input by way of giving employment to enhance the family income which ultimately reduces the child Labour.
This book delineates the nature and extent of the problem of child labour, and also examines the economic and demographic characteristics of child labour households. This book provides the information in the socio-economic perspective the various dimensions of the institution of child labour in India in general and in Aligarh city in particular. The book offers a wealth of information about child labour and a wide-ranging analysis of experiences in the formation and implementation of policies and programmes in a variety of industrial and socio-economic contexts. This invaluable resource will help not only governmental organizations but also non- governmental organizations contribute to eliminating child labour.