A comprehensive review of the most current scientific research on ABC transporters and multidrug resistance ATP-binding cassette transporter genes (ABC transporters) are known to play a crucial role in the development of multidrug resistance (MDR). MDR is the ability of pathologic cells, such as tumors, to withstand chemicals designed to target and destroy such cells. In MDR, patients who are on medication eventually develop resistance to not only the drug they are taking, but to several different types of drugs. ABC Transporters and Multidrug Resistance offers an essential resource for pharmaceutical researchers who are working to discover drugs to counteract multidrug resistance in diseases such as cancer. In one comprehensive volume, this book contains a collection of the most current knowledge on the involvement of ABC transporters in drug transport and resistance. This comprehensive volume provides an overview on the description of the structure, the genome, normal tissue expression, physiological aspect, and mechanism of action of the ABC protein. The expert contributors explore the expression, detection, and implications of ABC proteins in hematological malignancies and solid tumors and ABC proteins and pathogenic microorganisms. This volume also explains MDR modulation through inhibition of ABC transporters and the design of inhibitors and mechanism of action. In addition, the book offers essential information on the biological and clinical aspect of multidrug resistance.
Bravo! is an exciting course for children who are learning English. Extensive research and piloting ensure that the materials are ideal for the classroom and appropriate for different cultural backgrounds. Bravo! 6 Activity Book Develops reading and writing skills through a series of carefully graded activities; Has listening exercises to build on pupils' aural skills and to sensitize them to different English sounds; Provides regular revision of vocabulary and structures; Can be used both in class and for homework; Bravo! 6 consists of Pupil's Book, Activity Book, Teacher's Book, Cassettes.