Amy Chua's remarkable and provocative book explores the tensions of the post-Cold War globalising world. As global markets open, ethnic conflict worsens and democracy in developing nations can turn ugly and violent. Chua shows how free markets have concentrated disproportionate, often spectacular wealth in the hands of resented ethnic minorities - 'market-dominant minorities'. Adding democracy to this volatile mix can unleash suppressed ethnic hatred and bring to power 'ethno-nationalist' governments that pursue aggressive policies of confiscation and revenge. Chua also shows how individual countries may be viewed as market-dominant minorities, a fact that could help to explain the rising tide of anti-American sentiment around the world and the visceral hatred of Americans expressed in recent acts of terrorism. Chua is not an anti-globalist. But in this must-read bestselling book she presciently warns that, far from making the world a better and safer place, democracy and capitalism - at least in the raw, unrestrained form in which they are currently being exported - are intensifying ethnic resentment and global violence, with potentially catastrophic results.
Ethnic Nationalism in Rwanda and the African Great Lakes Region describes and analyzes the dynamics of historio-political forces that have shaped the East Central African Nation of Rwanda from its evolution through its contact with colonial Europeans to the horrific apocalypse of genocide. It sought to portray the essential irrationality of human greed pursued through the instrumentality of group tyranny, suggesting that the greatest good for the greatest number can only be achieved and sustained by deliberate accommodation of all groups in the political economy of rational statecraft.
This paper seeks to highlight if both concepts of polyarchy and ethnos nation-state may reconcile in practice despite their inner theoretical contradiction. Our Estonian case-study reveals that the definition of national identity according to ethnic cores prevents the state to take positive state duties towards ideal democratic conditions, and so any reconciliation to take place. Indeed, the consequent ethnic nationalism and monopoly of the cultural domain do undermine both inclusiveness and effective participation democratic conditions, while lessening non-members of the core nation's both psychological and material resources, thus entailing their self-withdrawal.
Why does Ethnic Mindset define Elections in Nigeria, shape Party membership, determine voting pattern during elections? Between 1999 and 2011, 4 National elections were conducted and the voting pattern in the three major tribes suggest strong influence of Primordial Cleavages in Political Calculation of the people. The research is both analytical, historical and comparative. The focus is on how Ethnic and religious balancing influenced elections, the Composition of each elected government and all the Institutions of Democracy in the country. The book will be of significant value to Nigerians and all those interested in knowing why Democracy in Nigeria remained unstable and ethnic defined.
Muslim Chinese – Ethnic Nationalism in the People?s Republic 2e
The central theme of this book is to unveil inter-ethnic conflict transformation within multi-ethnic society taking the experiences of Asossa woreda, Benishangul-Gumuz Regional State in the post 1991 Ethiopia. The study revealed out that inter-ethnic conflicts between the "natives" and "settler" communities taken place at different time due to economic factors such as, landownership and entitlement, resource competition and tenure security. in the same realm political factors such as representation issues both in the regional and local council, and politics of exclusion are among the central ones. The finding revealed that both formal and non-formal conflict transformation mechanisms were used via identification of the structural conditions, actors, issues and the general context of framing the conflict. Various intervention mechanisms were proved successful in light of the theory of conflict transformation and brought constructive outcomes. However, still there are some areas exhibited where the process failed to address and need to be further transformed.Generally the process brought the conflict in to the level of non-violent and mend the peoples attitude.
In the twentieth century humanity experienced horrific episodes, such as the Armenian genocide, the Holocaust, the genocide from Rwanda, the communist mass terror or the massacres perpetrated in former Yugoslavia. Particular groups, identified as the enemy, the threat or simply the dangerous “other”, have been subject to policies of discrimination, exclusion and in the end to policies of extreme mass violence. The most natural questions are Why? and How?. This book focuses on the link between ethnic nationalism and genocide by analyzing the cases of Serbia and Romania. The ideology that guided Romanian and Serbian elite towards genocide was based on national arguments- protecting and preserving the national identity, the uniqueness of the nation (supposedly based on religion, ethnicity), the alleged interests and values of the nation taking priority over all other interests and values. The two cases can help us understand the significance of nationalism in the radicalization of a conflict. Contrary to what some scholars believe, nationalism did not loose its power and can still play a decisive role in unstable regimes with a clear differentiation between ethnic and religious groups
This book investigates the role of women religious leaders in ethnic conflict management and resolution in Nakuru and Uasin Gishu districts, Kenya. The book is based on the general premise that in all conflict related situations women bear the greatest brunt of the violence.The book shows that during the ethnic clashes, women are the main victims but they are underrepresented or hardly represented in peace meetings and in the various structures of peace making processes and peace building. Where they are included, the number of women is miserably minimal or negligible. The book has demonstrated that religion can be integrated with gender dimension in peace building, conflict prevention and management. This is underscored by the significant roles of women in peace building which are evident from the work of Rural Women Peace Link, a network of women groups that was geared to peace building in the areas that suffered the effects of ethnic clashes and other violent related conflicts such as cattle rustling.
This wide-ranging, multidisciplinary collection of essays analyzes the social, political, economic and ideological impact of the forces of globalization, and of the nationalist responses to these, in major Asian nations from India, Malaysia and Indonesia to China and Japan. Among the key issues explored are the globalization of Hindu nationalism, the ideological struggle in East Asia between nationalists and the advocates of a pan-Asian civilization, the repercussions for Asian nations of the recentpan-Asian financial crisis, the rise of neo-nationalism in late-twentieth-century Japan, the Chinese nationalist response to Western economic domination, and the conflict between ethnic nationalism and national unity in Malaysia, Indonesia and Fiji.
Democracy & Disagreement – Why Moral Conflict Cannot be avoided in Politics, & What Should be Done About it (Paper)
Ethiopia witnessed a defining moment in the arena of national politics since the early 1990s. One of the most significant features of the political changes in the post-1991 period has been the recasting of the Ethiopian state structure into an ethnic federation. The government has constitutionally formalized ethnicity as the fundamental criterion of political organisation, inducing many changes in both ethnicity and governance. The political changes that are closely associated with the federalization of the country along ethnic lines pose sets of opportunities and challenges in managing inter-ethnic relations. This book aims at examining the shifting local inter-ethnic relations in Ethiopia, taking the conflicts between the Guji and Gedeo peoples of southern Ethiopia as a case study. It explores the root causes and the federal dispensation capacity in managing those conflicts, with the aim that settlement of the conflicts would contribute to the prevalence of peaceful relations in those contested areas. The author believes that the book would be useful for policy and decision makers’, students of federalism and researchers who study in federalism and conflict management.