With the modern global trend of investment in rice production and exports,little is done about the nutritional value of polished and unpolished rice. Most people are interested in the taste of the food they consume without much emphasis on its nutritional benefits. Rice makes up 20% of the world's dietary supply and that one billion households in rural areas of developing countries depend on rice as a source of income. Brown rice has a higher nutrient content than milled rice,however despite its nutritional value the pattern of consumption of the product is not the best.This book investigates and elaborates the pattern of consumption of brown rice,attributes of the product that influence its consumption and the strength of the institutional support in the rice industry. The book projects the marketing prospects of brown rice and its benefit. This book is recommended to investors and researchers who are interested in rice production especially in developing countries.
Extending dry season cultivation of lowland rice and increasing climate change phenomenon has increased concern towards iron toxicity problem in rice. This manuscript provides basic information on the effect of such changing environmental phenomenon-especially that of transpiration- on iron toxicity tolerance mechanisms in some selected rice genotypes. The information included in this manuscript is considered to be utmost valuable to the students and the researchers who are interested towards the physiological mechanisms of iron toxicity tolerance in rice.
The book discussed the possible management of soil moisture regimes to reduce the phytoavailability of arsenic, thereby reducing its entry into the rice plants. The management options of arsenic accumulation in rice should focus on preventing and minimizing arsenic input to soils. Farmers often use more irrigation water than needed. Thus optimizing water input in the rice field would be a sound option to reduce arsenic accumulation into the rice plants while saving water. Furthermore, aerobic growth conditions in paddy fields may reduce bioavailability and uptake of arsenic in rice. This research aims at devising remedial measures through water management to minimize arsenic accumulation and toxicity in rice by making more oxidized rhizosphere as well as to reduce the entry of arsenic into food chain.
The poor quality groundwater may prove a valuable natural resource in arid and semi-arid regions, if used with suitable technologies. This book provides an ample technique and up-to-date references about the response of wheat to organic and inorganic soil amendments under irrigation with high residual sodium carbonate water. This book will be useful to the students and researchers of crop production and environmental sciences as well as to the natural resource planners and managers, especially of developing nations.
In Ganga-Brahamaputra plain of India (population ~ 500 million) about 80% people use groundwater for drinking and other domestic purposes. Contamination of groundwater due to naturally occurring arsenic (As) has caused chronic As poisoning leading to cancer and non-cancerous effects in the state West-Bengal, India for last three decades. This book features a detailed groundwater As contamination scenario in West Bengal – the 2nd largest population at risk from As toxicity after Bangladesh. The study categorizes the groundwater As scenario into 3 classes: severely, mildly affected, and As safe zones based on 1,35,555 groundwater sample analysis. Further, it highlights identification of arsenicosis patients based on skin lesions and associated symptoms; temporal/seasonal variability trends; development of analytical method for As speciation; As in raw and cooked rice and how cooking method can influence the final As content in rice that is being consumed. Finally this book recommends remediation approaches to combat the current As crisis. This research work was submitted for the degree of doctor of philosophy(Ph.D) at Jadavpur University,India and the degree was awarded in 2007.
The Diversity and Distribution of Amphibian fauna in the Albertine Rift in the great lakes region of Africa is Dr. Behangana's attempt to put amphibian diversity on the map. It gives detailed account of amphibian distribution, abundance, endemism and richness in 15 forests for 73 out of 119 species documented in 26 sites of the Albertine Rift for which data has been compiled so far. Some aspects of amphibian ecology such as physical and biotic factors affecting amphibian distribution, habitat requirements and acoustics are also analysed. This book was written to give baseline information to herpetologists and other researchers intending do further research on amphibian fauna of the AR, for managers and other conservationists interested in knowing the current status of amphibians in the Albertine Rift.
An Early Neolithic Village in the Jordan Valley Part II, the Fauna of Netiv Hagdud
The present study is a review of zootherapeutic practices of the different ethnic communities of India. This work is an attempt to present a list of animal reported for medicinal purposes by different communities of India. Data were collect from selected 15 published research papers of various authors on zootherapeutic studies in India. Approximately 109 animals and their 270 usage are reported in traditional medicine in different parts of India. Out of 109 animal species reported, 76(70%) are included in IUCN red data list and 36 (33%) animal species are listed in CITES appendix I, II, and III. The number of animals reported for medicinal purposes in different parts of India is enough to feel a need to discuss on the use of animals and their products, as medicines in conservation biology and sustainable use.
A vibrant and efficient capital market, which ensures an orderly development and contains measures for protection of the investor’s interest, is the most important parameter for evaluating health of any economy. The practice trading imposed limits on trading volumes and hence the speed with which new information was incorporated into stock market. Dematerialization is the processes by which a client can get physical certificates converted into electronic from and balances maintained in its account with the participants in the depository system. Hence the depository participants (DP) are very important in stock market. A very few studies are there on depository system in India. As such a book is taken up on Role and Performance of DPs in India.
Ever increasing population of the globe and use of productive agricultural lands for housing has posed serious threat to future food supply. Low productivity of wheat due to different management practices is a serious problem. Different wheat cultivars are sown in Pakistan in same conventional row spacing ignoring their tillering potential. Optimizing row spacing for different wheat cultivars differing in tillering capacity improves the productivity and thus minimizing the future food shortage risk. Low tillering cultivars sown in narrow row spacing give higher outputs compared with wider spacing. So, to obtain higher productivity low tillering cultivars can be sown in narrow row spacing while; those having higher tillering potential perform best in wider row spacing. In crux, husbandry practices; row spacing in particular, must be choosen keeping in view the tillering potential of wheat cultivars around the globe.
Wheat is one of the major food crop of Pakistan and luckily the geographical position of country make it suitable for its cultivation. But the national average yield is far below the yield of other wheat producing countries. In wheat production, among other constraints poor fertility of the soil emerged the major one. The book in hand certainly provides base-line information and guiding principles on organic and inorganic fertilizer application in wheat. The book will be useful for wheat researchers, planners, students, progressive growers and organization. Therefore, it should be in every agriculture library around the country.
An agro-climatic study was conducted to assess the vulnerability of winter rice (boro) production in Bangladesh to potential climate change. Effect of climate change on yield of two varieties of boro rice has been assessed using the DSSAT (v4) modeling system. The yield of BR3 and BR14 boro varieties for the years 2008, 2030, 2050 and 2070 have been simulated for 12 locations of Bangladesh, which were selected from among the major rice growing areas in different regions of Bangladesh. Available data on soil and hydrologic characteristics of these locations, and typical crop management practice for boro rice were used in the simulations. The weather data required for the model (daily maximum and minimum temperatures, daily solar radiation and daily precipitation) were generated for the selected years and for the selected locations using the regional climate model PRECIS. The model predicted significant reduction in yield of both varieties of boro rice due to climate change; yield reductions of over 20% and 50% have been predicted for both rice varieties for the years 2050 and 2070, respectively.
Education is an integral part and basis of human life and it is as old as human existence and shall continue function as long as human being lives. The education system which was evolved first in ancient India is known as the Vedic system of education. It was followed by Brahmanic and Buddhist Education. In 712 when Mohamed Bin Kasim invaded India, he brought with him the Muslim influence and this can be seen as the beginning of the Muslim Period. Many Madrasas and Maktabs were established, primarily to teach the religion of Islam. During the Muslim period, education made great progress since most of the kings and in particular Akbar saw education as secular and were dedicated to the cause of education.
Communication and IT contain huge potential particularly for growing nations and in there sustainable growth. India and Pakistan two growing nations of Asia pacific now a day doing great performance in the field of IT and have different advantages on each other in this field. Indian city Bangalore is known as Silicon Valley of India due to its great contributions in IT field of the country. Karachi city of Pakistan also well recognized in this field. IT industry of both cities working under different IT policies like Karnataka state of India in which Bangalore city is located has its own IT policy under through this industry is going on and Karachi city of Pakistan which is situated in Sindh province of Pakistan has no IT policy and IT industry of Karachi city is working under National IT policy of Pakistan. Study based on how Karachi and Bangalore contribute in the economic development of their respective countries through IT industry, what kind of institutional arrangements both cities have in respect of innovation system and to know whether there is National Innovation System, Regional Innovation System or they are Industrial Clusters.