Banana crop is widely grown in India and has great socio-economic and religious significance. Banana is the fourth-important food ingredient in terms of gross value exceeded only by rice, wheat and milk product. It is an important crop for small and marginal farmers.To meet the growing population the emphasis has been given on the increase in the productivity by providing closer spacing or high density planting of banana.In this book, the authors have attempted to consolidate different spacing and proportions of nutrients required for high density planting of banana.This book will benefit students who are acquainting themselves in high density production technology of banana.
AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) has always been one of the those complected disease which has kept scientist puzzled. That way taking lives of innumerable people, hence a attempt is made in the field of finding cure for it be integrating the Indian Tribal system of medicine with ayurveda. In this book you will find lots of different tribes present in India along with there natural habitat and the medicine system they use as a remedy. Which may prove helpful in developing a cure for AIDS by integrating it with ayurveda.
Rice-wheat is the predominant cropping system of North India in general and Punjab in particular,contributing towards food security of country to a large extent. Severe competition from weeds is one of the important factor determining productivity and sustainability of the system. Weeds compete with the crop plants for nutrients and other growth factors. Weeds can be effectively controlled with the use of selective herbicides.Use of herbicides can be effectively integrated with different planting patterns like zero till sowing with Happy Seeder, zero till sowing in standing stubbles, zero tillage with complete or partial burning of stubbles and bed planting to allow the competition in favour of wheat.Onion is one of the most important vegetable crops in India. Severe weed problems in onion and huge losses due to weed competition are a global problem. Pendimethalin, oxyflourfen and fluchloralin are few selective herbicides recommended for controlling weeds in onion. The applied herbicides persist in soil and may leave residues in onion bulbs as these are consumed as raw at any time and hence information on the herbicide residues in onion bulb is very important.
the projet will help the farmers for increasing the productivity by checking the growth of weeds at early stage of growth of the growth and increasing the nutritive value of the crops. this will help in reducing the malnutrition in developing children.this will also help in improving the fertility of soil by checking the growth of the weed thereby checking the nutrient losses by weeds.In general there will be more food grain production per unit area.
Rice is the basic source of household income in the study villages accounting for about 46 percent of the total income. there is a shift in factor income in rice production from labour to capital with higher and productivity. This book concerns the design for promoting farmer's adoption of the recommended package of practices so as to minimize the technological gap the findings of this research study would be helpful to farmers, students and policy makers to understand the agricultural scenario of India.
Technical efficiency in wheat production across major cropping zones of the Punjab (Pakistan) through stochastic frontier production function with Cobb-Douglas specification has been analyzed. The mean technical efficiency of wheat production was 78.2, 82.8, 80.2 and 50.1 percent in the mixed, cotton-wheat, rice-wheat and rain-fed zones, respectively. The results signify that there is a scope to increase wheat productivity through technical efficiency improvements under existing conditions of input use and technology. In the irrigated zones, number of ploughings for land preparation, use of chemical fertilizers and number of irrigation applications contributed positively to the crop production. The inefficiency in wheat production was due to sowing of poor quality produce as seed year after year, wheat crop acreage at the farms in irrigated zones and due to incidences of technical and financial problems in both irrigated as well as rain-fed zones. While, operational farm size and farmers’ contact with extension agents in the irrigated cropping zones and education level of the farmers in the rain-fed zone were technical inefficiency decreasing farmer characteristics.
Namdapha National Park in Arunachal Pradesh of 1985 Km2 lies in the vicinity of tri-junction of India, Myanmar and China. There is no comprehensive data on the fish fauna and their habitat ecology, especially the fish assemblage of different rivers and streams of the remote areas of Arunachal Pradesh. So the present study will form the basic database for future conservational programme.A total of 58 fish species have been recorded in the present study out of which 29 species are in common with the ZSI record of 1985. While assessing the probable reasons for the decline of fish fauna in Namdapha National Park, following major reasons are noted- 1. A major portion of flat land in the Core area of the Tiger reserve have been encroached by people of Lishu community have an adverse effect in the riverine habitat, as these encroachers have cleared and deforested land in patches resulted in alteration of habitat. 2. Anthropogenic activities have lead to siltation of the natural lakes, which act as nursery for the fish fauna, lead to decrease in fish population. 3. Illegal fishing is also a burning problem for the protection staffs to stop this.
The most important cereal crop that revolutionized agriculture and wiped out hunger and starvation from the face of the world is wheat. Among the world’s most important food grains it ranks next to the rice. It is taken in various forms by more than one thousand million human beings in the world. In terms of production wheat occupies the prime position among the food crop in the world. India occupies a second position in area and production amongst the wheat growing countries of the world. In this book, I focus on the lab to land initiative aims at achieving improvement in the quality of life of people by bringing into fruition provision of the programmed for the development and welfare of the people in rural areas. This book is an attempt to furnish student and teachers the information at one place in consolidate and precise manner.
Wheat is an important stable foodgrain crop and being the main source of calories it has immense importance in Indian diet. Sandy soils of Rajasthan are excessively permeable, poor in organic matter and prone to be deficient in potassium and zinc availability. An intensive cropping lead to depletion of potassium from the soil due to it’s released from fixed forms. Besides, a greater emphasis on nitrogen fertilization corresponding to potassium is influence soil fertility, crop yields and sustainability of agriculture. Already a fall in productivity in the absence of potassium has been proven from long-term experiments. Like potassium, more attention is also necessary on the management of micro-nutrients especially zinc. Zinc is an important micro-nutrient reported deficient in Indian soils and cause poor yield in rice-wheat growing soils of North-western India. When potassium and zinc are applied to soil they undergo transformation to various chemical pools, the nature of which differs across soils. Looking to the role played by potassium and zinc in boosting up the productivity and quality of wheat and soil health the present study was undertaken.
Study and Design of Belt Conveyor System in Coal Mines has been written as a part of work and also to foster the use as a handbook for general applications in coal mines. Mining Industry in India is a major economic activity as India is home to great reserves of sheet mica, iron ore and bauxite. Various mines in India typically works on conventional production methods, and belt conveyors is an integral part of it. This work enables to serve as a reference and would help in consultation.
This book represent investigation of microfossils (Ostracoda)from Mesopotamian Southern Iraq of which the identifed species indicateded fluctuation in salinity from fresh water to brackish polyhaline during the deposition of Quaternary sediment. the funal relationships of the described species related to the India,Jorden and Araebian Gulf regions which is indicated the fauna migration way from India towords Mesopotamian area.
Establishment method and sowing time has great influence on soil moisture conservation and wheat yield. Conservation tillage helps in early sowing of the wheat in rice-wheat cropping pattern and helps to escape the heat stress in winter wheat. Conservation tillage has positive impact on yield by conserving the moisture and prevent the wheat from anthesis and post anthesis drought where as the conventional tillage has higher germination percentage and good crop stand. Mulching in winter wheat plays significant role in soil moisture conservation and lowers the weed population.
Rice is produced in wide range of locations and under a variety of climate conditions, from the wettest areas in the world to driest deserts. It is believed to be originated in South East Asia particularly India and Indo-China, where the richest diversity of cultivated races has been recorded. India stands first in rice area and second in production after China. The crop is mainly grown in kharif and in summer season in Navsari, Valsad, Surat, Dangs and Kheda districts of South Gujarat where perennial canal irrigation facilities are available. The popular varieties grown on in South Gujarat are Dandi, Gurjari, Jaya, IR-28 etc. NAUR-1 rice variety has more yielding potential compared to other varieties and tolerant to salinity. The response of this NAUR-1 rice crop to the growth substances was positive and significant with respect to growth and yield attributes. On the basis of experimental results, it can be concluded that combination of seed treatment and seedling spray of Thiourea @1000 mg/l significantly improved various growth parameters and yield of rice variety NAUR-1 during summer season.
This empirical study examined the impact of food price hike on household food security at different income levels of the people in Bangladesh. The study extensively used national household income, expenditure, and food consumption survey data of Bangladesh together with the weekly time series data on price of rice and wheat. Households having higher share of income on food consumption were found to be the worst affected by the price rise. To understand how international price rise is transmitted into domestic foodgrain market in Bangladesh, cointegration analysis and Error Correction Model were used. The result confirms the existence of long-term equilibrium relationship between international and domestic market price of rice while wheat price did not. Error Correction Model was used to see the short term dynamics as well as long term information of rice price. Although impact of rising rice price in the international market has not been realised immediately in the domestic market due to different price stabilizing programmes and policies of the government of Bangladesh, rising price of rice in international market has long term impact on Bangladesh market.
Rice blast caused by the filamentous ascomycete Magnaporthe grisea, is one of the most devastating diseases of cultivated rice. Blast disease is a major constraint in certain agro-ecological regions of India. Eastern India has the highest occurrence of blast, followed by North and South. This disease is also a serious problem in Gujarat, as rice is grown under irrigated and high fertilizers input conditions that are conducive to disease development. So the present investigation was taken up to identify blast resistance genes in local and improved cultivars from Gujarat along with IRRI cultivars, to assess genetic diversity among these cultivars using RAPD and SSR markers.