Rice is one of the oldest cultivated crops on earth and half of the world's population subsists wholly or partially on rice. 90% of the world's rice is grown and consumed in Asia, and in Pakistan it holds second pitch in consumption after wheat and is a major source of export earnings. Growing rice country wide, Pakistan has an added advantage of world renowned KALLAR Tract (a bowl-shaped region) and fine rice of this area has a unique character of Aroma that distinct it from others and rated best in liking. So the study was made to analyze the response of transplanted fine rice to various nitrogen, zinc and irrigation regimes under semiarid irrigated environment of Pakistan. This book will serve the purpose in explaining the growth, yield and quality of fine rice (genotype: Super basmati) in relation to nutrition and irrigation management.
Any plant that harbors curative elements or properties may be termed as medicinal plant. In India, there is much enriched biodiversity due to wide range of climate conditions. According to botanical survey of India, more than 470,000 plant species exists in India, out of which more than 35% are endemic to the country. India has deep rooted traditional system of medicine comprising of Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani which are in existence since several centuries. Here, in this monograph, we have described three medicinal plants.
Rice cultivation faces challenges across the world and India is no exception. With the increasing cost of cultivation of paddy coupled with labour scarcity, sustaining the interest of farmers in rice cultivation has become a challenge. Thus, there is an urgent need to produce more output with a drop of water owing to water scarcity. This study has envisaged to examine the issues in adoption and dis-adoption and its impact on resource use, yield and efficiency of SRI farmers in Palakkad district of Kerala, India. The present study revealed that SRI can be further adopted and practiced by farmers if there is an improvement in SRI extension service delivery. The main problem associated with discontinuance behaviour of farmers was shortage of skilled labour. Training and education to farmers on SRI techniques should be enhanced so that skilled labour is available for various operations and farmers can adopt SRI technologies to their own resource endowments and constraints to improve their rice production. The farmers should also be provided with essential institutional support through technology and capacity building.
The Asian cultivated rice (Oryza sativa L.) is an economically important crop that is the staple food for more than one-half of the world's population. Rice contains a large amount of starch, some protein, fat, minerals and vitamins. It provides more calories per hectare than any other cereal crop. Brown rice contains 7.5 per cent protein, 1.9 per cent fat, 1.2 per cent ash, 77.4 per cent carbohydrates and 0.9 per cent fibre. In addition, it also contains 32 mg calcium, 22 mg phosphorus, 1.6 mg Iron, 9.0 mg sodium, 0.214 mg potassium, 0.34 mg thiamine, 0.05 mg riboflavin and 4.7 mg niacin per hundred gram of brown rice. Hybrid rice research in china, India and elsewhere during the past few years have established the superiority of hybrids over popular traditional varieties in respect of growth, grain yield and tolerance to stresses. Hybrid varieties yield 15 to 20 per cent higher than the best semi dwarf cultivars. Hybrid rice seed production techniques have been standardized in china, but in India the technology of hybrid seed production has yet not been perfect to suit its ecologies.
India has one of the highest human populations on earth. Despite this population density, its enormous landmass plays host to a huge diversity of wildlife. Of the world’s 37 known species of wild cats, 14 are found in India – more than in any other country. There are about 350 species of mammals, 540 species of reptiles and 1200 species of birds breeding in India._x000D_The geography of the Indian subcontinent ranges from the southern most tip at the beaches of Tamil Nadu, to the northern snow-capped mountains of the Himalayas, and from Thar desert in the west, near the Pakistani border, to the rainforests in the northeast on the border to Myanmar. This variety of habitats has led to an extremely diverse flora and fauna._x000D_But how does this diversity survive even today, when it has been lost in so many other places on Earth? The answer lies in the people and how they treat all creatures. Hinduism, the dominant religion in India, preaches respect for all forms of life. This is especially true in the countryside, where people and wildlife have the most contact, and religion is a part of everyday life. Numerous animals such as monkeys, elephants, cobras or cranes are even considered to be holy. _x000D_‘Wild India’ takes you on a journey to discover the wildlife wonders of the Indian subcontinent in all their splendour and beauty.
Haryana Board of Education, Haryana in India is the authority which conducts the Public Examinations at Middle, Matric and Senior Secondary (Academic & Vocational) levels twice a year in the state of Haryana through the affiliated schools. The Board of School Education Haryana was established in Chandigarh. It is the first Educational Board in India that has adopted the semester system and also the first Board to introduce relative grading, CCE (Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation) in all board classes i.e. Middle, Secondary & Senior Secondary. In Haryana examination system is very challenging factor of education by which we can test the future of the students or path of progress. The Present Book is telling about the Evaluation System in Haryana.
The Achievement of food security is one of the main challenges of many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. A steadfast increase in rice production can substantially contribute in ameliorating food security. Actually, rice is a staple food for more than half of the world’s population and its consumption is increasing rapidly in sub-Saharan Africa. In Cameroon, per capita consumption of rice has increased from 2.3 kg in 1961 to 22.4 kg in 2005. About 87 % of the rice consumed in Cameroon is imported, mean while the natural conditions in the country are favourable for the production of rice to satisfy local demand and for export. The dominant rice cropping systems in Cameroon are irrigated and lowland rainfed agriculture. The main question addressed in this book is “What are the potentialities of Southern Cameroon for upland rice production?” In this study, land evaluation was used to assess the suitability of Southern Cameroon for rice cultivation.
Rice is cultivated in all physiographic regions in Nepal. The practice of rice cultivation differs with landscape and season. Early season (spring) and Normal season (summer) are two seasons in which rice is cultivated in Nepal. Early season rice (Chaite rice) sowings are practiced in February-march and Normal season rice sowings are practiced usually in June-July. Both the early rice and normal rice are cultivated in the lowlands while only normal season rice is cultivated in upland regions. There are some households where farmers know only rice cultivation for their survival. There are considerable differences in practices of production, storage and marketing between early season rice and normal season rice in Nepal. This study addresses that the early season rice cultivation practice has significant opportunities. In contrast, there are some potenpotential difficulties involved in early season rice cultivation. Early rice cultivation practice needs an appropriate technology transfer system which was lagged behind to improve the livelihood of the small scale rice farmers in the study area.
The rice terraces of the municipality of Banaue, Philippines have been cultivated for several centuries. Over this period of time, the ecological system has been strongly influenced by the indigenous Ifugao people cultivating the rice fields. The culture and social habits of the inhabitants have developed deep ties with the rice terraces. Thus, the two systems have become strongly interrelated and interdependent. The processes and structures in this unique system have evolved for centuries to produce an abundance of ecosystem services and benefits in one of the most impoverished regions of the Philippines. This research aims at assessing the long-term development of ecosystem services and the adaptive capacity of a rice-based cultural landscape. Taking the different pressures into consideration, the book defines a suitable and relevant set of indicators describing the ecological and socioeconomic state of the system. The resilience of the rice terraces and the community living off them is assessed by comparing the result of these indicators with descriptions of the area in the previous literature. Finally, considering the resilience of the system, management options to enhance the adaptive capacity and improve the livelihood of the indigenous people of Ifugao are presented.
The present effort was undertaken to set up an innovative trend of monitoring of the human-nature interaction and its effect on the natural system to set up the openings of the future study on this tract at this area. In this context, a detailed study on the Saurashtra coast line, one of the biggest one in India desired a detailed monitoring to work out the present status of the ecosystem, the threats mounting and impending, natural resistance and adaptation in response to the pressure and a possible negotiation to the neutralize the harsh condition to offer a better tomorrow. The present report deals with the biodiversity and man-made pressure on the coastal health as well wealth of the rocky intertidal macrofauna in four different stations along the Saurashtra coastline. With a view to assess the status of the intertidal macrofauna, the physico-chemical characteristic of the coast and the interaction between the fauna and anthropogenic activities were investigated. The Western coastal belt of India, is considerably being exploited heavily by various kinds of Industries. This study revealed how this is affecting the ecosystem of this area.
The Book entitled “Karnataka Public Library System in India: A case with Koppal District” is outcome of a survey conducted in Koppal district, Karnataka, India. The work discusses the concept and historical development of public library system in Karnataka. The survey is conducted for knowing the existing public library system in the Koppal district; it indicates the public library system in Karnataka as a whole. In this work discussion has made for the District central library, Branch libraries and Grama Panchayat libraries and other libraries like slum library, tribal libraries, children libraries etc. finally the study is made some suggestions for the improvement existing public library system for Karnataka has a whole, Koppal district in particular.
In India, Maize (Zea mays L.) ranks fourth next to rice, wheat and sorghum. In spite of its maximum share in area, the relative contribution is much lower mainly due to extremes of water availability. Evolving varieties tolerant to drought offers low cost technology and is one of the most efficient methods of reducing crop loss, stabilizing the production and economic returns. An understanding of genetic architecture of such traits will enable the breeder to formulate efficient breeding strategies, which aids in evolving varieties tolerant to drought on sound genetic background. The monograph on genetic investigations on maize explains production of single cross hybrids, their evaluation, estimation of general and specific combining ability variances and effects, gene action and kinds of heterosis of hybrids for yield and morpho-physiological parameters under water stress.
The necessity was to amend the law also arose as India became original member of W.T.O. in 1995 and it was necessary to bring Indian law in conformity with TRIPS. It acceded to the Paris Convention with effect from 8 Dec,1998. There has been a need for Indian IP Laws to be in line with advancements in global thinking on the subject and to use the IP regime to its advantage. It encouraged debate over issues such as- the concepts behind TRIPS versus its impact on Indian Intellectual Property Laws, How globally recognized IP norms are applied in India? Need to discuss that how many Amendments that India did in its IP Law system due to Impact of TRIPS and their time of enforcement. In this book ‘TRIPS AGREEMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON INDIAN INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAWS’ author has explained it. The book relies on the historical facts of TRIPS and the debates in India regarding to IP system of India and also includes the Case Law developments for IP Laws system in India. This book is an invaluable aid for Lawyers, Judges, Academics, Researchers and Professionals and others to understand IP Laws of India under the regime of TRIPS.
Rice is the second most important cereal crop eaten by nearly half of the world population. In Africa, rice consumption is growing at even faster rates, and is replacing more traditional crops. Despite the expansion in rice production witnessed in the recent years in many parts of Africa, the demand for rice has far outstripped the local production. Low yield which have been attributed to many factors (rice genotypes, pests and weather factors) constitutes one of the main challenges of rice production in Africa. These necessitated the search for rice genotypes that will suit the African need, hence the birth of New Rice for Africa (NERICA) by Africa Rice Center. Though Africa Rice Center has done substantial documentation on the potentials of NERICA in repositioning rice industry in Africa, however, information on their performance in relation to pests and its management in different parts of the continent still needs more light. The unavailability of NERICA manuals up to date to x-ray its potentials specifically in the management of rice pests/stresses has been identified as a limiting factor in adopting the new breed rice for an enhanced and sustainable rice production in Africa.
This book seeks to deal with problem of access to justice from the point of view of power dynamics, by analyzing ancient legal model, Mughal legal model, British India legal model and present access to justice model and the model provided under the Constitution. Delivery of justice is highly affected by extra-legal power play. The author wants to focus on the inaction on the part of Executive heads and the Protector of fundamental rights i.e. Supreme Court, in administration of justice in India, for that he would analyzed the Ancient India legal system, legal system prevailed during British period and the present legal system and also the system provided under the Constitution of India. The author would try to find out whether Executive, Legislature and Judiciary are performing its functions for the dispensation of complete justice. Further, he thinks that there are many hindrances in the present system of administration of justice which make the access to justice difficult.The State, under the Indian Constitution, like that of Ancient Indian Constitution i.e. Rajdharma, is under the duty to intervene in every field to create and maintain a level playing field.