With Bin Laden dead, Pakistan threatened by internal power struggles, relationships between the United States and Pakistan at an all-time low, and as the US and Britain begin their withdrawal from Afghanistan, what are the possibilities - and hazards - facing the world's most unstable region? Now, as Washington and the rest of the West wrestle with negotiating with unreliable and unstable "allies" in Pakistan, there is no better guide to the future than Ahmed Rashid. In his follow-up to the acclaimed Descent into Chaos, Rashid focuses on the long-term problems: the changing casts of characters, the future of international terrorism, and the policies and strategies both within Pakistan and Afghanistan and among the Western allies. Pakistan on the Brink offers sensible solutions and provides a way forward for all countries involved.
The research is aimed to find out the Phenomenon of Talibanization and its impact on Pakistan. I intended to find out the conceptual frame work of Talibanization which originates from Afghanistan and spread in to the region of Pakistan due to pours borders between the two countries, ideological association and social affiliations of people living in the bordering areas of Pakistan and Afghanistan. An objective analysis can therefore serve as an important tool for the future consultation and citation.
Pakistan is a frontline ally of the United States in the US war against terrorism in Afghanistan. After the 9/11 terrorist attacks, Pakistan was coerced by Washington to join the US effort to dismantle the Taliban-Al Qaeda terrorist infrastructure in Afghanistan and Pakistan. It is believed that Pakistan has employed a selective approach in the war against terrorism. It has targeted Al Qaeda and other militants but has remained reluctant to target the Afghan Taliban. The underlying reason for this inconsistent behaviour can be located in Pakistan’s conflicting interests in the war against terrorism in Afghanistan. By joining the war, Pakistan gained economic benefits, improved its international standing, and also denied India, an arch foe, an opportunity to use US engagement in the area against it. On the other hand, the removal of the Taliban regime after 9/11 deprived Pakistan of a pro-Pakistan regime in Afghanistan. Moreover, the emergence of an anti-Pakistan regime and the increasing involvement of India in Afghanistan added to Pakistan’s insecurities and Islamabad felt encircled from both eastern and western fronts.Pakistan thus has been reluctant to fight against the Taliban.
Oil and gas exploration in Afghanistan diverted the attention of international community towards the mineral resources of the country. From 1960 to 1980,about fifteen oil and natural gas fields were discovered in northern Afghanistan. In 2008, Russia sought to extend its gas pipeline to Europe. War between Pakistan and India in Afghanistan, civil war in Pakistan and Afghanistan created some difficulties in exploring the natural resources of Afghanistan. Afghanistan and Pakistan finalized a new Afghan-Pakistan Transit Trade Agreement(APTTA)which allows Afghan trucks to carry export goods to Wagah border for destinations in India. This agreement allows Pakistan to use Afghan territory as transit rout. Indian goods for Afghanistan will not be allowed to transit through land route in Pakistan. The new agreement replaced the 1965 transit trade agreement which allows landlocked Afghanistan to import goods through Pakistani ports. The declaration was signed on the occasion of the visit of Afghan President Hamid Karzai to Pakistan on the invitation of President Asif Ali Zardari.
Afghanistan is a landlocked country which relies heavily on the road and air transport sub sector. The country mountain terrains, low quality infrastructure, and artificial and institutional barriers to trade add to geographical disadvantage of Afghanistan, and increased the cost of moving goods internationally. Pakistan and Iran provide Afghanistan the most direct route to the sea and international market through the ports of Karachi and Bandar Abbas respectively. In compare to Iran Pakistan has the most advantageous position in Afghan transit trade, by offering the most nearest route to international market through Karachi seaport. The fundamental object of this present research is to measure the geographical disadvantage of Afghanistan, and to estimate the total trucking cost between Afghanistan and Pakistan, and to indicate how distance, infrastructure, time, bribe, and geography increase the transport costs.
From the award-winning co-author of 'I Am Malala', this book asks just how the might of NATO, with 48 countries and 140,000 troops on the ground, failed to defeat a group of religious students and farmers? How did it go so wrong? Twenty- seven years ago, Christina Lamb left Britain to become a journalist in Pakistan. She crossed the Hindu Kush into Afghanistan with mujaheddin fighting the Russians and fell unequivocally in love with this fierce country of pomegranates and war, a relationship which has dominated her adult life. Since 2001, Lamb has watched with incredulity as the West fought a war with its hands tied, committed too little too late, failed to understand local dynamics and turned a blind eye as their Taliban enemy was helped by their ally Pakistan. Farewell Kabul tells how success was turned into defeat in the longest war fought by the United States in its history and by Britain since the Hundred Years War. It has been a fiasco which has left Afghanistan still one of the poorest nations on earth, the Taliban undefeated, and nuclear armed Pakistan perhaps the most dangerous place on earth. With unparalleled access to all key decision-makers in Afghanistan, Pakistan, London and Washington, from heads of state and generals as well as soldiers on the ground, Farewell Kabul tells how this happened. In Afghanistan, Lamb has travelled far beyond Helmand - from the caves of Tora Bora in the south to the mountainous bad lands of Kunar in the east; from Herat, city of poets and minarets in the west, to the very poorest province of Samangan in the north. She went to Guantanamo, met Taliban in Quetta, visited jihadi camps in Pakistan and saw bin Laden's house just after he was killed. Saddest of all, she met women who had been made role models by the West and had then been shot, raped or forced to flee the country. This deeply personal book not only shows the human cost of political failure but explains how short-sighted encouragement of jihadis to fight the Russians, followed by prosecution of ill-thoughtout wars, has resulted in the spread of terrorism throughout the Islamic world.
This book examines the comprehensive definitions of democracy, types, models, institutions and conditions for democracy.It will provide the insight on the short democratic history of Pakistan since 1947-2007,with special reference of military''s role in destroying the institutions of democracy and problems of democracy in Pakistan from 1999-2007.The book will also help to understand the future of democracy in Pakistan and the micro study will also help to know about the public opinion regarding democracy.
Afghanistan is a land locked country and Pakistan is obliged to provide it with access to sea ports under its international treaty obligations. The first Afghanistan-Pakistan Transit Trade Agreement, also known as ATTA was signed on 2nd March, 1965. The Afghan Commerce Minister Dr. Anwar-ul-Haq Ahady and the Pakistani Commerce Minister Makhdoom M. Amin Fahim signed the new Pak-Afghan Transit Trade Agreement on 28th October, 2010. Certain fears and apprehensions had been expressed that the interests of Pakistan have been compromised at the behest of some external powers. In this background this book provides a comprehensive clarification regarding the agreement and analyzes the positive and negative implications of this agreement for Pakistan.
Since the events of 9/11 incident and initiation of War on Terror, the political landscapes of the Asian region has transformed radically. Pakistan made a strategic U-Turn in foreign policy over the Taliban, when her decade old forward policy in Afghanistan became counterproductive to her own national security. Both Afghanistan and Pakistan have since returned to the mainstream of the international system. However, skepticism and fear of renewed tension between them remains and both countries revitalize bilateral relations with cautious optimism. There is a need for greater focus on Afghanistan by the international community and an increased coordination between the external actors involved in Afghanistan as well as between the neighboring countries is the requisite for peace in the region.
Afghanistan lies in the north west of Pakistan. The two countries have historical, cultural, linguistic and geographic link with each other. The nature of Pakistan’s relations with Afghanistan, since its creation has been very peculiar.Pakistan-Afghanistan relations hold key to peace and stability in South Asia.The researcher aims at exploring as to what kind of relationship exists, if any between foreign policies and the policies of the newspapers. This study deals with the Pak-Afghan relations issues and this is important aspect of the study.
Pakistan's relations with Afghanistan have always been stormy and estranged since Pakistan won independence in 1947. Afghanistan was the only country to oppose its membership in the United Nations. Kabul took the plea that the Pakhtun and Baluch people inhabiting Baluchistan and the North West Frontier Province (NWFP, now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) bordering Afghanistan had not been given the right of self determination and such territories were forcibly merged into Pakistan. This led to the Pakhtunistan problem. However, Afghanistan's support for Pakhtunistan was half-hearted because it did not want its own Pakhtun population to start thinking of a merger of Pakhtun territories into a single new state of Afghan and Pakistani Pakhtun. An additional problem was the Durand Line border, which Kabul argued its past rulers signed under duress at a time when the British Empire was at its peak.
Youth are the individuals full of enthusiasm, hunger for adventure, innovators, reckless about difficulties and are pillars of future for a county like Pakistan. Food security is a global issue and specially in Pakistan. This book explores the situation of the food security in Pakistan, Problems of rural youth in Pakistan and the role of this immense potential in ensuring food security. Reading this book will be a good source of information for the reader about youth and food security in Pakistan
After years of estrangements, the tragic event of September 11, 2001, once again prompted a ‘marriage of convenience’ between the two entangled partners, the United States and Pakistan, yet for the third time dubbed as the 'third time entente'. However, since 2008, after General Pervez Musharraf left the presidency of Pakistan, US-Pakistan relations have been in doldrums. A number of factors are held responsible viz., Taliban remnants gaining refuge in Pakistan, use of Afghanistan-Pakistan border areas as staging grounds for Taliban offensive against the US and the ISAF forces, Pakistan’s intelligence agencies alleged collusion with the extremist elements, and the unprecedented rise of extremism in Pakistan to such extensity that the very foundation of the country is in ruins. Many of these factors are in fact, attributable to the outcome resulting from the policies pursued by the US during the Musharraf presidency. This book thus, is an attempt to seek answer to the question, ‘what is wrong with US-Pakistan relations’ by reflecting back with a comprehensive analysis of the US-Pakistan relations during the regime of General Pervez Musharraf, the last military dictator of Pakistan.
Pakistan bilateral relations with the EU have great significance which based on mutual interest. The Pakistan is a federal republic having four provinces and one administrative unit and the world's most seventh populous country, being cheap in manpower it can be a big attraction to the foreign especially the European investors and on the other hand can be a big market of the European products. The book is based and focused on the dire need of strengthening the strategic, political and economic relations of Pakistan with EU in the wake of the international scenario where different countries are making up political economical and sometimes strategic alliances with the other countries. The author believes that a potent strategic partnership with the EU can change the fate of Pakistan and can help EU to explore a great market to its products.
The research is aimed to highlight Pakistan’s stance over the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). The study is also aimed to examine the challenges and opportunities for Pakistan by signing CTBT. The options which are available to Pakistan, and merits and demerits of each one of them highlighted as well. It is important to see the challenges and opportunities for Pakistan by signing the CTBT especially after testing nuclear explosions in May 1998. Thus the book is only limited to Pakistan’s stance on the CTBT. The whole debate has been concluded at the end of the book.The focus has been on the objectivity of research and analysis on the basis of keeping in view all the possible aspects of the situation in discussion. A policy recommendation can therefore serve as an important tool for the future consultation and citation.