Karachi is the largest city of Pakistan. It is the largest industrial center and business hub of the country. It emerged from a small fishing village in 1729. The city was properly planned and expanded during the British rule(1839 to 1947).After creation of Pakistan it was the first capital of the country. Due to its rapid population growth and areal expansion the city has developed a complex pattern of land use and land value.The city comprises orient and modern land uses.The cantonments and civil lines mark the legacy of the British colonial rule.The bazaar is a typical retail market of South Asian cities.Squatter settlements are characteristics of the cities of Less Developed Countries.The high rises, Malls and Marts are features of Western Cities
This book reveals the conditions of utilization of antenatal and postnatal services by the rural women in most populated province (Punjab) of Pakistan. What are the socio-economic and demographic factors that affect the utilization of these services. The results are quite promising regarding the awareness of the rural women and men for the importance of maternal and neonatal health. The role of doctors, para-medical staff and of media is quite important in boosting the utilization of maternal health care services.
Pakistan is going through a critical phase of its history and facing enormous challenges at both internal and external fronts due to the menace of extremism and terrorism in the country. Analysis of Pakistan’s short and troubled history testifies that its drift into extremism was gradual and international developments, regional rivalries and adoption of certain policies by the different regimes in power, all have contributed to the problems Pakistan is facing at present. In post 9/11 scenario, Pakistan has become a center of international attention, initially, due to its front line role and lately, due to ever expanding terrorism in the country with links to international terrorism. This phenomenon has caused severe security challenges to the state and society of Pakistan. This study highlights the specific challenge Pakistan is facing in the post 9/11 scenario and finally recommends some remedial measures to overcome these problems.This work should be useful for all those who want to know about the nature of problems Pakistan is facing today.
Efficient market is one in which prices completely show all possibly available information. In the foreign exchange market this entails market participants to produce a bunch of exchange rates using all available information bearing on the suitable value of exchange rate. Efficient market hypothesis examines whether any information relevant to the market is impulsively reflected in the market prices or not? The purpose of this research is to investigate and provide an objective analysis to address the following questions for a large sample of forecasts. (i) Whether the foreign exchange market of Pakistan is efficient or not, based on the Fama (1970) conjectures of efficiency, and (ii) On the ground of results obtained, experientially analyze for the incidence of Bandwagon effect or herd behavior in the Pakistan Exchange rate market and the presence of profitable trading opportunities.
In Pakistan, wheat being the staple diet is the most important crop and cultivated on the largest acreages. It contributes 14.4 percent to the value added in agriculture and 3.0 percent to GDP. Over the past three decades, increased agricultural productivity occurred largely due to the deployment of high-yielding cultivars and increased fertilizer use. With the introduction of semi-dwarf wheat cultivars, wheat productivity has been increased in all the major cropping systems representing the diverse and varying agro-ecological conditions. Improved semi-dwarf wheat cultivars available in Pakistan have genetic yield potential of 6-8 tones per hectare whereas our national average yields are about 2.7 t/ha. A large number of experiment stations and on-farm demonstrations have repeatedly shown high yield potential of the varieties. There are progressive farmers of irrigated area who are harvesting 6 to 7 2.7 t/ha. However, farmers yield ranges 0.5 to 1.3 t/ ha depending on the amount of rainfall in rainfed areas and in irrigated areas it ranges from 2.5 to 3 t/ ha depending upon the amount of water available and other factors. Source: Pakistan Agricultural Research Council
FDI play important role in the development of Pakistan. But during the lost decade certain factors decline FDI in Pakistan. One of the factor is Terrorism. Terrorism in Pakistan made the people homeless, injured and dead, beside these affects terrorism also impact the economic condition of Paksitan. A large number of schools have been damaged. Infrastructure are highly destroyed. Communication become disturbed. So due to these factors the market of Paksitan is not profitable for the investors. in the last decade the investors are trying to search for the safer economy where they make more investment and increased profit. This study highlights the same phenomenon.
Shrines in Pakistan are complex social institutions with number of characteristics which bring people together despite cultural and geographical diversity that exists in their individual backgrounds. The Shrines have an internal organization, usually led by a Pir, besides a number of functionaries necessary for carrying out the diverse activities of the shrine. In this way, the shrines have the capability of making a positive contribution in the integration and unity of Pakistani society. The present book is based on the ethnographic study of the Shrine of Pir Mehr Ali Shah, located in the village of Golra Sharif in Islamabad, Pakistan. The operation of the shrine's activities and its increasing popularity among the people can be explained in terms of satisfaction of the religious, psychological, social, economic and political needs of the followers and the associated communities.
Phosphorus (P) is growth limiting nutrient and deficient in most soils of the world. Research was conducted on five soil series of Pakistan differing in soil properties. Phosphorus adsorption isotherms were developed and fitted to Langmuir and Freundlich equations to describe P adsorption process. The study suggests that the oxides of iron and aluminum are the main adsorbent at low P concentration, normally applied in agricultural soils and soil CaCO3 play role at high P level. This book is recommended for soil science community working on P chemistry.
The book is an attempt to see the dynamics of US -Pakistan Strategic Relations.The author analyses various divergent views and posture of two countries for strategic collaborations during last five decades & how Pakistan gets Front-line states status during Soviet intervention in Afghanistan and soon after this becomes forgotten ally.The book also examines Pakistan's enhanced bargaining position when America needs it most& how various sanctions were imposed when US did not have any immediate interest to accomplish.
In 1993, after a terrifying and disastrous attempt to climb K2, a mountaineer called Greg Mortenson drifted, cold and dehydrated, into an impoverished Pakistan village in the Karakoram Mountains. Moved by the inhabitants' kindness, he promised to return and build a school. "Three Cups of Tea" is the story of that promise and its extraordinary outcome. Over the next decade Mortenson built not just one but fifty-five schools - especially for girls - in remote villages across the forbidding and breathtaking landscape of Pakistan and Afghanistan, just as the Taliban rose to power. His story is at once a riveting adventure and a testament to the power of the humanitarian spirit.
The main objectives of this book are to empirically analyze the impact of leader’s change-promoting behavior on employee’s readiness for change and whether this relationship is mediated by organizational culture in the context of a developing country such as Pakistan. A sample of 205 responses is drawn from managers based in Karachi. With the help of advanced multivariate statistical techniques, the results indicate that leader’s change-promoting behavior has a significant positive impact on change readiness and this relationship is partially mediated by organizational culture in Karachi. The findings may be generalized on a larger population in Pakistan. The study supports the theory of one of the six conceptual formations of change readiness which refers it to as an employee’s capacity to change. Therefore, managers should clearly advocate the desired change with the help of their own change-prompting behavior as well as establishing a trusting culture in their organization. Both limitations and areas for future research in the context of Pakistan are also discussed.
Stock Market or Equity Market is an essential part of economy. It serves as the mirror and health indicator of an economy through which the physical fitness of a country can be judged. In Pakistan with the increase of media and business studies, common public got awareness about Equity Market furthermore day by day increase in inflation and urge of people to be in accordance with the modern age demands some extra source of money so, stock market got attention. But still a mystification, perplexity and confusion occurs about the considerations, circumstances and causes which influence Equity Price. This book investigates the macroeconomic determinants of Equity Price in Pakistan. The macroeconomic variables are Inflation (CPI), Money Supply (M2), Exchange Rate (Re/US$), Economic Activity (Real GDP) and Interest Rate. The determinant market would be All Pakistan Listed Companies at Karachi Stock Exchange. The investigation would be conducted using Vector Error Correction Model (VECM). The research study and the results of the research study attempt its best and anticipates to help the researchers and all the stakeholders of Equity Price in Pakistan and the globe over.
Modern Islamist Movements provides a clear and accessible examination of the history, beliefs and rationale of Islamist Groups and their grievances with the West and governments within the majority-Muslim world, while examining some of these groups' visions for a global Islamic empire. A clear and accessible text that examines the history, beliefs and rationale for violence emerging from Islamist movements, while examining some of these groups' visions for a global Islamic empire Examines Islamist grievances against the West and modern governments in the majority Muslim world, while providing an overview of Islam's relations with the West from the period of the Crusades to the modern age Discusses the historic development of Islamism in Egypt, the West Bank and Gaza, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, and Afghanistan Explains classic Islamic understandings of jihad and Bin Laden's, al-Qaida's, and other Islamists interpretations of this concept Offers an historical account of the formative relationship between al-Qaida, other Islamists, and Islamic intellectual trends beginning in the eighteenth century Appropriate for undergraduate and graduate students, as well as interested general readers
Social work Profession is not a newly born profession around the globe and not a very new profession in Pakistan. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, its people had to face numerous problems including rehabilitation of migrants, hunger & poverty, structural and administrative problems etc. to combat with the problems, considering it the emergent need of the time, the very first batch of skillful social workers was trained in 1952, with the support of U.N.O. later on a 2 years master degree program was started in 1954 at Punjab University, Lahore: Karachi University, Karachi and Dhaka university, Bengal (which was a part of Pakistan then, and now it is an independent country, Bangladesh). Every year hundreds of professional social workers are being trained from different universities of the country since last six decades and Social Work Profession has not attained the deserving status among other contemporary Professions… why??? This book is an effort to know the root causes, hindering in the way of understanding and recognition of Social Work Profession in Pakistan.
Hijab is dignity of Muslim woman. Pakistan is one of the major Islamic country and in Pakistan a large proportion of females wear hijab. In our study we have to try the advantages and disadvantages to wear hijab and also to see the Islamic point of view in this regard. In this study we have try to analysis the different aspects of hijab in Pakistan. This book is helpful for the researchers who are interested to this type of study.