Checkpoint Charlie, 27 October 1961. At 9pm on a damp night, the "Cold War" reaches crisis point, US and Soviet tanks face off across the East-West divide, only yards apart. One mistake, one nervous soldier, could spring the tripwire for nuclear war... Frederick Kempe's gripping book tells the story of the Cold War's most dramatic year, when Berlin became what Khrushchev called 'the most dangerous place on earth'. Kempe recreates the war of nerves between the young, untested President Kennedy and the bombastic Soviet leader as they squared off over the future of a divided city. He interweaves this with stories of the ordinary citizens whose lives were torn apart when the Berlin Wall went up - and the world came to the brink of disaster.
Towards Integration: The Study of Refugees in West Bengal Relief and Rehabilitation focuses on international refugee law and refugees in South Asia. The book begins with an overview of Bengali society and Hindu-Muslim relations in Bengal from the first Partition of the province in 1905, and traces the events which eventually led to the Partition of this province of British India in 1947. This work while attempting to document and analyse the relief and rehabilitation measures undertaken by the central and the state governments in India in response to the massive influx of refugees from the then East Pakistan into West Bengal also reviews the assimilation and integration of the erstwhile refugees with the host state and community. The research has involved situating experience of the victims of Partition and also those who were forced to seek refuge in West Bengal due to communal clashes and persecution afterwards. The study focuses on the governmental measures, the attitude of the host community and the struggle of the refugees in a new environment that influenced.The volume is an invaluable guide for the scholars of Modern History,Bengal and Partition.
The book has provided extensive information about how telecom sector has gradually developed in Pakistan, what are the challenges this sector is facing now days. The thesis has provided the present competition scenario within this sector in Pakistan. It has also provided information about how Government institutes and policies are playing their role for the growth of the telecom sector in Pakistan? Our empirical findings clearly show that there are many prospects for the growth of telecom sector in Pakistan and environment is favorable for the sector. There is much more potential for already running telecom companies and newly investors in this segment as well. Although there is political instability in Pakistan but deregulation of whole telecom sector and autonomous position of PTA is providing the shelter to this sector against political instability. Economy of Pakistan has shown a consistent growth in the last couple of years but rise in inflation can cause problems for investors. Competition is very high but still there are big opportunities in this sector for newly coming companies.
NaCl stress has reached to its alarming state in the history of various regions of Pakistan. Vegetable production is now a problem in salt affected areas of Pakistan. Especially onion is also sensitive to salt stress. In this way the present study was planned to check the effect of salt stress on different cultivars of onion. It proved a significant effect on the growth and physiology of onion. That ultimately affects the yield.
Conflict is the most inflamed debate of the present era around the globe. keeping in view its importance,the author made an attempt to explore conflict management styles and their impact on the working environment of educational institutions. Therefore, the empirical evidences about conflict management styles and their impact on working environment were gathered from the four public sector universities of the province of Punjab, Pakistan. The author inferred from the empirical evidences that administrator of the universities mostly used integrating, obliging and dominating style of conflict management. These styles give guidance and support and create coordination and teamwork among the employees. However, sometimes avoiding and compromising style is used to make the conducive environment of the universities. After studying this book, reader will analysed the real picture of conflict management styles and working environment of Pakistan. In a nutshell, the author explored the new horizon in the field of conflict management in the context of Pakistan. Best Regards Dr. Tahir Farooqi
Pakistan has a very important strategic location. And due to its strategic location so many countries are connected with Pakistan through land as well as through Sea route. Pakistan is the central businesses center and focal point for many investors of different countries in Asia. But After 9/11 Pakistan is coping with many problems like: Terrorism, political instability, Economical Crises and instability, and very recent natural disaster of the flood and also having an earth quick in recent past. These all factors are effecting the capital inflow especially foreign direct investment and also the economic condition of the country.
A prominent influence of online buying and selling on economy has been observed round the globe. This book aims at studying pattern of e-commerce adoption on consumer level in developed and developing countries by conducting a comparative analysis of Sweden and Pakistan. The factors of trust on online sellers, national culture, infrastructure involved in the overall e-commerce activities and education level of consumers are found to have significant impact on the adoption of e-commerce.The proclivity to trust on the online seller and risk taking are influenced, to a greater extent, by different cultural orientation of consumers. Hofstede’s (1980; 2001) frame work of cultural dimensions provide a good insight on national culture to draw its implications for the e-commerce adoption. Swedish culture appears to be more adaptive towards e-commerce than the Pakistani culture, due to its wider differences on the Hofstede’s cultural dimension indices. On the other hand, the digital divide, both in terms of relevant education and infrastructure, is an important contextual factor that encumbers e-commerce to thrive in developing countries like Pakistan.
Writing this book on a key aspect of marketing has been an enjoyable experience. This book comprehensively covers the issues of branding, billboards and its impact on the perception of customers. The First chapter contains an introduction of the book and its key concepts. The second chapter covers theoretical background of constructs in detail. Third chapter discusses the methodology of work. Whereas, the analysis of the results, its discussion, and recommendations educates the research cycle as it encompasses the full gamut from qualitative to quantitative work. Additionally, the book provides a case study of telecom industry operating in Pakistan. I expect that students will enjoy this book.
This book describes the taxonomic and systematic studies of some important medicinal plants of Dir valley, Pakistan. The information regarding morphological and palynological characterization along with pollen fertility estimation of about 50 species of 37 genera belonging to 7 families are studied in detail. Morphological characters help in understanding the adaptation and differentiation in particular environment while the pollen morphology and its fertility estimation is closely related to its function and many of the pollen features helped the species to adapt the life on particular geography and disperse its pollen in successful manner to fertilize the egg for the production of a new plant. The data derived from the research can contribute to the taxonomy of these families and may provide new dimensions towards further research in the discipline of morpho-palynological systematics.
After the event of 9/11, Pakistan took a number of steps in enhancing its security; the most important is the cooperation with US in War against Terrorism by taking U turn over its pre 9/11 Afghan policy while it is endeavoring to normalize its relations with India. At the domestic level, Musharraf Government took a lot of steps to strengthen its campaign in War against Terrorism and gave unstinted support to US in this regard. The basic purpose of this study is to analyses the steps taken by the Pakistan Government at domestic, regional and international level after the event of 9/11 and the impacts of these steps about the security of Pakistan.This book is equally good for the students of security studies as well as for the policy makers and professionals.
In this book the authors have critically studied the Women Protection Bill 2006 (WPB, 2006) in the social and religious context and the future of higher education of females in Pakistan. The Women Protection Bill was enacted on Nov 15 2006 that replaced the Hadood Ordinance (HO 1979). The authors have compared the two bills. The major finding of the study is that the majority of the university female students and teachers feel that WPB, 2006 is an anti-Islamic bill. The study suggests that not only proper orientation of the bill needed to be given but also female, teachers and students should be trained to familiarize with their social, legal and religious rights. It is a statistical study based on the data collected from 5 public sector universities. The study is significant in many ways in social and religious context of women.
Inspite of the unprecedented impact of CAI on science education in advanced countries; it has not made much headway in Pakistan. On account of several reasons, Pakistan has not been able to introduce the CAI on a substantial scale. In fact, computers in education are hardly used by the teachers as for as their classroom instructional work is concerned. As, the problem being investigated in the present research is to determine, “The Influence of Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) In Chemistry on the Students Achievement at Higher Secondary Level in Bahawalpur.”
Pakistan is known to be an agriculture based economy but its contribution towards the economical development is decreasing on constant basis. This study is intended to investigate the impact of institutional credit on agriculture production of Pakistan and uncovers the role of bank credit in agriculture production of Pakistan. The purpose is to paint the problems, prospects and challengers clearly and address what needs to be done in terms of offering technical, financial and intellectual assistance to the agricultural sector of Pakistan. The performance of banks has been analyzed in terms of targets given to them by State Bank of Pakistan. Subsistence level farmers feel many problems to get credit in Pakistan.Therefore, differnt lending mechanisms and schemes have been proposed through this research based study such as development loans for small farmers, supply of fertilizers, awareness campaigns, etc that farmers working at small and large level can avail in a befitting manner.
National Bank of Pakistan (NBP) the central bank of the Pakistan not only plays a key role in the economic development of the country but also has significant global influence. National Bank of Pakistan maintains its position as Pakistan's premier bank determined to set higher standards of achievements. It is the major business partner for the Government of Pakistan with special emphasis on fostering Pakistan's economic growth through aggressive and balanced lending policies, technologically oriented products and services offered through its large network of branches locally, internationally and representative offices. The study cover all aspects of NBP e.g. Products, services and financial statement analysis of NBP year 2009. NBP is facing some problem like Ineffective Utilization of Assets, Complex Procedure and Dissatisfaction of Customer, High Cost Due to Duplication and Over Staffing, Liquidity Problem. These all can be control by Advertisement of Products and Services, Decentralization and New Technology, Utilization of Resources, Restructuring of Operations and Human Resource System.
Terrorism, spiraling violence and conflicts have dominated the world media in a more persuasive way that could mere inconceivable before the events of 9/11. Pakistan is the country that has been most affected by the fallout of the September 11, 2001 incident. The international “War on Terror” has caused more suffering, cruel deaths and sanguine destruction to the people of Pakistan than any other country in the world. The menace of terrorism has had a debilitating impact on the body polity and the social fabric. Instability has been on the rise, and more militant groups are targeting the state. Democratic and liberal tendencies have not been able to blossom in the society owing to long spells of military dictatorial rule. Due to an absence of popular support for military regimes and the presence of illegal media, the state writ has remained merely as a veneer in the form of military control.