It is the need of the time to disseminate the improved knowledge of agriculture among the farming community in an understandable form and in the shortest possible time. In this context. television seems to be one of the most effective and efficient media. In Pakistan, television is used efficiently for agricultural purposes. Various weekly and daily programs both by the Govt. and private agencies are being telecasted on various channels of television. Effectiveness of these programs can only be judged through the opinion of the farming community. With this idea in mind the present study was undertaken to find out the role of television in the dissemination of agricultural technologies among the farming community. The findings of the present study will develop an understanding of agricultural programmes broad casted through television in Pakistan.
National Bank of Pakistan (NBP) the central bank of the Pakistan not only plays a key role in the economic development of the country but also has significant global influence. National Bank of Pakistan maintains its position as Pakistan's premier bank determined to set higher standards of achievements. It is the major business partner for the Government of Pakistan with special emphasis on fostering Pakistan's economic growth through aggressive and balanced lending policies, technologically oriented products and services offered through its large network of branches locally, internationally and representative offices. The study cover all aspects of NBP e.g. Products, services and financial statement analysis of NBP year 2009. NBP is facing some problem like Ineffective Utilization of Assets, Complex Procedure and Dissatisfaction of Customer, High Cost Due to Duplication and Over Staffing, Liquidity Problem. These all can be control by Advertisement of Products and Services, Decentralization and New Technology, Utilization of Resources, Restructuring of Operations and Human Resource System.
Faculty development in higher education is a challenging but inevitable task. Faculty is entering higher education without any formal training and universities are facing problems in satisfying the demands of job markets for providing quality graduates. The author has strived to establish the need for faculty development in terms of instructional, professional, and organizational development of faculty at individual, department, and university levels and suggested ways and means to launch faculty development initiates by the institutions of higher education with special emphasis on Pakistan.
Terrorism, spiraling violence and conflicts have dominated the world media in a more persuasive way that could mere inconceivable before the events of 9/11. Pakistan is the country that has been most affected by the fallout of the September 11, 2001 incident. The international “War on Terror” has caused more suffering, cruel deaths and sanguine destruction to the people of Pakistan than any other country in the world. The menace of terrorism has had a debilitating impact on the body polity and the social fabric. Instability has been on the rise, and more militant groups are targeting the state. Democratic and liberal tendencies have not been able to blossom in the society owing to long spells of military dictatorial rule. Due to an absence of popular support for military regimes and the presence of illegal media, the state writ has remained merely as a veneer in the form of military control.
Banking sector is suffering a huge chunk of non-performing loan in Pakistan, Due to this profitability and survivals of banks are at risk in Pakistan. “A large number of banks in economies like Thailand, Indonesia, Japan and Mexico experienced a high level of non-performing loan and has faced a significant increase in credit risk during the financial and banking crisis. Due to these financial and economic crises many banks closed down their operations in Indonesia and Thailand (Ahmad & Arif, 2007)”. Keeping in consideration to increase in non-performing in Pakistan, study will explore the relationship between Credit Risk and performance of banking sector.By providing reliable data and evidences about the credit risk and its consequences on banks performance in Pakistan, it is clear that how this important factor non- performing loans (NPLs) is influencing the performance of the banks in Pakistan. It also contributes in addressing the problem and finding a research based solution to the problem of non-performing loans in Pakistani banking context. It also contributes efforts toward the financial risk management strategies and techniques.
The book presents a new EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment) model for Pakistan. Two important parameters i.e. urban air pollution caused by motor vehicles and wastewater effluents caused by industrial sector in the country, are the focus of this work. The strategy presented in this book will improve the EIA process and help to prevent further environmental degradation caused by developmental activities in Pakistan on all levels. The book is intended as a guide for the engineers in industry, governmental agencies and consulting engineering firms involved in the day-to-day application of EIA, and as a text for the students in courses related to environmental engineering, planning, management and EIA at undergraduate and postgraduate level.
Banking industry is one of the world’s largest industries and plays a vital role in economic prosperity of a country. This book is a combination of a descriptive and an analytical research in order to examine the economic growth of Pakistan as result of performance of banking sector in Pakistan. It examines how performance of banking sector is important to the economic growth of the country especially developing country like Pakistan.
This work is an attempt to focus on the study of the Post-Colonial Society.It contextualizes issues like identity, nationalism, democratic tolerance, plurality, respect for public virtue, as well as constitutionally guaranteed rights under the Post-Colonial order from both the European and Non-European narratives. The emphasis on the debate on the Post-Colonial Society especially in the Pakistani context serves not only the ground from which a fair and just discourse on civil society be built but also opens a room for a better understanding of politics of the governed combined with a call and a need for religious tolerance along with the recognition of minorities and multiple ethnic identities in Pakistan. The normative and empirical discourses are highlighted within the milieu of the contemporary political culture which attempts to challenge the top-down modelling by the bottom-up theoretical understanding on the Post-Colonial Society in Pakistan.
In the last few years, there has been a significant increase in population growth all over the world, particularly in the developing world. This has been accompanied by intensive urbanization, increased industrial activities and a greater exploitation of forested and cultivable land. These transformations have provoked a large increase both in the quantity of discharge and the range of pollutants that could reach the river waters and have undesirable effects both on fish and fisheries. River Kabul is the source of drinking, watering live stock, irrigation and fishing for million of people in Pakistan and Afghanistan. River Kabul is used as a source of live lihood for thousands of fishermen living along the bank of the river. A tremendous fish decline has been occurred in the recent past as been reported by the Fisheries Department of the Province. Aim of study was to quantify the quality and quantity of pollutants casing havoc in the inhabitant fish population. For this purpose a study was carried out by the Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab to sort out the remedy.
Manufacturing and logistics firms are increasingly adopting the practices of reverse logistics due to its ability to create organizational competitive advantage. Organizations in Pakistan are employing and getting benefits from reverse logistics but very limited research is conducted in this area with reference to Pakistan. This study is aimed at measuring the impact of reverse logistics on organizational competitiveness in Pakistan.This study sees contribution for academics and practitioners in the form of increased understanding on reverse logistics management
Many studies indicate the financial liberalization can stimulate financial center development. In Pakistan, the banking sector dominants its financial industry. Therefore, in order to become a global financial center, Pakistan government embarked on a financial liberalization program to liberalize access to Pakistan?s domestic banking market to create a stronger and more competitive banking environment in the face of globalization trends. These reforms have led to a resilient banking sector in the country.This research is highly recommended for the students of Economics and Corporate Governance, as it details a lot about economic issues and good governance
A research on Telecommunication sector of Pakistan highlights the general management styles and practices in Pakistan at three tiers of management. This research is presented in Iqra University Islamabad in fulfillment of MS degree program. This research not only opens the minds of the readers and scholars also the recommendations here within if implemented it could be more beneficial for the organizations under study and overall Telecommunication sector.
Pakistan is known to be an agriculture based economy but its contribution towards the economical development is decreasing on constant basis. This study is intended to investigate the impact of institutional credit on agriculture production of Pakistan and uncovers the role of bank credit in agriculture production of Pakistan. The purpose is to paint the problems, prospects and challengers clearly and address what needs to be done in terms of offering technical, financial and intellectual assistance to the agricultural sector of Pakistan. The performance of banks has been analyzed in terms of targets given to them by State Bank of Pakistan. Subsistence level farmers feel many problems to get credit in Pakistan.Therefore, differnt lending mechanisms and schemes have been proposed through this research based study such as development loans for small farmers, supply of fertilizers, awareness campaigns, etc that farmers working at small and large level can avail in a befitting manner.
The book has provided extensive information about how telecom sector has gradually developed in Pakistan, what are the challenges this sector is facing now days. The thesis has provided the present competition scenario within this sector in Pakistan. It has also provided information about how Government institutes and policies are playing their role for the growth of the telecom sector in Pakistan? Our empirical findings clearly show that there are many prospects for the growth of telecom sector in Pakistan and environment is favorable for the sector. There is much more potential for already running telecom companies and newly investors in this segment as well. Although there is political instability in Pakistan but deregulation of whole telecom sector and autonomous position of PTA is providing the shelter to this sector against political instability. Economy of Pakistan has shown a consistent growth in the last couple of years but rise in inflation can cause problems for investors. Competition is very high but still there are big opportunities in this sector for newly coming companies.
• Government of Pakistan has launched various illiteracy reduction plans from time to time to promote literacy rate in the country but these plans could not achieve the targets. • This study was designed to appraise these illiteracy reduction plans and to design a low cost model to improve literacy rate in Pakistan. • The main objectives of the study were: to appraise the illiteracy reduction plans introduced in Pakistan. • The population of the study was comprised of Educationists working in the Education department. Snowball sampling technique was used. • A mixed-method research design was used i.e. data was quantitative and qualitative. • Main findings of the study showed that need assessment was not carried out before launching illiteracy reduction programs, objectives of the illiteracy reduction programmes were not relevant to the literacy needs of the participants, local community was not involved in the running the literacy centers, religious leaders, intellectuals and retired personnel were not invited to support the illiteracy eradication programmes, • In the light of the findings of the study, a low cost model was designed to improve the literacy rate in Pakistan.