This book is written in the context of the current Islamic extremist terrorism, its Pakistan based hotbed, its operational access in the central Asia, and Persian Gulf regions, and its global implication. We examine that the invention of Pakistan a few decades ago in the name of Islam from a fragmented, cross border ethnic and geographical arbitrations has inevitably forced all Pakistan’s successive governments to rely on a narrative based on Islamic ideology, and utilization of Islamic groups to keep Pakistan intact. The analysis in this book explains that this same utilization of Islamic narrative and Islamic groups has been the other side of the coin, which has been the fertile ground for extremism and terrorism recruitment and empowerment. The analysis concludes that the utilization of Islamic extremists as the reason for creation of Pakistan has been a slippery slope of empowerment of uncontrollable extremism and transnational Islamic extremist groups, which in turn has become the Achilles’ heel of the conception of Pakistan. The analysis in this book will point out that other Islamic nations have various elements of cultural and historical values in their national narrative.
This work is published by medical students from Aga Khan University, Pakistan. Despite having a well-established eradication program, Pakistan is still struggling to achieve a polio-free status. This fact had urged these young researchers to explore the underlying reasons for this apparent failure. Although, done on a small population in the city of Karachi, this book is an excellent review of the history of polio and how man has struggled to deal with this devastating disease. These pages give a brief but comprehensive review of the problems faced by Pakistan in her battle against polio and suggest some recommendations for future eradication strategies.
Marine nematodes are one of the most widespread and abundant group of animals belonging to the Phylum Nematoda. They play a significant role in marine environment and are widely used as pollution indicator in biological monitoring. Pakistan has 1000km long coastline stretching from Sir Creek on the Southeast to Jiwani on the West near Iranian border. The coastal and inshore inhabitants of Northern Arabian Sea were investigated. The aim of this book is to gather the information of marine nematode fauna including the descriptions of all new and known nematode species reported from Pakistan. Diagnostic characters of the order, suborder, super-family, family and genera have also been incorporated along with illustrations and photomicrographs. Taxonomically the nematode fauna of Arabian Sea consisted of 147 species and 107 genera belonging to eight orders. It is hoped that this information will provide a valuable source and would prove useful and informative for students and younger scientists who are working in marine Nematology.
Pakistan coast is characterized by the presence of coral reefs, the most highly productive ecosystem in the tropical Oceans, distributed in southeastern part of Arabian Sea. In this book we summarize the knowledge on the coral fauna of Pakistan, herein provided on the basis of published literature and present the summarized current status of coral reef ecosystem in Pakistan. Some progress in corals and coral reef research is also discussed. This monograph is based on “The Corals of Pakistan”, historical discovery, research progress of Soft Corals (Octocorallia) and Hard Corals (Hexacorallia or Scleractinia) of Pakistan and provides qualitative data and sophisticated information about the corals of Pakistan. It is noteworthy that the literature published on corals in Pakistan is incomplete and ambiguous as the authorities of species are not mentioned, synonyms are not given and type species are missing. In this monograph we have particularly addressed these issues. The current monograph will provide detailed information and will open new directions in the field of taxonomy and ecology of corals. This research could be used as a reference and a baseline for further studies.
This book is based on the first ever research aimed at the evaluation of the effects of postal services on the socio-economic development in the rural areas of Pakistan which comprise more than 70% of the overall population of the country. The relationships between different social institutions vis-a-vis the social structure of the local community is the main focus of the research. The research topic of the changing role of post office in the socio-economic development of Pakistan is a thought provoking subject. The objective topic not only provides the academic anthropological information regarding different aspects of development, but also helps unveiling many layers of subject which are of great importance. The relationships between different social institutions vis-a-vis the social structure of the local community carry considerable weight as far as its academic contribution in the development process envisaged in ‘Economic Anthropology’ is concerned. It also provides an avenue for the future researchers who may desire to play their role in the meaningful contribution in academic spheres of the anthropological knowledge.
This research book is based on the research conducted for the evaluation Problems and Prospects of Tea Blenders in Pakistan and the study being conducted on Tapal Tea the one of the largest tea blender in Pakistan as the case. The study totally based on secondary information/ data. For the authenticity, Secondary data is collected from the official websites of selected organization on which this report is based. Some information also collected from the staff and others by using the primary data collection.
This book includes different aspects of devolution plan in education sector in Pakistan. It is based on the data collected from 87 districts of the country. The book is useful for the policy makers at federal, provincial, district and sub district Levels. Different institutions responsible for planning and management of education like ministry of education and district educational institutions can equally utilize this book for bringing improvements in the education sector. Different national and international agencies can get benefits from this book in developing their understanding about devolution plan. It provides a blue print of the current situation of the education sector which may be used for planning present as well future education. The book is also useful for the researchers at different levels who are or will be perusing their researches in this particular area.
Pakistan bilateral relations with the EU have great significance which based on mutual interest. The Pakistan is a federal republic having four provinces and one administrative unit and the world's most seventh populous country, being cheap in manpower it can be a big attraction to the foreign especially the European investors and on the other hand can be a big market of the European products. The book is based and focused on the dire need of strengthening the strategic, political and economic relations of Pakistan with EU in the wake of the international scenario where different countries are making up political economical and sometimes strategic alliances with the other countries. The author believes that a potent strategic partnership with the EU can change the fate of Pakistan and can help EU to explore a great market to its products.
Since the currency crisis of 1990s, economists have had a renewed interest in the fluctuation of exchange rates. For decades exchange rates remained the centre of macro economic debates in the developing markets. In many countries it was used for controlling inflation while in other countries like Latin America it was used for imposing tax on export sector. Increase volatility is the result of more violent shocks. In this book an effort is being made to analyse the impact of some major factors like Exports, FDIs and Debt servicing on exchange rate volitility in Pakistan. An accurate analysis of these factors will eventually help shape better economic policies for Pakistan in future.
This research identifies Takaful as an important financial instrument and its crucial role in the development of the country that is evident from its recent developments in Malaysia, Middle East and even non-Muslim countries like Sri Lanka. The need is to create awareness of Takaful concept among general public and to eliminate misconceptions related to prevalent concept of conventional insurance. Takaful has emerged as an alternative solution to present insurance dilemma. The success of Takaful business lies in its very nature of being Shari’ah compliant. This system is based on eternal Shari’ah laws where no one gets undue advantage at the cost of others. Rather, it is a fair and transparent system free from exploitation and injustice. Recent growth of Takaful across the world clearly indicates its promising future for Pakistan. Transformation of existing system is truly compatible with the needs and beliefs of the people of Pakistan who constitute more than 150 million population of Muslim community. Growth and potential of Takaful can play a significant role in economic development of the country while enhancing its share in the world insurance market.
Entrepreneurial intentions are prerequisites for Entrepreneurship.This Book aims to identify the future Entrepreneurs of Pakistan by exploring Entrepreneurial intentions among graduating business students of three HEC recognized universities of Pakistan and aims at segregating highly motivated students, possessing strong Entrepreneurial intentions from students attracted towards salaried work.The study has identified the presence of entrepreneurial intentions by measuring the variables that influence entrepreneurial intentions amongst business students. This is based on stratified sampling with quantitative measures using Entrepreneurial intention questionnaire (EIQ) as a research instrument.
Problems of squatter settlements are becoming very serious day by day in Pakistan. Pakistan is poor developing country in the world which is facing different serious issues due to the lack of resources and lack of good governance, also economy of Pakistan is not good. Pakistan can not bear more Burden as issues in these situations. All problems regarding the Urban Sprawl of Islamabad are due to lack of proper management, non-implementation of policies, corruption and un awareness of Government towards the problems of squatter settlements.Government seems to fail to solve the problems of squatter settlements. This is big violation with the rights of slum dwellers. It is responsibility of the state to provide the basic rights to every citizen in a country.
Thalassemia Major is Inherited Blood Disorder which is passed from parents to their children. The prevalence of Thalassemia is very high in Pakistan specially in South Punjab. This study is conducted to address the problems and miseries of families faced with thalassemia child. Their is a Need to implement the premarital screening in Pakistan to reduce the disease of thalassemia like Grace, Turkey, Iran which they compulsory implemented the premarital screening. In the present research the author addressed the needs of Thalassemia Patients and their families during treatment and identify the barriers they faced. Government, NGOs, Philanthropist, Social Workers should play the important role to minimize the miseries of Thalassemia Families in Pakistan. The health care providers should be encouraged to talk about Thalassemia as a public health problem in Pakistan and should enhance the public awareness to eliminate the Thalassemia in Pakistan.
This research is an important progress in the literature of CSR and consumer behavior as it has used a model that joins CSR activities, consumer awareness and product/service quality and consumer’s satisfaction to determine their impact on consumer purchase intentions and finally consumer retention behavior. This research scientifically determines the awareness level of consumers regarding CSR actions, consumer satisfaction occurring out of product/service quality of the same corporation and then their effect on consumer purchase behavior and future retention behavior. The major objectives to conduct this research are to analyze, evaluate and document the impact of CSR on consumer retention in banking, cellular and fast food sectors of Pakistan, to investigate a relationship between CSR and consumer retention, to determine the importance of a company’s CSR activities to consumers, to determine the other factors along with CSR that can influence the consumer purchase intentions and afterwards gain consumer retention/loyalty.
Since Pakistan joined the U.S global war on terror, it has consistently played an ambiguous and unreliable role. The US has tried every possible way to encourage Pakistan to be more active in the war. However, its efforts have not changed anything. Therefore, this research intends to reveal causal factors behind Pakistan’s apparent unreliability and analyze what are practical and theoretical implications of the situation. This research reveals that Pakistan’s unreliability in the war on terror is caused by the motivational deficiencies of its leaders. The motivational deficiencies result from a combination of Pakistan’s vulnerability as a weak post-colonial state, distrust, the security dilemma and a calculation of its political and strategic interests for the future. Pakistan unreliability, in practical terms, has forced the US to rely more on its own forces and intelligence. This situation has also forced the US to set alliance parameters when dealing with weak post-colonial states in the future. In theoretical terms, this phenomenon has revived the importance of the Omni-balance theory in the alliance politics. The case has allowed refinement to be made to this theory