There is an asymmetry between India and Pakistan in conventional military capabilities. India is superior militarily, politically and economically than Pakistan. The growing defence production gap and Indo-US nuclear deal is disturbing the balance of power. The imbalance has trigger the conventional, missile and nuclear arms races between two countries. It severely destabilizes the security situation and deterrence stability in South Asia. To maintain peace and stability, it is necessary for India and Pakistan to shift their focuses from traditional security to non-traditional security. With the changing dynamics of security,India and Pakistan can change the nature of their relationship as nuclear neighbors through establishing bilateral arms control regime, increasing co-operation in economic field, using media as negotiating tool and through public diplomacy and youth-culture exchange program.
The book is an excellent study on the farm management and agricultural productivity in Pakistan. There is dearth of literature on empirical analysis of farm management and which is a new and novel concept in this part of the world. He has produced a comprehensive treatise on this theme which covers all the important aspects of farm management. This book has its focus on the efficient of farm management so that the agricultural productivity may be increased in Pakistan especially in its Sindh province. Its contents include the conceptualizing the efficient farm management, farm management research in Pakistan, rules of successful farming, the business principle of farming, combination of enterprises, operational methods, purchasing supplies, marketing farm products. It also covers current sources of farm credit and capital management. This book is useful for agriculturists students of agricultural economics and researchers.
This book is written in the context of the current Islamic extremist terrorism, its Pakistan based hotbed, its operational access in the central Asia, and Persian Gulf regions, and its global implication. We examine that the invention of Pakistan a few decades ago in the name of Islam from a fragmented, cross border ethnic and geographical arbitrations has inevitably forced all Pakistan’s successive governments to rely on a narrative based on Islamic ideology, and utilization of Islamic groups to keep Pakistan intact. The analysis in this book explains that this same utilization of Islamic narrative and Islamic groups has been the other side of the coin, which has been the fertile ground for extremism and terrorism recruitment and empowerment. The analysis concludes that the utilization of Islamic extremists as the reason for creation of Pakistan has been a slippery slope of empowerment of uncontrollable extremism and transnational Islamic extremist groups, which in turn has become the Achilles’ heel of the conception of Pakistan. The analysis in this book will point out that other Islamic nations have various elements of cultural and historical values in their national narrative.
Pakistan and United States are time-tested disenchanted tactical partners with divergent priorities and overlapping strategic interests, which could bring both onboard for tactical consideration but not strategic transformation. History is the best to devise the outlook of this nearly mutually-agreed divorced relationship which ever been of ‘marriage of conveniences’ as 1950’s, 1960’s, 1980’s, and now evident to file divorce again. Peace and stability in Pakistan is directly proportional to stability and peace in Afghanistan. Security perceptions and strategic interests of Pakistan are the biggest hindrance in transformation of its policies and foreign relations. Bolstering Indian military might and economic boom is a reason of paranoid Pakistani security-state like policies.
This book contains the research work, which is conducted by us for many months to identity the issues, which Pakistan is facing for digital media as well as the boom of digital media in Pakistan, we have completed this research by doing secondary research on different available articles as well as by taking interviews for Digital Media professionals. We have selected this topic in order to educate the people about how digital media works and what are the aspects of digital media. These days people use to work on internet, but unable to identify which sort of advertising are there what are the actual names and types of digital ad. In this book we are not only limited to Pakistan. We have also extend our research on different countries other than Pakistan.
The study provides a comparison of quantity, expenditure and quality elasticities of household food consumption in Pakistan, worked out through a log-log inverse formulation of the Engel equation using the data collected at national level by the Federal Board of Statistics (FBS) in Pakistan Integrated Household Survey (PIHS) and Pakistan Social Living Measurement Survey (PSLM) during 2001 and 2005 respectively.
Pakistan is facing its worst crises of massive displaced population since it was founded in 1947. This displacement of population occurs in the north west of Pakistan due to an armed conflict between the army of Pakistan and the religious militants in the region. Despite the fact that the dilemma of internally displaced persons (IDPs) is quite similar to the refugees, the circumstances and challenges for IDPs as well as for the national government are different. IDPs always remain within the border of their own country and it is the duty of the very government to take care of their needs and wants unless and until the whole situation is resolved. However, if the government doesn’t have the capacity or capability to meet those all challenges then international humanitarian communities can step up to support those deprived people. The government of Pakistan have requested to the international community and international donors for funds and all other kind of humanitarian aid to meet and resolve the crises of internally displaced person. This work reflects the overall image of the whole IDPs situation in Pakistan as well as analyzes and finds ways to deal this crisis more efficiently
The study argues that the Kashmir dispute between India and Pakistan is neither an emotional issue nor purely an ideological tangle but equally, if not more so, an issue of realpolitik which is inherent in the nature of the territory of Kashmir. This dimension of the Kashmir dispute was overshadowed in the wake of the Indian move to raise the Kashmir issue at the UNSC in 1948. The importance of the territory lies in its wealth of water resources of the world''s mighty Indus River System comprising the Indus, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej rivers, serving as the ‘jugular vein'' of Pakistan''s agrarian economy. India is not prepared to lose the upper- riparian status and Pakistan is fearful of its vulnerabilities. Kashmir issue is also a question of control of the life-giving rivers in upstream originating from the territory of Kashmir, parts of which were captured by both India and Pakistan in 1948. The study highlights the linkage of the Indus rivers resource with political thinking, strategic planning and warfare between India and Pakistan in the past and comprehends its future role in the security calculus of the region.
The study was conducted to check the safety and soundness of commercial Banks of Pakistan. This study focused on six commercial banks; two from each area i.e. Domestic, International, and Islamic banks. CAMEL Framework was applied on the financial data for three years of selected banks to analyze them. These banks include the local conventional banks, local Islamic banks, and international banks operating in Pakistan. The final result shows that despite economic problems worldwide, Pakistan has a healthy and sound financial system to support its economy and commercial banks performance is good.
The present dissertation deals with the isolation and characterization of constituents from two Pakistani medicinal plants and their subsequent biological activities. The isolated compounds were characterized by using various sophisticated spectroscopic techniques. Indigofera hetrantha Wall. belongs to the family Leguminosae and has found diverse medicinal uses in the indigenous systems of medicine. Phytochemical studies on the ethyl acetate soluble fraction of Indigofera hetrantha, collected from Swat (Pakistan), have resulted in the isolation and structure elucidation of five new and four known therapeutic agents. Periploca aphylla Decne. (Asclepiadaceae) occurs in the northern areas of Pakistan and finds various uses in the indigenous system of the medicine. Photochemical studies on the ethyl acetate soluble fraction of Periploca aphylla, collected from Swat (Pakistan), have resulted in the isolation and structure elucidation of three new and six known therapeutic agents.
Problems of squatter settlements are becoming very serious day by day in Pakistan. Pakistan is poor developing country in the world which is facing different serious issues due to the lack of resources and lack of good governance, also economy of Pakistan is not good. Pakistan can not bear more Burden as issues in these situations. All problems regarding the Urban Sprawl of Islamabad are due to lack of proper management, non-implementation of policies, corruption and un awareness of Government towards the problems of squatter settlements.Government seems to fail to solve the problems of squatter settlements. This is big violation with the rights of slum dwellers. It is responsibility of the state to provide the basic rights to every citizen in a country.
We have explored the biodiversity and importance of Ramsar sites in Pakistan. We have also discussed the importance and size of wetlands in the world and Pakistan. All the Ramsar sites in Pakistan are reviewed and discussed as; the importance of the study area, temperature, humidity and rainfall. Diversity of Plants, Fishes, Amphibian, Reptiles, Mammals and Birds of each Ramsar sites are reviewed.
"Corporate Responsibility and Firm Financial Performace in Pakistan" places greater emphasis to identify the role of Corporate sector of Pakistan in Corporate Social Resposibility(CSR) and its relationship with the financial performance.I have worked diligently to bring clear picture of Corporate sector of Pakistan and their CSR practices in the new age.The objective of the research was to high light the importance of Corporate Responsibility and its impact on firm financial performance in Pakistan that shows statistically insignificant relationship between donations one of the selected parmeter of CSR and firm finacial performance.
The aid relations of the developed nations with the developing world have dual purposes which aimed to use assistance programs as a tool to pursue its goals. Hence, aid instrument serves the mutual interests of both the developed and under-developing countries of the world. After the terrorist strikes on the World Trade Centre, New York, the United States of America on September 11, 2011, pledged to root out the Al-Qaeda Network in Afghanistan with the support of international community and particularly Pakistan.Pakistan being a neighbour of Afghanistan became and played a role of front line ally in the US led war on terror.Consequently, the US congress on October 16, 2001 passed legislation that waived sanctions to revive economic assistance including arms export and military aid to Pakistan.A new era of economic and development assistance was revived by the US and other polities of the world by focusing mainly to combat terrorism.In this regard, the United States Agency for International Development(USAID)and Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) have been playing pivotal role in the development sector of Pakistan since the 9/11 mayhem.
Nation branding is an emerging and dynamic concept being practically implemented by numerous countries along the world. It helps the countries develop their unique, strong, and favorable brand image across the globe. Pakistan is a country that strongly needs to establish its desired and favorable brand image. This book statistically analysis the potential of internet as a medium for destination branding of Pakistan. Correlating the travel habits of the people of Pakistan with their internet using capacity, the research provides a theoretical framework for the development of Brand "Pakistan" through the use of Internet. The book also highlights the demographic segment that can be optimally influenced through this particular medium of destination branding. The CBI scores of various cities have also been calculated, based on consumer survey.