Foreign direct investment (FDI) helps in capital formation in an economy. It also contributes to economic growth in developing economies. Its impact depends on policies, available human resources, physical infrastructure and the nature of FDI in the economy. Since FDI is increasing in Pakistan, it is necessary to examine its effect on the economy. The study attempts to capture the consequences of FDI on the economy of Pakistan.
Climate change has created an enormous social, economic and environmental hazard to the world in general and South Asia in Particular. Similarly, Pakistan was confronted by the flash flooding in 2010, which occurred due to melting glacier and an abnormal increase in rain in the month of July. The present study analysed the socio-economic vulnerability caused by the flood and its impact on the livelihoods of the people in Northern Pakistan. It also analyses the difficulties faced by the women of both the ethnic groups “The Afghans and The Pakhtuns”. Moreover, the analysis is made on the pre-event and post-event situations of both of the ethnic communities.
The broad aim of the book is to show the parallel increase and decrease in the volume of FDI in telecommunication sector. It will also highlight the factors of decline of FDI in Pakistan Telecom Sector after 2008. Further an attempt has been made in the book to examine the impact of political violence (an extreme form of political instability) on foreign direct investment. For analysis secondary data has been used over the time period from 2001-2010. During 2001-10, particularly after joining the war on terror, the approach of the government of Pakistan towards foreign direct investment (FDI) in telecommunication sector was according to the model of political violence. In case of Pakistan, the political violence is graded on top, which affects the overall foreign investment, particularly the FDI in telecom sector was affected very badly by political violence (transnational terrorism).The violence includes suicide attacks, bombings, target killings and kidnapping. Unfortunately, the phenomenon of political instability in Pakistan has a frequent chain. The instability and frequent changes in the elected governments created an environment of uncertainty.
The book in hand provide valuable information on Sugarcane varieties development/breeding, being an important sugar and cash crop of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, providing employment opportunity, gigantic amount of revenue and foreign exchange savings. Sugarcane (Sacharum officinarum L. )"honey without the help of bees" is one of the important sugar crop of Pakistan. It is cultivated on 11 m ha every year on the World level , produced 850 m tons of cane and productivity of 51 metric tons ha-1. In Pakistan it is grown in three distinct climatic zones i.e. the temperate Peshawar valley in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Sub tropical Punjab, and tropical Sindh. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, it was grown since the Mogul period. The book can be an asset for the researchers, planner and agriculture students. It should in each and every library around the country.
Since Pakistan joined the U.S global war on terror, it has consistently played an ambiguous and unreliable role. The US has tried every possible way to encourage Pakistan to be more active in the war. However, its efforts have not changed anything. Therefore, this research intends to reveal causal factors behind Pakistan’s apparent unreliability and analyze what are practical and theoretical implications of the situation. This research reveals that Pakistan’s unreliability in the war on terror is caused by the motivational deficiencies of its leaders. The motivational deficiencies result from a combination of Pakistan’s vulnerability as a weak post-colonial state, distrust, the security dilemma and a calculation of its political and strategic interests for the future. Pakistan unreliability, in practical terms, has forced the US to rely more on its own forces and intelligence. This situation has also forced the US to set alliance parameters when dealing with weak post-colonial states in the future. In theoretical terms, this phenomenon has revived the importance of the Omni-balance theory in the alliance politics. The case has allowed refinement to be made to this theory
In Negotiating Political Spaces: Analyzing Decentralization and Women''s Political Empowerment in Pakistan, Dr. Riffat Munawar examines women''s political empowerment through local government structures in Pakistan. In the recent past, the Musharraf regime in Pakistan undertook steps to increase the participation of women in politics through the inception of decentralization coupled with quota system at national and local levels in the country. The author looks into the nexuses of decentralization and social change, political representation of women in Pakistan''s local government structures and their impact on political culture. Investigating the challenges to women''s political empowerment, Riffat Munawar outlines several recommendations for women in decentralized local politics in Pakistan.
Mass media has taken our lives by a storm. No matter who we are, where we are and what we do, our lives have been made to depend on substantial knowledge of our surroundings in the age of global village. This is precisely where mass media fits into the scene. TV, radio, internet, newspapers and other channels of communication have become the part and parcel of our very lives. It is media that decides which issue should be given what kind of attention and what topic can be brought to people’s attention to elicit a predetermined reaction. In the current affairs, politics make up much of the bulk of the news that newspapers and other media report. In Pakistan, politicians set the tone of public sentiments in the day to matters whether it concerns the economics or the social affairs. There have been great many studies to reckon the overlapping effect of these two important instruments to mould public opinion in the west. This first of its kind study in Pakistan however, tends to gauge whether it is the mass media or politicians that have the stronger impact in opinion building and who sets the agenda of the agenda setters in Pakistan?
Entrepreneurial intentions are prerequisites for Entrepreneurship.This Book aims to identify the future Entrepreneurs of Pakistan by exploring Entrepreneurial intentions among graduating business students of three HEC recognized universities of Pakistan and aims at segregating highly motivated students, possessing strong Entrepreneurial intentions from students attracted towards salaried work.The study has identified the presence of entrepreneurial intentions by measuring the variables that influence entrepreneurial intentions amongst business students. This is based on stratified sampling with quantitative measures using Entrepreneurial intention questionnaire (EIQ) as a research instrument.
This work is published by medical students from Aga Khan University, Pakistan. Despite having a well-established eradication program, Pakistan is still struggling to achieve a polio-free status. This fact had urged these young researchers to explore the underlying reasons for this apparent failure. Although, done on a small population in the city of Karachi, this book is an excellent review of the history of polio and how man has struggled to deal with this devastating disease. These pages give a brief but comprehensive review of the problems faced by Pakistan in her battle against polio and suggest some recommendations for future eradication strategies.
US foreign policy in South Asia has been driven by the geopolitical realities in the region. The need for maintaining global hegemony and influence has always pushed the US towards seeking better ties with important South Asian countries, especially India and Pakistan. US relations with South Asia have always been termed controversial, unstable and uncertain. Although, both India and Pakistan have been under the careful eye of Washington, the Cold War period was marked by a US tilt towards Pakistan, which was due to its ongoing policy of Containment at that time. However, the end of the Cold War marked the beginning of another era, in which the US began to tilt towards India, thus putting Pakistan on the backburner. The 9/11 attacks changed much for India and Pakistan, and the US, once again started wooing Pakistan, while simultaneously pursuing a strong and robust relationship with India. The comparison makes for an interesting reading, which this book aims to explore in the light of important developments.
In the recent years, food price inflation has risen very sharply at global level. It is also one of the thorniest issues in the economies of developing South Asian countries like Pakistan. To determine the factors behind this persistent food price inflation is a matter of great interest and concern for the academics and policy makers. This study focuses on the identification of main determinants of food price inflation in Pakistan. Empirical findings prove that both demand and supply side factors like inflation expectations, money supply, per capita GDP, support prices, food imports and food exports are the main determinants of food price inflation in Pakistan. Its findings may provide some important guide lines for policy makers to control the recent inflationary trends of food prices in the country.
The book titled 'ELT and Development of Communicative Abilities of University Students in Pakistan' is a first attempt of its kind to look at the problems faced by the English language Learners in Pakistan. Based on contemporary research and the perception data collected from students, the book presents a very comprehensive program to improve the English language efficiency of the undergraduate students in Pakistan particularly in the province of Sindh. The main focus of the book is that by following the communicative approach to language learning( through activities) the the students can very easily overcome their deficiency and can be fluent in speaking and writing and can be effective readers and careful listeners of the target language- English.
Buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) are the prime source of good quality milk and meat in Pakistan and other developing countries. In Pakistan there are 28.4 million heads of buffaloes, which play a key role in the rural economy of the country. Buffaloes provide more than seventy percent of milk consumed in the country. Pakistan is the fifth largest milk producer in the world. The gastro-intestinal tract of animals provides a shelter for a wide variety of parasites. Ascariasis is the most important parasitic disease of buffalo calves. Its incidence in Pakistan is high upto 37.7% to 48%. Toxocara vitulorum parasites cause this disease in young buffaloes. So this study was planned to record the prevalence of Ascariasis in buffalo calves by using Direct Smear Method, Floatation Method and Sedimentation Method
Because of the position taken by both India and Pakistan, many people believe that Kashmir is a "territorial dispute" between the both countries. This is not true. Kashmir is not, I repeat, not a territorial dispute between India and Pakistan. The Kashmir issue is about the basic human rights of the Kashmiri people, including the right to determine their own future. The people of Kashmir do not want to be treated like cattle, that others can decide our future. We are not in a business of selecting masters. We want to be masters of our own destiny. That means we want to live like a nation. We want to be independent of both India and Pakistan. It must be made clear to both India and Pakistan that we are fighting for our independence and we will not accept any decision to be forced upon us. We cannot allow the bureaucrats of Islamabad and New Delhi to decide the future of Kashmir. If any such decision is taken, we will resist it. We cannot and will not accept the division of Jammu and Kashmir.
This work attempts to understand the role & impact of judiciary in Pakistan Politics. The study provides an insight to the understanding of the legal cases in which the imposition of martial laws and dissolution of assemblies has been challenged before judiciary in Pakistan. The aforesaid judgments of the superior courts have played a decisive role in setting the political history of Pakistan towards democracy. This book, therefore, provides a clear picture of the role of judiciary along with the challenges faced by her in political development and democracy of Pakistan.