The India-Pakistan Composite Dialogue Process (CDP) has sailed through numerous highs and lows in bilateral relations since 1997. From 2004 to 2008 the Composite Dialogue Process has gained momentum and tried to address all outstanding issues between the two countries. It had completed four rounds and the fifth round was in progress when it was paused in the wake of the Mumbai terrorist attack in November 2008. This book dwells on the history of the peace process since its inception in 1997 and examines the progress made in the eight baskets of issues namely Peace and Security CBMs; Jammu and Kashmir; Siachen; Sir Creek; Tulbul Navigation Project; Terrorism and Drug Trafficking; Economic and Commercial Cooperation; and, Promotion of Friendly Exchanges in Various Fields. Amongst the major achievements of CDP can be cited a number of Confidence Building Measures related to peace and security; enhanced people to people contacts through bus and train services; continuation of ceasefire along the LoC since 2003; setting up of the Judicial Committee to look into the humanitarian issue of civilian prisoners/fishermen held in each other’s jails and substantial growth in bilateral trade.
The study highlights the role of a person in human rights violation in Pakistan.He fiddles the ignorant and illiterate villagers in Pakistan. The study reflects the cruelty of the fake figure of human rights in the rural areas of Pakistan.The study indicates the nature,meaning,training and capturing techniques of the fake figure of human rights in the rural areas and blind belief of the villagers regarding such fake figure of human rights.The study focuses on the ultimate destinations of horrible marriage and land conflicts in the rural areas of Pakistan.
In this study we estimate the total factor productivity growth of Pakistan''s commercial banking sector for the period 1992 – 2000 by bringing together the supply and demand sides of banking services. We employ the translog cost function that includes inputs like labour, capital, operating cost and deposits. The two outputs of the banking sector considered for analysis are loans, advances and investment, and contra accounts. The study provides estimates for the total factor productivity which has shown an upward trend for the period under consideration. The results obtained suggest that the total factor productivity of Pakistan''s commercial banks has been increasing since the start of the various banking sector reforms in the 1990s, but growth has followed a fluctuating pattern. It also determines growth for each year and sheds light on the performance of the banking sector in different periods in the light of different phases of reforms. The decomposition of TFP shows that the scale effect is the most critical factor in total factor productivity growth followed by output effect and technical change effect.
Livestock is an important sub-sector of the agriculture mix of Pakistan. It holds much value in the rural socioeconomic system. More than eight million rural small and landless farmers raise livestock, making it an ideal sector for attacking rural poverty in the country. Livestock makes up almost 55.9% of the agriculture value added and contributes up to 11.9 % of the GDP thus the future high growth in agriculture is expected to be led by the livestock sector. About 49% of livestock population is inhabited in rain fed areas and is dominated by small and landless farmers. The income of the rain fed Farmers is insufficient to maintain the family due to low farm income from crops on account of small land holdings, degraded soil, impaired soil fertility and erratic rainfall. This study attempts to describe the importance of the livestock in development of rain fed livestock farming system keeping the view of climate change and highlights issues in the sector that hinder its upward growth and also devise suggestions, recommendation for future options to ensure sustainable rearing of livestock by small farmers
Rapidly increasing population is becoming an alarming situation in relation to the food producing potential of Pakistan and rest of the word. Therefore, a wide gap between future food requirements and supplies may be reduced by improving average yields with the help of suitable and improved farm machinery. This will be possible when status of farm mechanization in the country is critically reviewed in the context of policies and strategies made by the governments and machinery manufacturers in the past. Through a fast, editable and upgradeable computerized GIS database of farm mechanization; policy makers, private machinery manufacturers, extension workers and researchers may analyze the past and present status of farm mechanization. Analysis of past and present status of farm mechanization will help to determine the farm power and machinery requirements for upcoming years. This book demonstrates a GIS study to assess the status of farm mechanization in Punjab, Pakistan and explores the whole situation in graphical form (maps). This step forward will lead the government agencies, machinery manufacturers, researchers and extension workers to plan and achieve their future goals.
This book analyzes the impact of 33% quota for women in local government on women empowerment in Pakistan. Examining the advances made and hurdles faced by women councillors, certain obstacles are identified, which help explain why efforts for mainstreaming gender are not changing gender inequality patterns and reducing gender gaps in Pakistan. Future strategies are proposed for enhancing the impact of women’s political participation on women empowerment by institutional transformation.
Microfinance is becoming a tool of poverty reduction in Pakistan and Bangladesh, given the high rates of poverty in these countries. Poverty is greater in the rural agricultural sector where peoples’livelihood is dependent on agricultural activities. Furthermore, the agricultural sector in the two countries is still underdeveloped. This study examines the role of agricultural microfinance services and products to assess whether microfinance is contributing to rural agriculture and rural development in Pakistan and Bangladesh, where a majority of the populations are located and their livelihood dependent on agriculture. Accordingly, the study examines rural agricultural needs and demands in the two countries and the role of microfinance in addressing them. Mostly based on secondary data sources, the study compares the two countries along certain indicators generated by the framework developed. This framework integrates the concepts of rural agriculture, rural development, poverty reduction and microfinance, which serves as the analytical toolkit.
US foreign policy in South Asia has been driven by the geopolitical realities in the region. The need for maintaining global hegemony and influence has always pushed the US towards seeking better ties with important South Asian countries, especially India and Pakistan. US relations with South Asia have always been termed controversial, unstable and uncertain. Although, both India and Pakistan have been under the careful eye of Washington, the Cold War period was marked by a US tilt towards Pakistan, which was due to its ongoing policy of Containment at that time. However, the end of the Cold War marked the beginning of another era, in which the US began to tilt towards India, thus putting Pakistan on the backburner. The 9/11 attacks changed much for India and Pakistan, and the US, once again started wooing Pakistan, while simultaneously pursuing a strong and robust relationship with India. The comparison makes for an interesting reading, which this book aims to explore in the light of important developments.
This is a book on the basic concepts of well logging and Petrophysics. It explain the Exploration history of Pakistan hydrocarbon reservoirs. Although it is written for Graduate geologists, geophysicists, and engineers, it can be useful for student who want to get the related information of exploration activity in Pakistan. It does not claim to provide all information about well logs from all perspectives. Like the original report of the project, it remains focused on the interpretation of basic, or common open hole logging measurements. It also remains focused on the traditional interpretive goals of Formation porosity, Fluid saturation, and lithology. The idea for this work came from a discussion in ATC(Annual Technical Conference-2013)with Department of Geology,UOP Technical Staff, and myself. The book is part of the project in which I was involved titled as “Qualitative and Quantitative Petrophysical Analysis of Qadirpur-wells central Indus Basin Pakistan”. The goal of this book is to explain in plain language for the nonspecialist about well logs,Formation Evaluation and how log explain the story of a reservoir at depth.
Pakistan is a nation which has resilience to survive against all odds. The political turbulence in which the country has been in the past decade was too much to disintegrate a country but it is still integrated. However, political disturbances on domestic level as level as the mounting international political pressure on Pakistan has considerably affected its position as an emerging country. Not only in South Asian region but on an international stage, Pakistan is losing foreign investors’ confidence. The start of the decade brought many challenges for the country. After 9/11 incident, Pakistan has to play role of frontline state against war on terror. Economic growth which has been witnessed in the following years was more of an “Aid-fueled” growth rather than the sustained one. For this reason, serious security issues and instances of domestic turmoil in the country has hurdled the economic uprising. The distinctive characteristics that dominate the Pakistani scene are elitist capture of the state, excessive centralization of power by both the elected and military rulers and collusion between various power structure and politicians.
The study was conducted in order to explore the perceptions and practices of principals of government degree colleges in Sindh, Pakistan. As I have more than two decades of work experience of teaching in public sector. I have had the privilege of working with many principals having different leadership styles, from both the urban as well as rural context. One more thing exited me to work on area that was: research on college principalship has been very rare in Pakistan. To understand the need I chose the area to explore the perceptions and practices of government degree college principals of Sindh, Pakistan. College Principals, as leaders have, no doubt, a very important role to play in the institutional affairs. College level of education is playing pivotal role in the lives of students where student enrolled at very crucial transitional age from adolescence and adulthood. Principals must effectively demonstrate the ability to lead institutions in improving students’ achievement.
Pakistan and United States are time-tested disenchanted tactical partners with divergent priorities and overlapping strategic interests, which could bring both onboard for tactical consideration but not strategic transformation. History is the best to devise the outlook of this nearly mutually-agreed divorced relationship which ever been of ‘marriage of conveniences’ as 1950’s, 1960’s, 1980’s, and now evident to file divorce again. Peace and stability in Pakistan is directly proportional to stability and peace in Afghanistan. Security perceptions and strategic interests of Pakistan are the biggest hindrance in transformation of its policies and foreign relations. Bolstering Indian military might and economic boom is a reason of paranoid Pakistani security-state like policies.
This book provides a wide range of information about Afghanistan’s forest types, cover, diversity, and explains the phenomena of continued deforestation, its consequences, and the environmental challenges. The author, Lutfullah Fareedzai detailed the historical, political economical, and cultural factors and events that fully explain the unending destruction of the forest. He also documented the war that has turned Afghanistan’s forests from that of a well-wooded land into one of the worlds most disastrous forest areas, with its forests cover and wildlife habitat reduced to a mere fraction of its former extent. He further proposed strategies on how to combat illegal logging and deforestation, restore and enhance the forests and wildlife conservation, improved forests management, and environmental governance. The author draws his conclusions from well-researched case studies around the world that highlights the range of prospects. The book will be of great value to researchers, students, environmental agencies, and those who are actively working on forest policy and governance. This is a book that stands to make a difference.
The Great Partition – The Making of India and Pakistan
This book has empirically investigated the impacts of Pakistan’s demand management policies on foreign sector. The transmission mechanism between monetary policy and aggregate demand has been analyzed by using the monetary approach, which depicts that disequilibrium in the balance of payments is the result of domestic money market imbalance. Pakistan is the 27th largest economy of the world in terms of purchasing power parity. During 1970s and 1990s, economic performance of Pakistan remained poor due to nationalization of various sectors and macroeconomic mismanagement. Pakistan’s economy became one of the four fastest growing economies in the South Asia during 2000-2007, which was the result of effective strategies of the monetary authorities. Presently, the economy is suffering due to poor law and order situation and nation’s involvement in the War on Terrorism. The findings of the study are: government budget deficit has significant impact on money supply and increase in money supply has deteriorated the balance of payments proportionally during the period of 1965-99. These empirical findings have equal importance for academicians as well as economic managers of the country.